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Non - muscle - invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC) can recur despite transurethral resection (TURBT) and adjuvant intravesical therapy. Tobacco products excreted in the urine are hypothesized to cause tumor - promoting effects on urothelial cells through direct contact. We determined if moderate or severe lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) (defined as International Prostate Symptom Score [IPSS] ≥ 8...
This study explored patient experiences of Guided graded Exercise Self-help (GES) delivered as part of a randomised controlled trial for people with chronic fatigue syndrome/myalgic encephalomyelitis. The trial found that GES was better than specialist medical care at reducing fatigue and improving physical functioning.
Impairment in number and functions of regulatory T cells (Treg) has been found to be associated with many autoimmune diseases including systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA). This study was conducted to identify and compare Treg by flow cytometry using two different staining approaches.
To examine the validity and reliability of the Persian versions of the Bad Sobernheim Stress Questionnaire-Deformity/Brace in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis.
There is little evidence of how metabolic syndrome (MS) affects sympathovagal balance responses to acute physical effort (APE) and autonomic stimulation (AS). This study aimed to evaluate the heart rate variability (HRV) responses to the combined APE and AS challenges.
Background and aims Myalgic Encephalomyelitis/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (ME/CFS) is challenging to live with, often accompanied by pervasive fatigue and pain, accompanied by decreased quality of life (QoL) as well as anxiety and/or depression. Associations between higher pain, lower QoL and higher anxiety and depression have been shown in patients with various chronic pain disorders. Few studies ha...
One of the main causes of falls in older people is muscle strength loss associated with aging. Russian stimulation can improve muscle strength in healthy individuals, but the effect has never been tested in older individuals with falls syndrome. The aim of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of Russian stimulation plus isometric exercise to improve muscular strength, balance, and mobility in...
We present a 44-year-old woman with scapular and pelvic muscle weakness, joint inflammation, and fever. Bone scintigraphy showed high uptake in proximal regions of upper and lower limbs, suspecting inflammatory myopathy and polyarticular damage. These features were the clue to request other complementary tests such as anti-aminoacyl-tRNA-synthetase antibodies and chest CT, which showed interstitia...
This study aims to evaluate the effect of a modified approach on severe congenital ptosis treatment.
The purpose of this study was to investigate the clinical outcome of the wide-awake tendon reconstruction for chronic rupture of the flexor pollicis longus (FPL) tendon with evaluation of the voluntary active contraction distance (ACD) of the ruptured musculotendinous unit.
The adhesion of tendon and surrounding tissue is the most common complication after repairing an injured tendon. The injured flexor tendons in zone II are frequently accompanied by tendon sheath defects, which lead to poor recovery. A variety of biological and non-biological materials have been recently used for repair or as substitute for tendon sheaths to prevent tendon adhesion. However, non-bi...
The proportion of elderly patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is continuously growing as a result of the increasing aging population. We compared disease activity between different age groups, and evaluated the clinical factors associated with high disease activity.
Few prospective studies have explored the effect of interactions among metabolic syndrome (MS) components on the development of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in the Kazakh population in Xinjiang Province of China.
Facial paralysis affects patients' physical, social, and psychological function. Dynamic smile reanimation can mitigate these effects, but there are limited data to guide the surgeon in selecting the best reanimation procedure for each patient.
Botulinum toxin A (BoNT-A) is used clinically for various muscle disorders and acts by preventing the release of the neurotransmitter acetylcholine into the synapse space. Here, we compared the efficacy of prabotulinumtoxinA (PRA) and onabotulinumtoxinA (ONA) for the reduction of hypertrophy in myostatin-deficiency (Mstn ) mice. Two different BoNT-A products (2.5, 10, and 25 U/kg) were injected to...
Takotsubo syndrome (TS) is an acute and potentially serious cardiac disorder that is often attributed to an exuberant catecholaminergic response to a severely physical or emotional event. The dental literature contains a paucity of information on TS; therefore, this article will provide an overview of this uncommon syndrome, including clinical presentation, demographic characteristics, etiopathoge...
Analysis of the correlation between cerebrospinal fluid space and outcomes of anterior controllable antedisplacement and fusion for cervical myelopathy due to ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament.
To investigate whether cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) space on MRI correlates with the outcomes of anterior controllable antedisplacement and fusion (ACAF) for ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL).
Visual misperceptions as a result of neurosurgical disorders are well documented. Alice in Wonderland Syndrome (AWS) is typically reported in neurological and psychiatric disorders. We present a patient who developed symptoms of AWS post-operatively.
Quadratus plantae (QP), one of the plantar intrinsic foot muscles, assist plantarflexion of the lesser toes. QP has medial and lateral muscle heads with different anatomical structures. The two heads of this muscle may have different roles in foot function. Ultrasound real-time tissue elastography (RTE) measurements have allowed quantitative assessment of deep-layer muscle elasticity. The purpose ...
The role of lateral release is widely accepted and regarded as a key step in the management of hallux valgus. There remains however debate in the literature in regards to which structures should be divided and the method of approach. As such, a technique of lateral release using a curved blade placed inferior to the metatarsal head to divide the lateral metatarsosesamoid suspensory ligament and in...
Previous studies have found a high prevalence of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). However, data on this relation in women without bowel endometriosis is limited. The aim of this study was to compare the prevalence of IBS in women with endometriosis to the prevalence in women without endometriosis and to investigate if the prevalence of IBS was associated with bowel involved endometriosis.
While posterior tibial tendon dysfunction (PTTD) commonly presents with flat feet and has been thought to be associated with first ray mobility, many flat-footed individuals are asymptomatic and do not experience any symptoms of PTTD. Thus, there is a need to control for foot type when studying factors related to PTTD. This study aimed to clarify if first ray mobility differed between flat-footed ...
Because pitch counts do not exist for softball, pitchers may throw between 1200 and 1500 pitches over 3-day tournaments. With this workload, a common symptom among softball pitchers is anterior shoulder pain. The purpose of this study was to examine long-head biceps tendon (LHBT) changes in youth softball pitchers following an acute bout of pitching. Nineteen softball pitchers (11.89±1.2 years; 1...
Patients with Graves' orbitopathy (GO) often show severe esotropia after decompression surgery, especially in cases with severe enlargement of muscles before decompression. In severely afflicted patients, simple recessions of the medial rectus muscle are not sufficient. In these patients, tendon elongation with bovine pericardium (Tutopatch) is an alternative for simultaneous resection of the late...