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We list hundreds of Clinical Trials about "Nicotine Gateway Effects Adolescent Substance" on BioPortfolio. We draw our references from global clinical trials data listed on ClinicalTrials.gov and refresh our database daily.
We have published hundreds of Nicotine Gateway Effects Adolescent Substance news stories on BioPortfolio along with dozens of Nicotine Gateway Effects Adolescent Substance Clinical Trials and PubMed Articles about Nicotine Gateway Effects Adolescent Substance for you to read. In addition to the medical data, news and clinical trials, BioPortfolio also has a large collection of Nicotine Gateway Effects Adolescent Substance Companies in our database. You can also find out about relevant Nicotine Gateway Effects Adolescent Substance Drugs and Medications on this site too.
The ultimate goal of this research is to facilitate rapid enhancement of youth substance abuse treatments by determining the key mechanisms of change (i.e., what to target more intensely to generate better outcomes). This work is critical because current outpatient adolescent substance abuse treatments yield only small to medium effects that diminish once treatment has ended. The proposed modern mediation study will address this serious public health problem by experimentally e...
The purpose of this study is to determine whether it is more effective to treat adolescents, with diagnoses of both depression and substance use disorder, with a treatment addressing the substance use first and then treating the depression or to first treat the depression and then treat the substance use or whether treating both disorders simultaneously is most effective. It is expected that treatment of both disorders at the same time will be the most effective.
The aim of this study is to determine whether contingent reinforcement for smoking abstinence, compared to noncontingent reinforcement, increases the effectiveness of brief counseling and nicotine replacement on smoking abstinence of substance abusers in residential treatment.
Adolescents are an important vulnerable population to consider as the FDA moves toward a nicotine reduction policy. Such a policy, which would mandate a reduction of nicotine in all commercially available cigarettes, has the potential to transform public health and greatly reduce the toll of tobacco-related death and disease. Yet, data on the effects of such a policy on cigarette use among adolescents are lacking. Further, the advent of e-cigarettes and the popularity of altern...
The purpose of this study is to evaluate reactions to, and choices to self-administer, cigarette smoke with varying nicotine content among low-frequency, non-dependent adolescent/young adult smokers between the ages of 18-25 years.
The current proposal is aimed at developing a substance use cessation app (Rewire) for high risk adolescents who are involved in the juvenile justice system. The Rewire app will be based on the primary substance use cessation components tested in our previous work with juvenile justice-involved adolescents and on intervention components shown to be central to smoking cessation.
Young gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (MSM) are disproportionately affected by HIV. Despite this burden, most HIV prevention interventions target adult MSM (most of whom identify as gay) and heterosexual youth, creating an urgent need for interventions for gay and bisexual adolescents. Further, self-identified bisexual men, especially adolescents, have been neglected in research. Therefore, little is known about factors that drive engagement in risk behavior ...
The purpose of this study is to look at how feasible it is to incorporate a state-of-the-art smoking cessation treatment program into community substance abuse treatment programs and its impact on substance abuse and cigarette smoking.
Substance-abusing youth - especially those who are involved in the juvenile justice system - are at higher risk than nonusers for mental health problems, including depression, conduct problems, personality disorders, suicidal thoughts, attempted suicide, and completed suicide. The proposed Phase II project aims to develop and test the efficacy of a mobile app, called Rewire, that is geared toward helping high risk adolescent substance users reduce or quit their substance use. T...
The goal of this application is to test whether menthol and fruit flavors impact e-cigarette use through dissociable mechanisms and exert their effects differentially across nicotine doses.
This study is designed to examine how the nicotine content of cigarettes and the nicotine concentration and flavors in e-liquids influence responses to and use of these products in adolescent smokers. Participants will complete a total of six sessions (an in-person screening/baseline session and five lab sessions.
Patients with schizophrenia have a variety cognitive deficits and nicotine has been shown to normalize some of these deficits. The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of nicotine on cognition in schizophrenia.We will evaluate the effects of transdermal nicotine compared with placebo for attentional impairments in non-smokers with schizophrenia and controls.
To determine if the mu opioid receptor gene (OPRM1) A118G polymorphism moderates the subjective-rewarding effects of intravenous (IV) nicotine in male and female smokers. The subjective effects of nicotine will be measured with a Drug Effects Questionnaire, including the ratings of "good effects" and "drug liking". We hypothesize that smokers with the AG/GG genotype for the OPRM1 A118G will have attenuated subjective-rewarding effects from IV nicotine when compared to those wit...
Individuals with ADHD are at markedly high risk for increased substance use and Substance Use Disorder (SUD). Given the strong evidence for the negative trajectory of individuals with co-occurring ADHD and substance use initiation, the goal of this study is to conduct a controlled examination of a brief, early intervention (BEI) for substance modified for adolescents with ADHD. Importantly, this intervention will address individuals who are at risk for problems with substance u...
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect of a combination of the 21 mg nicotine patch and nicotine-free cigarette compared to 21 mg nicotine patch only and nicotine-free cigarette only on abstinence and withdrawal symptoms. The study will determine if adding nicotine replacement medication to the nicotine-free cigarettes will augment treatment compared to nicotine patch only or to nicotine-free cigarettes only.
The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of incentive programs for the treatment of nicotine dependence in women who have problems with substance dependence.
To test whether specific aspects of the attention-enhancing effects of nicotine may be mediated by down-stream activation of alpha1 adrenoceptors, the interaction of nicotine and the alpha1 adrenergic antagonist prazosin on cognitive task performance will be tested in human non-smokers. The effects of a low-dose nicotine patch vs. a placebo patch will be tested in the presence and absence of prazosin over 4 test sessions.
A substantial body of evidence implicates the endogenous opioid system, and the mu opioid receptor (MOR) in particular, in the reinforcing effects of drugs of abuse, including nicotine. A single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in the mu opioid receptor gene (OPRM1 Asp40) is associated with the ability to quit smoking, as well as nicotine reward and withdrawal symptoms. However, the precise mechanism through which this SNP influences nicotine dependence remains unresolved. This po...
This study will examine the effects of electronic cigarette e-liquid nicotine content in a randomized, crossover clinical and behavioral pharmacology study of experienced adult e-cigarette users (N=36). The specific aim is to determine the impact of nicotine content of e-liquid on nicotine pharmacology, systemic exposure to toxic volatile organic compounds, and short-term cardiovascular effects.
The dose-effect curve to estimate a threshold delivery rate for reinforcement. The project addresses the FDA Center for Tobacco Products (CTP) interest #1: Nicotine dependence threshold among youth and adults and impact of nicotine reduction on tobacco product use behavior (e.g., topography, compensation, switching, multiple use, initiation, cessation and relapse). IV nicotine, in contrast to ECs, can deliver precise, reproducible dosing, which is necessary for accurately asses...
The purpose of this study is to investigate the impact of different nicotine levels in cigarettes with individuals who have ADHD.
A placebo-controlled study to enroll male and female tobacco smokers menthol (n=35) and non-menthol (n=35) who will participate in five experimental sessions. subjects will be given an IV infusion of either saline or 1 mg nicotine at rapid, moderate or slow infusion rates (nicotine at 0.24,0.096, 0.048 and 0.024, mcg per kg body weight per sec).
Background: - Many cigarette smokers claim that smoking helps them stay alert and improves their concentration, and have reported problems in attention and concentration after quitting smoking. Some research has indicated that nicotine can enhance certain aspects of attention and memory in humans. However, more research is needed to determine how nicotine affects different elements of the brain's ability to pay attention. Knowing which aspects of attention are affected b...
Tobacco regulatory policies can have unanticipated consequences; therefore, methods that would permit prospective estimates of the effects of potential tobacco regulations are necessary for the development of tobacco regulatory science. The goal of this project is to experimentally assess how smokers purchase and consume reduced-nicotine cigarettes and how this is related to nicotine content and absorption. The proposed projects can directly inform tobacco regulation by providi...
A comparison of two products for oral nicotine replacement with respect to relief of urges to smoke after single doses of nicotine.