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We list hundreds of Clinical Trials about "Validation Charter score diffusion antiretroviral drugs infection" on BioPortfolio. We draw our references from global clinical trials data listed on ClinicalTrials.gov and refresh our database daily.
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Prospective study in HIV-1 infected adult subjects with HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders despite effective antiretroviral therapy in plasma for more than one year, analyzing the evolution of cognitive disorders and markers of macrophagic inflammation in blood and cerebrospinal fluid, after a change in HIV treatment with an increased of the new scale CHARTER score ≥ 3 (total treatment score to be ≥ 9)
Derivation and Validation of a combination of STOP-Bang score and DES-OSA score to exclude OSA or to confirm OSA in patients.
To compare the safety and efficacy of antiretroviral therapy (zidovudine plus either didanosine or dideoxycytidine) versus antiretroviral therapy plus intravenous cytarabine (Ara-C) versus antiretroviral therapy plus intrathecal Ara-C in the maintenance or improvement of neurological function over 6 months in HIV-infected individuals who have developed progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML). To compare the effect of these three treatment regimens on Karnofsky score an...
This multicenter, retrospective, observational study will evaluate the therapeut ic effectiveness of a strategy of induction with Fuzeon (enfuvirtide) within an optimized regimen of antiretroviral drugs in patients with HIV-1 infection in ro utine clinical practice.
This US population-based study will explore the incidence of and risks for fracture among adults with and without human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. The objectives are to determine the incidence of fracture among persons with and without HIV infection, compare risk factors for fracture among persons with and without HIV infection, and to examine the associations of antiretroviral (ARV) treatment exposure for incidence and risk of fracture among persons with HIV infec...
Hypothesis: Antiretroviral drugs (ARVs) with enhanced LT penetration characteristics in vitro and in macaques will translate into an ARV regimen with increased LN and GALT concentrations and a faster decay and more potent suppression of HIV replication in LT in HIV-infected persons. Objectives: 1. Determine lymph nodes (LN) and gut-associated lymphoid tissue (GALT) pharmacokinetics (PK) in HIV-infected persons on an antiretroviral drug (ARV) regimen. 2....
Background: Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection is usually observed among patients with HIV infection. No study to date has investigated the impact of CMV infection on HIV viral load decay during antiretroviral therapy. Methods: 345 consecutive HIV patients coinfected (N=300) or not (N=45) with CMV were enrolled. Clinical, biological and virological data were collected from HIV antiretroviral therapy initiation to the day of HIV viral load undetectability if any.
This study is a diagnostic accuracy study that aims to evaluate the role of DTI in evaluation of DPN in comparison to clinical scores and nerve conduction studies (NCS). The study included 30 patients with diabetes mellitus complaining of neuropathy symptoms and 15 healthy volunteers. All subjects underwent evaluation using 1.5T DTI of median nerves and NCS. Patients underwent clinical evaluation using Neuropathy Deficit Score (NDS), Neuropathy Impairment Score in the Lower Lim...
The purpose of this study is to determine the role of HIV-specific CD4 T cell responses and immune responses dependent upon these CD4 responses that develop when antiretroviral drugs are started during acute or recent HIV infection, whether these CD4 responses can be enhanced with a therapeutic HIV vaccine (HIV-1 immunogen), and what pattern of HIV-specific immune responses is associated with control of HIV upon discontinuation of antiretroviral drugs during an analytical thera...
This is a protocol designed to provide HAART to subjects with acute HIV infection who are enrolled in SEARCH 010 study (protocol title: Establish and characterize an acute HIV infection cohort in a Thai high risk population. To describe the impact of highly active antiretroviral treatment (HAART) initiated during the acute HIV infection period on immunological and virological outcomes.
The purpose of this study is to identify and provide immediate antiretroviral therapy to a cohort of HIV-infected individuals with "hyperacute" infection (estimated date of HIV infection within the last 30 days). The primary aim of the study is to evaluate whether initiation of dolutegravir plus emtricitabine/tenofovir during hyperacute HIV infection leads to protection of CD4+ T cells in the peripheral blood and gut-associated lymphoid tissue from infection.
This study is a 48-week study to evaluate the efficacy and safety of an investigational regimen combining FDA approved HIV drugs in antiretroviral-experienced subjects failing on their first highly active antiretroviral therapy regimen.
HIV infection is associated with an immune activation and an inflammatory response - despite an active antiretroviral therapy - which may lead notably but not exclusively to cardiovascular diseases. It has been shown that the use of Protease Inhibitors (PI) instead of Non Nucleosidic Inhibitors (NNRTI) may increase the risk of myocardial infarction. Platelets may play a role in the occurrence of the inflammatory state: they contain big amounts of chemokines, growth factors, and...
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a serious condition with high morbidity and mortality. The Glasgow score alone, assessed at the initial phase, is not enough to determine the prognosis. The aim of this study is to define and to evaluate a prognostic score for early death based on clinical and CT-scan findings in an observational retrospective derivation cohort of patients hospitalized for traumatic brain injury. This cohort will allow us to carry out a uni- and then mult...
Access to care and treatment using antiretroviral drugs will be expanded in Vietnam in the next few years. The ANRS 1210 study is a pilot program to evaluate the feasibility of a simplified antiretroviral treatment using three antiretroviral drugs once a day. The objectives will be to assess the efficacy and the tolerance of this treatment and to better understand the difficulties linked to social and behavioural conditions of patients at different stages during the treatment.
A Phase II Study of Low-Dose Interleukin-2 by Subcutaneous Injection in Combination With Antiretroviral Therapy Versus Antiretroviral Therapy Alone in Patients With HIV-1 Infection and at Least 3 Months Stable Antiretroviral Therapy
PRIMARY: To examine the effect of aldesleukin ( IL-2 ) on viral activity in the blood. To determine the safety of low-dose IL-2 in combination with antiretroviral therapy versus antiretroviral therapy alone. SECONDARY: To examine delayed type hypersensitivity responses to skin test antigens and antibody responses to protein and polysaccharide vaccines. The profound immune impairment that results from HIV-1 infection is due, at least in part, to the loss of CD4+ T cells...
Lower gastrointestinal bleeding (LGIB) is a common presentation in the Emergency Room. It can deteriorate into severe adverse event. However some are discharged before these events occur. The Oakland-Jairath score was developed to help determine which patients can be safely discharged and which should be admitted from the ER to the hospital. The score did well in its development, but now needs to be externally validated by other independent cohorts. The limitations of the first...
The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of HIV treatment (antiretroviral therapy) and aspirin use on risk for cardiovascular disease among HIV infected persons.
This is a Phase 1, open-label single-center study to determine the safety of MGD014 in participants with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection on stable suppressive antiretroviral therapy (ART).
The primary objective of this multicenter study is to validate the AVICH score in terms of patient outcome prediction in AVM patients with associated ICH. Secondary objectives are the impact of pretreatment of the AVICH score. Patients outcome is measured using the modified Rankin Scale (mRS) and are grouped in favorable (mRS score, 0-2) and unfavourable (mRS score, 3-6) outcome at last follow-up (LFU). The following parameters, which are part of the AVICH score, will be compa...
Despite a large diffusion for generic anti-hypertensive, they are not currently used. Clinical validation studies could be better to convince users and prescribers than pharmacologic validation only. A pragmatic study to evaluate generic anti-hypertensive efficacy is proposed. It takes place in real conditions of care for hypertensive patients, for a manometer control criteria. The aim of the study is to test the hypothesis of non-inferiority for generic anti-hypertens...
Currently, standard-of-care tractography is based on information obtained from diffusion tensor imaging (DTI). DTI is a diffusion magnetic resonance imaging (dMRI) technique that is routinely obtained on neurosurgical patients to assist in pre-operative planning. The primary objective of the proposed study is to determine the ability of msHARDI-based tractography to discern fibers in edematous brain regions.
The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of short cycles of recombinant interleukin-2 (also known as rIL-2 or aldesleukin) given with or without anti-HIV drugs in HIV infected patients. The effects will be compared with a study group that receives no IL-2 or antiretroviral therapy. Study hypothesis: Intermittent aldesleukin, when given without antiretroviral therapy to patients with early HIV infection, will produce no change in HIV viral load and increases in ...
This is a single dose, phase I study to evaluate the safety/tolerance and the immunogenicity of HIV-1 Immunogen, gp120-depleted inactivated HIV-1 preparation in Incomplete Freund's Adjuvant (IFA), in children with HIV-1 infection. A total of 32 children with HIV-1 infection will be enrolled in the study. Arm A of the study will enroll children who have no or moderate immune suppression at the time of study entry as defined by CDC classification and who have no history of and...
Although lifelong continuous therapy with HAART remains the standard of care of HIV infection, allowing to achieve undetectable plasma viral RNA, restore CD4 cell count and provide substantial decline in HIV-related morbidity and mortality, long-term toxicity associated with antiretroviral therapy is a real concern. The purpose of this study is to compare an intermittent therapy strategy to a continuous treatment in patients with chronic and well controlled HIV-1 infection.