Clinical Trials About "more trials calcium supplements really needed response Bolland" RSS

02:39 EST 12th December 2018 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "more trials calcium supplements really needed response Bolland" Clinical Trials 1–25 of 15,000+


Comparison of Three Calcium Supplements

The study was conducted to investigate the metabolic effects of three different calcium compounds in healthy adults.

Calcium Supplements for Bone Health in Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis

This study looks at the effects of taking calcium pills on bone health in young people with juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA). In this 2-year study, children aged 6-18 who have JRA will take either a calcium supplement or a matching placebo (inactive or "dummy" pill) containing no calcium. During the study, researchers and patients will not know if a patient is taking calcium or placebo. We believe that patients who take calcium supplements will have at least a 10 percent gre...

Effect of Vitamin D and Calcium on Genes in the Colon

The researchers are involved in a research program to understand how vitamin D and calcium in the diet or as supplements may lower the risk of colorectal polyps and cancer. To that end, the researchers are conducting a study of vitamin D supplementation in which volunteer subjects are provided a Western style diet for 2 separate 4 week periods at the Rockefeller University Hospital. During one of these 4 week inpatient periods, subjects receive calcium supplements and during th...

Oral Calcium in Pregnant Women With Hypertension

To determine of providing calcium supplementation to women with pre-existing hypertension reduces the level of blood pressure, requirement for antihypertensive drugs, and incidence of pre-eclampsia.

Non-inferiority of Lower Dose Calcium Supplementation During Pregnancy

The World Health Organization currently recommends that pregnant women in populations with low calcium intake receive daily calcium supplementation (1500 - 2000 mg) divided into three doses which are preferably taken at mealtimes, in addition to daily iron folic-acid supplements. Despite proven efficacy and the WHO recommendation, calcium supplementation in pregnancy is not standard of care in the vast majority of low-income and middle-income countries. Two important barriers t...

Bone Density in Children With IBD Treated With Amorphous Calcium or Commercial Crystalline Calcium

Patients diagnosed with, or in risk of osteoporosis regularly take calcium dietary supplements, although their contribution to BMD maintenance, prevention of bone loss or reduction of the risk of fracture is questionable. Freshwater crayfish rely on amorphous calcium carbonate (ACC), a thermodynamically instable and very rare biomineralized polymorph of calcium carbonate, as the main mineral in the exoskeleton and in their temporary storage organ, the gastrolith. The study hypo...

Comparison Between Oral Contraceptive Pills and Calcium Supplements in Treatment of Premenstrual Syndrome

Premenstrual syndrome represents a group of problems affecting most of women in reproductive age. These problems include emotional and physical symptoms. In this study the efficacy of oral contraceptive pills and calcium supplements in relieving these symptoms will be assessed .

Calcium DXA: Impact of Calcium Supplements on Lumbar Spine Bone Mineral Density

We, the investigators at the University of Wisconsin, hypothesized that ingesting calcium tablets prior to a spine bone density scan will not affect the bone mineral density as measured by dual energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA).

Efficacy of Calcium Citrate Versus Calcium Carbonate in Maintaining Normal Serum Calcium Level and Changing Quality of Life in Patients With Chronic Hypoparathyroidism

Hypoparathyroidism is an endocrinopathy characterized by a deficient secretion or action of PTH associated with low calcium level. According to the European guideline (2015), standard treatment includes oral calcium salts and active vitamin D metabolites to relieve symptoms of hypocalcaemia, maintain serum calcium levels in the low normal range and improve the patient's QoL Calcium carbonate is most often used and less expensive than other calcium preparations and contains the ...

Adding Phosphorus to Osteoporosis Drug Treatment

Osteoporosis causes bones to weaken and break more easily. Calcium and phosphorus are two minerals that are essential for normal bone formation. Unfortunately, calcium salts commonly prescribed in anti-osteoporosis treatment bind phosphorus from food and restrict phosphorus available for bone building. Teriparatide is a drug that reduces the risk of fractures by increasing bone thickness and strength. Vitamin D is also necessary for strong bones and teeth. The purpose of this s...

Physical Activity, Calcium, and Bone in Children

Doctors recommend that young children participate in daily physical activity to promote bone health. However, studies in adults show that physical activity and increased calcium intake cause noticeable benefits for bone health only when both factors occur together. The goal of this study is to find out whether calcium intake changes the response of bone to activity in children 3 to 4 years old. Children will participate in one of two programs conducted in childcare centers 5 da...

Vitamin D and Genetics in Nutritional Rickets

The purpose of this study is: 1. To compare the response of rickets to calcium with and without vitamin D. 2. To assess whether vitamin D increases calcium absorption in calcium deficiency rickets. 3. To compare the response of children with and without rickets to orally administered vitamin D3 and vitamin D2 4. To identify mutations that influence calcium and vitamin D metabolism among families of children with rickets in Nigeria and Bangladesh. ...

Calcium for Pre-Eclampsia Prevention (CPEP)

To evaluate the efficacy of 2 grams per day of oral calcium supplementation in reducing the combined incidence of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy: pre-eclampsia, eclampsia, and the HELLP Syndrome (hypertension, thrombocytopenia, hemolysis, and abnormal liver function). The National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) initiated the trial in 1991, with joint funding provided by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute in fiscal years 1992, 1993, and 1...

Vitamin D and Calcium Study

Vitamin D aids in the body's ability to absorb calcium, it is a vital component in bone formation and break down. Reduced levels of vitamin D can indicate a vitamin deficiency and may depress serum calcium levels. The following is a list of common causes of vitamin D deficiency: lack of dairy products, alcohol usage, elderly, lack of exposure to sunlight, individuals with reduced mobility, GI malabsorption problems, dark complexion, severe liver damage, and renal failure. Many ...

Vitamin D in Active Tuberculosis (TB) Study

Tuberculosis is a disease caused by a bacterium (a germ) that can cause illness in any organ of the body, but most frequently causes disease of the lungs. TB is short for tuberculosis. Treating TB requires several months (usually 6 months) of treatment, with the first 2 months being intensive treatment with usually four medicines. Treatment is needed to keep the infection from getting worse and to prevent death from TB. Vitamin D is a hormone present in the human body to man...

Prevention of Hypocalcemia in Patients Undergoing Total Thyroidectomy Plus Central Neck Dissection

the increased risk of hypocalcemia following total thyroidectomy plus central neck dissection can be minimized by routine administration of oral calcium and vitamin D supplements during the early postoperative period.

Extragonadal Effects of hCG on Calcium Homeostasis

A pilot study showed that serum calcium levels and calcium homeostasis change in response to hCG stimulation test. Serum calcium level differed when comparing pretreatment values at baseline with serum levels 72 hours after hCG stimulation in men with gonadal insufficiency referred for this stimulation test. Now we want to investigate whether this change in calcium is due to renal loss or other mechanisms and how the classical regulators of calcium homeostasis respond to hCG in...

Effects of Carbohydrate in Diet and Supplements on the GI Tolerability of LIK066

The purpose of this study is to determine if LIK066 taken with a meal containing low carbohydrate is associated with less diarrhea compared to a high carbohydrate meal and to assess the potential effects of supplements such as psyllium or calcium carbonate on alleviating diarrhea associated with LIK066.

Effect of Hydroxycitrate on Urine Chemistry

Hydroxycitrate (HCA) is a compound extracted from the fruit, Garcinia Cambogia. Hydroxycitrate supplements are available over the counter and are primarily promoted as a weight loss supplement. There has been recent evidence that hydroxycitrate is a potent inhibitor of calcium oxalate crystal growth and can lead to the dissolution of the crystals. The purpose of this research study is to study the effect of Hydroxycitrate (HCA) supplements on HCA urinary excretion and on urine ...

Impact of Oral Phosphorus Supplements on the 6-month Change in FGF23 Levels in Anorexic Adolescents Suffering From Undernutrition.

Fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) is a recently discovered phosphaturic hormone produced by osteocytes. It is involved in phosphate-calcium metabolism (via its phosphaturic action and inhibition of 1,25-OH vitamin D). There are no published studies on the role of FGF23 in undernourished anorexic adolescents taking oral phosphorus supplements.

Calcium Metabolism in Asian Adolescents

Maximizing calcium retention by the skeleton within the genetic potential is a key strategy to prevent osteoporosis. It has been shown that calcium retention varies between blacks and whites and between gender within race. This study is designed to study the relationship between calcium intakes and calcium retention in Asian adolescent girls and boys. It is hypothesized that calcium intakes which maximize calcium retention will be lower in Asians than for whites studies unde...

The Body's Response to Food Intake in Trained, Older Adults

The purpose of this research study is to determine the effects of food supplements and strength training on appetite, the amount of energy expended, and body composition.

Protein Supplements to Treat High Blood Pressure

The purpose of this study is to examine the effect of dietary protein supplements on high blood pressure (BP).

Blood Sugar Response to Commercial Nutritional Supplements in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes

The purpose of the study is to determine which of the commonly used meal supplements is the best product for patients with DM. This is important because meal supplements are becoming more popular as meal replacements in the United States. Peak blood sugar occurs about 2 hours later after a meal. Therefore, the best product would be the one that produces a smallest rise in blood sugar.

PTH And Calcium Responses to Exercise in Older Adults Experiment 2 (PACE Sr. 2)

Declines in serum calcium during exercise may cause increases in markers of bone resorption. This study will determine if preventing the decline serum ionized calcium experienced at the onset of exercise through the use of a "calcium clamp" also prevents increases in blood biomarkers associated with bone resorption.

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