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We list hundreds of Clinical Trials about "Radiation Rectal Cancer" on BioPortfolio. We draw our references from global clinical trials data listed on ClinicalTrials.gov and refresh our database daily.
We have published hundreds of Radiation Rectal Cancer news stories on BioPortfolio along with dozens of Radiation Rectal Cancer Clinical Trials and PubMed Articles about Radiation Rectal Cancer for you to read. In addition to the medical data, news and clinical trials, BioPortfolio also has a large collection of Radiation Rectal Cancer Companies in our database. You can also find out about relevant Radiation Rectal Cancer Drugs and Medications on this site too.
RATIONALE: Preoperative 5-Fu based chemoradiation has become standard treatment for stage 2/3 rectal cancer. However whether these patients, especially T3N0-1M0 patients, really need radiation for local control after total mesentery excision being applied in routine practice is still unknown. And whether new drugs adding in can achieve better local and distant control is worth investigating. PURPOSE: This randomized phase II trial is studying 5Fu based radiation therapy or FOL...
The standard treatment for rectal cancer is to receive the chemotherapeutic drug 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) with radiation therapy before having surgery to remove the rectal cancer. This is known as neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy. The purpose of this research study is to determine if Cetuximab improves the benefits of neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy when given with 5-FU and radiation therapy. The epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor, which is found in rectal cancer, is a specific ...
The purpose of this study was to research on the safety and feasibility of ISR combined with low energy X ray intra-operative radiotherapy for the patients with local advanced rectal cancer.
RATIONALE: Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to damage tumor cells. Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. It is not yet known whether giving radiation therapy before surgery is more effective than giving chemotherapy plus radiation therapy after surgery in treating patients with rectal cancer. PURPOSE: This randomized phase III trial is studying radiation therapy given before surgery to see ho...
The purpose of this study is to find out what effects, good and/or bad, the combination of the study drug, capecitabine, and radiation have on you and your cancer. Capecitabine, radiation, and the study drug kill cancer cells in different ways. Giving these treatments together may make your cancer shrink or slow down its growth more than it would if you got treated with capecitabine and radiation alone. This is a Phase I drug study of ganetespib given together with capecitabin...
RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to damage tumor cells. It is not yet known which treatment regimen is more effective for rectal cancer. PURPOSE: Randomized phase III trial to compare the effectiveness of different regimens of combination chemotherapy plus radiation therapy in treating patients who have rectal cancer that has been surgically removed.
To analyse the effects of radiation therapy on inflammation and matrilysin levels in rectal cancer patients.
This study will investigate short course radiation therapy using IMRT as an alternative to standard chemo radiation because prior studies have shown that this method of treatment will potentially reduce some fo the side effects of standard treatment, improve quality of life, and help to control the growth of rectal cancer cells. IMRT is a type of radiation that uses computer-generated images to match radiation to the size and shape of the tumor. Since the intensity of each ra...
This phase II study will evaluate the effect of bevacizumab, capecitabine and oxaliplatin with radiation on rectal cancer. Researchers will also evaluate the tolerability (how it makes the patient feel) and safety of this combination by watching for harmful side-effects.It is hoped that by adding bevacizumab to the capecitabine/oxaliplatin treatment in combination with radiation before surgery will improve response rate.
This study is being done to look at the safety and response to the investigational drug durvalumab (MEDI4736) following chemo-radiation therapy for patients with MSS stage II to IV rectal cancer. Durvalumab recognizes specific proteins on the surface of cancer cells and triggers the immune system to destroy the cancer cells. The chemoRT portion of the treatment will be completed just before the course of durvalumab is initiated. In order to learn more about certain characteris...
This phase II trial will investigate the combination of adjuvant 5-fluorouracil, radiation, and bevacizumab in patients with stage II and III rectal cancer, followed by FOLFOX6 and bevacizumab. Fluorouracil (FU) has proven to be an effective and safe regimen in the treatment of stage II and III rectal cancer. Recent evidence has proven fluorouracil/leucovorin (FL) in combination with bevacizumab is superior to FL alone and when combined with irinotecan is superior to (irinotec...
Traditional transrectal ultrasound (TRUS) is a technique used to help determine the stage of rectal cancer. All patients at Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center with rectal cancer have an ultrasound at the beginning of their treatment to accurately determine the depth of penetration (how deep into the rectal wall the tumor goes) and lymph node involvement of their tumor. This information helps determine the best way to treat the patient's disease. Three-dimensional TRUS (3-D ...
To study the application of Intersphincteric Resection（ISR）combined with intraoperative radiation therapy(IORT) for ultra-low rectal cancer,and to broaden the surgical indications of Intersphincteric Resection（ISR. The study is aimed to assess the postoperative acute complication and the short-term acute efficacy on the patients with middle and low rectal cancer by treated with intraoperative radiotherapy,especially those with peritoneal inversion rectal cancer.
This research study is designed to see if Capecitabine and Lenvatinib in combination with external radiation therapy are effective in treating locally advanced rectal adenocarcinoma in patients who have not yet had surgery, and what the best dosage is.
The goal of this clinical research study is to learn if combining a curcumin preparation with standard radiation therapy and chemotherapy (capecitabine) can help to shrink or slow the growth of rectal cancer. The safety of this combination and whether curcumin can help to decrease some of the side effects of standard radiotherapy and chemotherapy will also be studied.
RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to damage tumor cells. Combining surgery with chemotherapy and radiation therapy may kill more tumor cells and prevent recurrence of the cancer. PURPOSE: Phase II trial to study the effectiveness of surgery with or without chemotherapy and radiation therapy in treating patients who have stage I rectal cancer.
The aim of this study is to investigate how bacteria and fibre interact with the epithelial cells of the gastrointestinal mucosa to reduce inflammation and to diminish tissue damage caused by radiation therapy to patients diagnosed with rectal cancer.
The purpose of this study is to see how CT virtual proctoscopy compares to an ultrasound exam of the rectal area in determining the stage of rectal cancer for people recently diagnosed with rectal cancer. This study will also compare tumor volume before and after neoadjuvant therapy using CT virtual proctoscopy, with the ultrasound exam as a comparison. Neoadjuvant therapy consists of chemotherapy and radiation therapy. Neoadjuvant chemoradiation therapy is done before surgery ...
The aim of this prospective observational cohort study is to provide short and long term oncological and functional outcome data on organ preserving treatment in good responders after a standard indication for neoadjuvant (chemo)radiation for rectal cancer.
RATIONALE: Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to kill tumor cells. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as fluorouracil and leucovorin, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Giving radiation therapy and chemotherapy before surgery may make the tumor smaller and reduce the amount of normal tissue that needs to be removed. Giving chemotherapy after surgery may kill any tumor cells that remain af...
There is no established standard preoperative treatment in rectal cancer. Two large randomized studies in North America closed from lack of accrual; therefore the only method of assessing preoperative treatment in rectal cancer is from Phase II studies. This study builds on the experience at PMH gained in two previous studies which demonstrated a lower than expected toxicity with concurrent 5FU infusion and external radiotherapy. The current standard at PMH is preoperative radi...
This phase I trial studies the side effects and best dose of trametinib when given together with fluorouracil and radiation therapy before surgery in treating patients with stage II-III rectal cancer. Trametinib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as fluorouracil, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Radiatio...
In this research study of metabolic imaging in locally advanced rectal cancer, we hope to learn whether new medical imaging technology can help predict the response of rectal cancer to preoperative chemotherapy and radiation therapy. Ultimately we hope this information will in the future help us predict which patients will benefit from more or less aggressive initial therapy for their rectal cancer.
The purpose of this study is the increase of resection rate of primary cancer in rectal after short course radiotherapy without interrupt chemotherapy schedule during the period of chemotherapy. Radiation therapy is followed by additional chemotherapy to prevent the progression of systemic metastasis, and to reduce the incidence of rectal carcinoma including metastasis.
The purpose of this study is to investigate if operation and permanent stoma can be omitted in patients with cancer in the lower part of the rectum.