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Sleep Disorders Research

22:48 EDT 25th May 2018 | BioPortfolio

Efficacy of digital CBT for insomnia to reduce depression across demographic groups: a randomized trial.

Insomnia and depression are highly comorbid and mutually exacerbate clinical trajectories and outcomes. Cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-I) effectively reduces both insomnia and depression severity, and can be delivered digitally. This could substantially increase the accessibility to CBT-I, which could reduce the health disparities related to insomnia; however, the efficacy of digit...

Managing comorbid cardiovascular disease and sleep apnea with pharmacotherapy.

Highly prevalent sleep disordered breathing (SDB) has been recognized as an independent cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factor. Although these two entities often coexist, there is a shortage of sufficiently-powered studies testing the interplay between the course of sleep apnea and CVD pharmacotherapy. The mutual relationship between treated/untreated obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) with ongoing c...

The Relationship between Suicidal Responses and Traumatic Brain Injury and Severe Insomnia in Active Duty, Veteran, and Civilian Populations.

This study examined how a positive traumatic brain injury (TBI) screening and insomnia severity relates to suicidal outcomes across active duty, veteran, and civilian samples.

Use of a depression and sleep impairment treatment guideline to improve quality of life for patients with sickle cell disease.

Pain in sickle cell disease (SCD) is often joined by other affective disorders such as depression and/or sleep impairment that can impact pain levels and quality of life (QoL).

Preoperative Obstructive Sleep Apnea Screening in Gynecologic Oncology Patients.

Women with a gynecologic cancer tend to be older, obese, and postmenopausal, characteristics that are associated with an increased risk for obstructive sleep apnea. However, there is limited investigation regarding the condition's prevalence in this population or its impact on postoperative outcomes. In other surgical populations, patients with obstructive sleep apnea have been observed to be at i...

An actigraphic study of the sleep patterns of younger and older school-age children.

Sleep is viewed as being relatively consistent across the school-age period (6-13 years of age), however this claim has not been empirically supported. The objective of this study was to document the duration, schedule, variability, and week versus weekend discrepancies of sleep in three distinct age groups within the school-age period.

Increased Vulnerability to Attentional Failure during Acute Sleep Deprivation in Women Depends on Menstrual Phase.

Investigate sex differences in the effect of sleep deprivation on performance, accounting for menstrual phase in women.

In response to letter: Opioids use in ICU: a causal agent for sleep apnea, unmasking the undiagnosed sleep apnea or both in the ICU.

Alpha-synuclein Aggregates in Labial Salivary Glands of Idiopathic Rapid Eye Movement Sleep Behavior Disorder.

To assess whether biopsy of the labial minor salivary glands safely detects phosphorylated alpha-synuclein (pAS) deposits in idiopathic REM sleep behavior disorder (IRBD), a condition that precedes the cardinal manifestations of synuclein disorders associated with Lewy type pathology, namely Parkinson disease (PD) and dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB).

Sleep pirates-are we really living through a sleep deprivation epidemic and what's stealing our sleep?

Behavioral state-specific neurons in the mouse medulla involved in sleep-wake switching.

The medullary reticular formation (RF) is involved in the maintenance of several vital physiological functions and level of vigilance. In the present study in non-anesthetized, head-fixed mice, I examined the role of medullary RF neurons in the control of sleep-wake states, i.e. wakefulness (W), slow-wave sleep (SWS), and paradoxical (or rapid eye movement) sleep (PS). I showed, for the first time...

Isolating the association of sleep, depressive state, and other independent indicators for suicide ideation in United States teenagers.

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, suicide is the second leading cause of death in American teenagers, and is a growing public health concern. This study uses multivariable logistic regression to investigate the independent relationship between suicide ideation and sleep duration in teenagers using the 2015 Youth Behavior Risk Surveillance Study, controlling for demograph...

National patterns of physician management of sleep apnea and treatment among patients with hypertension.

Sleep apnea is associated with hypertension, and treatment may improve outcomes. We examine national burden of sleep apnea, rates of sleep apnea treatment, and whether racial/ethnic disparities exist among patients with hypertension.

Efficacy of cognitive behavioral therapy in children and adolescents with insomnia: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Insomnia is highly prevalent in children and adolescents. However, the efficacy of cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-i) in children and adolescents remains controversial. Therefore, this systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to assess the efficacy of CBT-i in children and adolescents. We conducted a search of PubMed, EMBASE, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, CINA...

Impact of OSA Therapy on Established Polyphasic Sleep.

 The prevalence of polyphasic sleep (PS) in patients with sleep apnoea (OSA) is investigated in this study. In established PS the possible impact of OSA therapy on sleep behaviour was examined.

Jetlag related sleep problems and its management: A review.

We reviewed Jetlag, particularly in view of its effects on sleep and how it can be managed.

Sleep architecture and epileptic characteristics of drug naïve patients in childhood absence epilepsy spectrum. A prospective study.

Childhood absence epilepsy (CAE) is an epileptic syndrome presenting between 2nd-10th years. The spells are elicited with hyperventilation (HV) while sleep seems to exacerbate the electrical activity. Our aim is to describe sleep architecture and its relationship with epileptic discharges (EDs) in patients with CAE, before treatment and one year later.

Can working memory training improve children's sleep?

Improving children's sleep could lead to significant benefits in several functional domains. Recent research in adults suggests that intensive, adaptive cognitive training may be beneficial in improving sleep, although there is limited understanding whether this approach yields similar results in children.

Sleep Disorders, Including Sleep Apnea, and Hypertension.

There is mounting evidence for an association between sleep disorders and hypertension. In obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) there are plausible biological reasons for the development of hypertension, and treatment of OSA results in modest (2-3 mmHg), adherence-dependent decreases in blood pressure (BP), with larger effects evident in those with resistant hypertension. However, prospective, population...

Strained Bedfellows: An Actor-Partner Analysis of Spousal Attachment Insecurity and Sleep Quality.

The quality of interpersonal ties-especially closer relationships-appears to be associated with physical health outcomes. Sleep is one pathway through which relationships and health appear to be linked, but this has been inadequately investigated in the context of dyadic attachment.

Sleep Patterns and Problems Among Army National Guard Soldiers.

Adequate sleep plays an integral role in the physical and mental health of individuals, while simultaneously influencing their cognitive and work performance. Having recognized this, the U.S. Army has focused efforts on improving soldiers' healthy sleep behaviors. This study examines the extent to which mental health, alcohol use, and certain sleep hygiene behaviors predict sleep problems within a...

Randomized Trial of a Group Music and Imagery Method (GrpMI) for Women with Fibromyalgia.

Fibromyalgia (FM) affects about 2-4% of the world population. Patients, mostly women, experience chronic widespread pain, fatigue, stiffness, sleep disturbances, and psychological disorders, especially depression and anxiety.

Maternal Weight, Snoring and Hypertension; Potential Pathways of Associations.

Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP) are linked to excessive maternal weight and frequent snoring. However, pathways between maternal excessive weight, pregnancy-onset snoring and HDP are only partially estimated. We examined and quantified the total and direct associations between excessive maternal weight and incident HDP and their indirect pathway through pregnancy-onset snoring.

Exploiting Metamerism to Regulate the impact of a Visual Display on Alertness and Melatonin Suppression Independent of Visual Appearance.

Artificial light sources such as visual display units (VDUs) elicit a range of subconscious and reflex light responses, including increases in alertness and suppression of pineal melatonin. Such responses employ dedicated retinal circuits encompassing melanopsin photoreceptors. Here, we aimed to determine whether this arrangement can be exploited to modulate the impact of VDUs on melatonin onset a...

Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome and Metabolic Diseases.

With the rapid changes of lifestyle in modern society, including high nutritional intake and reduced physical activity, the incidence of metabolic diseases is increasing year by year. Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is a sleep disorder, usually characterized by sudden pauses of breathing during sleep with interrupted sleep rhythm. Although the pathological mechanism remains poorly understo...

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