Clinical Trials About "Indoor pollution exposure assessment gulf cooperation council countries" RSS

22:41 EDT 21st March 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Indoor pollution exposure assessment gulf cooperation council countries" Clinical Trials 1–25 of 12,000+

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Solar Lighting to Reduce Indoor Air Pollution in Rural Uganda

This study evaluates the impact of a solar lighting system on kerosene lamp use, levels of indoor air pollution, and health in women living in rural Uganda. Half of the participants will receive the lighting systems immediately, while the other half will receive them after an 18 month delay.

Behavioral Research of Environment and Air Pollution Through Education

The BREATHE (Behavioral Research of Environment and Air Pollution Through Education) study is a pilot randomized control trial comparing the efficacy of a classroom-based intervention to no intervention in helping middle-school students understand and make behavioral decisions about air pollution. This study is designed to evaluate the effectiveness of the classroom-based intervention on knowledge of air pollution, understanding of air pollution sources, and behavioral choices ...

Milwaukee Day Cares Indoor Air Quality Assessment and Educational Response Study

This CTSI pilot study will assess for benefit of a community health worker or nursing student taught green cleaning curriculum (developed by the local asthma coalition) provided to Milwaukee County day care staff. Consumer grade indoor air quality monitors will be deployed before and after the educational intervention to objectively monitor changes as a result of the intervention. Surveys regarding changes in cleaning practices by day care staff will also be obtained to assess ...

Biomarkers of Exposure to Air Pollutants (AEROTOX-2)

Nowadays, an increase of inflammatory chronic diseases and/or tumors incidence has been reported in part due to the rising in life expectancy. For instance, exposure to air pollution, and in particularly to fine particles has been classified by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) as a risk factor for cancer, being the elderly population particularly sensitive. However, no validated biomarkers have been identified to assess the exposure to fine particles maybe...

Phenotyping the Chronic Respiratory Diseases (CRD) in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam

World Health Organization (WHO) considers chronic respiratory disease (CRD) as one of its four priorities. These diseases include asthma and rhinitis, chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases (COPD), occupational lung diseases, sleep apnoea syndromes, pulmonary hypertension, bronchiectasis and interstitial lung diseases. They constitute a serious public health problem in all countries throughout the world, in particular in low and middle income countries and in deprived populati...

Impact of Pollution on Allergic Rhinitis and Sleep Quality: the POLLAR Study

It has been demonstrated that allergic rhinitis (AR) reduces sleep quality by some components such as nasal obstruction. Pollution and allergen exposure worsening AR, sleep quality is deteriorated. Sleep is associated to physical and mental health, alterations in sleep could explain the link between AR and work productivity diminution, impairment in daily activities or emotional problems. However, interactions between air pollution, sleep and allergic diseases are insuf...

Beijing Indoor Air Purifier Intervention Study

This study aimed to assess the impact of air filtration on indoor air quality and cardio-pulmonary health in residents living in high outdoor pollution settings in Beijing.

Investigate Olfactory Functioning as a Possible Proxy for Neurotoxic Exposure in Cohorts of Deployed and Non-Deployed Gulf War-Era Veterans.

Significant subsets of military veterans have reported such health problems as headache, joint pain, fatigue, and memory/concentration difficulties subsequent to their participation in the Gulf War. However, the etiology remains controversial. A number of toxins have been implicated as etiologic factors for GW-related health problems; however, exposure levels have been difficult, if not impossible, to document retrospectively. These difficulties with exposure verification hav...

Pollutant Altered Allergic Responses

This study is designed to investigate whether exposure to particulate air pollution increases the allergic response to allergens. Research studies suggest that symptoms in individuals with allergies may be aggravated by exposure to particulate air pollution. We sought to experimental determine this by exposing human volunteers to combustion particles, a component of air pollution, and then challenge them with an allergen such as ragweed or oak tree pollen. Using biological te...

Longitudinal Acute Air Pollution Systemic Effects

Air pollution continues to be a key global issue with many governments focusing great attention on air quality legislation because of its harmful environmental and health impacts. Whilst there is much that remains unknown about the mechanisms underlying the negative health effects of air pollution, it is generally acknowledged that air pollution exposure leads to an increase in cardiovascular, cerebrovascular and respiratory mortality and morbidity. The current study will inves...

AIRWEIGHS: Investigating Obesity as a Susceptibility Factor for Air Pollution in Childhood Asthma

Background: Asthma and obesity are public health crises that have concurrently risen over the past decades, affecting millions of children in the United States and disproportionately affecting low-income minority children in urban areas. The same children at highest risk for asthma and obesity also have greater exposure to indoor and outdoor pollution. Emerging evidence suggests that obesity may confer increased susceptibility to health effects of air pollution. Methods:...


Air Pollution: Strategies for Personalized Intervention to Reduce Exposure

Fine particulate matter < 2.5 microns (PM2.5) air pollution is a leading global risk factor for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. PM2.5 presents a serious ongoing public health threat to patients living in highly-polluted countries (ex: China, India) where air quality is projected to remain extremely poor (far exceeding World Health Organization Air Quality Guidelines) for the foreseeable future. This study reviews the benefits of personal level intervention (wearing N95 ...

Diesel Exhaust Induces Glucocorticoid Resistance

We are studying the effects of exposure to diesel exhaust on lung inflammation in the presence and absence of an inhaled corticosteroid. Although data is mixed, studies show that asthmatics have increased lung inflammation and worse symptoms during periods of higher air pollution despite taking their anti-inflammatory corticosteroid medication. One possible reason is that air pollution exposure may decrease the ability of corticosteroids to combat inflammation. To test t...

D-cycloserine: A Novel Treatment for Gulf War Illness (GWDCS)

The purpose of this study is to investigate the efficacy of d-cycloserine (DCS) treatment for Gulf War Illness (GWI). Gulf War veterans with Gulf War Illness experience numerous chronic health symptoms, including cognition and fatigue, which reduces their quality of life. Gulf War veterans are in urgent need of novel treatment plans to tackle elusive symptomatology of Gulf War Illness. By using the literature of previous studies, the investigators have chosen to investigate d-c...

The Cardiovascular Benefits of Reducing Personal Exposure to Air Pollution

Exposure to air pollution is an important risk factor for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, and is associated with increased blood pressure, reduced heart rate variability, endothelial dysfunction and myocardial ischaemia. The study objectives were to assess the potential cardiovascular benefits of reducing personal particulate air pollution exposure by wearing a facemask in healthy volunteers.

Air Pollution Study: The Effect of Ozone on the Lung

The purpose of the study is to better understand the mechanisms of lung injury from ozone exposure. Subjects will participate in two exposure sessions: filtered air and 0.2 ppm ozone. Subjects will be asked to produce sputum through coughing after each exposure. The samples will be analyzed for macrophage activity.

Commuter Air Pollution Intervention Study

Traffic related air pollution is a well-recognised and much studied contributor to smog and is linked to a number of adverse health outcomes. Although traffic pollutants can travel long distances, exposure to the highest levels of the raw emissions can occur closest to the source; e.g. in a car in dense traffic conditions. Time spent in-vehicle may contribute up to half of commuters' daily exposure to certain air pollutants. Most new cars now have or allow for a cabin air filte...

Reducing the Pro-ischaemic Effects of Air Pollution Exposure Using a Simple Face Mask

Air pollution is a major cause of cardiorespiratory morbidity and mortality. The exact components of air pollution that underlie the cardiovascular effects are not yet known, but combustion-derived particulate matter is suspected to be the major cause. Epidemiological studies have shown that exposure to air pollution causes exacerbation of existing cardiorespiratory conditions leading to increased hospital admissions and death. The investigators have recently conducted a series...

Short-term Air Pollution Exposure and In-hospital Outcomes in Patients With Acute Myocardial Infraction

The aim of this study is to investigate whether or not short-term expose to air pollution is associated with in-hospital outcomes, such as mortality and morbidity.

Effects of Omega-3 Fatty Acids in Ambient Air Pollution Exposure in Healthy Adults

This observational study recruits healthy individuals who have been routinely taking high amount (at least 3 g/wk) of dietary eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), and those who don't, and examines the efficacy of dietary EPA and DHA in ameliorating the cardiopulmonary effects of exposure to ambient air pollution.

Motivational Interviewing and Air Cleaners for Smokers With COPD (MOVE COPD)

COPD is characterized by lung injury and inflammation caused by noxious particles and gases, including those emanating from cigarette smoke and air pollution. Despite the clear detrimental impact of poor air quality on respiratory outcomes, regardless of smoking status, to investigators' knowledge, there are no studied environmental interventions targeting indoor air quality to improve respiratory health of smokers, thus ignoring a potential target for harm reduction. Investiga...

Engaging Moms on Teen Indoor Tanning Through Social Media

A sample of mothers in Tennessee are recruited to a group-randomized pretest-posttest controlled trial evaluating the effect of a social media campaign to decrease mothers' permissiveness for daughters to indoor tan. The primary outcomes is mothers' permissiveness for indoor tanning by daughters. Secondary outcomes are mother's indoor tanning prevalence and their support for stricter bans on indoor tanning by minors.

Antibiotic Treatment of Gulf War Veterans' Illnesses

In 1990 and 1991, the U.S. deployed approximately 700,000 troops to the Persian Gulf to liberate Kuwait from Iraqi occupation. While there were few casualties associated with the Gulf War, many individuals returned from this conflict with unexplained symptoms and illnesses. This constellation of symptoms has been termed Gulf War Veterans' Illnesses (GWI). Although several explanations have been offered as to the cause of GWI, none of the putative etiologic agents or conditions ...

Residential Cleaning of Indoor Air to Protect COPD Patients

This study looks at whether air cleaning devices put in the bedroom and living room of your home could reduce the irritation of your lungs and body that is caused by indoor air pollution. While participating in this study there will be two, 2 month long study segments (Study Period 1 and Study Period 2) where the air filter units, placed in your living room and bedroom windows, will be turned on at your home.

The Use of Air Cleaners to Mitigate Cardiopulmonary Health Impact of Indoor Exposure to Particles and Phthalates

This study aims to evaluate whether a short-term intervention strategy using air cleaner reduces indoor exposure to airborne particles (particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter ≤2.5μm, PM2.5) and phthalates and improves cardiopulmonary health among Chinese healthy adults based on a randomized double-blinded crossover trial.

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