Clinical Trials About "Differences emotional conflict task between individuals with high" RSS

04:00 EST 18th February 2020 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Differences emotional conflict task between individuals with high" Clinical Trials 1–25 of 26,000+


Cognitive Control in Parkinson's Disease

Cognitive action control allows resisting to irrelevant information to easily produce desired goal-directed behaviors. This cognitive process is disturbed in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). However, the neural signature of this impairment has not been clarified yet. Several studies using electroencéphalography (EEG) showed that conflict situations in healthy participants are inevitably associated with a power increase of neuronal oscillations in the theta frequency ban...

Unified Protocol for Emotional Problems in Victims of the Armed Conflict in Colombia

The present study aims at evaluating the effects of a CBT intervention, a cultural adaptation of the Unified Protocol for the Transdiagnostic Treatment of Emotional Disorders (UP) in victims of the Colombian armed conflict. A randomized clinical trial aimed at evaluating the effects of the UP in a group of 100 internally displaced victims of armed conflict living in Bogotá is being implemented. Participants are recruited from several governmental, non-governmental agencies as...

How Does STN-DBS Influence Emotional Conflict Decision in Parkinson's Disease: a EEG Study

A large body of evidence points to impairment in the decoding of emotional stimuli in Parkinson's disease (PD). These changes seem to be related to dysfunction of the mesocorticolimbic projections leading to dysfunction of the limbic cortico-subcortical loop that, throughout the basal ganglia, projects to limbic cortical regions such as the anterior cingulate cortex and the orbitofrontal cortex, which are known to be involved in emotional processing. Thus, presumably the occurr...

Assessing Visual Processing in High Anxiety

High trait anxiety, a stable personality trait, is a risk factor for psychiatric disorders. Individuals with high trait anxiety have difficulty differentiating safety from threat, including visual information like emotional faces. This study aims to characterize visual system function in high trait anxiety. A portion of this study involves an intervention. For the intervention portion, a subset of participants will be asked to return for a lab visit upon completing the first po...

Learning to Resolve Family Conflict

This study will evaluate the effectiveness of conflict resolution training for families with preschool and elementary school-aged children.

Quetiapine in Melancholic Depression

In summary, the investigators propose to integrate fMRI assessments within a clinical trial of quetiapine XR in patients with melancholic depression in order to test the predictions that: 1. quetiapine XR treatment will be effective and safe for patients with major depression with melancholic features 2. successful treatment with quetiapine XR will be associated with normalization of limbic areas associated with increased salivary cortisol response to a st...

Anogenital Distance Differences Between Transgender Males and Female Individuals

This study evaluates the anogenital distance measurement differences between transgender male individuals and normal healthy female individuals. Half of the participants will be selected from the men with a masculine gender identity who were assigned female sex at birth (Woman who wanted to be a man). Transgender men will be evaluated with the vaginal examination, and anogenital distance will be measured at the time of gynecological medico-legal evaluation before the sex reassi...

Motor Learning Through Virtual Reality Task in Individuals With Down Syndrome

Background: Down syndrome (DS) has unique physical, motor and cognitive characteristics. Despite cognitive and motor difficulties, there is a possibility of intervention based on the knowledge of motor learning. However, it is important to study the motor learning process in individuals with DS during a virtual reality task to justify the use of virtual reality to organize intervention programs. The aim of this study was to analyze the motor learning process in individuals with...

Ultrasound and CT to Measure Muscle in Hip OA

This study will examine alterations in muscle in individuals with hip osteoarthritis compared to individuals without hip arthritis. All individuals will receive imaging of their hip and low back muscles in order to compare differences between groups. The investigators hypothesize that there will be differences between groups and that these differences will be related to strength, functional, and balance impairments which will also be measured in all individuals.

Virtual Reality in Individuals With Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy

With the growing accessibility of computer-assisted technology, one option for rehabilitation programs for individuals with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is the use of virtual reality environments to enhance motor practice. Thus, it is important to examine whether performance improvements in the virtual environment generalize to the natural environment. To examine this issue, we had 64 individuals, 32 of which were individuals with DMD and 32 were typically developing indiv...

Effects of Training on Fall Risk and Balance Performances

Dual task training has been shown to reduce the risk of falls more than single task training. However, there have been no studies which compared the effects of single task training, dual task training and asynchronous cognitive, balance exercise training during same day on the risk of falls among healthy older individuals. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate differences among the effects of single task training, dual task training and exercise-cognitive activity...

Task-priority Effects on Postural-suprapostural Task in Patients With Parkinson's Disease

Postural-suprapostural task is defined as postural control takes place while at least one other concurrent task is being performed. In a postural-suprapostural task, appropriate prioritization of is necessary to achieve task goals and maintain postural stability. Therefore, regarding to impose task prioritization in a postural-suprapostural task, the optimal task-priority strategy for PD patients is still an issue of debate. With the uses of EEG, EMG and behavioral measures, th...

Emotional Prosody Treatment in Parkinson's

This study investigates a treatment protocol which holds the potential to significantly improve communication and quality of life for individuals affected by Parkinson's disease (PD). Disorders of emotional communication are widely reported in PD and can negatively impact quality of life by increasing social isolation and decreasing independence. Individuals with emotional prosodic communication disorders are often perceived as depressed or unconcerned about others. This seemin...

Comparative Effectiveness Research of Dual-task and Single-task Balance Training in People With Stroke

The objective of this study is to investigate the effect of dual-task training at impairment, disability, and participation levels for stroke survivors and investigate possible factors affecting cognitive-motor interference (CMI) under dual-task conditions. Specifically, we will compare the immediate and retention effects of dual-task balance training and single-task balance training on CMI, balance confidence, fall rate, functional performance, and quality of life in individua...

Oxytocin for Couples Conflict Resolution

Oxytocin is a promising new medication found to have positive effects on prosocial behavior, reduce negative affect such as fear and anxiety, and reduce stress-induced addictive behaviors. This study aims to investigate the extent to which a 40 IU dose of intranasal oxytocin improves couples' conflict resolution skills and subjective, physiological, and neuroendocrine responses to conflict. Conflict resolution discussions will take place in the laboratory and will be videotaped...

Characterization of Emotional Processing of Information in Bipolar Disorder and Schizophrenic Patients

In the case of psychotic disorders such as bipolar disorder or schizophrenia, attention dysfunction contribute, according to the theories of neuroscience, the development of mood disorders following disturbances in the interaction-care emotion. In this context, the general objective of this research project is to refine our understanding of the similarities and distinctions between bipolar and schizophrenic patients in the basic emotional information processing. Specifically, t...

Effects of Prenatal Alcohol Exposure on Emotional and Cognitive Abilities in Adults

Hypothesis: Individuals presenting with prenatal alcohol exposure (PEA) show emotional abilities deficits, and imbalance between the two systems involved in decision-making according to dual-process models, namely an under-activated reflective system (involved in deliberate behaviors) and an over-activated affective-automatic one (involved in impulsive behaviors). Primary objective: To explore performance (as a percentage of correct answers) in an emotional facial expr...

Emotion and Attention in Alzheimer's Disease (ATEMMA)

The main purpose of this study is to investigate the existence of emotional attention impairments in Alzheimer's Disease, in correlation with amygdala and attention networks alterations. To this end, functional and structural neuroimaging will be used. A face expression recognition task, along with eyetracking, will be used to assess emotional attention impairments.

Acute Alcohol Response In Bipolar Disorder: a fMRI Study

Alcohol use disorders (AUDs) affect up to 60% of individuals with bipolar disorder during their lifetime—a rate 3 to 5 times higher than what occurs in the general population. The mechanisms that contribute to elevated rates of comorbidity are not known. Early identification in individuals with bipolar disorder who are at risk for AUDs could inform novel intervention strategies and improve life-long outcomes. The primary objective of this protocol is to use alcohol administra...

Remediation of Emotional Processing Deficits in MS

This study will test the effectiveness of an emotional processing intervention in individuals with MS in a double blind placebo controlled randomized clinical trial. We will utilize an intervention which has been successfully used in other populations, including Schizophrenia and Traumatic Brain Injury. Our pilot data shows that this intervention is effective in individuals with MS as well

Effects of Seven Day Prucalopride Administration in Healthy Volunteers

This study will investigate whether seven days administration of the serotonin receptor subtype 4 (5-HT4) partial agonist prucalopride has effects on emotional processing and neural activity in healthy volunteers, compared to placebo administration. Using an experimental medicine approach, the effects of prucalopride on cognitive biomarkers of antidepressant action will be characterised. In a double-blind design, participants will be randomised to receive seven days administrat...

Oxytocin Effect on Attentional Bias Towards Emotional Expression Faces in Individuals With High and Low Autistic Traits: A Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI) Study

to investigate whether oxytocin alter attentional bias towards emotional expression faces in individuals with high and low autistic traits, and the brain mechanism of this effect

An Emotional Regulation Brief Procedure (PbRE) for Fibromyalgia Using ICT's

The study aims is to test the efficacy of an emotional regulation procedure for fibromyalgia patients using Information and Communications Technologies (ICTs). This procedure is based in a task that implies exposition to emotional words. The principal hypothesis is that exposition will improve the clinical symptomatology because the procedure restore an adequate emotional regulation.

NIBS and Dual-task Walking After Stroke

The study aims to identify neural locus critical for dual-task walking (walking and talking) in individuals with stroke. To achieve this aim, the investigators apply repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) to different parts of the brain and evaluate the effects of brain stimulation on dual-task walking speed.

Visual Information Processing in Schizophrenia Patients With Visual Hallucinations

Occurrence of visual hallucinations (VHs) in schizophrenia depend in part on disorders in the processing of late visual information (Top-Down). The broader question of how these top-down mechanisms (cognitive and / or emotional mechanisms) are involved in the occurrence of VHs remains to be specified and very few behavioral studies have so far been interested. The investigators propose to study the implication of Top-Down mechanisms in the visual hallucinatory manifestations, m...

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