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Sexually transmitted diseases STDs Research

16:11 EST 22nd February 2019 | BioPortfolio

Tissue Continues to Be the Issue: Role of Histopathology in the Context of Recent Updates in the Radiologic Classification of Interstitial Lung Diseases.

High-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) imaging has an increasingly important role in clinical decision-making in patients with interstitial lung diseases. The recent Fleischner Society white paper on the diagnostic criteria for idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis highlights the advances in our understanding of HRCT imaging in interstitial lung diseases.

Risk perceptions after human papillomavirus vaccination are not subsequently associated with riskier behaviors or sexually transmitted infections in HIV-infected young women.

Concerns have been raised that risk perceptions after human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination may lead to riskier sexual behaviors or sexually transmitted infection (STI) diagnosis. The aims of this study were to determine whether risk perceptions immediately after HPV vaccination (perceived risk of HPV, perceived risk of STIs other than HPV, and perceived need for safer sexual behaviors, measured ...

CHRONIC HEPATITIS C IS STILL A PROBLEM FOR THE PUBLIC HEALTH CARE SYSTEM IN BRAZIL.

HEPATITIS C IN THE BRAZILIAN PUBLIC HEALTH CARE SYSTEM: BURDEN OF DISEASE.

Infection by hepatitis C virus is one of the leading causes of chronic hepatitis C and cause severe burden for patients, families and the health care system.

IMMUNE MEDIATED DISEASES IN PATIENTS WITH CELIAC DISEASE AND THEIR RELATIVES: A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF AGE AND SEX.

Up to 15% of other immune-mediated diseases (IMDs) can occur in patients with CD throughout their lives and are associated with multiple factors, including sex and sex hormone levels. Moreover, sex is associated with differences in clinical presentation, onset, progression, and outcomes of disorders.

PROFILE OF PATIENTS WITH CHRONIC HEPATITIS C IN A PUBLIC HEALTH PROGRAM IN SOUTHERN BRAZIL.

Chronic hepatitis C (CHC) can progress to cirrhosis and its complications as hepatocellular carcinoma, leading to morbidity and mortality. To know the profile of patients with CHC virus is fundamental to optimize management.

High prevalence of Chlamydia trachomatis in pregnant women attended at Primary Health Care services in Amazon, Brazil.

Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) infection is often silent and can lead to long-term reproductive complications in women. In this study, we determined the prevalence of CT infection and possible associations between the presence of the infection and clinical-epidemiological variables in pregnant women attended at the Basic Health Units of the Coari city, Amazonas, Brazil. From July 2016 to March 2017, 1...

Sofosbuvir, ribavirin and pegylated interferon for a daclatasvir-resistent genotype 3 hepatitis C virus: case report and review.

Chronic Hepatitis C relapse after liver transplantation can lead to graft failure within a short time period. The high efficacy and good safety profile of direct-acting antivirals has led to consensual recommendations for using interferon-free treatment after liver transplantation. However, pegylated interferon may still be required for genotype 3 non-responders. We treated a liver graft recipient...

Efficient design and analysis of randomized controlled trials in rare neurological diseases: An example in Guillain-Barré syndrome.

Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) pose specific challenges in rare and heterogeneous neurological diseases due to the small numbers of patients and heterogeneity in disease course. Two analytical approaches have been proposed to optimally handle these issues in RCTs: covariate adjustment and ordinal analysis. We investigated the potential gain in efficiency of these approaches in rare and hetero...

Nine-year distribution pattern of hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotypes in Southern Italy.

It has been greatly described that different hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotypes are strictly correlated to various evolution, prognosis and response to therapy during the chronic liver disease. Aim of this study was to outline the changes in the epidemiology of Hepatitis C genotypes in Southern Italy regions from 2006 to 2014.

Serum Mac-2-binding protein glycosylation isomer and risk of hepatocellular carcinoma in entecavir-treated chronic hepatitis B patients.

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) can still develop in chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients receiving antiviral treatment. Serum Mac-2 binding protein glycosylation isomer (M2BPGi) is a novel marker for liver fibrosis. We investigated its role on incidence of HCC in entecavir (ETV)-treated CHB patients.

Computer-aided assessment of liver fibrosis progression in patients with chronic hepatitis B: an exploratory research.

To establish automatic liver fibrosis classification models by using traditional machine learning and deep learning methods and preliminaryly evaluate the efficiency. Gray scale ultrasound images and corresponding elastic images of 354 patients, 247 males and 107 females, mean age (54±12) years undergoing partial hepatectomy in Zhongshan Hospital of Fudan University from November 2014 to January...

Characterization of Galectin-2 from Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) involved in the immune response to bacterial infection.

galectin-2 plays important roles in innate and adaptive immunity. In this study, galectin-2 (OnGal-2) was identified from Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus). Its tissue distribution and expression patterns following bacterial infection were also investigated. OnGal-2 is widely distributed in various tissues of healthy tilapia. After Streptococcus agalactiae challenge, OnGal-2 expressions were si...

Hydrogen peroxide-inactivated bacteria induces potent humoral and cellular immune responses and releases nucleic acids.

The problem of nosocomial infection is seriously escalating. Bacterial vaccines are indispensable for preventing infections caused by multi-drug resistant organisms. Some researchers have put forward the use of hydrogen peroxide (HO) as a new technology platform for virus deactivation. This deactivated virus can induce the number of CD8 T lymphocytes, which can enhance antiviral responses. Althoug...

Hepatoprotective effects of rosmarinic acid: Insight into its mechanisms of action.

Liver diseases such as hepatitis, fibrosis, cirrhosis, and hepatocellular carcinoma are one of the major health challenges in the world and many conditions such as inadequate nutrition, viral infection, ethanol and drug abuse, xenobiotic exposure, and metabolic diseases have been implicated in the development and progression of liver diseases. Several factors including lipid peroxidation, producti...

Efficiency of the flagellar propulsion of Escherichia coli in confined microfluidic geometries.

Bacterial movement in confined spaces is routinely encountered either in a natural environment or in artificial structures. Consequently, the ability to understand and predict the behavior of motile bacterial cells in confined geometries is essential to many applications, spanning from the more classical, such as the management complex microbial networks involved in diseases, biomanufacturing, min...

Protective Effect of Extract against Irradiation-Induced Acute Hepatitis.

Radiotherapy for treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma causes severe side effects, including acute hepatitis and chronic fibrosis. Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) has emerged as an important part of integrative medicine in the management of diseases. (AC), a valuable medicinal fungus originally found only in Taiwan, has been shown to possess anti-oxidation, vaso-relaxtation, anti-inf...

Detection of Hepatitis C Virus Core Protein in Serum Using Aptamer-Functionalized AFM Chips.

In the present study, we demonstrate atomic force microscopy (AFM)-based detection of hepatitis C virus (HCV) particles in serum samples using a chip with aptamer-functionalized surface (apta-based AFM chip). The target particles, containing core antigen of HCV (HCVcoreAg protein), were biospecifically captured onto the chip surface from 1 mL of test solution containing 10 µL of serum collected f...

Understanding Risk Behaviors of Vietnamese Adults with Chronic Hepatitis B in an Urban Setting.

Cigarette smoking and alcohol consumption can be considered as risk factors that increase the progression of chronic liver disease. Meanwhile, unprotected sex is one of the main causes of hepatitis B infection. This study aimed to explore drinking, smoking, and risky sexual behaviors among people with chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) in a Vietnamese urban setting, as well as investigating potential...

Micropulse Laser Treatment of Retinal Diseases.

Subthreshold micropulse laser treatment has been intensively used for selected retinal diseases in the last decade; however, the exact mechanism of the action of lasers in the subthreshold micropulse mode is not yet fully understood. This kind of treatment is safe and cheap, and contrary to classic laser photocoagulation, it leaves the retinal cells intact. A modern theory of micropulse laser inte...

Evaluation of Serum Alpha-Fetoprotein Level in Chronic Hepatitis C Patients.

Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection represents an important risk factor for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) is a widely used biomarker for HCC. However, elevated serum AFP levels in different statuses of chronic hepatitis C (CHC) is not well defined. This study aimed to evaluate the relationship between AFP levels and HCV viral load in CHC patients. We also analyzed the corre...

Erratum.

Actual Anti-TNF Trough Levels Relate to Serum IL-10 in Drug-Responding Patients With Crohn's Disease.

Patients with Crohn's disease (CD) responding to anti-tumor necrosis factor (anti-TNF) show great variability in serum drug levels, even within the therapeutic range. We aimed at exploring the role of inflammatory, genetic, and bacterial variables in relation to anti-TNF through levels in CD patients.

A Clinical Prediction Rule to Identify Febrile Infants 60 Days and Younger at Low Risk for Serious Bacterial Infections.

In young febrile infants, serious bacterial infections (SBIs), including urinary tract infections, bacteremia, and meningitis, may lead to dangerous complications. However, lumbar punctures and hospitalizations involve risks and costs. Clinical prediction rules using biomarkers beyond the white blood cell count (WBC) may accurately identify febrile infants at low risk for SBIs.

Unraveling the host's immune response to infection: Seeing is believing.

It has long been appreciated that understanding the interactions between the host and the pathogens that make us sick is critical for the prevention and treatment of disease. As antibiotics become increasingly ineffective, targeting the host and specific bacterial evasion mechanisms are becoming novel therapeutic approaches. The technology used to understand host-pathogen interactions has dramatic...

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