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Clinical Trials About "Mother-infant Microbiota Transmission and Its Link to the Health of the Baby" RSS

09:11 EST 28th January 2020 | BioPortfolio

We list hundreds of Clinical Trials about "Mother-infant Microbiota Transmission and Its Link to the Health of the Baby" on BioPortfolio. We draw our references from global clinical trials data listed on ClinicalTrials.gov and refresh our database daily.

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We have published hundreds of Mother-infant Microbiota Transmission and Its Link to the Health of the Baby news stories on BioPortfolio along with dozens of Mother-infant Microbiota Transmission and Its Link to the Health of the Baby Clinical Trials and PubMed Articles about Mother-infant Microbiota Transmission and Its Link to the Health of the Baby for you to read. In addition to the medical data, news and clinical trials, BioPortfolio also has a large collection of Mother-infant Microbiota Transmission and Its Link to the Health of the Baby Companies in our database. You can also find out about relevant Mother-infant Microbiota Transmission and Its Link to the Health of the Baby Drugs and Medications on this site too.

Showing "Mother infant Microbiota Transmission Link Health Baby" Clinical Trials 1–25 of 18,000+

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Mother-infant Microbiota Transmission and Its Link to the Health of the Baby

The human intestinal tract harbors a diverse and complex microbial community, known as gut microbiota, which is critical in sustaining physiology, metabolism, nutrition and immune function. Dysbiosis of gut microbiota has been linked with obesity, hyperglycemia, hyperlipidemia, inflammatory bowel disease and other chronic inflammatory diseases. Gut microbiota is affected by host genetic markup, diet and life style; and therefore varied by human races and geographical locations....


A Study of Nevirapine to Prevent HIV Transmission From Mothers to Their Infants

The purpose of this study is to see if giving the anti-HIV drug nevirapine (NVP) to HIV-positive pregnant women and their infants can help reduce the chance that a mother will give HIV to her baby during delivery. NVP is a promising medication for blocking HIV transmission from HIV-positive mothers to their infants. NVP is inexpensive and is easily absorbed by the mother and transferred to the infant. It is thought that even a single dose to the mother and infant may provide ...

Mother-Infant Psychoanalysis Project of Stockholm

Mother-infant relationship disturbances broadly comprise three areas; maternal distress, infant functional problems, and relationship difficulties. Given the high frequency of such disturbances and the relative paucity of randomized treatment studies, substantial systematic investigation is needed. This project is a randomized controlled study comparing mother-infant psychoanalytic treatment with treatment as usual in cases where mothers and/or health visitors demanded expert h...


A Study of Nevirapine for the Prevention of HIV Transmission From Mothers to Their Babies

The purpose of this study is to see if giving the anti-HIV drug nevirapine (NVP) to HIV-positive pregnant women and their babies can help reduce the chance that a mother will give HIV to her baby during delivery. This study will also test the safety of the drug and see how well it is tolerated by the mother and her baby. Previous studies suggest that NVP is a promising medication for blocking HIV transmission from HIV-positive mothers to their babies.

Shortened Zidovudine Regimens to Prevent Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV Type 1

The purpose of the study was to test the equivalence of a short zidovudine (ZDV) regimen as compared to a longer, ACTG-076-like, ZDV regimen in reducing the risk of mother-to-child transmission of HIV: and to assess and compare the safety and tolerance of the long and shortened ZDV regimens.

Study of Perinatal Transmission of Zidovudine-Resistant HIV Among Pregnant Women Treated With Zidovudine

To identify patterns of zidovudine ( AZT ) susceptibility among mother/infant pairs with perinatal HIV transmission. Most HIV-infected infants acquire their disease via perinatal transmission. Since transmission of HIV-resistant strains to infants could alter the course of disease and response to currently recommended treatment, a study to assess the patterns of AZT susceptibility among mother/infant pairs with perinatal transmission is essential to delineate future ther...

Influence of Decision Aids on the Choice of Mother-infant Rooming-in or Separation Care for Pregnant Women

During early postpartum period, mother-infant proximity is important for breastfeeding success. Rooming-in and separate care are both traditional practices. Rooming-in involves keeping the mother and the baby together in the same room after birth during hospitalization, whereas separate care keeps the baby in the hospital baby room. Shared decision making with decision aid (DA) is a way to provide information to pregnant women and to involve them in making decisions about their...

Feeding the Preterm Gut Microbiota - Impact of Infant-feeding on Preterm Gut Microbiota Development

Preterm infants are especially vulnerable to gut microbiota disruption and dysbiosis since their early gut microbiota is less abundant and diverse. Several factors may influence infants' microbiota such as mother's diet, mode of delivery, antibiotic exposure and type of feeding. The main goal of this observational study is to evaluate the impact of different types of feeding (breast milk, donor human milk and preterm formulas) on the intestinal microbiota of preterm infants hos...

Maternal Screening and Antiviral Therapy in Pregnant Women to Reduce Mother-to-infant Transmission of Hepatitis B Virus

To investigate the efficacy of using antiviral therapy in third trimester of pregnancy to reduce mother-to-infant HBV transmission, and to access the safety of such treatment for mothers and infants.

The Safety and Effectiveness of Zidovudine in HIV-Infected Pregnant Women and Their Infants

To determine whether the rate of HIV transmission from mother to infant can be reduced by continuous oral zidovudine (AZT) treatment to HIV infected pregnant women, intravenous AZT during childbirth, and oral AZT treatment of the newborn infant from birth to six weeks of age. The study is also designed to evaluate the safety of AZT for both the pregnant woman and the newborn infant. No method exists to prevent transmission of HIV from an infected mother to her newborn in...

S. Japonicum and Pregnancy Outcomes

The purpose of the study is to understand whether the drug praziquantel (PZQ) is safe for the mother and developing baby when the mother has schistosomiasis (a type of worm) infection, and whether the drug may improve the mother's and baby's health. The usual practice is to wait until after a mother has finished breast feeding before giving the medicine. Approximately 420 infected pregnant women, ages 18 and over, in endemic villages in Leyte, The Philippines will participate. ...

Prenatal and Postnatal Studies of Interventions for Prevention of Mother-To-Child Transmission

The purpose of this study is to collect and study clinical and laboratory information about a pregnant or new mother and her medical care that will increase our knowledge of the best care for HIV-infected pregnant women and their children. The rate of transmission of HIV from mothers to their infants has gone down. Specific U.S. Public Health Service guidelines recommend that HIV-infected pregnant women be treated with anti-HIV therapies; but the effectiveness of treatment and...

Exploratory/Proof of Principle Microbiota Study

This clinical trial will evaluate the stool of infants fed one of two infant formulas, which contain different types of proteins, or breast milk to determine if different proteins have an effect on the type of bacteria that enters and lives in an infant's intestine early in life.

Efficacy of Family Programs for Improving Child and Family Health and Development

The proposed research is relevant to public health because of the critical importance of infant attachment and early experiences to the lifetime trajectory of mental health and socio-emotional functioning. This Randomized Clinical Trial addresses major gaps in available family-wide programs that can promote healthy development that best serve infants, mothers, fathers, and inter-parental relationships in cost-effective ways. This study also systematically tests for which famili...

The Pregnancy & Early Life Study

The gut is home to a diverse and dynamic microbial community, termed the microbiota. The microbiota is essential for health and wellbeing and is involved in acquisition of nutrients and energy from the diet, optimisation of the immune system, and resistance against invading pathogens. Critically, in both new mothers and their babies, any disturbance of the microbiota (caused, for example, by antibiotics, delivery mode [vaginal/Caesarean section], or dietary change), has the pot...

Clinical Study of an Aluvia-based HAART Regimen for Prevention of Mother-to-child HIV Transmission in Africa

Therapeutic options to prevent vertical transmission of HIV remain limited. Combination antiretroviral therapy in the form of HAART (Highly Active Anti Retroviral Therapy) is generally recommended in the developed world, both for its ability to reduce maternal viral load, and thus the likelihood of transmission, as well as for its prevention of drug resistance mutations, which might otherwise reduce future options for therapy in the mother, infant, or both. Exclusive formula-f...

Prospective Observational Cohort Study on Mother to Child Transmission HIV1/HIV2 and Prevention

The purpose of this study is to describe over time the rate of mother to child transmission of HIV and its prevention (PMTCT), to identify risk factors for transmission and to evaluate the safety of PMTCT strategies on outcome of pregnancy and in children not infected with HIV

Emotional Reactions of Mothers Facing Premature Births

Our intervention in the maternity and neonatal wards helped our sensibility to the immediate parental reaction to the premature birth. Among these reactions, what is called "stress" by the parents occurs most often and is at the origin of trauma. The investigators can cite the unexpected confrontation with a baby is far from corresponding to what the parents had anticipated; the stunned feeling while experiencing a chain of events rapidly taking place, an experience of emptines...

Using Nevirapine to Prevent Mother-to-Child HIV Transmission During Breastfeeding

The many benefits of breastfeeding are well documented. However, because of the risk of mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of HIV from an HIV infected mother to her infant, there is considerable concern over the practice, especially in developing countries. The purpose of this study is to determine the safety and effectiveness of the anti-HIV drug nevirapine (NVP) in preventing MTCT of HIV in breastfeeding infants born to HIV infected women in South Africa, Tanzania, Uganda, a...

Mother-Infant Psychoanalysis Project of Stockholm (MIPPS)- Follow-up at 4½ Years

An RCT comparing mother-infant psychoanalytic treatment (MIP) with Child Health Centre care in cases of mother-infant relationship disturbances was performed on 80 cases in Stockholm 2005-2008. The infants were < 18 months at interview #1. At 6 months follow-ups, significant effects were shown in favour of MIP on maternal sensitivity (EAS), depression (EPDS), and relationship qualities PIR-GAS). This study will evaluate effects at a child age of 4½ years; to evaluate the longt...

Maternal Gestational Weight Gain and Microbiota of Maternal and Infant

A prospective, multicenter, observational cohort study including about 550 mother-infant pairs in Beijing will be conducted to evaluate the association between mothers' gestational weight gain and the gut microbiota of them and their infants.

Single-Dose Postpartum Vitamin A Supplementation of Mothers and Neonates

The ZVITAMBO PROJECT is testing whether giving mothers and infants a single large dose of vitamin A during the immediate post partum period will reduce: 1. Infant Mortality Can oral administration of a single 50,000 IU dose of vitamin A to newborn infants, a single 400,000 IU dose of vitamin A given to their lactating mothers, or supplementation of both the mother and infant during the immediate post partum period reduce infant mortality by at least 30%? ...

Prevention of Environmental Tobacco Smoke Exposure in Children 0-12 Months Old

This study will: 1) test the effectiveness of a program to prevent the exposure of infants to environmental tobacco smoke; and 2) evaluate the health effects associated with prenatal and postpartum exposure to tobacco smoke products and environmental tobacco smoke among infants. African-American and Hispanic women who are 18 years of age or older, and who are between 28 and 35 weeks pregnant may be eligible for this study. Participants complete an interview and home visi...

Neonatal HIV Early Infant Diagnosis (EID) Versus Standard of Care EID- Long Term Impact on inFant hEalth (LIFE)

This study we will evaluate the benefit of HIV testing in neonates born from HIV-infected mothers in Tanzania and Mozambique. The study will use and evaluate novel point-of-care diagnostic systems, that can provide neonatal HIV test results within 2 hours. We will evaluate if HIV testing at birth followed by immediate neonatal HIV treatment initiation will lead to lesser infant's sickness, HIV progression or even death as compared to the current standard procedure which is infa...

A Cohort Study of the Intestinal Microbiota of Premature Infants

Premature infants are at risk for a variety of diseases, the investigators would like to learn more about why some premature babies are at higher risk and some are protected from these diseases. Scientists at UC Davis and other universities have developed new ways to measure the bacteria and a large number of small molecules in specimens of infant blood, urine, stomach fluid and poop and in mother's milk. These discoveries allow us to consider questions that were impossi...


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