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Clinical Trials About "Northwestern researcher examines substance disorders risk youth" RSS

07:13 EDT 30th March 2020 | BioPortfolio

We list hundreds of Clinical Trials about "Northwestern researcher examines substance disorders risk youth" on BioPortfolio. We draw our references from global clinical trials data listed on ClinicalTrials.gov and refresh our database daily.

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Showing "Northwestern researcher examines substance disorders risk youth" Clinical Trials 1–25 of 25,000+

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Brain Indices of Stimulant Treatment in Drug-Naive Youth at Risk for Substance Use Disorder

Childhood ADHD and comorbid oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) and conduct disorder (CD) are considered risk factors for subsequent substance abuse, and youth with both ADHD and ODD/CD are at greatest risk. However, the effects of treatment of ADHD with stimulant medications such as methylphenidate (MPH) and mixed amphetamine salts (MAS) on risk for substance abuse are poorly understood. The study team propose to use fMRI to study the effects of extended release mixed ampheta...


Evaluation of Thiwáhe Gluwáš'Akapi Substance Use Prevention Program

Researchers at the Centers for American Indian and Alaska Native Health in the Colorado School of Public Health at the University of Colorado completed an intensive community-engaged process to rigorously adapt the Strengthening Families Program for Parents and Youth 10-14 for the cultural context of a Northern Plains reservation community, creating a program optimized for American Indian families, Thiwáhe Gluwáš'akapi (TG, sacred home in which family is made strong). This s...

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A Feasibility (Pilot) Study of an Innovative Non-pharmacological Intervention Program in at Risk Youth

At risk youth face various adversities including homelessness, social isolation, substance abuse and other mental illnesses. Thus far, the investigators have successfully partnered on programs of housing, social and recreational interventions in this population. The investigators now wish to assess the feasibility of delivery of an innovative bio-psycho-social intervention, Youth Empowerment Seminar (YES!), developed by their partner, the not-for-profit Art of Living Foundation...


CBT4CBT for Women in Residential Treatment for Substance Use Disorders

This project examines computer-delivered cognitive-behavioral intervention (CBT4CBT) as an adjunct to residential treatment for women with substance use disorders (SUD). The project will conduct a 2-arm randomized clinical trial (RCT) comparing post-discharge relapse rates for treatment as usual (TAU) with access to the CBT4CBT program vs. TAU in a residential sample of women with SUDs.

Brief Youth Substance Use Intervention for Primary Care

Over the past decade, many new programs intended to prevent substance use among adolescents have been developed and evaluated. There has been a recent shift towards brief interventions for youth in school (Brown, 2001; D'Amico and Fromme, 2002) and health care settings, such as emergency rooms and inpatient clinics (Barnett et al., 2001; Colby et al., 1998; Monti et al., 1999). Although the primary care setting presents a unique opportunity to intervene with youth concerning ...

Family Engagement, Cross-System Linkage to Substance Use Treatment for Juvenile Probationers -- Phase 3

Developed from adapting and combining two evidence-based programs, Project CONNECT (a linkage-to-services program that targets barriers within the probation and substance abuse treatment systems) and TIES (a program that teaches family engagement skills to providers), Family CONNECT is a linkage-to-services program that targets both family and system-level factors to increase youth use of and retention in substance use services. Using Linkage Specialists embedded within probati...

Research on Outpatient Adolescent Treatment for Comorbid Substance Use and Internalizing Disorders

Adolescent substance abuse results in significant negative outcomes and extraordinary costs for youths, their families, communities, and society. Moreover, rates of psychiatric comorbidity among substance abusing youth range from 25% up to 82%, and youths with a dual diagnosis are more than twice as costly to treat compared to those with no comorbidity. The applicant principal investigator recently completed a NIDA-funded pilot project focused on developing and piloting a psych...

Individual vs. Group Community Reinforcement Training to Help Parents of Substance-using Treatment-refusing Youth

The purpose of this study is to test the efficacy and cost-effectiveness of Community Reinforcement Training (CRT) provided in a group therapy format. The goals of CRT are to teach parents behavioral and communication skills to influence their youth's drug use and encourage them to enter treatment. Thirty parents will be randomly assigned to Group CRT and 30 will be randomly assigned to traditional, Individual CRT. Youth engaged in treatment will receive individual Cognitive Be...

Phone App for Grounding

The goal of this project is to continue to develop a smartphone application ("app") to help youth from ages 18-25 who have a substance abuse problem. The app will engage them in grounding, which is a sensory-based experience to help them feel calm by reducing intense negative feelings and impulses (such as the urge to use a substance or hurt themselves or others).

Substance Use Screening and Prevention for Adolescents in Pediatric Primary Care

This study is to test the effectiveness of integrating and adapting two National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)-funded procedures for use in primary care pediatric clinics serving low-income youth: 1)the Youth Risk Index (YRI) and Transmissible Liability Index-Parent (TLI-P) nurse and/or research assistant-administered screening tools for high risk of substance use (SU) prior to high school and thus also for SUD and 2) the Family Check-Up (FCU) - a brief, family-based program t...

Adapting Personality-Targeted Interventions for Reducing Substance Misuse and Related Outcomes in Youth in Youth Protection Services

Substance use problems are major concern in adolescents involved in Youth Protection Services. However, there is an enormous gap between the needs and availability of interventions for youth with substance use problems in the system. The present study will examine the feasibility and proof-of-concept of implementing an evidence-based, personality-targeted drug and alcohol prevention programme for high-risk adolescents (i.e., Preventure programme) receiving services from Youth P...

Personality Disorders and Substance Use Disorders in a Sexual Context in the Man Having Sex With Other Men Population

Chemsex refers to the use of psychoactive drugs in a sexual context, mainly cathinones, GHB/GBL, methamphetamine, cocaine and ketamine. This can cause infectious or psychiatric complications, addictions, and often goes with high risk sexual behaviours. Recent studies have highlighted the relationship between personality disorders, substance use disorders and risky sexual behaviours. It is important to understand the factors associated with chemsex in order to offer adapted prev...

M-Health for Teen Substance Abuse and Mental Illness Pilot

The study is exploring the ease and ability to integrate a mobile application in outpatient behavioral health treatment. There are two major aims to the study: 1) Determine feasibility and acceptability of integrating a mobile app into behavioral health treatment for adolescents with co-occurring substance use and mental health disorders, and 2) identify initial signal of effect on engagement and/or treatment outcomes among youth who use the mobile app.

Intervention for Substance Use and Sexual Risk Behavior in Homeless Youth

This study will evaluate a program called AWARE, which is a voluntary four session group-based motivational interviewing (MI) intervention to reduce substance use and sexual risk behavior among 18-25 year olds who are experiencing homelessness. The hypothesis is that participants who receive AWARE will show greater reductions in substance use and sexual risk behavior over a 12 month period compared to participants who do not receive the program.

Mindfulness Mobile App to Reduce Adolescent Substance Use

Substance-abusing youth - especially those who are involved in the juvenile justice system - are at higher risk than nonusers for mental health problems, including depression, conduct problems, personality disorders, suicidal thoughts, attempted suicide, and completed suicide. The proposed Phase II project aims to develop and test the efficacy of a mobile app, called Rewire, that is geared toward helping high risk adolescent substance users reduce or quit their substance use. T...

Prevention of OUD: The HOME Project (Housing, Opportunities, Motivation and Engagement)

Homeless youth have a much higher rate of substance use than non-homeless peers with evidence suggesting that homeless youth have the highest rates of opioid use among youth subgroups in the country (Brands et al., 2005); heroin using homeless youth also appear to have the highest rates of IV drug use and HIV (Rhoades et al., 2014). Given the high rates of opioid use, exposure to violence, mental and physical health challenges, and high rates of mortality in homeless youth, it ...

Intervention for Teens With ADHD and Substance Use

Individuals with ADHD are at markedly high risk for increased substance use and Substance Use Disorder (SUD). Given the strong evidence for the negative trajectory of individuals with co-occurring ADHD and substance use initiation, the goal of this study is to conduct a controlled examination of a brief, early intervention (BEI) for substance modified for adolescents with ADHD. Importantly, this intervention will address individuals who are at risk for problems with substance u...

Adolescent Mental Health: Canadian Psychiatric Risk and Outcome Study

The primary study aims are to determine the clinical, behavioural and social predictors of SMI development in youth, and to investigate whether neuroimaging can distinguish youth who will develop SMI from those who will not. The study's secondary aims are to examine the proportions of the cohort that make transitions between the different clinical stages of risk, and to determine the proportions that have poor outcomes, defined as ongoing or increased symptoms, secondary subst...

Development and Piloting of a Just-in-Time, Personalized HIV Prevention Intervention for Youth Experiencing Homelessness and Unstable Housing

The purpose of this study is develop and pilot test a personalized HIV intervention with youth experiencing homelessness by creating and field testing prevention messages that address real-time predictors (e.g., sexual urge, use to use drugs, and substance use) of HIV risk behaviors,to evaluate the feasibility and acceptability of the intervention and to evaluate the intervention outcome effects on HIV risk behaviors (e.g., condomless sex, number of sexual partners, pre-exposur...

Consequences of Marijuana Use in HIV-infected Youth

Proposed study focuses on Youth With HIV (YWH) recruited from the University of North Carolina using a cross sectional assessment of blood samples, clinical, demographic, behavioral, [including substance use and frequency], and neurocognitive data will be evaluated from YWH treated before CD4 T cell decline.

Evaluation of a Hospital Discharge Clinic to Improve Care Coordination and Reduce Rehospitalization in Low Income Adults

This randomized controlled trial examines the effects of a transitional care clinic for high-risk patients at an academic medical center who had no trusted medical home. The trial will provide the first reliable evaluation of the Northwestern Transitional Care Clinic / Follow Up Clinic's (NFC) impact on re-admissions, care coordination, and costs. This research will allow us to assess the value of the NFC and similar models of care for providing a more coordinated care approach...

Understanding Daily Changes in BDD Risk Using Smartphones

Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is associated with high risk for suicide attempts (22-28%) and substance use disorders (49%), underscoring the importance of accurate, real-time risk detection in BDD. This study aims to use smartphone-based digital phenotyping to develop and validate unobtrusive, time-sensitive, and ecologically valid measures of key risk factors for suicide and substance misuse in BDD: negative affect states. As next steps, this research can be extended to detec...

Investigating Circadian Rhythms in Youth With Persistent Tic Disorders

This study examines circadian rhythms and morningness-eveningness preference in youth with Persistent Tic Disorders (PTDs), including Tourette's Disorder (TD); and assesses the effects of wearable short wavelength light therapy on circadian rhythms and tic symptoms.

Computerized Substance Use and Depression Screening and Behavioral Treatment in HIV Primary Care

Substance use disorders (SUDs) and depression in HIV-infected patients result in poor HIV outcomes, yet are often unrecognized and untreated. To address these problems, this study examines the implementation and effectiveness of a clinical intervention consisting of self-administered tablet-based SUD and depression screening at routine HIV primary care clinic visits, followed by evidence-based treatments for SUD and depression delivered by a behavioral health specialist. If suc...

Enhancing Adolescent Substance Abuse Treatment

The ultimate goal of this research is to facilitate rapid enhancement of youth substance abuse treatments by determining the key mechanisms of change (i.e., what to target more intensely to generate better outcomes). This work is critical because current outpatient adolescent substance abuse treatments yield only small to medium effects that diminish once treatment has ended. The proposed modern mediation study will address this serious public health problem by experimentally e...


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