Clinical Trials About "The Neuropsychiatric Evaluation of HIV-Positive and Negative Drug Using Individuals: Study 215" RSS

05:03 EDT 20th March 2019 | BioPortfolio

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The Neuropsychiatric Evaluation of HIV-Positive and Negative Drug Using Individuals: Study 215

The lack of success in treating substance abuse may be contributed to by a limited understanding of the clinical neurobiology of drug abuse. A better understanding of such deficits might aid in the development of more relevant pharmacological and psychosocial treatment approaches. Thus, the purpose of this study is to test the hypothesis that repetitive illicit drug use may be associated with cortical and subcortical structural abnormalities, vascular abnormalities, as well as...


Treatment for Affect Dimensions

Affect, or the tendency to experience a given emotion, often is subdivided into two domains. Positive affect is the tendency to experience positive emotions, such as happiness, excitement, elation, and enthusiasm. Negative affect is the tendency to experience negative emotions, such as anger, resentment, sadness, anxiety, and fear. Humans exhibit a range of emotions that span across positive and negative affect domains with some individuals experiencing more of one type of affe...

Live Kidney Donors With Positive Anti-HCV Antibody, But Negative HCV PCR

It is well recognized that a subset of patients who contracts Hepatitis C virus (HCV) spontaneously clears the virus. Such individuals are anti-HCV antibody positive, yet HCV RNA PCR negative in the blood. While they have not been considered candidates for live kidney donation in the past, with the recent availability of novel anti-HCV drugs with >95% cure rates, they now represent a potential pool of donor candidates, especially since the risk for transmission of HCV to the re...

Evaluation of Interferon-Gamma Responses to HCMV Infection in HIV Positive Individuals

The study is designed to evaluate interferon responses to CMV in HIV positive individuals and a component will look at interferon responses to CMV in HIV positive individuals over time after commencement of antiretroviral therapy. We will also look at the correlation between CD4 T cell numbers and HLA type with the interferon response.

Evaluation of Tamoxifen's Efficacy for ER/PR Negative,ER-beta Positive Operable Breast Cancer Patients

The current study is a multicentre, randomized,double-blind, prospective clinical trial stratified patients by the HER2 status of their cancer (negative or positive) which is sponsored by the researchers. The trial is designed to evaluate the effectiveness of tamoxifen as adjuvant therapy for ER(ER-α)/PR negative, ER-β positive operable breast cancer patients. 688 female ER(ER-α)/PR negative, ER-β(wild type ER-β1) positive operable breast cancer patients who had undergone ...

A Study of JS001+ Pemetrexed Plus Carboplatin in Patients With EGFR-mutation Positive and T790M Negative After Progression on EGFR-TKI Treatment

JS001 combined with pemetrexed plus carboplatin for treatment of recurrent or advanced non-small-cell lung cancer with EGFR-mutation positive and T790M negative after progression on EGFR-TKI treatment:a multi-center, single arm phase II study

Examining the Role of Negative Emotional States on Sedative Drug Use in Individuals With Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a serious illness, in which individuals often experience anxiety and stress. Some individuals with PTSD use drugs to alleviate emotional distress. This study will examine the role that negative emotional states play in sedative drug use among individuals with PTSD.

Identifying Correlates of Brain Microglial Activation in Neuropsychiatric Syndromes: A Dimensional Approach

The purpose of this research is to determine whether there is more extensive inflammation in the brain of people with clinical evidence of neuropsychiatric syndromes, such as mood disorder, chronic pain syndrome, dementia, traumatic brain injury, or substance abuse. The research will also explore whether there is more inflammation in patients with more neuropsychiatric symptoms. Inflammation in the brain will identified by using Positron Emission Tomography (PET) with the radio...

Phase 2 Study of MK-3475 in Patients With Microsatellite Unstable (MSI) Tumors

This study will be looking at whether MK-3475 (an antibody that blocks negative signals to T cells) is effective (anti-tumor activity) and safe in three different patient populations. These include: 1. patients with MSI positive colon cancer, 2. patients with MSI negative colon cancer, and 3. patients with other MSI positive cancers.

Targeted Interdisciplinary Model for Evaluation and Treatment of Neuropscyhiatric Symptoms

Almost all people who suffer from dementia experience neuropsychiatric symptoms (NPS) in the course of the disease. TIME (Targeted Interdisciplinary Model for Evaluation and treatment of neuropsychiatric symptoms) is a multicomponent intervention based on the theoretical framework of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT). The TIME trial is designed to assess the effects of TIME on NPS in nursing homes patients with dementia and the implementation process at staff and organization ...

Predictors of Drug Hypersensitivity in HIV Infected Subjects

A case-control study to look at hypersensitive and tolerant individuals matched for HLA genetic predisposition, when considering predictors of drug hypersensitivity.The study aims to identify the immunological factors increasing the risk of drug reactions in HIV positive individuals.

Prevalence and Predictors of Neurocognitive Impairment Among HIV-infected Patients

Despite the advent of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), the prevalence of neurocognitive impairment among HIV-infected patients continues to be an important issue. Although severe forms of AIDS-related dementia have diminished, milder forms of cognitive impairment have been noted among approximately 30% of asymptomatic HIV patients. Studies among HIV-infected U.S. military personnel regarding neurocognitive function have largely been limited to the early 1990s, befo...

Negative Predictive Value of Drug Provocation Tests to Beta-lactams

Patients with a complete drug allergy work-up to betalactam antibiotics were contacted (by mail) and asked to answer a questionnaire regarding the tolerance upon readministration of a negatively tested beta-lactam.

A Study to Evaluate Efficacy, Safety, Tolerability, and Pharmacokinetics of 3 Dose Levels of TAK-831 in Adjunctive Treatment of Adult Participants With Negative Symptoms of Schizophrenia

The purpose of this study is to determine whether add-on TAK-831 is superior to placebo on the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale Negative Symptom Factor Score (PANSS NSFS).

Project Quit: Positive vs. Negative Offers of an Online Stop Smoking Program

This project is designed to test the effects of affirmation and positive/negative imagery on individuals' thoughts about quitting smoking and willingness to join a stop smoking program. Previous studies have noted that viewing negative images elicits a stronger emotional response, and many stop-smoking campaigns have used such images to push people to quit smoking. However, research also shows that people are generally resistant to health messages. Using affirmation can help to...

GABA Mechanisms Underlying the Vulnerability to Alcohol Dependence

This Project will explore the hypothesis that individuals with a family history positive for alcohol dependence (without any current Axis I disorder, except nicotine dependence), experience an alteration in the reward "valence" (balance of positive and negative effects) of the GABAA receptor agonist barbiturate (thiopental) compared to family history negative age-matched subjects. Further, variation in genes involved in brain GABA function may influence the risk for alcoholism...

Extension Study of Pimavanserin in Adult Subjects With Neuropsychiatric Symptoms Related to Neurodegenerative Disease

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the long-term safety and tolerability of pimavanserin in adult and elderly subjects with neuropsychiatric symptoms related to neurodegenerative disease exposed to open-label pimavanserin for up to 52 weeks.

Hepatitis B Virus Vaccination in HIV-positive Patients and Individuals at High Risk for HIV Infection

The primary aim of this open-label, randomized control trial is to compare the immunogenicity at week 28 after 20µg HBV vaccine (at week 0, 4, 24) versus 40µg HBV vaccine (40-µg at week 0, 4, 24 week) among HIV-positive patients or HIV-negative MSM who were born in Taiwan after July 1986 and tested negative for all HBV serological markers. The secondary aims are to assess the safety of double-dose HBV vaccination, the proportions of high-level responders (anti-HBs antibody >...

Immune Response to Pneumococcal Vaccination in Aging HIV Positive Adults

The investigators hypothesized that pneumococcal vaccination with either the 23-valent pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine PPV-23 (Pneumovax-23) alone or the 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine PCV-13 (Prevnar-13) followed by PPV-23 results in a similar antibody levels/functional antibody activity and induce similar pneumococcal polysaccharide (PPS)-specific B cell response in HIV positive individuals > 50 years of age, HIV positive individuals 21-40 years of age as compar...

Direct-acting Antiviral Therapy to Prevent HCV Infection for HCV Positive Donor to HCV Negative Recipient Kidney Transplant

Open label single center study for the donation of HCV positive kidneys to HCV negative recipients with interventional treatment to prevent HCV transmission upon transplantation.

Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) of Neuropsychiatric Patients and Healthy Volunteers

The purpose of this study is to use brain imaging technology to compare differences in brain structure, chemistry, and functioning in individuals with brain and mental disorders compared to healthy volunteers. Schizophrenia is a brain disorder that results from subtle changes and abnormalities in neurons. These deficits likely occur in localized regions of the brain and may result in widespread, devastating consequences. The neuronal abnormalities are inherited through a ...

Gemcitabine & Nab-Paclitaxel in Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma With Positive Peritoneal Cytology

Using gemcitabine and nab-paclitaxel, the investigators hope to establish the differential ability of local and cytologically positive disease to respond to this regimen, and in particular, the frequency of cytologic conversion from positive to negative in such patients. The investigators also can begin to assess the value of maximum local therapy, including surgery, in patients who cytologically convert from positive to negative.

DAA Treatment in Donor HCV-positive to Recipient HCV-negative Liver Transplant

This is a single center study for the donation of HCV-positive livers to HCV negative recipient patients, with preemptive, interventional treatment to prevent HCV transmission upon transplantation.

Nurses' Negative Words and Postoperative Pain Management

Psychological implications expressed pivotal effects on daily activities. Postoperative pain management is always encountered varying influence from the ambience of surgical wards, especially the nurses. We hypothesized that nurses' negative or positive words would produce unexpected role in pain management, which might be a strong factor resulting in the failure of postoperative analgesia.

BLB Study Back or Leg Pain and Bladder Symptoms Study

The research focuses on Cauda Equina Syndrome (CES) which describes damage to the nerves in the lower back which supply bladder, bowels, sexual function and the legs usually from slipped discs in the spine. CES is as common as multiple sclerosis and is diagnosed using an MRI scan of the spine, 'scan positive' CES. However, about 50% of people presenting with the symptoms of CES have MRI scans which do not explain their symptoms, 'scan negative' patients. The BLB study will be ...

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