Clinical Trials About "Carriage Services" RSS

04:44 EDT 19th October 2018 | BioPortfolio

We list hundreds of Clinical Trials about "Carriage Services" on BioPortfolio. We draw our references from global clinical trials data listed on and refresh our database daily.

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Showing "Carriage Services" Clinical Trials 1–25 of 1,500+


Pharyngeal Carriage Rates and Genetic Typing of Group A Streptococcus and Streptococcus Pneumonia Among Israeli Military Basic Trainees

The study is aimed at assessing pharyngeal and nasopharyngeal Streptococcus pneumonia carriage and pharyngeal Group A streptococcus carriage among field units new recruits.

Study Evaluating Streptococcus Pneumoniae Serotype Carriage Rate for Nasopharyngeal Carriage in Filipino Children

Evaluation of the carriage rate of Streptococcus pneumoniae in the nasopharynx of healthy children and the carriage rate and distribution of Streptococcus pneumoniae serotypes

Streptococcus Pneumonia: Effects of PCV13 on Pneumococcal Carriage

The specific aim is to evaluate the impact of PCV13 as administered in the pediatric primary care clinic at Boston medical center on the serotype specific carriage of Streptococcus pneumoniae in children < 5 and their parents. Specifically the investigators will measure the decline in vaccine serotypes, the proportion of children receiving vaccine required to achieve 50% reduction in serotype specific carriage and the correlation between immunogenicity of the specific serotype...

Nasopharyngeal Streptococcus Pneumoniae Carriage

Primary Objective: Evaluation of the - Carriage rate of Streptococcus pneumoniae in the nasopharynx of children Secondary Objective: - Carriage rate and distribution of Streptococcus pneumoniae serotypes - Estimation of prevalence rate of antibiotic-resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae strains - Distribution of Staphylococcus aureus strain - The influence of risk factors in the Streptococcus pneumoniae carriage rate in children

Study of the Colonic Carriage of Staphylococcus Aureus in a Prospective Cohort of Patients Undergoing Endoscopic Screening for Digestive Cancer in the University Hospital of Saint-Etienne

Epidemiological study aiming to describe the carriage (nasal, throat, groin, rectal and colonic) of S. aureus in patients without chronic digestive disease who are going to have a colonoscopy for cancer screening. The carriage will be analyzed globally and the similarity of strains isolated from each site will be analyzed using molecular tools. The aim of this study is to better estimate the digestive reservoir of S. aureus to better prevent endogenous infections due to this ba...

Staphylococcus Aureus Nasal Carriage

The repeated exposition to S. aureus is considered as a determining factor of acquisition of the nasal colonization. The healthcare professionals are regularly in touch with this pathogenic bacterium. Prevalence of the nasal carriage of S. aureus in this population was the object of several studies but little took into account the respect for the rules of good hygienic practice. The results of our previous study carried out during the international congress of staphylococci (IS...

A Study to Assess the Carriage of Pneumococci in Children Aged ≤8 Years, and Their Household Contacts

Since the introduction of pneumococcal conjugate vaccines, this research group has conducted several carriage studies. These were at key points in the evolution of the pneumococcal immunisation schedule, with regard to the introduction of PCV7, the change to PCV13 and the impending change in number of doses of PCV13 given to infants. The last carriage study, conducted in 2015/16 identified interesting changes in carriage patterns (manuscript in submission now) which will furthe...

A Study to Assess the Impact of Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccination Programme on the Carriage of Pneumococci

A study taking swabs from the back of the nose (nasopharynx) to look at carriage of pneumococci.

A Study to Assess the Carriage of Pneumococci in Children Aged 1-5 Years, and Their Household Contacts

Pneumococci are bacteria which can cause serious and potentially life threatening illnesses like meningitis and blood poisoning. Pneumococcal vaccines (PCV) have been given in the national immunisation schedule since 2006.Carriage studies allow assessment of how the strains in the nose change over time, in that by clearing some strains away which other strains take up those niches in their place both in children and in their close/household contacts. This helps to inform the b...

Prevalence of ESBL and CPE in French Nursing Homes

CARBEHPAD is a multicentric randomized prevalence study aiming to assess the frequency of Enterobacteriaceae (ESLB) and carbapenemase producing Enterobacteriaceae (CPE) carriage in Pays de la Loire nursing homes. A sample of 50 nursing homes (NH) in Pays de la Loire will be randomly selected for inclusion, and a sample of 1/3 of residents of these NH will be screened for ESBL and/or CPE fecal carriage. Epidemiological data on each resident will be collected to identify risk ...

Prevalence of Nasopharyngeal Carriage of Streptococcus Pneumoniae in Healthy Children of 12-18 Months in 6 Cities, China

This study is to observe the carriage rate ofStreptococcus pneumoniae (S.p.), Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) and Moraxella catarrhalis (M.Cat) in healthy Chinese children aged 12-18 months in order to estimate the prevalence of pathogens that commonly cause infection in Chinese young children. The antibiotic resistance of all isolates and the serotypes distribution of S.p. isolates will also be tested. Potential risk factors for nasopharyngeal carriage will be collecte...

Study Evaluating the Nasopharyngeal Carriage in Healthy Children

The purpose of this study is to assess the prevalence of pneumococcal stereotypes in the nasopharynx of healthy children and to describe the changes of nasopharyngeal carriage at different ages over time.

Study to Assess Oropharyngeal Carriage of N. Meningitidis in South Australian School Leavers

This is an observational cross sectional study to evaluate the impact of a 4CMenB vaccination program on oropharyngeal N. meningitidis carriage in vaccinated and unvaccinated school leavers.

Study to Eliminate Hib Carriage in Rural Alaska Native Villages

Hib disease rates in rural Alaska before introduction of HIb conjugate vaccine were among the highest in the world. Since vaccine introduction, rates have fallen by 90% but the disease has not been eliminated. This study is designed to test one possible means of eliminating Hib carriage and thus to eliminate person to person transmission and invasive disease. The objective of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of community-wide use of Hib conjugate vaccine for...

Evaluation of an Algorithm for Identifying Persistent Nasal Staphylococcus Aureus Carriage in a Cohort of Healthy Volunteers and Patients Regularly Monitored at the CHU of Saint-Etienne

The nasal carriage of Staphylococcus aureus is a major risk factor of S. aureus infection, notably in hemodialysis patients (HPs). Decolonization strategies were shown able to reduce the rate of S. aureus infection in this category of patients although the risk of emergence of antimicrobial resistance persists. Approximately one quarter of the general population is colonized by S. aureus in the anterior part of the nostril (vestibulum nasi). Three main categories of nasal carri...

Decolonization of Patients Carrying S. Aureus Before Cardiac Surgery: Study of the Risk Factors Associated With Failure

Staphylococcus aureus nasal carriage is a well-known risk factor for S. aureus surgical site infections (SSI). According to a recent study demonstrating 60% reduction risk of SSI due this bacterium after patients' screening and decolonization, recent French and WHO guidelines recommend in cardiac surgery the decolonization of nasal S. aureus carriers before surgery. In practice the decolonization procedures are not well-defined according notably to the duration and time of deli...

Carriage of Streptococcus Pneumoniae in Infants With Acute Otitis Media and in Infants Attending Day-care Centers

Rationale In Belgium, a unique situation exists for two reasons: on the one hand, the pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV) program, which started in 2007, has quickly reached high coverage in infants: 3-dose coverage rose from 89 % in 2008 to 96.5 % in 2012 in Flanders and from 80.7 % in 2009 to 89.2 % in 2012 in Wallonia; and on the other hand, serotype coverage has moved from PCV7 (since 2007) to PCV13 (since 2011) and very recently to PCV10 (since July 2015 in Flander...

The Effect of Live Attenuated Inactivated Influenza Vaccine on Experimental Human Pneumococcal Carriage Study

The investigators are interested in examining the effect of the Live Attenuated Influenza (flu) Vaccine (LAIV) upon nasal carriage of bacteria called Streptococcus pneumoniae (also known as pneumococcus). The nasal spray is a live attenuated vaccine which means that it has weakened virus that does not cause disease. This vaccine is licenced in the United Kingdom for children and adolescents from 2 to 18 years of age. Pneumococcus can commonly be found harmlessly inhabiting the...

Colonization, Infection, and Molecular Typing of Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus (MRSA) in Children.

The intent of this study is to: 1. Define the prevalence of MRSA carriage in the pediatric population in Kansas City. 2. Systematically define patient risk factors for MRSA carriage and infection. 3. Characterize the unique genetic characteristics of MRSA strains, both community acquired (CA) and healthcare associated (HCA) that are present in the different pediatric populations.

Ex Vivo Evaluation of Immunity Activation Face to S. Aureus Antigens and Adjuvants of a Vaccine Candidate in Cells From Haemodialysis Patients

S. aureus is a leading cause of severe infections notably in haemodialysis patients. These patients have a high risk of S. aureus nasal carriage, with a rate of persistent carriage near 30%. These carriers are particularly at risk of S. aureus infections as we previously shown. High risk of S. aureus infections such as bacteremia occurred notably in patients with dialysis catheters. Decolonization of carriers may prevent such infections however this approach has limits. Develop...

Family Access to Care Study (FACS)

The purpose of this study is to find ways to get services to families living with HIV. New services for families living with HIV have been tried in places around the country. They seem to benefit many families. We will work with places in New York City that provide HIV services to find out more about family services. There, we will talk with people living with HIV, their family members, and their providers. Many questions need to be answered. For example: What kinds of services...

Two Approaches to Providing HIV/AIDS Services in the Community to People Living With HIV/AIDS

This study will examine the effects of having a case manager help PHAs access and use health, social services and practical resources that are helpful to their needs as compared to the usual more PHA self-managed approach of deciding and using services as they see necessary. New and existing users of HIV/AIDS services in Wellington-Dufferin, Waterloo and Grey-Bruce Regions who consent to this study will be randomized to receive their usual self-directed supportive, educational...

Long-Term Impact of Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine on Carriage

Pneumococcus is a major cause of morbidity and mortality. In 2000, a pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV) was licensed for use in children and is now part of the routine childhood vaccine schedule. PCV is known to reduce invasive disease and protect against nasopharyngeal (NP) acquisition of vaccine serotype pneumococci; it also results in an increased risk of nonvaccine serotype carriage. This study proposes to assess the longterm impact of vaccine on NP carriage in a setti...

Neonatal Sepsis and GBS Carriage Study

In the proposed study, the investigators plan to establish the burden of early onset (EO) neonatal sepsis in the newborn population born at Maela Refugee Camp over a two year period. Aims 1. Define the contribution of Group B streptococcus(GBS) to this problem by establishing: - The prevalence of maternal GBS carriage - The prevalence of culture positive and culture negative EO GBS sepsis - The perinatal risk factors for EO GBS cases ...

Multi-Drug Resistant Bacteria Carriage After Travel

During one month, from 1st to 30th November 2016, all patients admitted in one of the medical Dpt of our Hospital (Internal Medicine Dpt, Endocrinology, ICU) will be screened for multi-drug resistant bacteria carriage (after written consent). They will answer to a questionnaire about previous travel in a foreign country during the previous year, hospitalization or not during this travel.

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