Clinical Trials About "Grappling with implicit social bias perspective from memory" RSS

12:25 EDT 25th June 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Grappling with implicit social bias perspective from memory" Clinical Trials 1–25 of 4,900+

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REACH Implicit Bias Training Project

The overall goal and theme of the Duke Center for Research to Advance Equity in Healthcare is to reduce racial and ethnic disparities in health through interventions that affect the clinical encounter. To achieve this goal, there is an urgent need for interventions that address implicit bias in healthcare. Implicit bias training is widely used to raise self-awareness and provide self-management tools. The overall objective is to test the hypothesis that implicit bias training f...

Approach Bias Retraining to Augment Smoking Cessation

Tobacco use is the most preventable cause of disease, disability, and death in the United States. Standard smoking cessation care (cognitive behavioral therapy and nicotine replacement therapy), is effective in approximately 20% of the cases, clearly indicating there is substantial room for improvement. Current work suggests that despite standard interventions, continued substance abuse may result from addictive behaviors governed partly through automatic processes that exert ...


Memory During Inhalation Anesthesia Performed With or Without Bispectral Index (BIS) in Patients Undergoing Thyroidectomy

The purpose of this study is 1) to investigate whether the use of BIS as a guide to the administration of inhaled anesthetic (sevoflurane or desflurane) compared with the use of hemodynamic parameters (blood pressure and heart rate) would affect the occurrence of implicit memory and /or dreams recall and 2) to check whether the occurrence of implicit memory and/or dreams recall is related with MAC (Minimal Alveolar Concentration) of inhalational anesthetics and/or preoperative ...

Virtual Reality to Improve Social Perspective Taking

This project will examine how virtual reality treatment that provides users with the alternate perspective of a virtual interpersonal interaction impacts psychological and neurobiological markers of social perspective taking in children with a disruptive behavior disorder. The investigators anticipate that experiencing a virtual encounter from a counterpart's point-of-view improves a child's perspective taking and alters brain function related to imagining another person's pain...

Cognitive Bias Modification for OCD

This study will conduct the development and preliminary evaluation of Cognitive Bias Modification for Interpretation (CBM-I) as an augmentation to treatment as usual for OCD and related disorders. CBM-I refers to computerized interventions designed to directly manipulate interpretation bias through repeated practice on a training task, thereby inducing cognitive changes in a relatively automatic or implicit manner. Specifically, this study will examine the feasibility, acceptab...

Combined CBM For Social Anxiety in Turkey

In this study, it was examined whether or not combined attentional and interpretational bias modifications with university students who display social anxiety symptoms may lead to a decrease in social anxiety-related complaints. The study was conducted with 84 participants who were university students displaying social anxiety symptoms. The participants were randomly assigned into two conditions; cognitive bias modification group (E) and placebo-control group (C). Participants ...

Treatment of Social Phobia With Combined Cognitive Bias Modification and iCBT

The purpose of this study is to determine whether an internet-based treatment program, consisting of combined cognitive bias modification and cognitive behavioral therapy, reduces symptoms of social phobia among a population diagnosed with this disorder.

Memory During Anesthesia: the Role of Stress Hormones

1. To investigate whether the auditory stimulation causes changes in hormones levels (cortisol+prolactin) during general anesthesia. 2. To determine if there is a correlation between hormones levels (cortisol+prolactin) and dreams recall. 3. To investigate whether, in patients receiving auditory stimulation, there is a correlation between hormones levels (cortisol+prolactin), serum remifentanil concentration and detection of implicit memory. ...

Statistical Learning as a Predictor of Attention Bias Modification Outcome

This study examines whether the ability to extract statistical properties from the environment among treatment-seeking patients with social anxiety disorder can predict therapeutic response to attention bias modification (ABM), namely, reduction in symptoms of social anxiety following ABM therapy.

Mineralocorticoid Receptor, NMDA Receptor and Cognitive Function in Depression

The steroid hormone cortisol is released in response to stress and acts in the central nervous system upon glucocorticoid (GR) and mineralocorticoid receptors (MR). GR are widely distributed across the brain while MR are predominantly expressed in the hippocampus and prefrontal cortex - two brain areas closely related to memory and executive function. Stimulation of MR leads to an increase of glutamate that act on glutamatergic NMDA receptors in the hippocampus and prefrontal c...

Approach Bias Modification for the Treatment of Cannabis Use Disorder

Effective and durable treatments for cannabis use disorder remain elusive. Given the increasing prevalence rates of cannabis use and CUD nationwide, investigation of novel treatments is warranted. Implicit cognitive processing is an emerging, and potentially critical therapeutic target. Cognitive models of addiction posit an override of explicit control-related cognitive processes by implicit reward-driven processes resulting from chronic drug exposure. One form of impli...

CBT Enhanced With Social Cognitive Training

Depression in youth is a serious public health concern for which more personalized treatments are needed. This study will test the effect of an intervention aimed at enhancing depressed children's social cognitive capacities (e.g., ability to take another's perspective), thereby making treatment of depression in youth more efficient and effective. Participants in both the R61 (N=42) and R33 (N=82) will be youth between 12 and 17 years old currently experiencing a depressive dis...

Implicit Learning in Stroke Study

This trial will compare an Implicit Learning Approach (ILA) to usual care, during the rehabilitation of mobility post stroke. It is a multicentre, assessor blind, cluster randomised controlled pilot trial, with embedded feasibility study. It also includes a nested qualitative evaluation, designed to explore the views of participants and therapists.

Targeting Attention Orienting to Social Threat to Reduce Social Anxiety in Youth

This two-site study is a test of Attention Bias Modification Treatment (ABMT) among 260 youths ages 10 to 14 years with social anxiety disorder. One-half of participants will receive 8 sessions of computer administered ABMT and the other half of participants will receive 8 sessions of computer administered Neutral Control Task (NCT). We hypothesize that a biomarker of attention to social threat measured using electroencephalography (EEG) and ratings of social anxiety severity w...

Visual Mismatch Negativity in Attention Bias Modifcation Treatment for Anxiety

this study examines the emergence of the visual mismatch negativity (vMMN) ERP component in response to deviations from the embedded contingency in attention bias modification treatment (ABMT) for social and generalized anxiety, and the interaction between vMMN emergence and clinical improvement.

Computerized Treatment for Social Anxiety

The present study aims to examine the feasibility of a computerized treatment for social anxiety disorder. To evaluate the efficacy of the IBM protocol we have developed in reducing evaluation and social threat biases, we will conduct a two-arm randomized controlled trial. Individuals with a diagnosis of social anxiety disorder (N = 50) will be randomized to one of two conditions: 1) IBM or 2) progressive muscle relaxation. Each condition will consist of eight 25 minute treatme...

Efficacy of Cognitive Bias Modification in Residential Treatment for Addiction

The purpose of this study is to determine whether computer bias modification for interpretation bias (CBM-I) is effective in the reduction of suicidal ideation in substance use disorders.

Memory Intervention for Older Adults - (Social)

Research shows that there are a plenitude of interventions that can be used to enhance memory for older adults; however, the evidence as to whether these interventions enhance memory for daily activities is equivocal. The purpose of this pilot study is to test a memory intervention that is potentially useful in everyday life. Objectives of the pilot study are: 1) to examine the feasibility of the intervention (e.g., ease of use of materials provided); and 2) to gain preliminary...

Communication in Adolescents With ADHD

The interpersonal problems of adolescents with ADHD may be the most debilitating aspect of their psychopathologic behaviour. This being said, the investigators still do not have a clear understanding of why it is the case that individuals with ADHD have such impaired social and communicative competence. In particular, research has not identified whether the communicative difficulties stems from deficits in taking the perspective of a communicative partner, or in being able to m...

Lexical Priming by Music in Alzheimer's Disease and Healthy Aging

While verbal memory is quickly reached in the wake of Alzheimer's disease, the musical memory remains preserved until a late stage of the disease. This observation encouraged the development of music-based therapies in the management of neurocognitive and behavioral disorders that characterize Alzheimer's disease. In order to develop rehabilitation programs that effectively target cognitive functions to stimulate, it is necessary to understand the mechanisms underlying this ben...

Effects of a Single-session Implicit Theories of Personality Intervention on Early Adolescent Psychopathology

The goal of the project is to test whether a single-session intervention teaching incremental theories of personality, or the belief that one's personality is malleable, can strengthen recovery from social stress and reduce the development of anxiety and depression during early adolescence. Results may suggest a scalable, cost-effective approach to improving youths' coping capacities and preventing adverse mental health outcomes over time.

MemFlex to Prevent Depressive Relapse

A wealth of research has demonstrated that they way in which the investigators recall our personal, autobiographical memories is influential in the course of depression. Biases in the recall of autobiographical memory occur in the midst of a depressive episode, and are shown to prolong symptoms, however these biases also remain when depression remits, and may predispose the individual towards relapse. A novel cognitive intervention, MemFlex, aims to train individuals to be flex...

Models of Disordered Knowledge and Memory Systems in Dementia and Related Disorders

Patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) perform poorly on tasks dependent on access to, and utilization of, previously acquired knowledge and skills. It has been commonly assumed that impaired knowledge in AD, as well as in other patients with cortical lesions, is due to an actual loss or disorganization of a specific knowledge base or system. This hypothesis has, however, recently been called into question by data from tasks that purport to tap knowledge on a more automatic a...

Memory Functioning and Antidepressant Treatment

Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) is a serious illness associated with considerable morbidity, risk of suicide and adverse social consequences (Montgomery et al., 1994a). Cognitive impairment is one of the three major symptom areas of MDD. Specifically, memory impairment and concerns are one of the most commonly reported complaints in MDD. While antidepressant (AD) treatments vary a great deal in their propensity to cause cognitive impairment, there remains a paucity of empirica...

The Impact of Interpretation Bias Modification Training on Anger and Reactive Aggression

Difficulties with anger control are reported in a number of psychological conditions and are associated with social problems, such as dating violence and workplace violence. High trait anger is a personality construct characterized by elevations in the frequency, duration, and intensity of anger episodes. However, the cognitive processes contributing to high trait anger are still poorly understood. This study will examine the effectiveness of a computer-based cognitive bias mod...

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