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We list hundreds of Clinical Trials about "Preoperative Albuterol Reduces Respiratory Complications Pediatric Tonsillectomy" on BioPortfolio. We draw our references from global clinical trials data listed on ClinicalTrials.gov and refresh our database daily.
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The investigators will use a prospective randomized, controlled design utilizing a single preoperative dose of oral dexamethasone or placebo to achieve these specific aims: - Specific Aim 1: To evaluate the potential for a single preoperative dose of oral dexamethasone administered the night before surgery to reduce the incidence and severity of early post tonsillectomy pain (PTP) in children - Specific Aim 2: To prospectively evaluate differences in early PTP...
Pediatric tonsillectomy is one of the most common surgical procedures annually in the United States; risks include postoperative hemorrhage and poor pain control. Controversy exists regarding optimal pharmacologic pain management following surgery, as each drug's efficacy is balanced by its specific side effects. Ibuprofen is effective in controlling postoperative pain following tonsillectomy, but its mechanism of action results in decreased platelet function, which may increas...
Study objective is to provide prospective randomized controlled data on pediatric pain levels found in PlasmaKnife tonsillectomy and monopolar tonsillectomy.
Tonsillectomy is one of the commonest procedures performed in otolaryngology and one of its major complications is post-tonsillectomy bleeding. The goal of this study was to assess the effectiveness of Surgicel without bipolar cautery in achieving primary hemostasis in tonsillectomy. The patient that were enrolled in this retrospective study were patients who underwent tonsillectomy and achieved hemostasis either by Surgicel (group A) or bipolar cautery (group B). Our results ...
The purpose of this study is to evaluate a new method of hemostasis, floseal gel, in tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy, with the goal of decreasing post operative and intraoperative morbidity.
This prospective, randomized, double blinded study is designed to compare the bleeding rates of ketorolac vs. placebo when used for post tonsillectomy pain control in pediatric patients ages 2-18.
The primary objective of this study is to evaluate the chronic-dose and efficacy of Albuterol-HFA-MDI relative to placebo in pediatric asthmatics.
Male and female subjects with mild to moderate asthma will be recruited to enroll in a 2-way crossover during which escalating doses of albuterol will be administered at 30 minute intervals on a single treatment day. Albuterol will be administered by the Halix albuterol unit dose disposable inhaler on one day and by Ventolin albuterol HFA MDI on the other day. Assignment to device for albuterol delivery will be by random allocation.
Pediatric postoperative patients are at increased risk for post-operative respiratory complications such as hypoventilation. There is no objective measure of early respiratory parameters that would predict respiratory compromise after surgery efficiently in pediatric patients. Current respiratory assessment in non-intubated patients relies on oximetry data, impendence respiratory rate monitor and subjective clinical assessment. Pulse oximetry has been extremely helpful in recog...
Pediatric tonsillectomy (with or without adenoidectomy) is a brief but painful surgery carried out in children who very often also present with obstructive sleep apnea. To provide pain relief, i.e. analgesia, current practice relies on opioids , e.g., morphine or fentanyl. These narcotics are known to depress respiration and to increase the incidence of post-operative nausea and vomiting. These side effects are worrisome in this patient cohort. An alternative medication, dexmed...
This 4-week clinical study evaluates the efficacy and safety of Albuterol Sulfate HFA Inhalation Aerosol in comparison with the Active Control, Proventil-HFA (3M Pharmaceuticals, Inc) in pediatric patients (4-11 years old) with mild-to-moderate asthma. In addition, pharmacokinetic profile in this population will be evaluated using a population PK approach with sparse blood samples.
This study is designed to compare the length of continuous albuterol administration between two different albuterol formulations, BAC containing albuterol versus preservative free albuterol.
This is a research study designed to compare the single-dose effectiveness of albuterol-HFA-BAI (breath activated inhaler) and albuterol-HFA-MDI (metered dose inhaler) in asthmatics with poor inhaler coordinating abilities. Patients must be 7 to 70 years of age to participate in this study.
Healthy male and female volunteers without asthma will be recruited to enroll in a single dose 3-way crossover study of the safety and pharmacokinetics of albuterol when administered using the Halix (TM) albuterol unit dose disposable dry powder inhaler (DPI) and the albuterol HFA (hydrofluoroalkane) MDI inhaler.
The study is to evaluate the chronic-dose efficacy and the safety of Albuterol MDPI compared to placebo in pediatric participants with asthma.
Postoperative pulmonary complications (PPCs) are a source of much morbidity and mortality. Rates of PPCs exceed 30% in patients with multiple risk factors. Several studies have demonstrated reduced PPCs in patients who underwent preoperative inspiratory muscle training. These studies largely focused on cardiothoracic surgery and required the use of respiratory therapists. The investigators hypothesize that preoperative, self-administered respiratory therapy would reduce PPCs in...
This study was planned to compare vessel sealing system tonsillectomy (VSST) to the traditional cold knife tonsillectomy (CKT) with special regard to intraoperative bleeding, operative time, postoperative pain and hemorrhage.
The most commonly used drug for immediate relief of symptoms of asthma is the blue puffer, albuterol or salbutamol (Ventolin). Racemic albuterol is a mixture of two forms of albuterol which are mirror images of each other i.e. R-and S- isomers. The investigational treatments are R-albuterol and S-albuterol. R-albuterol ( levalbuterol) has been shown to have a slightly better bronchodilator effect as compared to the racemic albuterol and is well- tolerated in patients. How...
The aim of the study is to evaluate adenoidectomy with bilateral partial tonsillectomy compared with adenoidectomy with classical unilateral complete tonsillectomy for management of pediatric Obstructive Sleep-Disordered Breathing (OSDB) in terms of efficacy of the technique and reducing postoperative complications.
Preoperative dexamethasone reduces symptoms after different surgical procedures including mastectomy in breast cancer, but the effect in the postoperative respiratory function remains unknown. The aim of this protocol was to determine if the administration of a single dose of dexamethasone during the preoperative, could improve respiratory function and postoperative symptoms of patients undergoing mastectomy in breast cancer.
Tonsillectomy is one of the most common pediatric surgical procedures in the United States. Postoperative pain is substantial, with typical regimens employing narcotic derivatives and acetaminophen for 1-2 weeks after surgery. Recent enthusiasm for use of ibuprofen as an alternative has been tempered by equivocal data on its relative safety in regard to risk of postoperative hemorrhage. The primary objective is to evaluate efficacy of celecoxib for pain control after tonsillect...
Tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy is one of the most common pediatric surgeries, and agitation and severe postoperative pain have been considered a very common complications. Dexmedetomidine mainly inhibits the release of norepinephrine by acting on the α-adrenergic receptor of the brainstem nucleus, which can produce good sedative effects. Hydromorphone has a longer duration of action than fentanyl, and it also has a certain sedative effect. The combination of the two is more c...
The purpose of this study is to compare the safety and tolerability of levalbuterol HFA metered dose inhaler (MDI) versus racemic albuterol HFA MDI in pediatric subjects 4-11 years of age with asthma
Bronchiolitis is a common disease of infancy and a main reason for infants' hospital admissions in the first 2 years of life. The main cause of bronchiolitis is RSV (respiratory syncytial virus). Though, Treatment is mainly supportive, the treatment benefit of nebulized epinephrine or albuterol has been largely debated for the past years. Most of the clinical studies used clinical parameters to detect and compare the effectiveness of such medical interventions. In this study we...
The investigators' study will involve the administration of either placebo or celecoxib to children aged 2 to 18 years of age undergoing tonsillectomy and assessing pain relief, impact on quality of life and side effect profile.