Clinical Trials About "Orthognathic Speech Pathology: Phonetic Contrasts of Patients With Dental Discrepancies Pre- and Post-Treatment Analyses" RSS

19:21 EST 23rd January 2020 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Orthognathic Speech Pathology Phonetic Contrasts Patients With Dental" Clinical Trials 1–25 of 5,400+

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Orthognathic Speech Pathology: Phonetic Contrasts of Patients With Dental Discrepancies Pre- and Post-Treatment Analyses

The investigators are studying how speech is effected by jaw and tooth position in jaw surgery patients. Eighty percent of our jaw surgery patients have speech pathologies, compared to five percent of the general population, but speech pathologists do not understand why. The investigators hypothesize that open bites and underbites prevent most patients from being able to pronounce words normally and surgical correction will lead to improvement in speech. Patients will be audio ...

A Systematic Investigation of Phonetic Complexity Effects on Articulatory Motor Performance in Progressive Dysarthria

The goal is to improve the fundamental knowledge about articulatory motor performance in people with Lou Gehrig's disease (also known as ALS) and Parkinson's disease (PD), in order to develop more sensitive assessments for progressive speech loss, which may lead to the improved timing of speech therapies.

Accuracy of Maxillary Repositioning During Orthognathic Surgery

Orthognathic surgery aims to correct jaw position taking into account esthetic and functional criteria (dental occlusion, lip position, breathing...). These surgeries are planned using clinical, radiological and dental cast data. The result of this planning are occlusal splints. Orthognathic surgery had improved in the last decade with 3 dimensions computerized tomography scan (3D CT-Scan) planning and osteosynthesis implants. However the accuracy of the operative results compa...

Correlation of Phonation With Deglutition and Aspiration Risk in the ICU Patients - an Exploratory Study

Swallowing implies the appropriate use and sufficient function of specific muscles that are also used in speech. Theoretically, if these muscles are functionally affected then phonation and vocalization should be impaired, as well. The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between functions of speech and risk of aspiration as defined by swallowing function, and to investigate the diagnostic potential that functions of speech may have in predicting the risk of asp...


Physiotherapeutic Rehabilitation in Patients After Orthognathic Surgery

Orthognathic surgery procedures are often used to correct for skeletal II and III skeletal deformation, dental-facial-maxillary deformation, mandibular laterognathy and maxillofacial asymmetry. The factors that motivate patients to undergo this procedure are: improvement of chewing, speech and swallowing as well as aesthetic and psychosocial factors. Correction of occlusal-facial defects requires team orthodontic, surgical and rehabilitation treatment. As with any surgical proc...

The Influence of Hearing Discrete Phonemes in Mother's Voice in the Infant's Natural Environment and With Natural Melody on Developing Phonetic Categories Between 4-10 Months Old

The purpose of this study is to record voice samples of infant's mothers, process in samples to a phonetic musical piece, play the phonetic musical piece to 4-10 month old infants, and then test the infants in a conditioned head turning test in lab, and to analyze the results.

Outpatient Orthognathic Surgery: "AMBOST" a One Year Prospective Study

The aim of this prospective and observational study is to describe the conditions of orthognathic procedures performed in Toulouse Teaching Hospital over a one-year period, the outpatient-to-inpatient shifts rate and the whole outpatient rate among the whole orthognathic procedures done. The investigator also wants to identify factors associated with an outpatient-to-inpatient shift, and factors associated with the duration of hospitalization.

Cleft Orthognathic Surgery Versus Distraction Osteogenesis - Which is Better?

Cleft lip and palate patients normally present with a sunken face due to collapse in the middle part of the face and inability of the upper and lower teeth to meet during chewing. This situation constitutes a serious aesthetic and mastication problem. A single surgical operation known as orthognathic surgery was traditionally performed to move the upper jaw forward to a more normal position and allow chewing function to be regained. However, due to scar tissue from the origin...

Perceptual Learning and Memory Consolidation in Adults With and Without LI

This study tests a memory-based account of atypical speech perception in adults with language-based learning disability (also known as developmental language impairment [LI]). One perspective regarding the its etiology considers impoverished speech sound representations to be central to the linguistic symptoms observed in LI. This project examines a potential abnormality in the process of building speech sound representations in LI. Previous work by the PI has found that...

Cochlear Implant Speech and Non-speech Sound Recognition

The primary purpose of the research is to study how synthesized speech and non-speech percepts (sounds) are recognized in subjects with cochlear implants (CI) who are not getting functional speech recognition using existing speech to CI algorithms. By identifying a partial set of phonemes (units of speech) from this CI feedback, a new language could be developed.

Study of Speech Disorders , Voice and Swallowing in Primary Dystonia Oromandibular

To better define the clinical characteristics of oromandibular dystonia, we aimed to study voice, speech and swallowing disorders in idiopathic oromandibular We planned to include consecutive patients followed in Lille Movement disorders department for idiopathic oromandibular dystonia and matched, healthy control subjects. Voice and speech disorders had to be assessed with the phonetic analysis, perceptive analysis and motor examination modules of the "Batterie d'Evaluation Cl...

Quality of Life in Patients Treated for Tongue and/or Jaw Neoplasia Before and After Speech Therapy

This study aims to verify the impact of four speech therapy sessions on the Quality of Life of patients treated for malignant tongue and/or jaw cancer, using as measure specific questionnaires of speech and swallowing. The hypothesis is that after treatment with exercises and speech therapy guidance, patients will present better indicators on Quality of Life related to speech and swallowing.

Infant Feeding, Non-nutritive Sucking and Speech Development

This study will look at whether there is a relationship between how babies are fed, whether they suck a dummy/hand and how they develop speech.

Evaluating the Efficacy of Opti-Speech for Speech Treatment

The purpose of this study is to determine if feedback from a three-dimensional real-time visualization of the tongue, a program called Opti-Speech, can be used to improve speech.

Bupivacaine Liposomal Injectable Suspension, Pain and Narcotic Use After Elective Orthognathic Surgery

This research is being done to determine quantitative and qualitative differences in patients' post-operative pain levels following elective orthognathic surgery after the local administration of a liposomal bupivacaine injection. A primary objective is to determine whether using a liposomal bupivacaine injection placed locally at the conclusion of elective orthognathic surgery will decrease pain levels (as determined by VAS scores). A secondary objective is to examine whether...

Carey, a Mobile Coach Application for Patients Undergoing Orthognathic Surgery

Carey is a mobile application guiding patients throughout their orthognathic surgery journey. The purpose of the application is optimizing the patient's experience before, during and after orthognathic surgery improving patient satisfaction and reducing complications. This will be evaluated based on the following outcomes: 1. Patient satisfaction based on a questionnaire 2. Objective parameters (complications, oral hygiene, amount of contacts with department, r...

3D Printed Models in 3D Virtual Treatment Planning of Orthognathic Surgery

Despite the shift from 2D towards 3D virtual treatment planning of orthognathic surgery, traditional plaster cast are still gold standard. The investigators aimed to compare the overall reliability and time efficiency of an digital workflow using 3D printed models, in comparison to the conventional plaster workflow. Twenty real-life cases were planned according to both workflows and timed by a single resident.

The Effects of Tranexamic Acid on Blood Loss During Orthognathic Surgery

This study seeks to answer the question: Does a single pre-operative dose of tranexamic acid have a statistically significant reduction in blood loss during orthognathic surgery? If it does, this drug may begin to be used routinely during orthognathic surgery to reduce blood loss in our patients.

Speech Therapy in the Management of Chronic Cough

Speech and language intervention (speech therapy) is one of the few methods which seem to be useful in management of persistent chronic cough. This method has not been available for patients with cough in Poland so far.The aim of the study is to implement speech therapy to the management plan of patients with difficult-to-treat chronic cough and to analyze its efficacy in this particular group. Patients with difficult-to treat chronic cough will be offered speech and language ...

Rhythmic Entrainment in Bilingual Speakers With Dysarthria

The objectives of this study are to determine i) the effect of rhythmic entrainment of speech with hand gestures and auditory rhythmic cues on intelligibility and speech naturalness in Spanish-accented speakers of English in two pathology groups: ataxic dysarthria and hypokinetic dysarthria secondary to idiopathic Parkinson's disease; and ii) the extent to which speech rate and effort are control parameters of entrainment. These objectives will be achieved with the following sp...

Neural Indices of Intervention Outcomes in Children With Speech Sound Disorders

Children with speech sound disorders (SSD) are thought to be unable to detect subtle differences between sounds, though there is little understanding of the underlying perceptual mechanisms implicated in SSD. The investigators suggest that children with SSD may have difficulty creating phonological representations due to inaccurate perception and representation of speech sounds, which then directly impacts speech production abilities. Children will be randomly assigned to one o...

Evaluation of Quality of Life After Orthognathic Surgery in a Cleft Lip and Palate Context

The purpose of this study is to compare, prospectively, the quality of life of patients with cleft lip and palate before and after orthognathic surgery. This is done through two validated questionnaires: OHIP-14 (Oral Health Impact Profile) and OQLQ (Orthognathic Quality of Life Questionnaire) Improving the quality of life is the goal of any functional treatment. The demonstration of its improvement would validate the validity of this additional surgery for patients with cleft ...

Anxiolytic Effect of Lavender Oil on Orthognathic Surgery Patients

The aim of this study is to determine the possible reducing effects of different concentrations of lavender oil on preoperative anxiety in orthognathic surgery patients who have high anxiety during preoperative wait.

Evaluating the Relationship Between Hard and Soft Tissue Advancement in Orthognathic Surgery

This study aims to evaluate the relationship between hard and soft tissue advancement during orthognathic surgery. The use of typical pre and post operative imaging consisting of con-beam computed tomography will be used, in conjunction with a 3D camera to evaluate hard and soft tissue points before and after surgery.

Speech Performance of Rugby Players When Using Different Types of Mouthguard

Participation in contact sports is linked to an increased risk of dental injuries. To reduce the risk and severity of sports-related dental injuries, mouthguards are often recommended to be worn during training and competition. However, athletes often complain that they cannot talk properly when using mouthguards. It is hypothesized that speech performance differs when using different types of mouthguards. A group of female national rugby players will be asked to pronounce four...

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