Clinical Trials About "Radioiodine Radioiodine Graves Disease" RSS

01:02 EST 17th December 2018 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Radioiodine Radioiodine Graves Disease" Clinical Trials 1–25 of 16,000+

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Comparison of Different Doses of 131I in Severe Graves' Hyperthyroidism

The purpose of this study is to determine whether higher doses of radioiodine increase treatment efficacy in severe Graves' disease.

Low-dose Radioiodine Ablation in Graves' Disease

Graves' orbitopathy (GO) is an autoimmune condition almost always associated with autoimmune thyroid disease, especially Graves' disease (GD). According to the most widely accepted model, the autoantigen/s responsible for GO would include molecules expressed by thyroid epithelial cells that are present also in orbital tissues. The high likelihood that the etiologies of GO and of the underlying autoimmune thyroid diseases are somehow linked is confirmed by the very close relatio...

K1-70 - A Study in Subjects With Graves' Disease

This study is the first time that K1-70 will be administered to humans. The principal aim of this study is to obtain safety and tolerability data when K1-70 is administered as an IM injection to subjects with Graves' disease. Current therapy for Graves' disease includes treatment with anti-thyroid drugs, destruction of the thyroid using radioiodine, or total surgical thyroidectomy. Beta-blockers and calcium antagonists may be used to control some of the symptoms of hyperthyroi...

Comparison of the Safety and Successful Ablation of Thyroid Remnant in Post-thyroidectomized Euthyroid Patients (i.e. Patients Administered Thyrogen) Versus Hypothyroid Patients (no Thyrogen) Following 131I Administration

This study was conducted in patients with differentiated thyroid cancer who had undergone near-total thyroidectomy. After surgery patients were randomized to one of two methods of performing thyroid remnant ablation (use of radioiodine to remove any remaining thyroid tissue). One group of patients who took thyroid hormone medicine and were euthyroid [i.e. their thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) levels are normal], and received injections of Thyrogen (0.9 mg daily on two conse...

Follow up for Patients With Thyroid Cancer Planed for Radioiodine Scan or Treatment

The prevalence of thyroid cancer has increased in recent decades. Patients with thyroid cancer need to choose between Thyrogen® injection and Eltroxin® withdrawal before radioiodine therapy or scan. This is a prospective, observational study, aiming to observe the difference of metabolic profiles between patients choose Thyrogen® injection and Eltroxin® withdrawal.

Lesion Dosimetry With Iodine-124 in Metastatic Thyroid Carcinoma

The purpose of this study is to evaluate a new diagnostic imaging test, positron emission tomography (PET), with a different radioactive form of iodine called iodine-124. This form is able to accurately measure the amount of radioactive iodine uptake in the cancer. If the new test determines sufficient radioiodine uptake in the cancer, treatment will continue as usual. However, if the new test shows only low radioiodine uptake, a decision may be made that the benefit from radio...

Antithyroid Drugs During Radioiodine Therapy

Background: The use of radioactive iodine (131I) therapy as the definite cure of hyperthyroidism is widespread. According to a survey on the management of Graves’ disease, thirty per cent of physicians prefer to render their patients euthyroid by antithyroid drugs (ATD) prior to 131I therapy. This strategy is presumably chosen to avoid 131I induced ‘thyroid storm’, which, however, is rarely encountered. Several studies have consistently shown that patients who are treated...

Sorafenib as Adjuvant to Radioiodine Therapy in Non-Medullary Thyroid Carcinoma

The purpose of this study is to assess whether therapy with Sorafenib reinduces radioiodine uptake in thyroid carcinoma.

Block-Replacement Therapy During Radioiodine Therapy

Background: The use of radioactive iodine (131I) therapy as the definite cure of hyperthyroidism is widespread. According to a survey on the management of Graves’ disease, thirty per cent of physicians prefer to render their patients euthyroid by antithyroid drugs (ATD) prior to 131I therapy. This strategy is presumably chosen to avoid 131I induced ‘thyroid storm’, which, however, is rarely encountered. Several studies have consistently shown that patients who are treate...

OnT4-Thyroglobulin Assay Before rhTSH-Aided Radioiodine Ablation

Thyroidectomy followed by administration of large activities of 131-iodine (131I) is the treatment of choice for differentiated thyroid carcinoma (DTC). The serum thyroglobulin (Tg) measurement during hypothyroidism (offT4-Tg), just before radioiodine thyroid ablation, has proved to be effective for predicting persistent/recurrent disease. However, the Tg measurement cannot be used as a corresponding value for preablative offT4-Tg when rhTSH is used as stimulous before treatme...

BRAF V600E and Redifferentiation Therapy in Radioiodine-refractory Papillary Thyroid Cancer

Papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) is the most common neoplasia in the thyroid gland. The combination of surgery, followed by radioiodine therapy (RIT) and thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) suppressive therapy is usually a curative option for differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC). Although DTC has a good prognosis generally, it is problematic when dedifferentiation is suspected and radioiodine refractoriness presumed. One possible therapy option for redifferentiation is the pretreatm...

A Trial of Lenvatinib (E7080) in Radioiodine (131 I)-Refractory Differentiated Thyroid Cancer in China

The primary purpose of this study is to compare the progression-free survival (PFS) of participants with radioiodine (131 I)-refractory differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) and radiographic evidence of disease progression within the prior 12 months treated with lenvatinib 24 mg by continuous once daily (QD) oral dosing versus placebo.

Does Radioiodine Treatment Prevent Atrial Fibrillation and Bone Loss in Endogenous Subclinical Hyperthyroidism?

Subclinical hyperthyroidism is defined as the presence of serum free thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3) levels within the reference range and a reduced serum thyrotrophin (TSH) level. Evidence is accumulating that it has important clinical effects. The SUBstudy is a randomised, Dutch multicenter trial to study whether radioiodine treatment prevents the development of atrial fibrillation and prevents decreases in bone mineral density in patients with endogenous subclinical...

An Expanded Access Program With Lenvatinib for the Treatment of Radioiodine-Refractory Differentiated Thyroid Cancer

This Expanded Access Program (EAP) consists of a Prerandomization Phase and a Randomization Phase. Only subjects with radioiodine-refractory DTC who fulfill the eligibility criteria will be treated. These subjects will be treated until progression of disease or unacceptable toxicity.

rhTSH, Thyroid Size, and Radioiodine Therapy in Benign Goiter

The trials in this protocol deals with the effect of pretreatment with rhTSH on radioiodine treatment of thyroid size and function, in patients with nontoxic and toxic nodular goiter. It is an introduction of a novel principle, based on prospective, randomized double blind investigations. Attached to this, we investigate the acute effects of rhTSH on thyroid size (measured by ultrasonography), both in healthy individuals and in patients with nontoxic nodular goiter. Thus, the i...

Graves' Orbitopathy and Hypercholesterolemia

The investigators have recently observed retrospectively that the occurrence of Graves' Orbitopathy in patients with Graves' disease is less frequent in patients with normal cholesterol levels, in line with another recent observation suggesting that statins play a protective role in Graves' patients from developing Graves' Orbitopathy. The present study is designed in order to investigate the possible association between Graves' Orbitopathy and high cholesterol level.

A New Study to Follow-up Thyroid Cancer Patients Who Participated in a Previous Study, Which Compared the Success of Destruction of the Thyroid Remnant Using Standard Treatment or Thyrogen.

Patients diagnosed with thyroid cancer are commonly treated with surgery to remove their thyroid gland followed by radioiodine ablation to destroy any remaining parts of the thyroid gland that may have been missed during surgery. It is thought that ablation with radioiodine destroys normal remaining thyroid tissue as well as cancerous cells either in the thyroid area or at other sites. Following successful treatment, patients are then monitored by their physicians at regular ...

Anti-insulin-like Growth Factor-1 Receptor (IGF-1R) Antibodies in Graves' Disease and Graves' Orbitopathy

The study is aimed at assessing IGF-1R-Abs in patients with Graves' disease, with or without GO, compared with healthy subjects and patients with autoimmune thyroiditis in a cross-sectional investigation.

Study to Determine the Dose, the Safety and Effectiveness of a New Drug, Modified Release rhTSH, in Patients With Multinodular Goiter

The purpose of this study is to determine the safety and effectiveness of 2 different doses of modified-release recombinant human thyroid stimulating hormone (MRrhTSH) when administered with radioiodine in patients with multinodular goiter, a condition that involves the enlargement of the thyroid gland. We will also evaluate the safety and effectiveness of radioiodine therapy alone in these patients. The goal of the treatment is to determine if there was a reduction in the si...

Study of the Efficacy of Lenvatinib Combined With Denosumab in the Treatment of Patients With Predominant Bone Metastatic Radioiodine Refractory Differentiated Thyroid Carcinomas

This study evaluates the combination of lenvatinib with denosumab in bone-predominant metastatic Radioiodine Refractory Differentiated Thyroid Carcinomas. All patients will receive this combination of treatments.

A Study of Cabozantinib Compared With Placebo in Subjects With Radioiodine-refractory Differentiated Thyroid Cancer Who Have Progressed After Prior VEGFR-targeted Therapy

The objective of this study is to evaluate the effect of cabozantinib compared with placebo on progression free survival (PFS) and objective response rate (ORR) in subjects with Radioiodine-Refractory Differentiated Thyroid Cancer (DTC) who have progressed after prior VEGFR-Targeted therapy.

Effects of Statins in Graves' Orbitopathy (GO) in Hypercholesterolemic Patients

Graves' orbitopathy (GO) is the most common extra-thyroidal manifestation of Graves' disease (GD), being observed in ~25% of patients. Besides genetic and demographical variables, risk factors associated with the development of GO in GD patients are known to be inadequate control of hyperthyroidism, radioiodine treatment, and smoking. In a large retrospective study conducted in more than 8,000 individuals with GD it was observed that treatment with 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-co...

Genetic Polymorphisms Associated With Cigarette Smoking and Risk of Graves’ Disease

Cigarette smoking is a well-recognized risk factor of Graves’ disease and, particularly, Graves’ ophthalmopathy. Hence, germline polymorphisms of detoxification genes and genes belonging to the major DNA repair/apoptosis pathways might have an important role in disease susceptibility. In addition, as some of these genes are regulated by thyroid hormones, they could affect the outcome of these patients. Our objective was to assess the influence of the GST, CYP and TP53 gene ...

Gemcitabine - Oxaliplatin for Advanced Refractory Thyroid Cancer Patients: a Phase II Study

Radioiodine refractory differentiated thyroid cancer is a rare tumor and therapeutic options are limited in this setting. Molecular targeted therapies have recently been developed for progressive disease and demonstrated clinical activity, especially with anti-angiogenic agents. For patients with contra-indication to these agents or in case of progression or toxicity during treatment, chemotherapy is usually proposed but this strategy has not been validated by prospectiv...

Remission Induction and Sustenance in Graves' Disease 2

ATD therapy for Graves' disease is one of the commonly used options for therapy of the hyperthyroidism. The investigators study how to optimally keep patients in remission.

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