Clinical Trials About "Standard long lasting insecticidal Chlorfenapyr insecticide treated Piperonyl" RSS

12:06 EST 10th December 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Standard long lasting insecticidal Chlorfenapyr insecticide treated Piperonyl" Clinical Trials 1–25 of 32,000+

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Efficacy of Three Novel Bi-treated Long Lasting Insecticidal Nets

The massive scale-up of Long Lasting Insecticidal Nets (LLIN) has led to a major reduction in malaria burden (up to 50%) in many sub-Saharan African countries. This progress is threatened by the wide scale selection of insecticide resistant malaria vectors. New types of LLIN combining a mixture of two insecticides or an insecticide and a synergist have been developed to control resistant mosquitoes. The efficacy of three bi-treated LLIN are compared to a standard LLIN in a fou...

Estimating the Malaria Prevention Impact of New Nets: Observational Analyses to Evaluate the Evidence Generated During Piloted New Net Distributions in Burkina Faso

The use of insecticide-treated bed nets (ITN) has contributed to the substantial reduction in malaria cases and deaths. This progress is threatened by increasing resistance commonly used insecticides in mosquito populations. Newly developed, next-generation ITNs using two insecticides or an insecticide synergist and an insecticide are effective against resistant mosquitoes, but large-scale uptake of these nets has been slow due to higher costs and lack of enough evidence to sup...

Efficacy of Two Dual Active Ingredient Long Lasting Insecticidal Nets for Control of Malaria Transmitted by Pyrethroid Resistant Vectors in Benin

The massive scale-up of Long Lasting Insecticidal Nets (LLIN) has led to a major reduction in malaria burden (up to 50%) in many sub-Saharan African countries. This progress is threatened by the wide scale selection of insecticide resistant malaria vectors. New types of LLIN combining a mixture of two insecticides have been developed to control resistant mosquitoes. The efficacy of two bi-treated LLIN are compared to a standard LLIN in a three-arm, single blinded, cluster-rand...

Effect of a Combined Use of Mosquito Repellent and Insecticide Treated Net on Malaria in Ethiopia

The combined use of a mosquito repellent and long lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs) by household members would result in a 40% reduction in malaria prevalence compared with households that only use LLINs.

Effectiveness Study of New Generation Bednets in the Context of Conventional Insecticide Resistance in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

Despite the mass distribution of LLINs (long-lasting insecticidal nets) as a Malaria control strategy, populations are still continuously exposed to a high frequency of malarial inoculation in some countries. The situation can be explained by a swift increase in the resistance of Anopheles to common insecticides. To preserve the gains of insecticides and improve their effectiveness, a new generation of bednets treated with piperonyl butoxide combination insectides have emerged....

Insecticide Resistance Management in Burkina Faso and Côte d'Ivoire

This study evaluates the benefit to use 1) insecticidal paints, 2) larvicides, 3) Ivermectin for both human and domestic animals and 4) strengthened Information, Education and Communication (IEC) strategy to complement the universal coverage with LLINs through a cluster randomized trial.

HS#2017-3512, Adaptive Interventions for Optimizing Malaria Control: A Cluster-Randomized SMART Trial

In the past decade, massive scale-up of long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs) and indoor residual spraying (IRS) have led to significant reductions in malaria mortality and morbidity. Nonetheless, malaria burden remains high, and a dozen countries in Africa show a trend of increasing malaria incidence over the past several years. The high malaria burden in many areas of Africa underscores the need to improve the effectiveness of intervention tools by optimizing first-line inte...

Cost-effectiveness Evaluation of Vector Control Strategies in Mozambique

This study aims to provide National Malaria Control Programs (NMCP), international donors and other key stake holders with clear evidence on the impact and cost-effectiveness of using indoor residual spraying (IRS) with a non-pyrethroid insecticide in a high transmission area that has universal long-lasting insecticidal net (LLIN) coverage. The district of Mopeia, in the province of Zambezia, Mozambique will be the study site. This is a high transmission area with a malaria pa...


Improving Maternal heAlth by Reducing Malaria in African HIV Women

Trial to evaluate the safety and efficacy of DHA-PPQ for Intermittent Preventive Treatment (IPTp) in HIV-infected pregnant women receiving cotrimoxazole prophylacis (CTXp) and antieretoviral (ARV) drugs and using long lasting insecticide treated nets will be conducted in Mozambique and Gabon where malaria and HIV infection are moderate to highly prevalent. In addition, the possibility for a PK interaction between DHA-PPQ and ARV drugs will be assessed in a sub-sample of partici...

Community-Effectiveness of the Distribution of Insecticide-Treated Bed Nets Through Social Marketing Antenatal Care Services in Malaria Control in Rural Burkina Faso

The study aims at assessing which of two distribution channels for insecticide treated bendnets (ITNs), social marketing vs. social marketing coupled with free distribution through ante-natal care, is most effective in reaching groups at high risk of malaria, i.e. pregnant women and children under 5.

Intermittent Preventive Treatment Versus Scheduled Screening and Treatment of Malaria in Pregnancy

The incidence of malaria, including the incidence in pregnant women, is declining in many African countries. Thus, there is a need to re-examine the efficacy and cost effectiveness of giving intermittent preventive treatment with sulphadoxine-pyrimethamine in pregnancy (SP-IPTp) on several occasions during pregnancy, an intervention that is threatened by increasing resistance to SP. Possible alternatives to SP-IPTp need to be explored. This applies especially to areas with high...

A Trial of the Combined Impact of Intermittent Preventive Treatment and Insecticide Treated Bednets in Reducing Morbidity From Malaria in African Children

An investigation will be made of the combined impact of insecticide-treated nets and intermittent preventive treatment with amodiaquine + sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine on malaria morbidity in children in Burkina Faso and Mali.Three rounds of treatment will be given during the malaria season in one year and the follow-up will be extended into the second year by passive surveillance.

Implementation Research of New Dengue Vector Control Tools

This project will provide new insights concerning how to reduce dengue transmission by means of cost-effective and sustainable implementation strategies of vector control methods. The research will assess key strategies which deliver new vector control tools with respect to their cost-effectiveness, acceptability and sustainability in contrasting environments.

Effectiveness of Calcium Channel Blockade for OP and Carbamate Pesticide Poisoning

This study evaluates whether the addition of intravenous magnesium sulphate or nimodipine to standard therapy (supportive care plus for all patients atropine and, for OP insecticide poisoned patients, pralidoxime) benefits patients after acute anticholinesterase self-poisoning with OP or carbamate insecticides.

Getting Malaria "Off the Back" of Women and Children in Western Uganda

This is a two-phase, mixed-methods pilot study of insecticide-treated lesus to reduce the incidence of P. falciparum malaria among infants in a rural area of western Uganda. Participants will be recruited from four villages immediately adjacent to the Bugoye Level III Health Centre (Bugoye, Kanyanamigho, Izinga, Rwakingi 1a) in the Kasese District of western Uganda. The purpose of the study is to assess the feasibility and tolerability of using insecticide-treated lesus ...

Evaluation of Combined Use of ITN's and Insect Repellents Against Malaria

Insecticide Treated Nets (ITN's) offer good protection against malaria in Africa where the vector mosquitoes feed indoors late at night. However, in other parts of the world like South America, vectors feed earlier in the evening before people go to bed. In such cases it may be necessary to use alternative treatments in the evening to supplement the efficacy of ITN's. This study compares 2 matched groups of households in the Bolivian Amazon. One group will be given ITN's pl...

Community Point Distribution of Insecticide Treated Bed Nets

All households in three zones in Zambia's Eastern Province were invited to attend a community point distribution of insecticide treated bed nets (ITNs). Households were then randomized to different intervals for a community health worker (CHW) hang-up visit.

Preventing Malaria During Pregnancy in Epidemic-Prone Areas.

The purpose of this study is to compare the efficacy and cost-effectiveness of three alternative strategies for the prevention of malaria during pregnancy in an epidemic-prone area of low transmission in the East African Highlands. The strategies being compared are: - intermittent preventive treatment with sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine (IPT-SP) - an insecticide treated net (ITN), and - intermittent preventive treatment with SP plus an ITN In addition to th...

MOD-4023 Study in Healthy Male Volunteers

This study aims to examine the safety, tolerability and pharmacokinetics of a long-lasting Human Growth Hormone (MOD-4023) in healthy volunteers after a single subcutaneous injection at escalating doses.

Hati Salama (Secure Voucher)

The use of long-lasting insecticide treated nets (LLINs) is shown to reduce malaria prevalence. The Tanzania Net Voucher Scheme has been an active component of bed net distribution to pregnant women in Tanzania since 2004. The transition from paper vouchers to electronic vouchers in this program has increased efficiency and the ability to track and distribute nets since 2007. Although the program has been successful, to date, electronic voucher redemption varies widely across t...

Effectiveness of Malaria Camps as Part of the Odisha State Malaria Elimination Drive

The persistently high malaria burden in the remote forested areas of Odisha, India has led to the introduction of 'malaria camps' by the Odisha State Malaria Control Program where teams of health workers visit villages to educate the population, enhance vector control with long-lasting insecticide nets (LLINs) and indoor residual spraying (IRS), and perform village-wide screening with rapid diagnostic tests and treatment for malaria. The camps appear to be very effective but th...

Efficacy, Acceptability and Cost-effectiveness of Long Lasting Insecticide Nets (LLIN) in the Prevention of Kala Azar

A cluster-randomized vector control trial in Bihar, India, and neighboring Nepal, will test the efficacy of long-lasting impregnated bednets (LLINs, Permanets) for reducing visceral leishmaniasis incidence. The intervention unit is the village (400-1000 people). The study is designed to detect a 50% reduction in Leishmania donovani incidence in intervention compared to control clusters over 2 years. 24 clusters (selected as high incidence during previous years) will be randomly...

Slowing the Degenerative Process, Long Lasting Effect of Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy in Retinitis Pigmentosa

Our aim was to assess the role and usefulness of Hyperbaric oxygen therapy in a long lasting period, assessing its efficacy on rescuing retinal photoreceptors and preserving visual function in retinitis pigmentosa.

Population Pharmacokinetics of Dexmedetomidine in ICU Patients

Dexmedetomidine is a new, highly selective and potent alpha2-adrenoreceptor agonist registered for sedation of patients in intensive care units. Although the pharmacokinetics of dexmedetomidine have been studied previously also in an ICU setting, there is no information on the pharmacokinetics of long-lasting (>48 hours) dexmedetomidine infusions in humans. The aim of this study is to study the pharmacokinetics of long-lasting dexmedetomidine infusions in ICU patients u...

TREg Activation in the Treatment of the PELADE (Alopecia Areata)

In a prospective pilot study the investigators showed that low doses of IL2 could be beneficial for severe AA inducing a long lasting regrowth in 4 out of the 5 patients treated. The objective of this study is to compare the long term efficacy of low doses of IL2 versus placebo in a multicenter prospective randomized double blind study.

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