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Spinal Cord Disorders Research

19:25 EST 13th December 2018 | BioPortfolio

Muscle metaboreflex activation via postexercise ischemia as a tool for teaching cardiovascular physiology for undergraduate students.

The cardiovascular responses to exercise are mediated by several interactive neural mechanisms, including central command, arterial baroreflex, and skeletal muscle mechano- and metaboreflex. In humans, muscle metaboreflex activation can be isolated via postexercise ischemia (PEI), which increases sympathetic nerve activity and partially maintains the exercise-induced increase in arterial blood pre...

A comparison of urodynamic findings between patients with complete and incomplete traumatic spinal cord injuries.

To compare urodynamic findings between patients with complete and incomplete traumatic spinal cord injuries (SCI) and to determine whether it is important to test with urodynamic study in patients with incomplete SCI.

Engaging in the prevention of pressure injuries in spinal cord injury: A qualitative study of community-dwelling individuals' different styles of prevention in Switzerland.

Spinal cord injury (SCI) is a complex chronic condition with multiple self-management requirements and a high prevalence of complications. Pressure injuries (PIs) are among the most common ones and represent a frequent reason for re-hospitalization. This study aimed to identify styles of prevention that individuals with SCI adopt to deal with the risk of developing PIs.

Correction: Thyroid Hormone Activates Brown Adipose Tissue and Increases Non-Shivering Thermogenesis-A Cohort Study in a Group of Thyroid Carcinoma Patients.

[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0145049.].

Microneurosurgical Removal of a Cervical Intramedullary Tumor Via Hemilaminoplasty: 3-Dimensional Operative Video.

Intramedullary tumors of the spinal cord are rare and account for 2% to 8.5% of all central nervous system tumors. In adults, ependymomas are the most common intramedullary tumors. The primary choice of treatment should be radical surgical removal, as this is curative for most tumors. Adequate tumor exposure is crucial and mostly achieved through standard laminectomy followed by midline myelotomy....

Haemodynamic stress-induced breaches of the arterial intima trigger inflammation and drive atherogenesis.

Inflammatory mediators, including blood cells and their products, contribute critically to atherogenesis, but the igniting triggers of inflammation remain elusive. Atherosclerosis develops at sites of flow perturbation, where the enhanced haemodynamic stress could initiate the atherogenic inflammatory process due to the occurrence of mechanic injury. We investigated the role of haemodynamic stress...

Commentary: Effect of Spinal Cord Stimulation on Early Disability Pension in 198 Failed Back Surgery Syndrome Patients: Case-Control Study.

Lipomeningocele associated with diplomyelia in a dog.

A 2-year-old male neutered mixed breed dog with a body weight of 30 kg was presented for evaluation of a soft subcutaneous mass on the dorsal midline at the level of the caudal thoracic spine. A further clinical sign was intermittent pain on palpation of the area of the subcutaneous mass. The owner also described a prolonged phase of urination with repeated interruption and re-initiation of voidin...

Intervertebral disc herniation in two coatis (Nasua nasua) and postoperative laminectomy membrane formation.

Magnetic resonance imaging revealed spinal cord compression due to intervertebral disc herniation of Hansen type I and II in the thoracolumbar vertebral column in two middle-aged coatis () with chronic progressive paraparesis. Surgical treatment included hemilaminectomy and partial corpectomy in one and dorsal laminectomy in the other coati. Both coatis recovered well after surgery. One showed unr...

Propofol partially attenuates complete freund's adjuvant-induced neuroinflammation through inhibition of the ERK1/2/NF-κB pathway.

Peripheral inflammation in male C57BL/6 mice was induced by intraplantar injection of 20 μL complete freund's adjuvant (CFA) in the left hind paw. Mice were randomly divided into three groups: Sham, CFA, and propofol+CFA. Mechanical allodynia was assessed by von Frey analysis, and heat hyperalgesia was detected by exposure of the plantar surface to a beam of radiant heat. Propofol significantly...

Angioplasty versus stenting for infrapopliteal arterial lesions in chronic limb-threatening ischaemia.

Chronic limb-threatening ischaemia (CLTI) is a manifestation of peripheral arterial disease (PAD) that includes chronic ischaemic rest pain or ischaemic skin lesions, ulcers, or gangrene for longer than two weeks. The severity of the disease depends on the extent of arterial stenosis and the availability of collateral circulation. Treatment for CLTI aims to relieve ischaemic pain, heal ischaemic u...

Trial Versus No Trial of Spinal Cord Stimulation for Chronic Neuropathic Pain: Cost Analysis in United Kingdom National Health Service.

The aim of the current project was to evaluate the spinal cord stimulation (SCS) screening trial success rate threshold to obtain the same cost impact across two identical sets of patients following either a prolonged screening trial prior to implantation strategy or a full implant without a screening trial.

Preconditioning of umbilical cord-derived mesenchymal stem cells by rapamycin increases cell migration and ameliorates liver ischaemia/reperfusion injury in mice via the CXCR4/CXCL12 axis.

Transfusion of umbilical cord-derived mesenchymal stem cells (UC-MSCs) is a novel strategy for treatment of various liver diseases. However, the therapeutic effect of UC-MSCs is limited because only a few UC-MSCs migrate towards the damaged regions. In this study, we observed the effects of autophagy on the migration of UC-MSCs in vitro and in a model of liver ischaemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury.

Adalimumab efficacy for venous thrombosis in typical sites in Behçet's syndrome.

In our work entitled "Adalimumab-based treatment versus DMARDs for venous thrombosis in Behçet syndrome. A retrospective study of 70 patients with vascular involvement" , we showed that Adalimumab (ADA)-based regimen is more effective and rapid than disease modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs) in inducing resolution of venous thrombosis in patients with Behçet syndrome (BS), also allowing si...

Nucleated red blood cells as a novel indicator of CD34 cell content in umbilical cord blood.

Umbilical cord blood (UCB) has become an important source of transplantable CD34 hematopoietic progenitor cells. Cord blood banks (CBBs) can increase their efficiency by minimizing the processing of UCB units with low CD34 content, which have a lower likelihood of transplant utilization. We sought to identify a readily available preprocessing metric that would correlate with CD34 cell counts, with...

Postprandial augmentation index is reduced in adults with prediabetes following continuous and interval exercise training.

Background People with prediabetes have elevated risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD) in part due to low insulin sensitivity mediated arterial stiffness. However, the effect of short-term exercise training intensity, and/or amount (i.e. kcal/session), on fasting and postprandial arterial stiffness is unknown. We tested the hypothesis that increased exercise intensity and dose (i.e. amount) would ...

Surgical Risk Stratification Based on Preoperative Risk Factors in Adult Spinal Deformity.

Corrective surgery for adult spinal deformity (ASD) improves health-related quality of life but has high complication rates. Predicting a patient's risk of perioperative and late postoperative complications is difficult, although several potential risk factors have been reported.

Assessment of Postoperative Outcomes in Spinal Epidural Abscess Following Surgical Decompression.

A spinal epidural abscess (SEA) is a serious condition that may be managed with antibiotics alone or with decompressive surgery combined with antibiotics.

Systemic Arterial Hypertension in Childhood: A Challenge Related to the Increasing Survival of Very Low Birth Weight Preterm Infants.

 To verify the prevalence of systemic arterial hypertension (SAH) and to identify possible early predictors of SAH at ages 2 and 4 years in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants.

Variability of arterial and peripheral venous blood gases parameters in subjects with stable obstructive pulmonary disease

Peripheral venous blood gases may be useful in subjects with exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease to evaluate their gas exchange.

Can early detection prevent venous leg ulceration?

Venous leg ulceration is the most common form of leg ulceration, affecting 1.5% of the UK adult population. This was reviewed within the latest best practice statement (2016) which set out to create clear guidance on the assessment, management and preventing the reoccurrence of venous leg ulceration. With a growing elderly population at risk of venous insufficiency, early identification of those a...

The effect of net gas volume changes on alveolar and arterial gas partial pressures in the presence of ventilation-perfusion mismatch.

The second gas effect (SGE) occurs when nitrous oxide enhances the uptake of volatile anesthetics administered simultaneously. Recent work shows that the SGE is greater in blood than in the gas phase, that this is due to ventilation-perfusion mismatch, that as mismatch increases, the SGE increases in blood but is diminished in the gas phase, and that these effects persist well into the period of n...

Platelet to lymphocyte ratio predicts all-cause mortality in patients with carotid arterial disease.

Platelet to lymphocyte ratio (PLR) has been demonstrated as an risk and prognostic marker in many of cardiovascular diseases. Relationship between PLR and severity of carotid stenosis has been shown. The aim of our study was to investigate the relationship between PLR and all cause mortality in patients with carotid arterial disease.

Microbiota control acute arterial inflammation and neointimal hyperplasia development after arterial injury.

The microbiome has a functional role in a number of inflammatory processes and disease states. While neointimal hyperplasia development has been linked to inflammation, a direct role of the microbiota in neointimal hyperplasia has not yet been established. Germ-free (GF) mice are an invaluable model for studying causative links between commensal organisms and the host. We hypothesized that GF mice...

The effect of spinal mobilization with leg movement in patients with lumbar radiculopathy - A double blind randomized controlled trial.

To evaluate the effect of spinal mobilization with leg movement (SMWLM) on low back and leg pain intensity, disability, pain centralization and patient satisfaction in subjects with lumbar radiculopathy.

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