Clinical Trials About "State Highlights Texas Tries Tackle High Maternal Mortality" RSS

12:11 EST 14th December 2018 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "State Highlights Texas Tries Tackle High Maternal Mortality" Clinical Trials 1–25 of 18,000+


Trial of the Impact of Vitamin A on Maternal Mortality

Main objectives: To evaluate the impact of weekly vitamin A supplementation (VAS) to women of reproductive age (15-45 years) on maternal mortality in rural Ghana, and to compare this with the impact on overall mortality. Hypotheses: 1. Weekly supplementation with vitamin A (7000 µg retinol equivalent [RE]) to reproductive age women will reduce maternal deaths by 33%. 2. This impact will be achieved by reductions in both pregnancy-related and non-pr...

Longitudinal Brain Health in Youth Tackle Football Players

The purpose of this study is to determine the neurologic and cognitive effects of playing tackle football in grade school and high school. During contact practices and games, players wear a football helmet containing an impact sensor. Before and after each season, players complete neurological testing to measure several different aspects of brain function. Two groups of football players will be in the study: 5th and 6th grade tackle football players from the Brighton B...

Impact of Maternal Vitamin A or Beta-Carotene Supplementation on Maternal and Infant Mortality in Bangladesh

The purpose of this trial is to determine whether providing women with a weekly oral supplement of vitamin A, either preformed or as beta-carotene, at a dosage equivalent to a recommended intake from early pregnancy through three months postpartum, can reduce the risk of maternal mortality, fetal loss, or infant mortality.

Lack of Antenatal Care in Primiparas

Antenatal care is a key strategy for reducing maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality rate because adequate utilization of antenatal health care services is associated with improved maternal and neonatal health outcomes. The trend of maternal mortality in developing countries has been increasing and various international organizations have reported that an important factor related to maternal and infant mortality has been linked to lack of antenatal care. According to Fed...

PIERS and BIS, sFIT:PIGF, Adrenomedullin

Pre-eclampsia, more than being proteinuric gestational hypertension alone, is a state of exaggerated systemic inflammation and remains a leading direct cause of maternal morbidity and mortality worldwide.1 Standardization of antenatal and postnatal assessment and surveillance of pre-eclampsia with protocols that recognize the systemic inflammatory model of preeclampsia have been associated with reduced maternal morbidity.

The Impact of Texas Senate Bill 42 on Middle School Children's Level of Physical Activity

The purpose of this study was twofold: 1) to assess awareness of and adherence to Texas SB42 among a representative sample of public middle schools in Texas; and 2) to assess the impact of SB42 on the frequency of school PE class, the quality of school PE, and prevalence of child self-reported physical activity behaviors and child overweight along the Texas-Mexico border.

Maternal High Blood Pressure and Newborn's Blood Profile

Maternal high blood pressure remodels the intrauterine environment of the fetus by altering hormonal and cellular signaling patterns and, as a result increases the risk of fetal and neonatal mortality and morbidity. Newborns of these mothers have an increased risk of intrauterine growth restriction, premature birth and hematological abnormalities, such as thrombocytopenia, polycythemia, and neutropenia. The purpose of the article is to review neonatal thrombocytopenia and neutr...

Impact of Boostrix™ Maternal Vaccination on Morbidity and Mortality of Pertussis Disease in Infants ≤6 Weeks of Age, in Bogota, Colombia.

This study is being conducted to assess impact of maternal immunisation against pertussis in infants ≤12 months of age before and after introduction of pertussis maternal immunisation in Bogota, Colombia from January 2005-December 2014.

Comparison Between Hysterectomy and Conservative Management in Treatment of Placenta Accreta Regarding Maternal Complication

AIM OF THE WORK The aim of the study is to compare the maternal morbidity and mortality between obstetric hysterectomy and conservative surgery for pregnant ladies > 28 weeks with placenta accreta during caesarean section at Ain Shams University Maternity Hospital in the last five years and prospective study in the next six months. Hypothesis In women with placenta accrete undergoing hysterectomy may be similar to conservative surgery as regard maternal morbidity and mortality...

Early Vascular Adjustments During Hypertensive Pregnancy

Paradoxical fetal and maternal results of studies have led to inconsistent use of antihypertensive drugs or no treatment at all in mild to moderate gestational hypertension in the Netherlands. However, none of the studies have taken the individual maternal circulatory state or the contemplated blood pressure response into account. Hypertension may be accompanied by high (hyperdynamic vasodilated profile), normal (normodynamic profile) of low (hypodynamic vasoconstrictive profil...

Prospective Study in Pregnant Women With Hypercoagulopathy

Pre-eclampsia is one of the most common causes of maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study is to identify pregnant women at risk for pre-eclampsia or other cardiovascular complications at a very early state of the disease, and thereby improve the current method of screening.

Assessment of Maternal and Perinatal Morbidity and Mortality in Vaginal and Cesarean Delivery

This study will be done at Ain Shams university maternity hospital to identify the significant risk of maternal intensive care unit admission, need for advanced surgery, postpartum hemorrhage, need for blood transfusion, febrile morbidity, neonatal intensive care unit admission (NICU), need for neonatal intubation and low APGAR scoring in both vaginal and cesarean section .and this will lead us to know if cesarean section rates in our unit is a safe alternative to vaginal deliv...

KSHV Infection in Blood Donors From Texas

To determine the seroprevalence of Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV/HHV8) in blood donors from Texas. Also to examine the donors' demographic characteristics and to characterize the KSHV using polymerase chain reaction.

Increasing Women's Access to Skilled Pregnancy Care to Reduce Maternal Mortality in Nigeria

Background: Nigeria has the second highest absolute number of maternal deaths and perinatal deaths in the world. The country contributes 14% of all maternal deaths worldwide, second only to India. Although all parts of the country are affected, most maternal, and perinatal deaths occur in the northeast and northwest geo-political zones, where women have limited access to evidence-based maternal and newborn health services. Affected women and families are mainly those who have l...

Indonesia Pravastatin to Prevent Preeclampsia Study

BACKGROUND Preeclampsia is a major cause of maternal and neonatal morbidity worldwide. There is currently no cure for preeclampsia, the only definitive treatment is termination of pregnancy by induction of labour or caesarean section. Statin has been proposed to represent a new approach to improve disease outcome/prevent preeclampsia based on its multilayered activity toward pregnancy protection, including: protection of vascular endothelial cells survival, induce expression of...

Medicaid Enhanced Prenatal/Postnatal Services Using a Nurse-Community Health Worker Team

Our objective was to test whether there were advantages to Nurse-CHW team home visiting designed to combine the strengths of both visitors, with a focus on maternal stress and mental health, when compared with standard of Community Care (CC) that included professional home visitors in a state-sponsored Medicaid program. We conducted the study under usual community conditions in a population of women eligible for state-sponsored Medicaid programs. We predicted that during pregna...

Microvascular and Metabolic Effects of High-intensity Interval Exercise Training

The study investigates the effects of high intensity interval training (HIIT) versus continuous training (CT), combined or not with fasting, on capillary density, microvascular function, cardiometabolic risk markers, functional capacity, and quality of life, in overweight or obese sedentary women with cardiometabolic risk factors. The use of HIIT could promote greater improvements in these parameters than CT. Furthermore, the positive effects of exercise may increase when it is...

Maternal Oral Therapy to Reduce Obstetric Risk Kids

The principal objective was to conduct a 5 year; multi-center, observational follow-up study enrolling infants born to mothers who participated in the MOTOR clinical trial to determine the effects of maternal periodontal therapy during pregnancy on neonatal morbidity and mortality and whether this will result in lower incidence of functional neurological impairment.

Afya Credit Incentives for Improved Maternal and Child Health Outcomes in Kenya

Antenatal care (ANC), facility delivery and postnatal care (PNC) are proven strategies that can tackle the high burden of maternal and child mortality and morbidity currently witnessed in sub-Saharan Africa. However very few pregnant women utilize these services. This study aims to assess the impact, cost-effectiveness, and scalability of conditional cash transfers (CCTs) to promote increased and uninterrupted contact between pregnant women and the formal healthcare system in S...

Carbetocin Versus Oral Tranexamic Acid Plus, Buccal Misoprostol on Blood Loss After Vaginal Delivery

Excessive bleeding at or after childbirth accounts for about half of all the post-partum maternal deaths in developing countries and is the single most important cause of maternal mortality worldwide. Post-partum hemorrhage (PPH) is the major contributor to maternal mortality worldwide representing at least 25% of the maternal deaths annually. Prevention of PPH has become a global aim to reduce maternal mortality. Uterine atony is the main cause of PPH; therefore, active manage...

Travelling for Rights

This will be a retrospective cohort study comparing women obtaining an abortion in New Mexico and living in Texas and women obtaining an abortion in New Mexico and living in New Mexico .

Effect of Psychological Interventions on Maternal Outcomes Undergoing Cesarean

Pregnancy induced psychosis is an essential factor that influencing maternal health postpartum. When gravidas, especially nulliparas, facing labor and delivery, they will undoubtedly encounter burden from their own and surrounding facts. Maternal psychosis takes a large part of women's psychological disorders. No matter which way, either spontaneous or surgical, they would choose, many factors influence their psychological state. Cesarean section poses higher risks for women th...

Stroke Belt Initiative

For State Health Departments located in Stroke Belt states, to assess high risk target audiences' needs and identify opportunities for more effective delivery of medical and/or educational services to reduce the high rate of stroke mortality experienced in the southeastern United States.

Maternal Anxiety Related to How the Pediatrician Provided Prenatal Information About Preterm Birth

Women hospitalized for preterm labor require clear information about prematurity. This study assessed whether or not specific written information about prematurity delivered at admission to the unit combined with an oral explanation from a pediatrician would decrease women's anxiety compared to an oral explanation alone. This was a prospective, single-center observational study.Women were included in the high-risk pregnancies department and distributed into two groups: receivi...

Impact of Maternal Stress on Infant Stunting

This study takes place in rural Mam-Mayan communities of Guatemala characterized by high rates of childhood stunting. It aims to characterize women's exposure to nutrition, infection and psychosocial stressors vs. resilience factors, to evaluate the cumulative impact of maternal-level factors (nutritional, infectious, psychosocial), social factors (autonomy, social support, domestic violence), and household factors (socioeconomic status, food security) on early infant growth, a...

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