Clinical Trials About "Number Potentially Excess Deaths Nonmetropolitan Counties" RSS

08:11 EST 12th December 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Number Potentially Excess Deaths Nonmetropolitan Counties" Clinical Trials 1–25 of 9,900+


Lung Bacteriobiota and Influenza Mortality

Influenza is a potentially lethal disease still responsible for thousands excess deaths both in Europe and the United States. Despite the use of neuraminidase inhibitors, its treatment is mostly based on symptomatic care. Lung microbiota has been shown to be involved in the immunity against influenza and is correlated with lung inflammation in numerous chronic respiratory diseases. We therefore aim to analyse the correlation between lung bacteriobiota and influenza ICU mortalit...

Community Development Teams to Scale-Up Multidimensional Treatment Foster Care (MTFC) in California

The effects of using Community Development Teams to increase the number of counties that successfully implement and sustain Multidimensional Treatment Foster Care programs is studied in a randomized trial in 40 California counties. MTFC is an alternative to group or residential placement for youth with severe conduct and emotional problems referred from the juvenile justice and child welfare systems.

Journey to Better Health

This study is being conducted in 8 rural counties in Alabama and Mississippi (4 per state). Approximately 400 overweight or obese African American women living in the selected counties will participate in a 2-year weight loss study.

Bovine Lactoferrin and Neonatal Survival in Low Birth Weight Babies.

Pakistan has the third highest number of neonatal deaths worldwide. During the last two decades (1990-2013), neonatal mortality rate in the country has declined by only 1.0% per year. Severe infection is the second most leading cause of neonatal mortality, account for 28% of all deaths in Pakistan. Majority of neonatal deaths occur in infants who LBW (birth weight

Evaluation of Dynamics of Contraceptive Use, Discontinuation and Method Switching in Migori and Kitui Counties, Kenya

Kenya has made tremendous strides in improving contraceptive prevalence rate for the last 20 years, however the rate of contraceptive discontinuation as remained almost constant at 1 out of 3 women using a family planning method. Contraceptive discontinuation increases unmet need of family planning. Hence understanding the underlying reasons for discontinuation helps in designing programs that improve method satisfaction. The primary goal of the study is to understand the fact...

Effect of Low Socionomic Status and Psychosocial Factors on Cardiovascular Disease Risk in Mexican-American Women

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death in American women, claiming on average 40% of all female deaths each year. Although the number of CVD-related deaths in the United States has decreased over the last several decades, the rate of decline has been less for women than for men. Specifically, minority women of low socioeconomic status make up a disproportionately high number of CVD cases and related deaths. Previous studies suggest that, in addition to many ...

An Evaluation of the Michigan State Innovation Model in Washtenaw and Livingston Counties

This study will examine the effects of a care management program on the health and health spending outcomes of patients residing in Michigan's Washtenaw and Livingston Counties.

Breath Test for Early Detection of Lung Cancer

To demonstrate and validate a breath test for detection of early stage lung cancer that could potentially reduce number of deaths.

Verbal Autopsy of Maternal Deaths, Stillbirths, and Neonatal Deaths in BetterBirth

The purpose of this study is to conduct Verbal Autopsies of deaths (maternal deaths, stillbirths and neonatal deaths together) identified in the BetterBirth trial to identify their potential causes, timing, and social determinants.

Extension Connection Evaluation

This study will perform a retrospective analysis to evaluate the effectiveness of a multicomponent educational intervention to improve medication use and management of behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia, relative to a statewide intervention that has been ongoing. Medication use and symptom severity outcomes will be compared among intervention counties and demographically similar non-intervention counties.

Mortality Related to AMR in Patients With Hospital-acquired Infection

This is a prospective surveillance study to estimate excess deaths due to and risk factors associated with antibiotic-resistant infection among patients with hospital-acquired infection (HAI) in a resource-limited setting. We will focus on six pathogenic bacteria that are of clinically important in the hospital.

Evaluation of Cognitive Function in a Suicidal Crisis

The aftermath of suicide is devastating, being the cause of 800 000 deaths every year worldwide. In France, suicide still causes about 10 000 deaths per year and the number of suicide attempts (SA) is estimated between 170 000 and 200 000 per year (InVS). It is often thought that a suicidal crisis is only related to depression, as it actually is a far more complex phenomenon. A suicidal crisis can occur on various grounds like psychiatric disorders but also contextual events o...

Natural History of Apparent Mineralocorticoid Excess Syndrome

Apparent mineralocorticoid excess (AME) is a rare inherited disease that can cause severe high blood pressure and low blood potassium in children and adults. It is caused by abnormal hormone metabolism and can be fatal. This study will focus on the genetic basis, natural history, disease progression, and survival of people with AME.

Does Treatment of Androgen Excess Using Spironolactone Improve Ovulatory Rates in Girls With Androgen Excess?

Adolescent girls with androgen excess have a higher rate of irregular periods and decreased ovulation rates compared to normal girls, and are considered at-risk for developing polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). This pilot study will look at whether giving spironolactone might improve ovulation rates in girls with androgen excess, ages 13-19. If this is true, spironolactone treatment to young girls might prevent PCOS from developing and avoid future infertility.

Study of XOPH5 Ointment for Reduction of Excess Eyelid Fat (Steatoblepharon)

This study will test whether XOPH5 ointment, applied once daily to the lower eyelids for 10 weeks, reduces the prominence of lower eyelid fat in adults with moderate to severe steatoblepharon (excess eyelid fat).

Trial of the Impact of Vitamin A on Maternal Mortality

Main objectives: To evaluate the impact of weekly vitamin A supplementation (VAS) to women of reproductive age (15-45 years) on maternal mortality in rural Ghana, and to compare this with the impact on overall mortality. Hypotheses: 1. Weekly supplementation with vitamin A (7000 µg retinol equivalent [RE]) to reproductive age women will reduce maternal deaths by 33%. 2. This impact will be achieved by reductions in both pregnancy-related and non-pr...

Letigen® and Cardiovascular Morbidity

Letigen® was a combination drug containing ephedrine, an adrenergic agonist with lipolytic and appetite-inhibiting properties. The drug was used as adjuvant treatment of obesity from 1990 and up to 2002 when it was withdrawn from the market by the manufacturer. The basis for this was a number of spontaneous reports about patients that died during treatment with Letigen®. The causal relation has never been addressed. There are only sparse data from randomised studies an...

The Cluster-randomized Evaluation of the IKO-model

The aim of this study is to analyze whether and how a systemic school-level approach to dropout prevention (the IKO-model), increase the completion rate from upper secondary school. The hypothesis is that schools that implement the model (i.e. randomized to the experimental group), will reduce the amount of students in risk of dropout, compared to their counterparts in schools randomized to the control group. The main expected outcomes in the study are; 1) increased amounts of ...

Reduce Speed Limits From 90km/h to 80 km/h on French Roads: Impact on Mortality

On the first July 2018, the French government lowered the maximum authorized speeds on two-way roads without a central separator from 90 km/h to 80 km/h. The network concerned represents approximately 400 000 km of roads outside the built-up area, accounting for 55% of road deaths. The objective of the measure is to reduce the number of deaths on the roads concerned by encouraging the reduction of the average speed practiced by drivers. The analysis deals with a compari...

Impact of School Based Education Program

Good health is an important indicator of the quality of life, in which healthy nutrition and physical activity take an important place. Healthy nutrition and physical activity according to the guidelines of WHO are closely related to lower general and specific mortality rates due to heart and coronary diseases and cancer, which are the top reasons for mortality from non-communicable diseases. Every year, 41 million people die from non-communicable diseases, which represents 71...

Long Term Excess Mortality of Acute Myocardial Infarction in Patients With and Without Diabetes: A Population-based Cohort Study

Diabetes is key risk factor for death following acute myocardial infarction. However, the long-term excess risk of death associated with diabetes following acute myocardial infarction not known. Investigators aimed to determine the long-term excess risk of death associated with diabetes among patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and non-STEMI (NSTEMI) after adjustment for multimorbidity, risk factors and cardiac treatments.

Effects of Muscadine Grape Extract in Men With Biochemically Recurrent Prostate Cancer on Androgen Deprivation Therapy

It is estimated that one-third of the more than 7 million deaths from cancer worldwide are attributable to potentially modifiable risk factors, with 374,000 deaths preventable through diet modification alone. Diet supplementation for the prevention or treatment of cancer is attractive, as implementation is relatively easy, even in populations with reduced incomes and resources. Grape extracts or active components isolated from grapes have received attention as chemopreventive o...

Appropriate Polypharmacy in Older People in Primary Care

In the past, prescribing many medicines (polypharmacy) was seen in a negative light. However, because people are living longer and have several medical conditions at the same time, views on polypharmacy have changed. The challenge is to have the correct balance between enough medicines and too many medicines. Members of the research team have developed a new approach to achieving this balance. This approach has been tested in two general practices in Northern Ireland (NI). The ...

Genetic Risk Factors for Lung Cancer in Non-Smoking Women in Xuan Wei and Fu Yuan Counties in Yun Nan Province, China

RATIONALE: Gathering information about risk factors for lung cancer and exposure to smoky coal and other types of fuel in non-smoking women in China may help the study of lung cancer in the future. PURPOSE: This clinical trial is studying genetic risk factors for lung cancer in non-smoking women in Xuan Wei and Fu Yuan Counties in Yun Nan Province, China.

Evaluation of Rapid Diagnosis Tests in Imported Malaria

The annual number of cases of clinical malaria worldwide is estimated to be 300-500 million leading to 1.5 million deaths. Delayed care and frequent drug resistance of Plasmodium falciparum (Pf), the most frequent form of malaria, is responsible for these deaths. Each year, 5000-8000 travellers return to France with malaria, 4/5 from Africa and with Pf. Clinical features associated with a malaria crisis are poorly predictive and misdiagnosis can be easily made. Diagnosis of ...

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