Advertisement

Topics

SAN-300 Research

08:29 EDT 24th May 2018 | BioPortfolio

The Effect of Formulation on Spray Dried Sabin Inactivated Polio Vaccine.

The objective of this study was to develop a stable spray dried formulation, containing the three serotypes of Sabin inactivated polio vaccine (sIPV), aiming for minimal loss of native conformation (D-antigen) during drying and subsequent storage. The influence of atomization and drying stress during spray drying on trivalent sIPV was investigated. This was followed by excipient screening, in whic...

Vascular Involvement in Axial Spondyloarthropathies.

Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is a chronic inflammatory joint disease that involves the entheses, causing inflammatory pain and functional impairments. Patients may experience extraarticular manifestations such as uveitis, psoriasis, and inflammatory bowel disease. These, together with the increased risk of cardiovascular disease and osteoporosis and the development of spinal fusion, are the main de...

The Association of Disease Activity, Pro-Inflammatory Cytokines, and Neurotrophic Factors with Depression in Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis.

Inflammation and trophic factors (brain-derived neurotrophic factor [BDNF], vascular endothelial growth factor, glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor, and insulin-like growth factor-1) are associated with depression in the general population. Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic representative inflammatory autoimmune disease; however, the association of disease activity, pro-inflammatory c...

Design and rationale of the INSYTE study: A randomised, placebo controlled study to test the efficacy of a synbiotic on liver fat, disease biomarkers and intestinal microbiota in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease.

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) represents a spectrum of fat-related conditions ranging from simple fatty liver, to non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), fibrosis and cirrhosis. There is growing evidence that NAFLD is a multisystem disease, affecting several extra-hepatic organs and regulatory pathways. Furthermore, since the gut and liver are linked anatomically via the portal vein, dis...

Structural and genetic relatedness of the O-antigens of Escherichia coli O50 and O2.

An O-specific polysaccharide (O-antigen) was isolated by mild acid degradation of the lipopolysaccharide of Escherichia coli O50 followed by gel chromatography on Sephadex G-50. The following structure of the tetrasaccharide repeat was established by sugar analysis and 1D and 2D H and C NMR spectroscopy: →3)-α-l-Rhap-(1 → 2)-α-l-Rhap-(1 → 3)-β-l-Rhap-(1 → 4)-β-d-GlcpNAc-(1...

Autophagy and MHC-restricted antigen presentation.

Major histocompatibility complex (MHC) molecules present peptide antigens to T lymphocytes and initiate immune responses. The peptides loaded onto MHC class I or MHC class II molecules can be derived from cytosolic proteins, both self and foreign. A variety of cellular processes, including endocytosis, vesicle trafficking, and autophagy, play critical roles in presentation of these antigens. We di...

Allograft Inflammatory Factor-1 Mediates Macrophage-Induced Impairment of Insulin Signaling in Adipocytes.

Allograft inflammatory factor-1 (AIF-1) is an inflammatory cytokine produced mainly by macrophages within human white adipose tissue. Its expression is increased in obese subjects and positively correlated with insulin resistance. The purpose of this study is to characterize the regulatory role of AIF-1 in insulin signaling of adipocyte.

Reversing Ongoing Chronic Intestinal Inflammation and Fibrosis by Sustained Block of IL-12 and IL-23 Using a Vaccine in Mice.

Interleukin (IL)-12 and IL-23 that share subunit p40 are important cytokines in the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease. We reported that mouse p40 peptide-based vaccines ameliorated intestinal inflammation in the prevention of trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid (TNBS)-induced murine colitis model. Here, we evaluated whether administration of the vaccine after establishment of colitis would be e...

Clinical Benefit of Capsule Endoscopy in Crohn's Disease: Impact on Patient Management and Prevalence of Proximal Small Bowel Involvement.

Ileocolonoscopy and computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance (MR) enterography (CTE/MRE) are utilized to evaluate patients with small bowel (SB) Crohn's disease (CD). The purpose of our study was to estimate the impact of capsule endoscopy (CE) on patient management after clinical assessment, ileocolonoscopy, and CTE/MRE.

Modeling Immunization To Infliximab in Children With Crohn's Disease Using Population Pharmacokinetics: A Pilot Study.

Antidrug antibodies (ADAs) dramatically increase infliximab clearance and are responsible for underexposure to the drug, leading to treatment failure. This pilot study aimed at developing a population pharmacokinetic model to detect and describe an early increase in infliximab clearance due to ADA.

Lack of Difference in Treatment Patterns and Clinical Outcomes Between Black and White Patients With Inflammatory Bowel Disease.

Previous reports have shown differences in phenotypes among black patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) compared with other racial groups, but prior studies were limited by small numbers of black patients and cross-sectional analyses. We used data from the Sinai-Helmsley Alliance for Research Excellence cohort to compare phenotypes and treatment patterns of black and white patients with I...

Inflammatory Bowel Disease and Parkinson's Disease: A Nationwide Swedish Cohort Study.

Few studies have examined the association between inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and Parkinson's disease (PD).

IRGM Gene Variants Modify the Relationship Between Visceral Adipose Tissue and NAFLD in Patients With Crohn's Disease.

Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is an increasingly recognized comorbidity in Crohn's disease (CD), but the mechanisms are poorly understood. Autophagy is a highly conserved process regulating innate immunity that contributes to CD susceptibility. Emerging data suggest that variants in the autophagy-governing IRGM gene may contribute to the accumulation of visceral adipose tissue (VAT) and...

Reply.

Disease Burden and Outcome in Pediatric and Young Adults with Concurrent Graves Disease and Differentiated Thyroid Carcinoma.

Adults with differentiated thyroid carcinoma (DTC) and Graves Disease (GD) demonstrate a greater reported disease burden and aggressive DTC behavior. To date, no studies have examined the impact and long-term outcome of concurrent GD and DTC (GD-DTC) in pediatric and young adults.

Cytokine IL9 Triggers the Pathogenesis of Inflammatory Bowel Disease Through the miR21-CLDN8 Pathway.

Cytokine interleukin-9 (IL9) plays an essential role in the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease. However, the molecular mechanism underlying the IL9 pathway remains unknown. Here, we initiate a series of studies to characterize the essential components of this pathway.

Helicobacter pylori Colonization Protects Against Chronic Experimental Colitis by Regulating Th17/Treg Balance.

Epidemiological studies have demonstrated an inverse association between Helicobacter pylori infection and the risk of developing inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). The mechanisms by which H. pylori infection protects against IBD are unclear. Here, we explored the possible protective effects and mechanisms of gastric H. pylori colonization on a chronic colitis model, with focus on whether H. pylori...

A Cell-Based Approach to the Treatment of Inflammatory Bowel Disease-Entering an Era of Regenerative Medicine.

Corticosteroids, and more recently biologics, have been the mainstay of therapy for patients with inflammatory bowel disease. Unfortunately, both are fraught with side effects and limited by lack of efficacy or loss of response. Many patients ultimately succumb to medically refractory disease and require an operation. As we enter an era of regenerative medicine, a new genre of cell-based therapeut...

Legalization of Medicinal Marijuana Has Minimal Impact on Use Patterns in Patients With Inflammatory Bowel Disease.

Patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) have reported use of marijuana to treat symptoms of the disease, yet its classification as a Schedule 1 substance by the federal government has restricted its use. In 2012, Massachusetts legalized medicinal marijuana. We aimed to assess the impact of legalization on use in IBD.

Viewpoint: Toward the Genetic Architecture of Disease Severity in Inflammatory Bowel Diseases.

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is characterized by uneven disease courses with various clinical outcomes. A few prognostic markers of disease severity may help stratify patients and identify those who will benefit the most from early aggressive treatment. The concept of disease severity remains too broad and vague, mainly because the definition must embrace several disease mechanisms, mainly inf...

Herpes Zoster in Patients Receiving JAK Inhibitors For Ulcerative Colitis: Mechanism, Epidemiology, Management, and Prevention.

Increased risk of herpes zoster (HZ) has been observed in patients with immune-mediated diseases, including rheumatoid arthritis (RA), psoriasis (PsO), and inflammatory bowel disease; this risk can be further increased by the use of immunosuppressive therapy. One advancing modality of therapy for these diseases is Janus kinase (JAK) inhibition. Tofacitinib is an oral JAK inhibitor for the treatmen...

Inflammatory Bowel Disease Telemedicine Clinical Trial: Impact of Educational Text Messages on Disease-Specific Knowledge Over 1 Year.

Effective treatments are available for patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD); however, suboptimal outcomes occur and are often linked to patients' limited disease knowledge. The aim of this analysis was to determine if delivery of educational messages through a telemedicine system improves IBD knowledge.

A Single Nucleotide Polymorphism in the Vitamin D Receptor Gene Is Associated With Decreased Levels of the Protein and a Penetrating Pattern in Crohn's Disease.

Vitamin D signaling modulates inflammation through the vitamin D receptor (VDR). The synonymous single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs731236, located in the VDR gene, has been associated with a higher risk of Crohn's disease (CD). We analyzed differences in VDR expression levels among CD patients who were homozygous for allelic variants in this SNP and their relevance for disease course.

Early Arthritis Is Associated With Failure of Immunosuppressive Drugs and Severe Pediatric Crohn's Disease Evolution.

Crohn's disease (CD) is a chronic relapsing inflammatory disease. To optimize therapeutic decision making, it is essential to identify parameters that allow early prediction of a severe disease course. The aim of this study was to assess the link between arthritis and medium-term therapeutic failure in pediatric CD.

Nanoparticle-Based Oral Drug Delivery Systems Targeting the Colon for Treatment of Ulcerative Colitis.

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), including Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC), is characterized by chronic relapsing inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract. Delivery of orally administered drugs to the colon is highly desirable for the treatment of UC, as it improves their efficacy while reducing systemic toxicity. However, the targeting of oral drugs to the colon, which is loca...

Advertisement
Quick Search
Advertisement
Advertisement

 

review and buy SAN-300 market research data and corporate reports here