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Clinical Trials About "Prevalence hypercholesterolemia Nigeria systematic review meta analysis" RSS

23:36 EST 20th February 2020 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Prevalence hypercholesterolemia Nigeria systematic review meta analysis" Clinical Trials 1–25 of 15,000+

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The Effect of Psyllium Fibre on LDL-C, Non-HDL-C, and Apolioprotein-B: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Serum cholesterol is a major modifiable risk factor for cardiovascular disease, which despite considerable reduction in prevalence, remains the leading cause of premature mortality worldwide. Although LDL-C continues to be recognized as the primary therapeutic target, accumulating evidence suggests that alternative lipid parameters, non-HDL-C and apoB, may provide predictive value beyond that of LDL-C alone, in most population categories. Numerous lifestyle strategies have been...


Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Cereal or Grain Consumption and Gastric Cancer

This project involved a systematic literature review of published trials of cereal or grain in relation to the risk of gastric cancer. Data was extracted from the publications on PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Library.A traditional meta-analysis, subgroup analysis, and heterogeneity was conducted on the extracted data.

Impact of a Limitation Section on the Meta-analysis Results' Interpretation

Objective: The investigators aim to evaluate the impact of a " limitations " section in systematic review's abstract on results' interpretation by readers. Design: Randomized ratio 1:1 controlled trial with two parallel arms. Participants will be invited to participate in an online survey. Participants: Eligible participants are corresponding authors of randomized controlled trial published between 2010 and 2012 and referenced in pubmed Intervention: The investigators ...


Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis on DCB vs. POBA in De-novo Femoropopliteal Disease

Restenosis is still an issue after endovascular revascularization for femoropopliteal occlusive disease. One approach to reduce the rates of restenosis and reintervention is local application of Paclitaxel with drug-coated balloon angioplasty. The purpose is to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized-controlled trials comparing on Drug-Coated Balloon angioplasty (DCB) vs. Plain Old Balloon Angioplasty (POBA) in de-novo femoropopliteal disease.

Effects of Soluble Fiber on Blood Pressure: A Meta-analysis of Randomly-controlled Trials

The present study conducted a meta-analysis of 22 randomly controlled trials to assess the effects of soluble fiber intake on blood pressure in human subjects. Using the Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Intervention, a systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted. Information regarding study methods, characteristics, mean BP and standard deviations were extracted The data from each study were pooled using a random effects model to estimate the effects of solubl...

Efficacy of Platelet-Rich Plasma Therapy for Androgenetic Alopecia: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

assess the literature on PRP outcomes for AGA, with a focus on specific clinical outcomes in a comparative view, in accordance with PRISMA statement for reporting this meta-analysis

Umbrella Review and Updated Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Pulses/Legumes and Incident Cardiometabolic Diseases

The European Association for the Study of Diabetes (EASD) guidelines have not made any specific recommendations regarding dietary pulses. To update the recommendations, the Diabetes and Nutrition Study Group (DNSG) of the EASD commissioned an umbrella review and updated systematic review and meta-analysis using the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) approach to summarize the available evidence from prospective cohort studies of the associ...

SPOT-FRAILTY Assessment of Frailty in Patients Over the Age of 70 Undergoing a Cardiac Intervention

Rocha (2017), published a systematic review and meta-analysis highlighting the clinical utility of frailty scales for the prediction of post-operative complications. The results of the review of 15 studies show that, overall, frailty significantly increases the risk for developing adverse outcomes such as, mortality, morbidity and extended length of hospital stay. However, different frailty scales showed different prevalence of frailty even when tested in the same population, w...

Meta Analysis of the Effect of a Low Glycemic Index Diet and Glycemic Load on Body Weight

A low glycemic index (GI) diet has been associated with improved glycemic control in type 2 diabetes patients and a reduced risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Low glycemic load (GL) diets have been associated in cohort studies with a reduction in both diabetes incidence and CVD events, especially in overweight individuals, and have been recommended by the Canadian, American and European diabetes associations. Life style modification trials have shown that reducing body weigh...

Contacting Authors to Retrieve Individual Patient Data

The objective of this study is to examine the impact of incentivizing authors of RCTs that are eligible for a systematic review and meta-analysis, versus usual contact strategies to obtain original IPD

The Effects of Early Life PUFA and R-TFA on AD: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

The purpose of this study is to evaluate whether early life natural exposure to fatty acid affects the AD risk.

Relevant

The Effect of Viscous Dietary Fibers on LDL-cholesterol

This systematic review and meta-analysis is aimed to assess the effect of commonly consumed viscous fibers on blood lipids including LDL-C, non-HDL-C, and ApoB.

A Study to Learn More About the Relationship Between the Development of a Gap in the Upper Lip (Cleft Lip) or in the Roof of the Mouth (Cleft Palate) in Newborns and the Use of Glucocorticoids by the Mother During Pregnancy: a Meta-analysis

Glucocorticoids are drugs that have many effects on body metabolism, raise sugar level in the blood, and reduce inflammation. By applying a statistical technique for combining the findings from a systematic literature review (meta analysis), researchers want to learn more about the relationship of the risk to develop a separation in the roof of the mouth (cleft palate) in newborns and contact with glucocorticoids during pregnancy.

Complement-activating Anti-human Leucocyte Antigen Donor Specific Antibodies in Solid Organ Transplantation

This project will involve a systematic literature review and meta-analysis of studies assessing the impact of complement-activating anti-Human Leukocyte Antigen (HLA) donor specific antibodies (DSA) on the allograft survival rate and on the rejection rate. This meta-analysis will assess the role of complement activating anti-HLA DSAs across the entire transplant field including kidney, liver, lung and heart transplant recipient's studies.

Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Liquid Versus Solid Calories and Body Weight

Consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) has been linked to rising rates of overweight and obesity. The most prominent mechanism to explain the link between SSBs and obesity is that liquid calories are not perceived by the body; thereby, promoting less satiety, less energy compensation and more weight gain than does the same energy consumed in solid form. This view is supported by pooled analyses of acute preload trials that have primarily measured food intake as the out...

Meta-analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials on Vitamins and Mineral Supplementation for CVD Prevention and Treatment

The use of vitamin and mineral supplementation has historically been to treat and prevent micronutrient deficiencies. In recent years, however, and with their widespread use, the interest has shifted toward a possible role in the prevention and treatment of chronic diseases. The investigators will review and perform meta-analyses of vitamin and mineral supplementation trials in relation to cardiovascular disease. Publications from 2012, both before and including the US Preventi...

Umbrella Review of the DASH Dietary Pattern and Cardiometabolic Risk

The European Association for the Study of Diabetes (EASD) guidelines have not made any specific recommendations regarding the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet, a dietary pattern that emphasizes fruits and vegetables, low-fat or non-fat dairy, limiting saturated fat intake and usually also recommends limiting sodium intake. To update the recommendations, the Diabetes and Nutrition Study Group (DNSG) of the EASD commissioned an umbrella review of systematic rev...

Meta-analysis of the Portfolio Dietary Pattern and Cardiometabolic Risk

The European Association for the Study of Diabetes (EASD) guidelines have not made any specific recommendations regarding the Portfolio diet, a dietary pattern that includes nuts, viscous fibre, plant protein, and plant sterols. To update the recommendations, the Diabetes and Nutrition Study Group (DNSG) of the EASD commissioned a systematic review and meta-analysis using the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) approach to summarize the av...

Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of the Differential Effects of DHA and EPA on Inflammation

According to the World Health Organization, cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are the number 1 cause of death globally. Systemic and local tissue inflammation is now recognized as a key etiological process leading to CVD. Hence, elevated blood levels of inflammation markers are classified among the well-established risk factors for the development of CVD. Among nutritional strategies to prevent and/or reduce chronic inflammation, long-chain omega 3 PUFA (LCn-3PUFA), notably eicosa...

Meta-analysis of Fruit and Vegetable Sources and Cardiovascular Outcomes

Fruit and vegetables are a cornerstone of healthy dietary patterns and dietary guidelines worldwide. The supporting evidence, however, is largely derived from observational studies of protective associations with cardiovascular disease (CVD) in health-conscious populations or from randomized trials of the effect of specific fruit or vegetable derived nutrients on CVD risk factors. A growing body of literature has influenced a shift away from a focus on single nutrients to a foc...

Meta-analysis of Low-calorie Sweetened Beverages and Cardiometabolic Outcomes

We propose to conduct a systematic literature review and meta-analysis to assess the association of low-calorie sweetened beverages (LCSBs) on cardiometabolic outcomes in prospective cohort studies. We will be using methodological approaches (change in LCSBs intake, and/or substitution analysis) that attempt to overcome the issue of reverse causality associated with studies of LCSBs and cardiometabolic disease. Ten cardiometabolic outcomes will be assessed: 1. Global a...

Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of the Effect of Food Sources of Sugars on Cardiometabolic Risk Factors

Fructose-containing sugars have been implicated in the epidemics of obesity, diabetes and related cardiometabolic disorders. This view is supported by lower quality evidence from ecological observations, animal models, and select human trials. Higher level evidence from controlled trials and prospective cohort studies have been inconclusive. Whether sugars contribute to cardiometabolic complications independent of their calories remains unclear. To address the uncertainties, th...

Using a Systematic Review in Clinical Decision Making: a Pilot Parallel, Randomized Controlled Trial

The purpose of this pilot study is to determine the feasibility of running a full-scale trial that compares two formats of a shortened systematic review to a full-length systematic review to be used in clinical decision-making.

Meta-analysis of Sources of Fructose-containing Sugars With Diabetes and Cardiometabolic Diseases

There is an urgent need for stronger evidence to support recommendations for the role of sugars in diabetes and related cardiometabolic diseases. Although large prospective cohort studies have shown a significant positive association of fructose-containing sugars-sweetened beverages with incident obesity, diabetes, heart disease, and stroke, these associations do not appear to hold true for total fructose-containing sugars and other important sources of free fructose-containing...

Electronic Cigarette and Surgery (ECigarSurg)

Since decades, literature has shown that smoking has negative effect on postoperative outcome. Recent systematic review and meta-analysis on clinical impact of smoking and smoking cessation showed that postoperative healing complications occur more often in smokers compared with nonsmokers. The use of electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) is spreading through the world. Despite this fact, the health risk assessment studies on e-cigarette are limited and scientific evidences ...


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