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We list hundreds of Clinical Trials about "MicroRNA Regulates Insulin Sensitivity Targeting SERCA2b alcoholic Fatty" on BioPortfolio. We draw our references from global clinical trials data listed on ClinicalTrials.gov and refresh our database daily.
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The study is designed to investigate the relationship between insulin resistance and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and to investigate potential mechanisms underlying insulin resistance in NAFLD by determining associations between hepatic and peripheral insulin sensitivity, hepatic steatosis, dyslipidemia, inflammatory cytokines, glucose metabolism, beta-cell function and body fat distribution.
The purpose of this research study is to use a relatively new technology, called Positron Emission Tomography (PET), to study how insulin works on sugar in your body's fatty tissue. PET imaging is a way of obtaining a "metabolic image" of your internal organs. It does not involve surgery and is not a high risk process. It has been used successfully to study brain, heart and more recently, skeletal muscle. In this research study, we will use PET in combination with Magnetic R...
The hypothesis of this study was that ginger supplement consumption can be introduced as a new therapeutic strategy for non-alcoholic fatty liver disease through the improved body antioxidant activity, reduced levels of inflammation and insulin resistance. A randomized double-blind study was designed to evaluate this hypothesis in order to examine the effectiveness of ginger supplement in patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease.
This project examines the effects of a 4 month structured exercise intervention program in patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). We will examine changes in total and depot-specific (i.e.in different tissues, liver, muscle and pancreas)fat. We will correlate these with measurements of the insulin from the liver. The hypothesis is that by reducing fat in these specific depots we can reduce insulin resistance and prevent progression to diabetes.
The investigators specific aim is to compare the relationship between systemic fatty acid availability and insulin sensitivity in a relatively homogenous population of obese adults. The investigators anticipate 1) greater systemic fatty acid availability will be associated with lower insulin sensitivity and 2) greater systemic fatty acid availability will be associated with greater accumulation of fatty acid intermediates and pro-inflammatory markers.
The principal purpose of this study is to determine whether increased intakes of n-3 polyunsaturated (omega-3) fatty acids will reduce the amount of fat stored in the liver in patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease.
To assess the importance of intracellular signalling pathways and its deregulation in adiposity and diabetes-related insulin resistance, liver tissue samples of patients suffering from non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH)will be analyzed prospectively from a liver tissue bank.
This study is to examine the change of fasting insulin, glucose, insulin sensitivity and related traits in response to the six month treatment of omega-3 fatty acids, including fish oil and flaxseed oil, in Chinese type 2 diabetic patients. Corn oil, rich in omega-6 fatty acids, will be selected as a controlled oil. The investigators hypothesize that omega-3 fatty acids could improve insulin sensitivity and glucose metabolism in Chinese type 2 diabetic patients.
Excessive fat in the liver, in absence of high alcohol consumption, is diagnosed as non-alcoholic fatty liver (NAFL). NAFL prevalence is as high as 50-70% in obese people and is associated with impairments in metabolic health, e.g. insulin resistance. Not only the amount, but also the composition of the fat stored in the liver appears to be linked to health outcome measures, such as insulin resistance, but this evidence comes mainly from animal studies. Since fat composition ha...
It is an observational study of non alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) patients with a calculated sample size of 90. Liver biopsy proved NAFLD patients will be recruited in this study for 2 years follow-up. Patients will be assessed at baseline, at every six months for blood count, liver function test, fasting blood-glucose, fasting insulin, ferritin, liver ultrasonography, and liver stiffness.
The current project is designed as a 30-day pilot trial to demonstrate the safety and tolerability of resveratrol therapy in overweight adolescents to decrease liver fat, and improve insulin sensitivity to prevent type 2 diabetes.
The purpose of this study is to determine the effects of a low carbohydrate diet vs a low fat diet on improvement in aminotransferases, hepatic fat infiltration, markers of inflammation, insulin resistance, and body composition in obese adolescents with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD).
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease is the most common cause of chronic liver disease worldwide. It is defined as the accumulation of fat (>5%) in the liver cells in the absence of excessive alcohol intake or other causes of liver disease including viral, drug-induced, or autoimmune. Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease is a hepatic manifestation of metabolic syndrome.
In the recent years, research on brown adipose tissue (BAT) revealed that larger amounts as well as higher activity thereof are associated with a favourable metabolic phenotype. Longitudinal studies which applied recurrent cooling sessions demonstrated a high plasticity of BAT which significantly increased in size and activity during these studies. These changes were accompanied by improvements in body fat mass as well as insulin sensitivity. Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (...
Background: - Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease is the most common form of liver disease in the United States. It includes many conditions. Researchers want to study fatty liver disease by looking at people who have liver cirrhosis. They also want to look at people who are or were listed for liver transplants. Genetic studies may provide more information on the causes of these conditions. Objectives: - To study possible genetic causes of non-alcoholic fatty liver...
Assess the renal changes in patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver (NAFLD).
Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease: Role of Fatty Acid Composition and Gene Expression: A Pilot Study to Determine the Effect of Omega-3 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids From Fish Oil on Patients With Non-Alcoholic Steatohepatitis (NASH)
The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of Omega-3 Fish oil supplementation on hepatic gene expression in patients with Non Alcoholic Steatohepatitis (NASH)
This multi-center, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled study will evaluate the change in liver fat content, pharmacokinetics and safety of RO5093151 in patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. Patients will be randomized to receive either daily oral doses of RO5093151 or matching placebo. The anticipated time on study treatment is 12 weeks.
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has reached epidemic proportions and is rapidly becoming the one of most common causes of chronic liver disease in children. The pathogenesis of NAFLD is generally considered the result of a series of liver injuries, commonly referred as "multi-hit" hypothesis. Insulin resistance and increased serum levels of free fatty acids (FFAs) are considered the main primary hits that lead to the excessive lipid accumulation in hepatocytes resulti...
In Non-alcoholic fatty (NAFLD) liver disease patients, the investigators hypothesized that rifaximin might act on Gram-negative bacteria and IBO thereby inhibiting LPS-mediated proinflammatory cytokine production. This work evaluates the efficacy of 6 months administration of rifaximin in NAFLD patients.
The non-alcoholic fatty liver disease is increasing and associated with obesity, diabetes and hyperlipidemia in recent years. Aerobic exercise indeed reduces adipose, hepatic insulin resistance and hepatic fat. However, diaphragmatic breathing improves cardiopulmonary function, the oxygen content of the body and therefore reduces inflammation of cells. The aim of this study is to ameliorate hepatic inflammation by using diaphragmatic breathing exercises instead of aerobic exerc...
Aim: 1. To determine the prevalence of fatty liver in a cohort of patients hospitalized with chest pain in the Cardiology department. 2. To assess the effect of statins on the prevalence of fatty liver by a cross sectional survey of patients hospitalized with chest pain.
Obesity is a well-established risk factor for acute pancreatitis (AP). As for non-alcoholic fatty pancreas disease (NAFPD), it is evident that it is correlated with obesity. This is apparently the first study evaluating the association between NAFPD and severity of AP after taking into account several covariates.
The aim of the intervention is to gain insight into the long term effect of dietary fatty acid quality on insulin sensitivity and health parameters in healthy men. Whole body and peripheral insulin sensitivity were measured, together with analyses of plasma hormones and metabolites. The plasma proteome was also analyzed. Molecular adaptations in skeletal muscle and adipose tissue were subject for investigation. Furthermore, gut microbiota population number and diversity will b...
Clearly the effects of diet and exercise are beneficial for obese persons, but the underlying mechanisms for the improvements in metabolic health are not completely clear. Although mounting evidence suggests that alterations in lipid metabolism in persons with abdominal obesity are associated with a several medical complications, including diabetes, little is known about the factors responsible for this effect. The project in this application is designed to examine how the add...