Clinical Trials About "Metabolic bone disease risk factors strongly contributing long" RSS

19:28 EDT 19th March 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Metabolic bone disease risk factors strongly contributing long" Clinical Trials 1–25 of 45,000+

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Determinants of Bone Mineral Density and Metabolic Syndrome in South Asian Indian Men

This study aims to examine the association between body composition with bone density and risk factors for cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes. South Asian Indians have a lower bone density and a higher likelihood to develop metabolic syndrome (MetS) compared to Caucasians. MetS is a cluster of metabolic abnormalities that predispose an individual to cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes. This study will understand if the metabolic and biochemical markers ( Indicato...


Oral Contraceptives in the Metabolic Syndrome

Oral contraceptives (OCs) are the most widely used method of reversible birth control. However, the long-term cardiovascular safety of the widely used low-dose OCs (ethinyl-estradiol < 50 mcg) is still debated. Although cardiovascular events are rare in young women whether they use OCs or not, the risks of myocardial infarction and ischemic stroke are increased among users of OCs who have conventional cardiovascular risk factors such as use of tobacco, diabetes or hypercholest...

Long-term Nutritional Intervention Study to Determine How Protein Affects Calcium Metabolism

Osteoporosis is a major health problem in men and women in this country and the incidence of this disease is rising. We think that environmental factors such as nutrition may play a role in the increasing prevalence of osteoporosis. In particular, we think that a diet that is too low in protein may be contributing to bone loss. The primary purpose of this study is to compare the long-term impact of a low protein diet on measures of bone and calcium metabolism.

Effects of Pioglitazone Treatment on Sympathetic Nervous System Function in the Metabolic Syndrome

An abdominal distribution of fat is associated with the greatest heart disease risk, because commonly, several risk factors of metabolic origin cluster in these individuals. When this occurs the condition is called the 'metabolic syndrome'. Increased activity of the sympathetic nervous system resulting in enhanced release of the stress hormone 'noradrenaline', may be one mechanism by which adverse cardiovascular and metabolic sequela of the metabolic syndrome might be mediated...

the Related Factors of Bariatric Surgery on Bone Mineral Density

Obesity and related metabolic diseases have become a chronic disease that is a threat to human health. Bariatric surgery can effectively and long-term reduce excess body weight and relieve related metabolic diseases, including type 2 diabetes. Laparoscopic gastric bypass surgery and laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy are commonly used in bariatric surgery. Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy due to simple operation, good weight loss, and metabolic disease control effect, which is more...

Evaluating the Effectiveness of a Community Exercise Program to Reduce the Risk of Metabolic Syndrome Among Black Americans

Black Americans with a family history of early heart disease tend to have a group of risk factors that can contribute to heart disease. These risk factors, which include excess body weight, high blood pressure, and high cholesterol, are known collectively as metabolic syndrome. This study will compare a community-based, coach-led exercise program to an individual, self-led home-based exercise program to determine which program is more effective at reducing the metabolic syndrom...

Effects of Exercise and Yogurt on Bone Mineral Density and Immunological Factors in Human Milk: The MEEMA Study

Obesity in America has risen to epidemic levels over the past 20 years. For women, childbearing itself could be a contributing factor to this high prevalence of excess weight. In addition, for women who breastfeed, lactation is a time of rapid bone loss due to hyperprolactinemia, amenorrhea, and increased bone turnover, especially in the lumbar spine and hip. The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends exclusive breastfeeding for the first 6 months, continue to at least 12 mo...

The Effects of Beta-glucan Enriched Oatcake Consumption on Metabolic Disease Risk Factors

The purpose of this study is to determine whether daily consumption of soluble fibre, oat beta glucan (4g), for six weeks will have any impact on overweight/obese individuals in terms of risk factors used to define metabolic disease.

Study of Factors Associated With the Volumetric and Areal Bone Mineral Density and Bone Strength in Parkinson's Disease

Studies show that patients with idiopathic Parkinson's disease (IPD) have an increased risk of fracture, particularly hip fracture whose complications and postoperative mortality appear to be higher than in the general population. This increased risk of fracture is due partly to an increased risk of falling, and secondly to an impairment of bone tissue with lower bone mineral density (BMD). A meta-analysis concluded that patients with IPD have lower BMD than healthy controls. ...

Pathophysiology of Paget's Disease of Bone

Paget's disease of the bone is a skeletal disorder which results in increased and disorganized bone remodeling, leading to dense but fragile and expanding bones. The identified genetic causes of Paget's disease of bone only explain why bone is destroyed, but not why the bone formed in its place is abnormal. Current treatment for people with Paget's disease of the bone is limited to patients with bone pain, thought to be related to high rate of bone turnover (breakdown and rebu...

Factors Contributing To Cardiovascular Morbidity and Mortality in Patients With Gastrointestinal Bleeding

The rate of complication and death of patients with acute digestive tract bleeding is increased in the setting of acute coronary heart disease. The aim of the study is to establish the relative importance of the risk factors contributing to the death rate from acute digestive tract bleeding in patients admitted with acute coronary heart disease.

18F-Fluoride Positron Emission Tomography (PET) in Paget's Disease of Bone

18 F-fluoride Positron emission tomography (PET) is able to demonstrate and quantify the metabolic activity locally in the skeleton (1). This technique should, therefore, also be able to demonstrate a dramatic decrease in the metabolic activity in localized monostotic Paget’s disease lesions after therapy. In this condition, indeed, the usual biological markers may be unhelpful to assess the efficacy of therapy, because they are usually comprised in the normal range for sin...

Genetic Polymorphism Contributing to the Variability of Clopidogrel Response in Patients With Coronary Artery Disease

Clopidogrel non-responsiveness is probably multifactorial; several genetic and non genetic factors may contribute to impaired platelet inhibition by clopidogrel. In this regard, it is meaningful to determine genetic polymorphisms contributing to the variability of clopidogrel response in patients with Coronary Artery Disease (CAD). In fact, the recognition of these factors might predict the exposure to the risk of thrombosis and cardiovascular death in these patients. Therefore...

Metabolic Profile of Bone in Professional Athletes

Physical activity is a key stimulus for bone metabolism through both direct mechanisms (e.g., as a result of the applied load and/or impact) and indirect mechanisms (e.g., the activation of several metabolic pathways and the production of several mediators and effectors that have systemic effects). However, different kinds of physical activity exert different effects on bone and endocrine system. Aim of the study is to investigate the effects of different kinds of physical act...

Shape Up! Kids Study

Identify the unique associations of body shape to body composition and bone density indices in a pediatric population that represents the variance of sex, age, BMI-Z, and ethnicity found in the US population. Describe the precision and accuracy of optical scans to monitor change in body composition, bone density and metabolic health interventions. Estimate the level of association of optical to common health indicators including metabolic risk factors (glucose, triglyce...

Immunomediated Non-alcoholic SteaTohepatitis; Prevalence and Characterization. INSTInCT Study

NAFLD is a common comordidity in patients with IMID, including inflammatory bowel disease and psoriasis. Nevertheless, the prevalence of NAFLD and NASH in the IMID population is not clear, and the risk factors are not completely understood. Interestingly, NASH and most of IMIDs share main molecular and immunological mechanisms of disease, as the inflammatory pathways depending on TNFa or imbalance in T cell subtypes like Th17/Treg. This common pathogenesis may explain, at ...

A 16 Week Study to Evaluate the Effect on Insulin Sensitivity of Valsartan (320 mg) and Hydrochlorothiazide (25 mg) Combined and Alone, in Patients With Metabolic Syndrome

The metabolic syndrome is a classification for patients with a constellation of risk factors which may include abdominal obesity, hypertension, elevated blood lipids and sugar. Three or more of these factors together constitute the metabolic syndrome and place these patients at a greater risk for the development of diabetes and cardiovascular diseases. The purpose of this study is to determine whether two common drugs to lower blood pressure, whether used separately or in com...

Identifying Subgroups With High Cardiovascular Risk in Breast Cancer Survivors

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the prevalence of (sub)clinical cardiovascular disease, cardiovascular risk factors and metabolic abnormalities among long-term breast cancer survivors treated with or without anthracyclines in order to identify patients at increased risk of developing cardiovascular disease.

Denosumab in Metabolic Bone Disease in Chronic Intestinal Failure Patients

Low bone mineral density (BMD) is commonly reported in patients receiving home parenteral nutrition (HPN). Denosumab represent a new drug, which helped to prevent osteoclast. The aim of the study was to assess its value in chronic intestinal failure patients.

Zoledronate In the Prevention of Paget's Disease: Long Term Extension

Paget's disease of the bone (PDB) is a metabolic bone disorder which in some individuals can cause pain, bone deformity, arthritis and deafness, although in many patients it does not cause symptoms. Paget's disease has a strong genetic component and SQSTM1 is the most important susceptibility gene. People who inherit mutations in SQSTM1 have a high risk of developing PDB later in life. This study is an extension of the ZiPP (Zoledronate in the Prevention of Paget's) study which...

Determinants of Coronary Disease in High Risk Families

To define factors contributing to coronary heart disease (CHD) in high risk families.

Comparison of Predictive Factors Related to Coronary Artery Disease Among Different Menopausal Status and Effect of a Life Style Management Program on Risk Factors Modification Among Middle-aged Women

In Taiwan, heart disease and cerebrovascular disease ranked the second and third of ten leading causes of death in female in 2007; half of these deaths is due to coronary artery disease (CAD). Postmenopausal status is an independent risk factor for CAD. Early assessment and proper management of risk factors may reduce the prevalence rate of CAD. In the past decade, despite increased attention to CAD in women, most studies focused on certain menopausal status instead of all phas...

Risk Factors Related to Metabolic Syndrome in School-aged Children Who Were Born Preterm

This is a follow-up cohort study of 8 years old children born preterm at Seoul National University Children's Hospital in Korea from 2008-2009. The children will visit outpatient clinics for examinations regarding growth, obesity and other risk factors related to metabolic syndrome. The purpose of this study is to compare growth and risk factors of metabolic syndrome among children born preterm and children born healthy term at school age

Genzyme Osteopenia/Osteoporosis Study

Gaucher disease is a most common genetic metabolic disease characterized by low platelet number, liver and spleen enlargement and various forms of bone diseases including low bone mineral density leading to brittle bones. Various treatment options are now available for this disease. The purpose of this research study is to determine the prevalence of Gaucher disease in patients with low bone mineral density as observed by DEXA scan, which is a form of X-Ray of the bone.

Investigating the Possible Link Between Habitual Diet, Physical Activity, Sleeping Patterns, Obesity Status and Age With Gut Bacterial Composition, Gut Barrier Function, Metabolic Endotoxemia, Systemic Inflammation and Glycaemic Control.

In the UK, 25% of the adults are affected by metabolic syndrome (NHS, 2016). Metabolic syndrome is a cluster of different conditions including: hyperglycaemia, insulin resistance hypertriglyceridemia, dyslipidaemia and hypertension. Such individuals also have increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease. The factors contributing to the development of metabolic syndrome are potentially numerous and understudied in humans, with much of what we think we ...

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