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We list hundreds of Clinical Trials about "State Highlights Texas Tries Tackle High Maternal Mortality" on BioPortfolio. We draw our references from global clinical trials data listed on ClinicalTrials.gov and refresh our database daily.
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Main objectives: To evaluate the impact of weekly vitamin A supplementation (VAS) to women of reproductive age (15-45 years) on maternal mortality in rural Ghana, and to compare this with the impact on overall mortality. Hypotheses: 1. Weekly supplementation with vitamin A (7000 µg retinol equivalent [RE]) to reproductive age women will reduce maternal deaths by 33%. 2. This impact will be achieved by reductions in both pregnancy-related and non-pr...
The purpose of this study is to determine the neurologic and cognitive effects of playing tackle football in grade school and high school. During contact practices and games, players wear a football helmet containing an impact sensor. Before and after each season, players complete neurological testing to measure several different aspects of brain function. Two groups of football players will be in the study: 5th and 6th grade tackle football players from the Brighton B...
The purpose of this trial is to determine whether providing women with a weekly oral supplement of vitamin A, either preformed or as beta-carotene, at a dosage equivalent to a recommended intake from early pregnancy through three months postpartum, can reduce the risk of maternal mortality, fetal loss, or infant mortality.
Antenatal care is a key strategy for reducing maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality rate because adequate utilization of antenatal health care services is associated with improved maternal and neonatal health outcomes. The trend of maternal mortality in developing countries has been increasing and various international organizations have reported that an important factor related to maternal and infant mortality has been linked to lack of antenatal care. According to Fed...
Pre-eclampsia, more than being proteinuric gestational hypertension alone, is a state of exaggerated systemic inflammation and remains a leading direct cause of maternal morbidity and mortality worldwide.1 Standardization of antenatal and postnatal assessment and surveillance of pre-eclampsia with protocols that recognize the systemic inflammatory model of preeclampsia have been associated with reduced maternal morbidity.
Maternal high blood pressure remodels the intrauterine environment of the fetus by altering hormonal and cellular signaling patterns and, as a result increases the risk of fetal and neonatal mortality and morbidity. Newborns of these mothers have an increased risk of intrauterine growth restriction, premature birth and hematological abnormalities, such as thrombocytopenia, polycythemia, and neutropenia. The purpose of the article is to review neonatal thrombocytopenia and neutr...
The purpose of this study was twofold: 1) to assess awareness of and adherence to Texas SB42 among a representative sample of public middle schools in Texas; and 2) to assess the impact of SB42 on the frequency of school PE class, the quality of school PE, and prevalence of child self-reported physical activity behaviors and child overweight along the Texas-Mexico border.
This study is being conducted to assess impact of maternal immunisation against pertussis in infants ≤12 months of age before and after introduction of pertussis maternal immunisation in Bogota, Colombia from January 2005-December 2014.
AIM OF THE WORK The aim of the study is to compare the maternal morbidity and mortality between obstetric hysterectomy and conservative surgery for pregnant ladies > 28 weeks with placenta accreta during caesarean section at Ain Shams University Maternity Hospital in the last five years and prospective study in the next six months. Hypothesis In women with placenta accrete undergoing hysterectomy may be similar to conservative surgery as regard maternal morbidity and mortality...
Paradoxical fetal and maternal results of studies have led to inconsistent use of antihypertensive drugs or no treatment at all in mild to moderate gestational hypertension in the Netherlands. However, none of the studies have taken the individual maternal circulatory state or the contemplated blood pressure response into account. Hypertension may be accompanied by high (hyperdynamic vasodilated profile), normal (normodynamic profile) of low (hypodynamic vasoconstrictive profil...
Pre-eclampsia is one of the most common causes of maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study is to identify pregnant women at risk for pre-eclampsia or other cardiovascular complications at a very early state of the disease, and thereby improve the current method of screening.
Background: Nigeria has the second highest absolute number of maternal deaths and perinatal deaths in the world. The country contributes 14% of all maternal deaths worldwide, second only to India. Although all parts of the country are affected, most maternal, and perinatal deaths occur in the northeast and northwest geo-political zones, where women have limited access to evidence-based maternal and newborn health services. Affected women and families are mainly those who have l...
Our objective was to test whether there were advantages to Nurse-CHW team home visiting designed to combine the strengths of both visitors, with a focus on maternal stress and mental health, when compared with standard of Community Care (CC) that included professional home visitors in a state-sponsored Medicaid program. We conducted the study under usual community conditions in a population of women eligible for state-sponsored Medicaid programs. We predicted that during pregna...
To determine the seroprevalence of Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV/HHV8) in blood donors from Texas. Also to examine the donors' demographic characteristics and to characterize the KSHV using polymerase chain reaction.
The principal objective was to conduct a 5 year; multi-center, observational follow-up study enrolling infants born to mothers who participated in the MOTOR clinical trial to determine the effects of maternal periodontal therapy during pregnancy on neonatal morbidity and mortality and whether this will result in lower incidence of functional neurological impairment.
The study investigates the effects of high intensity interval training (HIIT) versus continuous training (CT), combined or not with fasting, on capillary density, microvascular function, cardiometabolic risk markers, functional capacity, and quality of life, in overweight or obese sedentary women with cardiometabolic risk factors. The use of HIIT could promote greater improvements in these parameters than CT. Furthermore, the positive effects of exercise may increase when it is...
Antenatal care (ANC), facility delivery and postnatal care (PNC) are proven strategies that can tackle the high burden of maternal and child mortality and morbidity currently witnessed in sub-Saharan Africa. However very few pregnant women utilize these services. This study aims to assess the impact, cost-effectiveness, and scalability of conditional cash transfers (CCTs) to promote increased and uninterrupted contact between pregnant women and the formal healthcare system in S...
This will be a retrospective cohort study comparing women obtaining an abortion in New Mexico and living in Texas and women obtaining an abortion in New Mexico and living in New Mexico .
Pregnancy induced psychosis is an essential factor that influencing maternal health postpartum. When gravidas, especially nulliparas, facing labor and delivery, they will undoubtedly encounter burden from their own and surrounding facts. Maternal psychosis takes a large part of women's psychological disorders. No matter which way, either spontaneous or surgical, they would choose, many factors influence their psychological state. Cesarean section poses higher risks for women th...
For State Health Departments located in Stroke Belt states, to assess high risk target audiences' needs and identify opportunities for more effective delivery of medical and/or educational services to reduce the high rate of stroke mortality experienced in the southeastern United States.
This study takes place in rural Mam-Mayan communities of Guatemala characterized by high rates of childhood stunting. It aims to characterize women's exposure to nutrition, infection and psychosocial stressors vs. resilience factors, to evaluate the cumulative impact of maternal-level factors (nutritional, infectious, psychosocial), social factors (autonomy, social support, domestic violence), and household factors (socioeconomic status, food security) on early infant growth, a...
The M-O-M-S project evaluates the effectiveness of the M-O-M-S program for improving birth outcomes and maternal-infant attachment and role satisfaction in a large military sample.
Intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP) is a liver disorder of pregnancy that typically presents in late pregnancy with generalised itching. ICP is associated with an increased risk of pregnancy complications, including premature labour, fetal distress, and stillbirth. Models of the fetal heart (using cells from rodents) have shown that high bile acids levels cause an abnormal heart rhythm (arrhythmia), which may be the cause of stillbirth. High levels of bile acids also ca...
Preterm birth (PTB) is a leading contributor to perinatal morbidity and mortality. While patients with preterm labor (PTL) are at an increased risk for PTB, not all PTL patients will deliver preterm. In patients with PTB, there is a high prevalence of 'intrauterine inflammation' as demonstrated by a large body of evidence. The presence of inflammation is noted by infiltration of inflammatory cells in the placenta and/or maternal fever in labor and/or elevation of cytokines i...
The purpose of this trial is determine whether a 50,000 IU oral dose of vitamin A delivered to newborn infants within the first days of life, reduces six-month infant mortality by at least 15%. The trial will also evaluate whether the survival impact of newborn vitamin A dosing is modified by concurrent weekly, routine maternal vitamin A or beta-carotene supplementation during pregnancy through three months postpartum, gestational age and birth size.