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Sleep Disorders Research

03:44 EDT 19th August 2018 | BioPortfolio

Caffeine and supplemental oxygen effectively suppress periodic breathing with only minor effects during long episodes of apnoea in preterm infants.

We investigated the characteristics and effects of sleep stage, supplemental oxygen and caffeine on periodic breathing (PB) and apnoea of prematurity (AOP) in preterm infants.

A Concept Map of Behavioral Sleep Medicine: Defining the Scope of the Field and Strategic Priorities.

Feasibility of a Telemedicine-Delivered Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Insomnia in Rural Breast Cancer Survivors.

To evaluate a nurse-led, telemedicine-delivered cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBTI) in rural breast cancer survivors (BCSs).

Sleep quality and its association with the insular cortex in emotional empathy.

The human ability to vicariously share someone else's emotions (i.e., emotional empathy) relies on an extended neural network including regions in the anterior cingulate and insular cortex. Here, we tested the hypothesis that good sleep quality is associated with increased activation in the brain areas underlying emotional empathy. To this aim, we assessed subjective sleep quality in a large sampl...

Apnea-Hypopnea Index in Healthy Class III Patients Treated With Intraoral Vertical Ramus Osteotomy: A Prospective Cohort Study.

The study purpose was to assess whether mandibular setback surgery by intraoral vertical ramus osteotomy (IVRO) induces obstructive apnea and hypopnea in healthy Class III patients without a history of respiratory dysfunction. We hypothesized that the apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) would not exceed 5 events per hour after surgery.

Circuit mechanisms and computational models of REM sleep.

Rapid eye movement (REM) sleep or paradoxical sleep is an elusive behavioral state. Since its discovery in the 1950s, our knowledge of the neuroanatomy, neurotransmitters and neuropeptides underlying REM sleep regulation has continually evolved in parallel with the development of novel technologies. Although the pons was initially discovered to be responsible for REM sleep, it has since been revea...

Evaluation of Sexual Dysfunction, Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms and Quality of Life in Men with Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome and The Efficacy of Continuous Positive Airway Pressure Therapy.

To determine the presence of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS), nocturia, sexual dysfunction (SD) and the status of quality of life (QOL) in men with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) and after continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) treatment, the changes in the presence of these conditions and the improvements of QOL.

Pharmacological treatment for REM sleep behavior disorder in Parkinson disease and related conditions: A scoping review.

Rapid eye movement (REM) sleep behavior disorder (RBD) is a parasomnia characterized by the presence of a complex of signals resulting from the loss of REM sleep atony and manifested by vigorous and sometimes violent motor jerks and nocturnal vocalizations associated with dream enactment. RBD might be a clinical predictor of severity for Parkinson's disease (PD) and one of its most important non-m...

Effect of sleep bruxism duration on perceived sleep quality in middle-aged subjects.

Sleep-related bruxism may directly impact sleep quality. This study aims to evaluate potential relationships between sleep bruxism events and related daytime symptoms. We investigated 22 patients (42.1 ± 11.6 yr of age) with sleep bruxism in comparison with 12 good sleeper control subjects of similar age (41.0 ± 11.5 yr). Sleep bruxism was visually analyzed and categorized according to sleep sta...

Obstructive Sleep Apnea and the Risk of Cognitive Decline in Older Adults.

Obstructive sleep apnea causes intermittent hypoxia and sleep fragmentation and affects at least 20% of individuals after the age of 65. There is accumulating evidence that obstructive sleep apnea may impact brain structure and function. Recent cohort studies suggest that it is a risk factor for stroke, mild cognitive impairment and Alzheimer's disease. Because prevention through treatment of risk...

Effects of Far-Infrared Emitting Ceramic Materials on Recovery During 2-Week Preseason of Elite Futsal Players.

Nunes, RFH, Cidral-Filho, FJ, Flores, LJF, Nakamura, FY, Rodriguez, HFM, Bobinski, F, De Sousa, A, Petronilho, F, Danielski, LG, Martins, MM, Martins, DF, and Guglielmo, LGA. Effects of far-infrared emitting ceramic materials on recovery during 2-week preseason of elite futsal players. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2018-We investigated the effects of far-infrared emitting ceramic materials (...

Yoga for Teens With Irritable Bowel Syndrome: Results From a Mixed-Methods Pilot Study.

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a common condition associated with recurrent abdominal pain and altered bowel habits. It is particularly pernicious to youth, who may withdraw from life tasks due to pain, diarrhea, and/or fear of symptoms. Emotional stress exacerbates IBS symptoms, and mind-body interventions may be beneficial. In this mixed-methods study of 18 teens aged 14 to 17 years undertaki...

Prevalence of Five Health-Related Behaviors for Chronic Disease Prevention Among Sexual and Gender Minority Adults - 25 U.S. States and Guam, 2016.

In recent decades, public health awareness of health disparities among lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) populations has increased (1). Healthy People 2020 included objectives to improve health of LGBT persons. Five key health-related behaviors were found to be likely associated with reduced all-cause mortality: never smoking, performing regular physical activity, consuming no or mode...

A preliminary study on potential association between psychopathological status and rhythmic masticatory muscle activity of young patients with sleep bruxism in Tianjin China.

The aim of this cross-sectional study was to assess the psychological status of patients with bruxism and to explore the potential relationship between psychological status and rhythmic masticatory muscle activity (RMMA), since the basic manifestation of sleep bruxism is RMMA.

Symptom clustering in patients with childhood-onset systemic lupus erythematosus.

To: 1) explore the prevalence of the symptoms perceived by patients with childhood-onset systemic lupus erythematosus (SLEc); 2) identify the symptom clusters occurring in patients with SLEc; and 3) examine the association of the burden of each symptom cluster with sleep quality and depression.

Successful Treatment of Extremely Severe Obstructive Sleep Apnea with a Dental Appliance.

A dental appliance for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is recommended for patients who cannot adjust to continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) treatments.

The Neurobiological Basis of Sleep and Sleep Disorders.

The functions of sleep remain a mystery. Yet they must be important since sleep is highly conserved, and its chronic disruption is associated with various metabolic, psychiatric, and neurodegenerative disorders. This review will cover our evolving understanding of the mechanisms by which sleep is controlled and the complex relationship between sleep and disease states.

Inclusion of Sleep Promotion in Family-Based Interventions to Prevent Childhood Obesity.

Sleep promotion in childhood may reduce the risk of obesity, but little is known of its inclusion in family-based interventions. This study examines the proportion and context of family-based interventions to prevent childhood obesity that promote child sleep. We drew on data from a recent systematic review and content analysis of family-based interventions for childhood obesity prevention publish...

Evaluation of Epworth Sleepiness Scale to Predict Obstructive Sleep Apnea in Morbidly Obese Patients and Increasing Its Utility.

Studies have shown that Epworth sleepiness scale (ESS) is not a good tool to predict obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). However, data regarding the accuracy of ESS in the prediction of OSA among morbidly obese patients are scarce.

Acute control of the sleep switch in reveals a role for gap junctions in regulating behavioral responsiveness.

Sleep is a dynamic process in most animals, involving distinct stages that probably achieve multiple functions for the brain. Before sleep functions can be initiated, it is likely that behavioral responsiveness to the outside world needs to be reduced first, even while animals are still awake. Recent work in has uncovered a sleep switch in the dorsal fan-shaped body (dFB) of the fly's central bra...

Intermittent hypoxia, brain glyoxalase-1 and glutathione reductase-1, and anxiety-like behavior in mice.

Sleep apnea has been associated with anxiety, but the mechanisms of the sleep apnea-anxiety relationship are unresolved. Sleep apnea causes oxidative stress, which might enhance anxiety-like behavior in rodents. To clarify the apnea-anxiety connection, we tested the effect of intermittent hypoxia, a model of sleep apnea, on the anxiety behavior of mice.

Orexinergic neurons are involved in the chemosensory control of breathing during the dark phase in a Parkinson's disease model.

Parkinson's disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disorder characterized by loss of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra compacta (SNpc) and the only risk factor is aging. We showed that in 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA)-model of PD there is a reduction in the neuronal profile within the brainstem ventral respiratory column with a decrease in the hypercapnic ventilatory response. Here we tested ...

Obstructive Sleep Apnea Increases Sudden Cardiac Death in Incident Hemodialysis Patients.

Mortality in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) occurs predominantly from cardiovascular disease (CVD) and sudden cardiac death (SCD). Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is characterized by periodic airflow limitation associated with sleep arousal and oxygen desaturation and is prevalent in patients with ESRD. Whether OSA increases the risk for SCD, cardiovascular and all-cause mortality among hemodialysis...

Dexmedetomidine in combination with morphine improves postoperative analgesia and sleep quality in elderly patients after open abdominal surgery: A pilot randomized control trial.

Dexmedetomidine in combination with opioids has been used for postoperative analgesia. The purpose of this study was to investigate the impacts of dexmedetomidine supplemented intravenous analgesia on morphine consumption and subjective sleep quality in elderly patients after open abdominal surgery.

Obstructive Sleep Apnea in Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Comorbid With Mood Disorder: Significantly Higher Incidence Than in Either Diagnosis Alone.

To examine the correlations between obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and psychiatric disorders such as major depressive disorder (MDD), posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), or bipolar disorder (BD) and whether comorbid psychiatric diagnosis increases the risk of OSA.

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