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We list hundreds of Clinical Trials about "Effects Cognitive Strategies Neural Food Reactivity Adults with" on BioPortfolio. We draw our references from global clinical trials data listed on ClinicalTrials.gov and refresh our database daily.
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This study assesses the associations between genetic factors, food-cue-related neural reactivity, self-regulatory capacity, eating in the absence of hunger (EAH), and adiposity gain in children.
Normal aging is associated with gradual cognitive declines. These mild neurocognitive disturbances affect daily functioning, health status, and quality of life, and likely account for the roughly $2.9 billion lost by the elderly each year to fraud. The goal of this project is to compare two different 8-week training programs to promote successful neural and cognitive aging. Changes in neural structure and cognitive function will be assessed in a cohort of older adults, as well ...
The goals of the project are 1) to understand what are the neural mechanisms involved in the psychological treatment of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) in children/adolescents and adults, 2) to assess potential differences in the neural mechanisms involved in the psychological treatment of OCD between children/adolescents and adults, and 3) to assess the effectiveness of intensive CBT for children/adolescents and adults with OCD.
Increased portion sizes of foods high in energy density (calories per gram of food) have been implicated in the obesity epidemic. Numerous studies show that children and adults eat more from larger portions of food than they do from smaller portions, a response known as the portion size effect. Despite the robust and consistent nature of these findings, the mechanisms underlying the portion size effect are not known. The long-term goal of this research is to identify the neural...
We are interested in testing differences in cognitive function and food reactivity at various time points in individuals following low and high carbohydrate diets. We wish to achieve an understanding of these time-specific differences using repeated measures analysis of variance (ANOVA), with diet condition (low vs. high carbohydrate) as a between subject factor and time as a within-subject factor.
The current study will investigate methods for enhancing cognitive training (CT) effects in healthy older adults by employing a combination of interventions facilitating neural plasticity and optimizing readiness for learning. Adults over the age of 65 represent the fastest growing group in the US population. As such, age-related cognitive decline represents a major concern for public health. Recent research suggests that cognitive training in older adults can improve cognitive...
The MoveMent project applies non-pharmacological strategies - physical exercise and cognitive training - that have been shown to be effective in promoting active and healthy aging. The objective is to study the molecular and neural mechanisms of these strategies to stimulate brain plasticity and improve brain health and cognitive functioning.
Background: Promotion of cognitive functions of middle aged and older adults and prevention of dementia are important issues in the aging society. In recent years, studies have shown that Tai Chi Chuan (TCC) exercise can improve cognitive functions in healthy middle-aged and older adults, but not studies have investigated the neural mechanisms. Therefore, the purposes of this research project are: (1) to investigate the effects of TCC exercise intervention on improving cognitiv...
This study will evaluate the effects of retrieval-extinction (R-E) training on responding to high calorie foods including self-report craving, physiological responding, and high calorie food intake in adults with overweight/obesity. R-E training aims to update the memories that associate cues (i.e., high calorie food) with reward (i.e., consumption). R-E training involves "retrieving" these cue-reward associative memories through brief presentation of relevant cues, resulting i...
Project:EVO is a video-game based intervention that targets neural networks associated with cognitive control. The same networks have been implicated in poor treatment response in middle and older aged adults suffering from major depression. Related work has demonstrated that healthy older adults show significant improvement in cognitive control. In a very small sample of older adults suffering from depression (n=12), we found similar improvements in selective attention and wor...
The aim of this study is to use functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI) to measure neural reactivity to alcohol-related and emotional cues in alcohol dependent subjects following a single dose of the opioid receptor modulator nalmefene. The study will be done in a cross over design with nalmefene versus placebo.
The purpose of this research is to conduct a randomized controlled trial (RCT) assessing the impact of CBT on neural responses to binge eating stimuli.
Recent research indicates that variability in cognitive function for brain tumor survivors may be explained by differences in cognitive reserve (CR) and use of compensatory strategies.However, it is unknown when cognitive function declines or survivors tap into compensation. This longitudinal mixed methods study proposes to explore differences in cognitive function and change over time in newly diagnosed adults with brain cancer prior to, immediately after (within 2 weeks), and...
This study determined effects of a cognitive distraction on amount, preference, and memory of food consumed and perceptions of fullness, hunger, and enjoyment of food in a healthy young-adult population. A randomized controlled crossover study of 119 healthy adults, assigned to begin in either the distracted or control condition, was conducted.
Quality nutrient intake is essential for proper development and well-being of children in all aspects of health, including cognitive development. Eggs are of particular interest based on potential cognitive and neurological benefits due in part to significant concentrations of choline and lutein. While overall, choline and lutein have received considerable attention in the literature in relation to cognition and brain function, most studies involving intake in young adults have...
Premature and accelerated brain aging trajectories have been observed among people with metabolic dysfunction, but mechanisms of these altered trajectories are not understood. Insulin resistance (IR) is known to change with age and affect cognition in older and elderly adults as well as in patients with mood disorders. The main purpose of the study is to describe the developmental trajectory of cognitive and neural biomarkers across the spectrum of metabolic dysfunction in over...
To get a better understanding of the interaction between metabolism, neural responses, cognitive processes and appetite the investigaters will examine the effect of food consumption on cognitive processes. The investigaters will look at the effect of satiation on cognitive performance on both a behavioural and neuronal level. In this study participants will undergo functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) measurements while performing a food reward and inhibition task, and ...
Overweight/obesity and inadequate sleep are prevalent, and frequently co-occurring, health risks among children, both of which are associated with serious medical and psychosocial health complications including risk for cardiovascular disease. Although the investigator's data suggest that disrupted or shortened sleep may be causally associated with increased energy intake and weight gain in children, and with self-regulation and neural response to food cues in adults, understan...
This study investigates the clinical and neural effects of MBSR for young adults with childhood adversity. The investigators will recruit 60 young adults (19-35 years old) who will be randomized into a mindfulness based stress reduction(MBSR) program or a cognitive psychoeducation (CPE) program, both of which are 8 weeks long. MRI and psychological assessments will be acquired from all subjects before and after the intervention programs in order to investigate changes in clinic...
To characterize the effects of three chocolate snacks on cognitive performance, subjective appetite, food intake control, and glycemic response in normal weight adults.
The purpose of this study is to determine the effectiveness of cognitive strategies in improving participation in daily activities within older adults who report subjective cognitive decline.
A double-blind, randomised, controlled, parallel arm chronic intervention trial with healthy older adults will be conducted to determine the effect of a flavonoid-rich supplement on cognitive function, peripheral arterial health and brain mechanisms. It is predicted that chronic flavonoid supplementation will result in cognitive benefits and that these may be due to beneficial effects of flavonoids on vascular and brain function.
High cognitive load activities can influence energy intake from food. It is unknown how restaurant menu designs may affect patrons in terms of cognitive demand and subsequent ordering of food.Objective: Our objective was to develop and experimentally test menu designs that differ in cognitive load to test the subjective and objective stress measures on food ordering.
This project seeks to identify neural changes that occur in adults with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) after engagement in computerized cognitive training. In addition, this project aims to identify physiological factors that may bolster effects of the training on cognitive function. Individuals with MCI are at high risk for Alzheimer's disease (AD). Understanding how cognitive training protects cognitive function in MCI can contribute to development of effective interventions...
It is estimated that by 2016, nearly 50% of HIV-positive individuals in the US will be aged 50 or older, and up to 60% of those will experience some degree of cognitive impairment as they age. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the contribution of the neuronal cholinergic receptor system to the cognitive impairments seen in adults aging with chronic HIV Infection. By using anti-cholinergic challenge drugs to reversibly "stress" cognitive functioning, the investigators hop...