Clinical Trials About "Regulation muscle atrophy microRNAs AtromiRs potential target cachexia" RSS

02:08 EDT 22nd March 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Regulation muscle atrophy microRNAs AtromiRs potential target cachexia" Clinical Trials 1–25 of 14,000+

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Vitamin D for Muscle Metabolic Function in Cancer Cachexia

The proposed study is aimed at examining mitochondrial function as a potential target of action of vitamin D on muscle metabolism, size, and strength in preventing the progression of cachexia. This is the first clinical trial designed to understand the effects of vitamin D on muscle metabolic dynamics driving dysfunction in cachectic muscle. Our preliminary data suggest that vitamin D promotes lipid partitioning and muscle metabolic function, which the investigators hypothesize...

The Role of the Muscle-nervous System Interface in Cancer Cachexia

Sarcopenia is an important component of cachexia associated with cancer, and their high incidence in cancer patients emphasizes the need for a better understanding of its mechanisms, which can result in better therapeutic interventions to reverse this situation and improve the prognosis. Our hypothesis is that the plasma concentration of IL-6 and c-terminal agrin is directly correlated with the loss of muscle mass and development of cachexia.

Skeletal Muscle Expression of Myostatin and Colon Cancer Associated Cachexia

Cancer cachexia is responsible for the death of approximately 20% of patients. Myostatin is a master negative regulator of skeletal muscle mass. If the role of myostatin in cancer cachexia is now well established in murine models, no study has focused on muscle expression of Myostatin in relation to the degree of cachexia. the hypothesize is that muscle Myostatin a biological marker of cachexia in patients with colon cancer. The main objective is to compare skeletal muscle Myos...

Impact of COPD on Muscle Regeneration

Muscle weakness and atrophy are important consequences of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and can affect both respiratory and peripheral muscles. Impaired muscle regeneration is thought to be implicated in the process of muscle atrophy. In this study the investigators will evaluate muscle regenerative potential of the Vastus Lateralis (VL) and diaphragm of patients with COPD, compared to patients with normal lung function.

Influence of Muscular Atrophy on Biological and Functional Benefit of Respiratory Rehabilitation in Patients With Chronic Respiratory Failure

The prevalence of chronic respiratory failure (CRF) is increasing worldwide and will become the 3rd cause of death by 2020. At the stage of the disease requiring ventilatory assistance, this relates to 50,000 patients in France, life expectancy is very limited, and quality of life is poor. CRF led to a reduction in muscle mass, which is found in 35 and 55% of patients, in some to a profound cachexia. A reduced fat free mass (FFM) is a factor associated with a poor tolera...


Study of GTx-024 on Muscle Wasting (Cachexia) Cancer.

The purpose of this study is to assess if Gtx-024 is effective in increasing lean body mass in subjects with muscle wasting related to cancer.

n3 PUFA and Muscle-disuse Atrophy in Older Women

This study will examine the influence of n3 PUFA supplementation on the rate of muscle atrophy in older women undergoing 1 week of unilateral limb immobilization. Assessments in skeletal muscle strength and skeletal muscle volume will also me made before, after and in recovery from immobilization.

Redox Regulation of Satellite Cells and Skeletal Muscle Healing

Skeletal muscle stem cells (Satellite cells) are indispensable for muscle growth and remodeling following myofibril damage. Skeletal muscle trauma is present in numerous catabolic conditions, characterized by elevated proteolysis and muscle wasting such as, cancer cachexia and muscular dystrophy, which result in physical capacity impairment and a deteriorated quality of life. Recent studies performed in animals and cell cultures indicate that the increased levels of inflammatio...

Protein Ingestion and Skeletal Muscle Atrophy

The effect of different protein intakes on skeletal muscle atrophy during short term unilateral leg immobilisation.

Muscle Atrophy in Sepsis

Severe sepsis will provoke signals leading to muscle atrophy and weakness. Electrical stimulation will reduce the impact of sepsis.

Strength Training for Skeletal Muscle Adaptation After Stroke

Chronically disabled stroke survivors experience accelerated skeletal muscle atrophy and other detrimental changes to muscle and surrounding tissues on the paretic side. This unilateral tissue-level damage contributes to worsening disability and insulin resistance. This VA Merit Award will advance our understanding of the potential for strength training (ST) to reverse stroke-related muscle abnormalities to improve metabolic health, strength, and function. It will be the first ...

Quantifying Quadriceps Atrophy Following Tibial Plateau Fracture

This study will quantify and examine the extent to which the quadriceps femoris muscle group atrophies following tibial plateau fractures and the length of time that atrophy affects function. The study will also look at the effects of tibial plateau fractures on the quadriceps muscle and the effect this atrophy has on functional outcome. Quadriceps atrophy will be measured both clinically and by using MRI scans taken pre-operatively, 3 months post operatively, and 1 year post-o...

Timecourse of Muscle Atrophy

The effect of unilateral lower limb immobilisation over one week on muscle atrophy

Pilot Study of Safety and Tolerability of Nutrifriend Cachexia in NSCLC Cachexia

SF-C002 is a pilot study in patients with newly diagnosed NSCLC suffering from involuntary weight loss. The study is 12 weeks, double-blinded, placebo controlled and the main objective is to study the safety and tolerability of Nutrifriend Cachexia.

MRI in Patients With Kennedy Disease

Kennedy disease is an inherited neuromuscular disorder that is characterized by progressive muscle wasting and weakness. It typically starts with muscle spasms and tremors in the arms, followed by muscle weakness and atrophy of muscles in the arms and legs. The facial and bulbar muscles are also involved. However, the muscle involvement pattern has not been investigated systemically in Kennedy disease. The primary aim of the study is to investigate the muscle involvement in pa...

Protein in Feeding Strategies to Accelerate Muscle Recovery From ACL Reconstruction

Musculoskeletal injury, particularly injuries requiring surgical repair, induce significant muscle atrophy, resulting in diminished physical function. The protein turnover-associated (diminished protein synthesis, elevated protein breakdown, negative net muscle protein balance) etiology of injury and surgical-induced atrophy are, in part, similar to those observed with muscle wasting induced by hyper-catabolic and inflammatory conditions and prolonged periods of skeletal muscle...

Retrospective Review of Palliative Care Patients With Cachexia: 2002-2013

The objective is to perform a retrospective chart review of patients with cachexia related to cancer in patients treated in the palliative care clinic at Parkland Memorial Hospital to evaluate the prognosis and practice patterns in management of cachexia and associated symptoms.

Circulating microRNAs as Disease Markers in Pediatric Cancers

MicroRNAs are small molecules which have recently been discovered in cells. They are known to be responsible for the normal development of cells and when they are disrupted can contribute to the development of cancer. Many previous studies have been done evaluating the expression of microRNAs in normal tissues as well as a wide variety of cancers. Recently, microRNAs from tumor cells have been detected circulating in the blood of patients with cancer. This presents a novel ...

E-Stim and Achilles Tendon Repair Study

Calf muscle atrophy (muscle degeneration) is common following Achilles tendon repair due to the immobilization period necessary to ensure optimal healing. The purpose of this study is to determine if the use of neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) after Achilles tendon surgery will reduce calf muscle atrophy.

Potential Diagnostic and Prognostic Value of microRNAs for the Patients of Sepsis-induced Myocardial Injury

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the potential diagnostic and prognosis value of circulating microRNAs compared with cTnI for the patients of sepsis-induced myocardial injury at the emergency department (ED) and intensive care unit (ICU).

Effects of WB-EMS and Specific Dietary Supplements on Cancer Patients

Patients suffering from cancer often experience a loss of muscle mass and strength during disease and its therapy. Muscle wasting is the main characteristic of the so-called cancer cachexia syndrome and responsible for many therapy-related complications and a poorer prognosis of the patient. Stabilizing muscle mass should therefore be a great goal in cancer care. Physical exercise and nutrition are promising measures to combat cancer-related muscle atrophy but conventional exer...

The Regulation of Human Skeletal Muscle Mass by Contractile Perturbation

It is well known that periods of weight training lead to increases in skeletal muscle size and strength. In contrast, periods of inactivity such as bed rest or immobilization result in losses of skeletal muscle size and strength. However, individuals experience variable magnitudes of muscle size change in response to changes in mechanical tension, such that certain individuals experience large changes in muscle mass whereas others do not. What is not currently known, and will b...

The Role of Muscle Cachexia in Pancreatic Cancer

The relationship between myopenia, nutritional status, and long-term oncologic outcomes remains poorly characterized in patients with anatomically resectable pancreatic cancer (PC). The investigators want to look at muscle properties in pancreatic cancer patients to determine possible therapeutic options toward better nutritional status. Patients with benign right upper quadrant pathology will be utilized as controls for the study. The researchers hypothesize that improving ca...

Influence of Motor Proteins on Muscle Atrophy in Cancer Patients

The aim of the study is to investigate the effect of exercise in form of whole-body electromyostimulation (WB-EMS) on early tumor-induced muscular dysfunction. It is anticipated to gain detailed knowledge about composition and metabolism of skeletal muscle cells, and single muscle fiber functionality. To determine key factors leading to impaired force generation and thus decreased muscle strength in cancer patients who are suspected to develop or already show early signs of tum...

Pilot Project for Cardiopulmonary and Functional Evaluation in Patients With Pancreatic Cancer Associated Cachexia

Cachexia is a systemic catabolic syndrome with apparent effect on skeletal muscles, tolerance to chemotherapy, early toxicity and quality of life; however, its effect on cardiopulmonary function is not well understood. Preclinical studies demonstrated diaphragmatic muscle wasting(29) and left ventricular wasting and fibrosis associated with mouse cachexia models.(40) Many patients, who experience cancer cachexia, describe a generalized debility and a sense of breathlessness(41)...

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