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Clinical Trials About "billion benefits could delivered beatNCDs policy interventions according" RSS

20:30 EDT 15th September 2019 | BioPortfolio

We list hundreds of Clinical Trials about "billion benefits could delivered beatNCDs policy interventions according" on BioPortfolio. We draw our references from global clinical trials data listed on ClinicalTrials.gov and refresh our database daily.

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Showing "billion benefits could delivered beatNCDs policy interventions according" Clinical Trials 1–25 of 10,000+

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Remotely-Delivered Benefits Counseling for Service Connection Applicants

A significant portion of Veterans who apply for disability benefits have difficulty finding and sustaining employment, and are concerned that working for pay will jeopardize their receipt of service-connection benefits. In a completed clinical trial, Veterans who received Motivational Interview-formatted counseled about opportunities to work and receive service-connection went on to work for pay significantly more often than controls. The proposed clinical trial will test this ...


Active Pregnancy Policy at Work. Greater Wellbeing and Lower Sickness Absence

In a cluster randomized design it will be investigated whether teaching local leaders how to implement active pregnancy policy results in less sickness absence among their pregnant employees. Further it will be investigated to what extent Active pregnancy policy is implemented at the departments and whether it results in higher sense of security and wellbeing among the pregnant employee. Finally the cost and benefits of the intervention will be analyzed.

PLAY (PhysicaL ActivitY) Policy Study

This study examines the effectiveness and appropriateness of a written physical activity policy implemented in licensed centre-based childcare on the physical activity levels of toddlers (1-2) and preschoolers (3-5 years). Half of the childcare centres will adopt the physical activity policy while the other half will continue with their typical daily programming and care. It is hypothesized that children enrolled in childcare centres that adopt the policy will display increased...


Reducing Second-hand Smoke Exposure Among Young Children in Rural China

Second-hand smoking (SHS) is a health hazard to infants and children, in whom it is associated with lower respiratory tract infections, wheezing, cough, middle ear infections and sudden infant death syndrome. The high prevalence of smoking in adults in China, 52.9% among men, 2.4% among women, results in many children being exposed to SHS at home. Data on the effectiveness of evidence-based smoking hygiene intervention to reduce SHS exposure among young children (e.g., aged 5 o...

Over-arousal as a Mechanism Between Alcohol and Intimate Partner Violence

Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a serious public health problem costing $8.3 billion per year with over $6 billion in direct medical and mental health costs alone. Alcohol is present in most incidents of IPV, and contributes to more frequent and severe IPV incidents. These facts, coupled with the fact that there are no effective interventions for IPV, make understanding mechanisms through which alcohol is associated with IPV critical.

Routine Versus Selective Midtrimester Ultrasound in a Poorly Resourced Setting: a Cluster Randomised Controlled Trial

It is debatable whether routine ultrasound scanning of pregnancies at about 20 weeks of pregnancy has substantive benefits for mothers and babies. Few studies have addressed this issue in poorly resourced settings. This trial will attempt to determine the benefits, if any, of a policy of routine ultrasound scanning of normal pregnancies versus a policy of no routine (only selective) scanning. This will be done by recruiting about 900 women in South Africa, and randomly allocati...

Occupational Therapy-Delivered Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Symptomatic Knee Osteoarthritis

Knee osteoarthritis (OA) affects 27 million US adults and is a leading cause of pain and disability. Non-pharmacological interventions are recommended but are underutilized. Exercise reduces pain and improves physical function, but benefits tend to wane without a component to facilitate behavior change. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) has long term benefits on pain and physical function in individuals with OA, but is not typically offered in clinical care. CBT could be taugh...

ACCeptation and Qualitative Evaluation of Phone-delivered Intervention

Background: Previous suicide attempt is known to be a strong risk factor for repetition and repetition is common within the first year after an episode of deliberate self-harm (DSH). There has been growing interest in brief interventions for this population that are focused on maintaining long-term contact and/or offering re-engagement with services when needed. Despite telephone-delivered interventions have shown promising results in suicide reattempt prevention, subjective im...

Impact of Non-Commercialism Policy in Seattle Schools

This pilot study on the impact of a non-commercialism policy in Seattle schools will assess and evaluate obesity-related health outcomes of a real-life policy decision, recently voted on and adopted by the Seattle School Board. The policy reduces the exposure to advertising and other marketing pressures, including those from commercial food vendors.

Using Technology to Scale-Up an Occupational Sun Protection Policy Program

Comprehensive approaches that combine sun protection policy and education for outdoor workers can reduce their risk for skin cancer by reducing their exposure to solar ultraviolet radiation on the job. To effectively disseminate our evidence-based sun protection policy and education intervention, Sun Safe Workplaces, a balance of effectiveness and cost of scale-up methods is required. We propose to translate the intervention using a technology-based delivery method and compare ...

Uptake of Task-Shifting for Blood Pressure Control

Uptake of a community-based evidence-supported interventions for hypertension control in Ghana are urgently needed to address the cardiovascular disease epidemic and resulting illness, deaths, and societal costs. This study will evaluate the effect of Practice Facilitation on the uptake and maintenance of the evidence-based task-shifting strategies for hypertension control (TASSH) protocol across 70 Community-based Health Planning and Services (CHPS) zones delivered by trained ...

Incentives for Internet-based Adherence to SMBG for Teens With T1D

Self-management of diabetes can result in long-term benefits, such as delaying or preventing the development of a number of unnecessary health complications, and can even reduce the chances of premature death. Because adherence to diabetes self-management often declines during adolescence, it is critically important to develop interventions that increase adherence of diabetes self-management skills in this population.

Intervention on Maternal Health Care in Rural China

This project aims to strengthen and improve the performance of health care system in rural China in order to improve maternal and child health. It also provides policy-makers and health service managers with evidence for the development of informed policy on maternal and child health (MCH). The research focuses on women of reproductive age in rural areas of China as well as on their antenatal and obstetric care service providers, both clinicians and policy makers. For the Membe...

PFOX: Pulmonary Fibrosis Ambulatory Oxygen Trial

The fibrotic interstitial lung diseases (fILD) are characterised by lung scarring, distressing breathlessness and poor health-related quality of life. Exertional desaturation (low blood oxygen during exercise) is a hallmark of fILD, occurring in over 50% of patients. It is sometimes treated with ambulatory oxygen therapy (AOT), which involves breathing supplemental oxygen during physical activity. However the absence of clinical trials has given rise to marked variations in pol...

Sun Safe Workplaces: Assessment of Benefits and Costs of a Policy Intervention

Sun Safe Workplaces (SSW), a comprehensive occupational sun safety program, promoted education and policy to 98 cities, counties, and special districts in Colorado. In a two-year follow-up study, Klein Buendel, Inc. (KB) proposes to examine the effectiveness of SSW on employee sun protection practices by employers and return on investment in an economic evaluation of the cost of the SSW intervention. The results of this follow-up study will provide critical information on effec...

Engineering an Online STI Prevention Program: CSE2

The overall objective of the proposed research is to reduce the incidence of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) among college students. The investigators propose to accomplish this by using the innovative, engineering-inspired multiphase optimization strategy (MOST) to develop a highly effective, appealing, economical, and readily scalable internet-delivered behavioral intervention targeting the intersection of alcohol use and sexual risk behavior. The rate of STIs on colle...

Testing Means to Scale Early Childhood Development Interventions in Rural Kenya

This study aims to experimentally test the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of competing models of delivery of an Early Childhood Development (ECD) intervention in rural Kenya to determine how to maximize their reach to improve child cognitive, language and relevant psychosocial outcomes. The study will also include a longer-term evaluation of sustained impacts; an examination of the pathways of change leading to intervention impacts to inform policy; and examination of the...

iCBT for Long-term Conditions in IAPT

SilverCloud provides internet-delivered interventions for depression and anxiety in NHS Mental Health Services. The interventions have proved successful in the management of depression and anxiety for clients presenting to mental health services, with recovery rates exceeding the national standard. Recently SilverCloud has embarked on tailoring the interventions for patients with long-term conditions including COPD, pain and diabetes. The purpose of the customisation is to make...

Engineering an Online STI Prevention Program

The overall objective of the proposed research is to reduce the incidence of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) among college students. The investigators propose to accomplish this by using the innovative, engineering-inspired multiphase optimization strategy (MOST) to develop a highly effective, appealing, economical, and readily scalable internet-delivered behavioral intervention targeting the intersection of alcohol use and sexual risk behavior. The rate of STIs on colle...

Choices4Health: Intervention to Prevent Substance-exposed Pregnancy

This is a 4-year randomized, controlled study to test the efficacy of the CHOICES4Health-T (C4H-T) delivered by a computerized tablet, CHOICES4Health-C (C4H-C), delivered by a counselor, and brief advice (BA), on reducing preconception substance-exposed pregnancy risk (i.e. drinking below risk levels; tobacco and marijuana cessation; effective contraception use) among women (aged 18-44) presenting to the 13 primary care clinics that serve adults within the Harris Health System....

Comparative Effectiveness of Financial Incentives and Nudges to Reduce Cellphone Use While Driving Among UBI Auto Policy Holders

The investigators are proposing an experiment to help a national auto insurance company test behavioral economic strategies to reduce the amount of time policy holders actively use their cell phone while driving. Interventions include financial incentives, social comparison, and nudges, and survey data will also be collected. Data collected from this internal trial will be shared with the Penn research team and analyzed

Nicotine Delivery From Novel Non-Tobacco Electronic System in Smokers

This randomized pilot clinical trial studies nicotine delivery from novel non-tobacco electronic system (ENDS) in smokers. Studying the levels of nicotine delivered by various types and brands of ENDS to the bloodstream, and comparing this to the levels delivered from conventional cigarettes (the participant's own brand) may help provide information about the use of nicotine-containing products that may help inform/reform current tobacco policy, practice, and harm reduction app...

Internet-delivered Interventions for Stress, Anxiety and Depression in the Workplace

The research will utilise an open feasibility parallel groups trial to examine the impact of novel internet-delivered cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) interventions for stress, anxiety, and depression compared to treatment as usual (face to face counselling and psychotherapy) in an employment context. Participants will consist of employees accessing services provided by employee assistance programmes (EAP) provided at the European headquarters of a large technology organisat...

A Rollover Study for Subjects Who Completed Participation in the VRX496-USA-05-002 Trial

The objective of this study is to determine the long term safety and tolerability of an additional infusion of 10 billion VRX496 gene-modified CD4 T cells with a focus on evaluating additional therapeutic benefits with respect to viral load and CD4 counts.

Secondhand Smoke Exposure Reduction Among Young Children in China

Second hand smoking (SHS) is a health hazard to infants and children, in whom it is associated with lower respiratory tract infections, wheezing, cough, middle ear infections and sudden infant death syndrome. Evidence from developed nations suggests that measures to reduce exposure to SHS can improve children's health outcomes; this has not been systematically studied in a developing country setting. The investigators hypothesize that implementation of a package of smoking hygi...


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