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We list hundreds of Clinical Trials about "Amphetamine disrupts haemodynamic correlates prediction errors nucleus accumbens" on BioPortfolio. We draw our references from global clinical trials data listed on ClinicalTrials.gov and refresh our database daily.
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Nucleus accumbens plays important roles in the process of opiate addiction and initial of relapse after detoxification.According to the single-centered preliminary open-labeled prospective trial results, the investigators hypothesize that bilateral stimulation of the NAc will effectively reduce the relapse of the opiate dependence.
Methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) is one of the main forms of treatments for opioid dependence. Despite its effectiveness and widespread use, people will experience withdrawal if daily dose is insufficient or missed, promoting reluctance to attempt detoxification. In addition, methadone is a full opioid agonist which can induce respiratory depression or sedation without ceiling level, so overdose usage can be fatal. Hence, an alternative therapy is needed to completely redu...
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the safety and possible effectiveness of deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the nucleus accumbens in children with autism spectrum disorder and treatment-refractory, repetitive self-injurious behavior. Six (6) patients will be recruited and enrolled in this pilot study and study duration for each patient will be one (1) year. All will undergo surgical implantation of the Medtronic DBS system and will receive stimulation of the nucleus accum...
Nucleus accumbens/anterior limb of internal capsule play important roles in the process of treatment-refractory obsessive compulsive disorder, deep brain stimulation of nucleus accumbens/anterior limb of internal capsule will inhibit its activity and thus to effectively prevent the disorder.
The purpose of this study is to establish the dose-response curve for therapeutic doses of d-amphetamine on tasks of motivation and reward learning in the same participants and to use d-amphetamine as a dopaminergic probe to test newer theories about the role of dopamine in reward-related decision-making.
In this study, the investigators aim to perform a prospective, randomized controlled study to compare the myopia development between children using myopia prediction algorithm and children without using myopia prediction algorithm.
This is a multi-site, prospective, open-label, randomized, 2 period cross over study comparing the subjects' current 32G pen needle (four groups of pen needles) to the BD Nucleus pen needle. The study will consist of two 15 day periods ( in which the subject will use each pen needle [BD Nucleus pen needle or subject's current pen needle, order randomized] for injection. At the end of the last study period, each subject will be asked to evaluate his or her perceptions using a 15...
Drooping of nucleus is a common complication during cataract extraction by phacoemulsification. The investigators describe a new technique to retrieve the dropped nucleus by using an instrument called Pars Plana Levitator(ASICO-LLC,USA).
In this study, the investigators aim to perform a prospective, randomized controlled study to compare the myopia development between myopia children using myopia prediction algorithm and myopia children without using myopia prediction algorithm
Despite careful patient selection for subthalamic nucleus deep brain stimulation (STN DBS), some Parkinson's disease (PD) patients show limited improvement of motor disability. Non-conclusive results and the lack of a practical implantable prediction algorithm from previous prediction studies maintain the need for a simple tool for neurologists that provides a reliable prediction on postoperative motor improvement for individual patients. In this study, a prior developed predi...
Dextro-amphetamine sulfate is a central nervous system stimulant that increases the release of the neurotransmitter dopamine in the brain. The purpose of this study is to further examine dose ranges of dextro-amphetamine sulfate as a treatment for cocaine dependence.
The purpose of this observational study is to assess the efficiency of an e-learning in order to put into practice some preventive measures to avoid medication errors during anesthesia.
Until positive results were found with oral naltrexone, no medication has been effective against amphetamine dependence. The primary aim of this pilot study is to replicate the findings of the Swedish team that showed oral Naltrexone prevented relapse to amphetamine addiction and to extend their results by randomizing treatment-seeking amphetamine addicted patients to a 6 month course of VIVITROL (naltrexone for extended-release injectable suspension) or VIVITROL placebo. Pat...
This prospective and observational trial over 55 pregnant women (third trimester) compares non invasive haemodynamic monitoring using Nexfin technology and ultrasonography technic
Addiction to amphetamine is characterized by alternating phases of intoxication and short abstinence, followed by recurrent drug-craving episodes which result in distress and relapse. Addiction involves a number of neurotransmission systems, including the endocannabinoid system (ECBS). Cannabidiol (CBD), the second most abundant component of cannabis, is known for its broad spectrum of physiological, anxiolytic and neuroprotective properties. It has been shown to have multiple ...
This is a 6-month open-label, randomized control trial in adults to find out if certain neuromarkers can predict individual treatment response to stimulant medications for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). Males and females, ages 18-55, will be randomized to receive either an amphetamine or a methylphenidate formulation for their ADHD. Before beginning to receive medication treatment, each subject will complete an MRI scan at MIT.
The purpose of this study is to assess the safety and effectiveness of SPD465 in the treatment of ADHD. The study will also look at how SPD465 affects sleep.
The purpose of this study is to characterize the cognitive performance of methamphetamine abusers by comparing them with cocaine abusers and normal controls.
The purpose of this study is to evaluate whether the Iowa/Nucleus 10/10 mm in one ear, in conjunction with a Nucleus Freedom implant in the other ear can provide useful binaural hearing in pediatric subjects who have bilateral severe to profound hearing loss and meet the criteria for cochlear implantation. The Iowa/Nucleus 10/10 mm cochlear implant has a short, 10 mm electrode array that it is inserted only into the more basal region of the cochlea. Unlike a conventional cochle...
The purpose of the study is to evaluate how safe and how well SPD465 works compared to placebo in adults with ADHD. It is hypothesized that SPD465 will achieve an extended duration of clinical benefit.
The purpose of this study is to assess the safety and effectiveness of SPD465 compared to placebo (a capsule with no medication in it) in the treatment of ADHD. The study will also look at how SPD465 affects the participants sleep and how they perceive their quality of life.
The objective of this study was to evaluate the plasma amphetamine concentration/time profile of amphetamine extended release oral suspension in children aged 4 to 5 years with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, following a single 2.5 mg dose of amphetamine extended release oral suspension.
The purpose of this study is to characterize specific brain signals elicited by motor disturbances and errors in stroke patients. The patients will perform a motor task using both their affected and unaffected hands. There are two types of errors: low level errors and high level errors. While disturbances (low level errors) have been shown to elicit P300, uncorrectable actions (high level errors) have been shown to elicit ERN. These event related potentials (ERP) have been exte...
The purpose of this clinical study is to investigate the safety, tolerability, and feasibility of Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) of the nucleus accumbens (NAc) and ventral internal capsule (VC) for participants with treatment refractory opioid use disorder (OUD) who have cognitive, behavioral, and functional disability. This study will also provide critical information for planning subsequent clinical trials.
Part II: Examine cognitive performance of stimulant abusers (methamphetamine and cocaine) during recovery by assessing their cognitive function at monthly intervals.