Clinical Trials About "Opioid Epidemic Rages Painkiller Prescriptions Drop" RSS

05:50 EDT 20th March 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Opioid Epidemic Rages Painkiller Prescriptions Drop" Clinical Trials 1–25 of 2,300+

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Pain Profile and Pain Medication Use After THA and TKA

The over-prescription and overuse of opioid medications in the United States has recently been recognized as an epidemic. A new law in North Carolina (STOP Act) is aimed to limit opioid prescriptions following any surgical procedure including total hip (THA) and total knee arthroplasty (TKA). However, there is limited evidence regarding patient's pain and actual opioid consumption following THA and TKA that can be used by practitioners as guidance adapting to the new law. The p...


Does Altering Narcotic Prescription Methods Affect Opioid Distribution Following Select Upper Extremity Surgeries?

It has been well established that prescription opioid misuse and prescription opioid abuse is on the rise. In the late 1990's and early 2000's, there was a large push to make "pain" the fifth vital sign. At the same time, direct-to-consumer advertising and changes in national guidelines laid the groundwork for a decade that would ultimately see the amount of narcotic prescriptions in the United States more than double, and the number of prescription-opioid related deaths more t...

Ambulatory Gynecologic Surgery: Finding the Optimal Opioid Prescription

Currently there is a nationwide epidemic in opioid abuse and overdose deaths. While the opioid epidemic is multi-factorial one major source of excess opioids may be over-prescribing in the post-operative period. There is wide variation in the prescribing practices for post-operative pain control and there is no standard of care for pain control after minor laparoscopic surgery in general or after gynecologic laparoscopy. There is also evidence to show that on average half of th...

Discharge Opioid Education to Decrease Opioid Use After Cesarean

Background: The number of opioid overdose deaths in the United States has quadrupled in 15 years, a dramatic manifestation of the current opioid abuse epidemic. This rise parallels a sharp increase in the amount of legal prescription opioids dispensed. The abundance of prescription opioids available is a primary pathway for opioid abuse and diversion and higher opioid use after surgery has been associated with an increased risk of chronic opioid use. Reducing the amount of opio...

Post-op Crowd Sourcing Health Data Via Text-messaging

The Center for Disease Control has labeled the opioid prescription drug crisis an "epidemic" in the United States and recently this epidemic has been named a public health emergency. Various medical and surgical societies have begun to release general opioid prescribing guidelines for providers addressing acute pain, but these do not highlight the patient perspective or experience. Identifying an acceptable opioid dose and duration has remained a challenge and is a nuanced proc...

Pharmacists and Opioid Misuse

Opioid medication misuse and overdose have reached epidemic proportions in the US. Community pharmacy is a potentially valuable resource for addressing opioid medication misuse. This study will manualize and establish the feasibility, acceptability, and clinical effect of a community pharmacist-led intervention aimed at: improving opioid mediation regimen adherence, eliminating misuse, connecting patients to additional care, and safeguarding against overdose.

Developing a Method to Objectively Measure Opioid Analgesia

Inappropriate prescribing is the fundamental upstream driver of the opioid epidemic. Objective measures to determine the appropriateness of an opioid intervention, provide monitoring of the therapy for adequacy of dose and detection of tolerance or hyperalgesia would eliminate the subjective nature of opioid mediated pain management and obviate iatrogenic facilitation of opioid abuse. The present study is designed to objectively determine whether our device can pain type and de...

Prescribe to Save Lives

The U.S. is in the midst of an epidemic of opioid overdose deaths. The common use of opioids among persons living with HIV, along with their common use of benzodiazepines, has resulted in high rates of opioid overdose among this population. This study will test the implementation of evidence-based training, mentoring, technical support, and academic detailing to encourage HIV physicians to adopt evidence-based interventions to reduce overdose risk and treat opioid addiction.

Effect of Duloxetine on Opioid Use After Total Knee Arthroplasty

Post-discharge pain after total knee arthroplasty remains problematic; many patients have excessive pain at the 2 week time point (and often thereafter). Reduction in opioid use has become a national goal, due to the 'epidemic' in opioid misuse.

Non-opioids for Analgesia After Adenotonsillectomy in Children

The goal of this study is to determine if non-opioid pain control is a safe way to manage pain after adenotonsillectomy surgery in children. We will be randomly assigning children aged 3-17 to one of two groups: one group will receive non-opioid pain medication only, and the other group will receive opioid and non-opioid medications for pain control. We will analyze the data and determine if there is a difference in pain control between the two drug regimens, and if there are a...

A Universal Eye Drop Adherence Monitor to Measure and Improve Adherence to Ocular Medications

Glaucoma is the second leading cause of visual impairment worldwide. Eye drop medications reduce vision loss from glaucoma by at least 60%, but eye drops must be taken every day to be effective. However, adherence to eye drop treatment is poor with only 50% of patients regularly taking their prescribed eye drops. We are developing the Devers Drop Device (D3) eye drop monitor to accurately measure eye drop cap removal and to improve eye drop-taking behavior. We will test eye dro...

Eye Drop Dispensers: Safety, Efficacy and Comfort.

One aspect to eye drop adherence is successful instillation of the drops; however, it is well known that many patients struggle with this task. Difficulties may include aiming their drops,extending their neck, preventing excess drop leakage, avoiding contamination of the bottle tip and generating enough force to expel a drop from the bottle. Instillation aids are devices that aim to ameliorate one or more of these barriers. Several eye drop dispensers had been developed in ord...

Patient Education and Use of Post Operative Pain Medication in Ambulatory Hand Surgery: a Randomized Controlled Trial

There is a current opioid epidemic in the United States partially fueled by excess prescribing practices after surgery. The objective of this study is to decrease the amount of opioids needed after ambulatory hand surgery. In this randomized control trial, patients will be randomized into a patient education group and into a control group. The education group will be provided with a pre-operative video detailing proper indications for opioid use after hand surgery, alternative ...

The Excess Opioid Disposal Study

This study is designed to test the hypothesis that providing information to patients about excess opioid disposal, calling patients prior to their outpatient post-operative surgical appointment and providing a convenient drop box for opioid disposal will increase rates of FDA compliant disposal.

Relieving Acute Pain From Rib Fractures

The United States (US) faces a crisis of pain management. According to the 2012 National Health Interview Survey, almost 50 million adults in the US reported having significant chronic or severe pain (Nahin 2015). Doctors in the US still prescribe opioids across the board for pain despite a growing recognition of an epidemic of opioid overdose and use disorder. Few solutions have been successfully proposed and implemented. Placebos represent a novel and potentially fruitful mea...

Advancing STOP: Self-regulation Therapy for Opioid Addiction and Pain

The public health relevance of this proposed project is substantial given the current opioid abuse epidemic as identified by the Centers for Disease Control (CDC). This study finalizes and tests a new psychotherapy treatment that is designed to treat chronic pain and opioid addiction at the same time in a format that could be easily used in a community addiction treatment setting. Final products of the study will yield an integrated STOP (Self-regulation/Cognitive-behavioral th...

A Multidomain Approach to Preventing Dementia in African Americans: Cognitive Prescriptions

The goal of this R21 study is to explore the feasibility and preliminary efficacy of individualized cognitive prescriptions (CogRxs) in improving engagement in healthy behaviors and other outcomes in middle-aged AAs and to gain feedback on future implementation of the program.

Optimizing Pregnancy and Treatment Interventions for Moms 2.0

The US opioid epidemic continues to result in serious health consequences for pregnant and postpartum women. In the US from 2007 to 2012, an average of 21,000 pregnant women each year reported past month opioid misuse. This study aims to provide rapid and targeted primary prevention activities aimed at assisting pregnant women with opioid use disorder (OUD) to become linked to and retained in treatment in order to reduce harms to them (including overdose) and their offspring.

Caffeine and Neurologic Recovery Following Surgery and General Anesthesia

The ongoing opioid epidemic is a public health crisis, and surgical patients are particularly vulnerable to opioid-dependency and related risks. Emerging data suggest that caffeine may reduce pain after surgery. Thus, the purpose of this study is to test whether caffeine reduces pain and opioid requirements after surgery. The investigators will also test whether caffeine improves mood and brain function (e.g., learning, memory) after surgery.

Facilitating Rapid Naltrexone Initiation

The incidence of opioid use disorders (OUDs) has increased to near-epidemic proportions. While maintenance with long-acting opioids such as methadone or buprenorphine represents an effective treatment strategy, it may be unacceptable to many individuals. As a result, long-acting injectable naltrexone (XR-NTX), an antagonist medication that blocks the effects of opioids for at least 4 weeks, is now indicated for relapse prevention following detoxification. This randomized, contr...

The Role of Nerve Blocks in Hip Arthroscopy

The goal of this study is to determine whether QL blocks reduce opioid consumption following arthroscopic hip surgery by decreasing postoperative pain. Considering the current opioid epidemic, the responsibility of physicians to help prevent addiction, and the increasing prevalence of arthroscopic hip surgeries, this study holds a tremendous potential benefit for future patients.

Spectacles for Patients With Down Syndrome

This study tests the hypothesis that objectively derived spectacle prescriptions based on wavefront aberration measurements of the eyes of individuals with Down syndrome can provide an improvement in visual acuity over that obtained with spectacle prescriptions based on standard clinical prescribing techniques. The objectively derived prescriptions are derived using strategies to optimize retinal image quality as measured by image quality metrics, and thus these prescriptions w...

Re-entry XR-NTX for Rural Women With Opioid Use Disorder

The overall aim of this R34 proposal is to examine the feasibility, acceptability, and short-term outcomes associated with an innovative service delivery model to increase adherence to extended-release naltrexone (XR-NTX) during the transition from jail to the community for rural women with opioid use disorder (OUD). The significance of this study is grounded in the public health emergency associated with the opioid epidemic in rural Appalachia, the increased vulnerability of r...

Electronic Defaults to Reduce Opioid Prescribing

The goal of this research is to investigate the impact of changing opioid analgesic prescribing defaults on the quantity of opioids prescribed for acute non-cancer pain in adult primary care and emergency department settings. We will change prescribing defaults for select short-acting opioid analgesics including immediate release oxycodone and hydrocodone as well as codeine and tramadol, including their co-formulations with acetaminophen. In a cluster-randomized trial of matche...

Patient-Centered Opioid Tapering Study

This is an observational study of a voluntary opioid tapering protocol conducted in community outpatients taking long term prescription opioids for chronic pain. Patients who would otherwise continue with their existing opioid prescriptions were encouraged to participate in a voluntary opioid taper program. Interested patients were identified by their pain physician, Dr. Richard Stieg, and then completed an online informed consent document and baseline self-report assessments i...

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