Rheumatology Research

16:02 EST 18th December 2018 | BioPortfolio

Clinical findings and outcome of dogs with unilateral masticatory muscle atrophy.

Little is known about the spectrum of underlying disorders in dogs with unilateral masticatory muscle (MM) atrophy.

Adductor Canal Block Versus Femoral Nerve Block for Pain Control After Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction: A Prospective Randomized Trial.

Femoral nerve block (FNB) is a commonly performed technique that has been proven to provide effective regional analgesia after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. The adductor canal block (ACB) uses a similar sensory block around the knee while avoiding motor blockade of the quadriceps muscles.

Fibrosis-4 index at diagnosis can predict all-cause mortality in patients with rheumatoid arthritis: a retrospective monocentric study.

Objectives Comorbidities and conventional risk factors influence the prognosis of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). We investigated whether liver fibrosis burden is associated with all-cause mortality in patients with RA. Methods A total of 2812 patients with RA were retrospectively selected and reviewed. Liver fibrosis was assessed using the fibrosis-4 index (FIB-4) [age (years)× aspartat...

Behcet's Disease in Iran; Analysis of 7641 Cases.

To analyze Behcet's Disease (BD) in Iran, from 1975 to 2018, and compare to 35 large/small reports from other countries.

Implant planning in a case with Sotos Syndrome.

Sotos syndrome it is usually transmitted by autosomal dominant inheritance. It is characterized by overgrowth with advanced bone age, macrocephaly, characteristic facial appearance, and learning difficulties. Mandibular prognathism, agenesis, and high-arched palate are the most common oral findings. The treatment of a 28-year-old man with Sotos syndrome is reported. Patient had many dental absence...

The effect of biologic agents on bone homeostasis in chronic inflammatory rheumatic diseases.

Osteoporosis (OP) and increased fracture risk are widely observed comorbidities in chronic inflammatory rheumatic diseases (CIRDs). Improved knowledge of the immune/inflammatory pathways, which characterise the pathophysiology of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and seronegative spondyloarthropathies (SpA), such as ankylosing spondylitis (AS) and psoriatic arthritis (PsA), have provided the link between ...

Tryptophan metabolism in rheumatoid arthritis is associated with rheumatoid factor and predicts joint pathology evaluated by the Rheumatoid Arthritis MRI Score (RAMRIS).

Tryptophan and its metabolites have been suggested to play a role in inflammatory processes. However, studies in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) are scarce, which prompted us to investigate two cohorts of RA patients to better understand the importance of tryptophan metabolism in this disease.

Ixekizumab improves patient-reported outcomes in patients with active psoriatic arthritis and inadequate response to tumour necrosis factor inhibitors: SPIRIT-P2 results to 52 weeks.

To report patient-reported outcomes (PROs) of ixekizumab-treated patients with psoriatic arthritis (PsA) and an inadequate response (IR) or intolerance to tumour necrosis factor inhibitors (TNFi) to 52 weeks.

Frailty in seropositive rheumatoid arthritis patients of working age: a cross-sectional study.

The prevalence of frailty has been widely researched in the elderly population. However, data about people of working age are scarce. The aim of this paper was to assess the prevalence of prefrailty and frailty in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients of working age, and to assess factors associated with prefrailty/frailty.

Prognosis of dysphagia in dermatomyositis.

Abnormally high risk of stroke in Brugada syndrome.

The present study sought to evaluate the incidence of cerebrovascular events in a large cohort of patients with Brugada syndrome (BrS) analysing possible predictors, clinical characteristics and prognosis of cardioembolic events secondary to atrial fibrillation.

Behavior and sleep disturbance in Smith-Magenis syndrome.

To provide an update of the most recent studies on Smith-Magenis syndrome (SMS) with a focus on the unique pattern of behavioral and sleep disturbances associated with the condition.

Williams syndrome: recent advances in our understanding of cognitive, social and psychological functioning.

Since the last review of Williams syndrome in Current Opinion (2001) there have been many advances in knowledge about the cognitive, social and psychological impairments that characterize the disorder. The present review focuses on current research in these areas.

Effects of Structured Exercise Training in Children and Adolescents With Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis.

To examine safety and efficacy of exercise training (ET) for juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) to improve physical fitness, pain, functional capability, and quality of life.

Commentary on "Effects of Structured Exercise Training in Individuals With Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis".

Adapted Dance Improves Motor Abilities and Participation in Children With Down Syndrome: A Pilot Study.

This pilot study measured effects of an adapted dance program on motor abilities and participation in children with Down syndrome (DS) and explored caregivers' qualitative feedback regarding its benefits.

Alpha-mangostin: Anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects on established collagen-induced arthritis in DBA/1J mice.

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disease that causes physical disability in people worldwide. Despite progress made in RA treatment in the past decade, new drugs with high efficacy but few long-term adverse effects are still needed. This study focused on evaluating the therapeutic potential of α-mangostin on established collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) in DBA/1J mice. Arthritic DBA/1J m...

Household air pollution from biomass-burning cookstoves and metabolic syndrome, blood lipid concentrations, and waist circumference in Honduran women: A cross-sectional study.

Household air pollution from cooking with solid fuels affects nearly 3 billion people worldwide and is responsible for an estimated 2.5 million premature deaths and 77 million disability-adjusted life years annually. Investigating the effect of household air pollution on indicators of cardiometabolic disease, such as metabolic syndrome, can help clarify the pathways between this widespread exposur...

Synovial chondromatosis of the temporomandibular joint: report and analysis of 12 cases.

OBJECTIVE - We had for aim to study the clinical manifestations, diagnostic imaging techniques, histopathological and therapeutic findings of patients presenting with synovial chondromatosis (CS) of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ). MATERIAL AND METHODS - We reviewed the clinical history of all our patients who were diagnosed with CS between 2009 and 2013. RESULTS - We identified 12 cases of TMJ-...

Current perspectives of Australian therapists on rehabilitation and return to sport after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction: A survey.

To investigate views and practices of Australian therapists on rehabilitation and return to sport (RTS) after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR).

CP-25 combined with MTX/ LEF ameliorates the progression of adjuvant-induced arthritis by the inhibition on GRK2 translocation.

CP-25 attenuates arthritis progression in animal models by inhibiting G protein-coupled receptor kinase 2 (GRK2) membrane expression. This study compared groups treated with high-dose methotrexate (MTX)/leflunomide (LEF) and CP-25 combined with low-dose MTX/LEF in an adjuvant-induced arthritis (AA) rat model and investigated possible mechanisms.

Axillary web syndrome: What the radiologist needs to know.

Muscle loss: The new malnutrition challenge in clinical practice.

Recent definitions of malnutrition include low muscle mass within its diagnostic criteria. In fact, malnutrition is one of the main risk factors of skeletal muscle loss contributing to the onset of sarcopenia. However, differences in the screening and diagnosis of skeletal muscle loss, especially as a result of malnutrition in clinical and community settings, still occur mainly as techniques and t...

Computational fluid dynamics analysis of H-uvulopalatopharyngoplasty in obstructive sleep apnea syndrome.

To explore the impact of H-uvulopalatopharyngoplasty (H-UPPP) in obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) and gain insights into the potential mechanism underlying improvement by H-UPPP.

Sensory trick efficacy in cervical dystonia is linked to processing of neck proprioception.

Muscle vibration activates muscle spindles and when applied over posterior neck muscles during stance modulates global body orientation. This is characterised by a tonic forward sway response that is reportedly diminished or absent in patients with idiopathic cervical dystonia.

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