Advertisement

Topics

Stem Cells Research

11:50 EDT 17th October 2018 | BioPortfolio

Signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 inhibition enhances vemurafenib sensitivity in colon cancers harboring the BRAF mutation.

The BRAF inhibitor vemurafenib is widely used to treat melanomas harboring the activated BRAF mutation; however, vemurafenib showed poor efficacy in colon cancer, which impeded its clinical application for colon cancer patients with this mutation. The specific mechanism of vemurafenib resistance is not clear in colon cancer. In this study, we demonstrated that signal transducer and activator of tr...

Receptor for advanced glycation end products reveals a mechanism regulating thyroid hormone secretion through the SIRT1/Nrf2 pathway.

Advanced glycation end products (AGEs) play a causative role in the complications involved with diabetes mellitus (DM). Nowadays, DM with hypothyroidism (DM-hypothyroidism) is indicative of an ascended tendency in the combined morbidity. In this study, we examine the role of the receptor (RAGE) played for AGEs in thyroid hormone (TH) secretion via the silent information regulator 1 (SIRT1)/nuclear...

Retinoic acid-induced survival effects in SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cells.

Neuroblastoma is a malignant childhood cancer arising from the embryonic sympathoadrenal lineage of the neural crest. Retinoic acid (RA) is included in the multimodal therapy of patients with high-risk neuroblastoma to eliminate minimal residual disease. However, the formation of RA-resistant cells substantially lowers 5-year overall survival rates. To examine mechanisms that lead to treatment fai...

MORC4 is a novel breast cancer oncogene regulated by miR-193b-3p.

A better understanding of breast cancer pathogenesis would contribute to improved diagnosis and therapy and potentially decreased mortality rates. Here, we found that the MORC family CW-type zinc finger 4 (MORC4) overexpression in breast cancer tissues is associated with poor survival, and the short-interfering RNA knockdown of MORC4 suppresses the growth of breast cancer cells by promoting apopto...

Delphinidin induces antiproliferation and apoptosis of endometrial cells by regulating cytosolic calcium levels and mitochondrial membrane potential depolarization.

Endometriosis is a benign gynecological disease of women of reproductive ages, wherein endometrial cells grow ectopically, decreasing their quality of life due to chronic pelvic pain and severe dysmenorrhea. Although surgery and hormone therapies are gold standards for treating endometriosis, side effects are common and the recurrence rate is nearly 50%. Recent studies are exploring phytochemicals...

Triad1 regulates the expression and distribution of EHD1 contributing to the neurite outgrowth of neurons after spinal cord injury.

Traumatic spinal cord injury is a common and severe complication after an accident. As we all know that neurite outgrowth of neurons is difficult after a spinal cord injury. Endosome system is associated with cargoes transportation and contributes in promoting the neuronal capability for neurite outgrowth. EH domain-containing protein 1 (EHD1) transports proteins through the endosome system, espec...

Promoting osteogenic differentiation of human-induced pluripotent stem cells by releasing Wnt/β-catenin signaling activator from the nanofibers.

Implants that can enhance the stem cells differentiation in the absence of the chemical osteogenic growth factors will attract the great interest of orthopedic scientists. Inorganic polyphosphate (poly-P), as a ubiquitous biological polymer, is one of the factors that can be an alternative for osteogenic growth factors via activating Wnt/β-catenin signaling. In this study, poly-P was incorporated...

Phosphorylation of SRSF1 at Tyr-19 promotes cell proliferation in pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia.

Serine/arginine-rich splicing factor 1 (SRSF1) has been linked to various human cancers including pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Our previous study has shown that SRSF1 potentially contributes to leukemogenesis, however its underlying mechanism remains unclear. In this study, leukemic cells were isolated from pediatric ALL bone marrow samples, followed by immune-precipitation assays...

The role of IL-3 in bone.

In the recent past, there has been a burgeoning interest in targeting cytokines such as IL-3 for specific disease conditions of bone such as rheumatoid arthritis and multiple myeloma. Unlike other cytokines, IL-3 is a cytokine with a multilineage potential and broad spectrum of target cells and it plays a vital role in hematopoiesis. Due to its common receptor subunit, the action of IL-3 shows fun...

Role of T cells in CD47/DST-induced immune tolerance in skin-heart transplantation mice.

To explore the role of T cells in the establishment of immune tolerance induced by donor specific transfusion (DST) in mice with skin-heart transplantation.

NFIB Promotes Colorectal Cancer Cell Proliferation, EMT and 5-Fluorouracil Resistance.

Nuclear factor I/B (NFIB) is a widely studied transcription factor that participates in tumor progression; nevertheless, studies on NFIB in colorectal cancer (CRC) are limited. In our study, Western blot and RT-PCR analyses showed that NFIB was overexpressed in CRC tissues and cell lines, which was consistent with our bioinformatic analysis results. Furthermore, NFIB expression was closely related...

Previews.

Targeting the Plasmodium falciparum Plasmepsin V by ligand-based virtual screening.

Malaria is a devastating disease depending only on chemotherapy as treatment. However, medication is losing efficacy and therefore there is an urgent need for the discovery of novel pharmaceutics. Recently plasmepsin V, an aspartic protease anchored in the endoplasmatic reticulum, was demonstrated as responsible for the trafficking of parasite-derived proteins to the erythrocytic surface and furth...

Malignant or benign hyperleukocytosis ?

Leukocytosis or an increase of white blood cells in the peripheral blood is a frequent anomaly. It is important to immediately distinguish if it is a benign or malignant leukocytosis and the analysis of the blood formula is the first step. The presence of abnormal cells such as blast cells is an alarm which must immediately consider the diagnosis of leukemia, and medullogram has to be performed. T...

The face of STEM: Racial phenotypic stereotypicality predicts STEM persistence by-and ability attributions about-students of color.

Despite strong initial interest, college students-especially those from underrepresented minority (URM) backgrounds-leave STEM majors at high rates. Here, we explore the role of racial phenotypic stereotypicality, or how typical one's physical appearance is of one's racial group, in STEM persistence. In a longitudinal study, URM students were especially likely to leave STEM to the extent that they...

HIV-Nef Protein Persists in the Lungs of Aviremic HIV Patients and Induces Endothelial Cell Death.

It remains a mystery why HIV-associated end-organ pathologies persist in the era of combined antiretroviral therapy (ART). One possible mechanism is the continued production of HIV encoded proteins in latently HIV-infected T cells and macrophages. The pro-apoptotic protein HIV-Nef persists in the blood of ART treated patients within extracellular vesicles (EV) and PBMC. Here we demonstrate that HI...

Targeting peptide-enhanced antibody and CD11c dendritic cells to inclusion bodies expressing protective antigen against ETEC in mice.

Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) remains a massive burden in developing countries with increasing morbidity and mortality rates; it is also an important pathogen in the farming industry and is a leading cause of bacterial diarrhea. Our previous study showed that nanometer-sized inclusion bodies (IBs) of the fimbrial adhesin subunit protein (FaeG), mutation heat-stable enterotoxin a (mSTa), ...

Knockdown of lncRNA KCNQ1OT1 suppresses the adipogenic and osteogenic differentiation of tendon stem cell via downregulating miR-138 target genes PPARγand RUNX2.

ObjectiveThe study aimed to investigate the mechanism and biological roles of long noncoding RNAKCNQ1OT1 in adipogenic and osteogenic differentiation of tendon stem cell. MethodsTendon injury mice model was established to detect the expression of lncRNA KCNQ1OT1, miR-138, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ) and runt-related gene 2 (RUNX2) using quantitative real-time PCR (qRT...

Antigen-Presenting Cell Characteristics of Human γδ T Lymphocytes in Chronic Myeloid Leukemia.

Human γδ T lymphocytes play a role in the immune system defense against cancer. Their broad anti-cancer activity against different types of cancers makes them outstanding candidates for cancer immunotherapy. An issue of recent interest is whether their antigen presentation features are similar to mature dendritic cells. The antigen-presenting cell (APC)-like phenotype and function of γδ T lymp...

SND1 acts as an anti-apoptotic factor via regulating the expression of lncRNA UCA1 in hepatocellular carcinoma.

Multifunctional SND1 (staphylococcal nuclease and tudor domain containing 1) protein is reportedly associated with different types of RNA molecules, including mRNA, miRNA, pre-miRNA, and dsRNA. SND1 has been implicated in a number of biological processes in eukaryotic cells, including cell cycle, DNA damage repair, proliferation, and apoptosis. However, the specific molecular mechanism regarding t...

Alexithymia, Impulsivity, and Reward Sensitivity in Young Adult University Student Children of Alcoholics.

Personality traits previously known as risk factors for alcohol use disorder (AUD) were assessed in 29 young adult children of alcoholics (COAs) and 68 young adult children of nonalcoholics (non-COAs). Male and female university students (M = 22.11 years) completed questions pertaining to demographics and alcohol use, and the Children of Alcoholics Screening Test; Toronto Alexithymia Scale; ...

Breast Cancer Metastasis: Are Cytokines Important Players During Its Development and Progression?

In breast cancer, an uncontrolled cell proliferation leads to tumor formation and development of a multifactorial disease. Metastasis is a complex process that involves tumor spread to distant parts of the body from its original site. Metastatic dissemination represents the main physiopathology of cancer. Inter- and intracellular communication in all systems in vertebrates is mediated by cytokines...

Orchestrated regulation of iron trafficking proteins in the kidney during iron overload facilitates systemic iron retention.

The exact route of iron through the kidney and its regulation during iron overload are not completely elucidated. Under physiologic conditions, non-transferrin and transferrin bound iron passes the glomerular filter and is reabsorbed through kidney epithelial cells, so that hardly any iron is found in the urine. To study the route of iron reabsorption through the kidney, we analyzed the location a...

Stimulation of natural killer cells with rhCD137 ligand enhances tumor-targeting antibody efficacy in gastric cancer.

Although many anticancer agents for gastric cancer have been developed, the prognosis for many patients remains poor. Recently, costimulatory immune molecules that reactivate antitumor immune responses by utilizing the host immune system have attracted attention as new therapeutic strategies. CD137 is a costimulatory molecule that reportedly potentiates the antitumor activity of tumor-targeting mo...

Circulating angiogenic stem cells in type 2 diabetes are associated with glycemic control and endothelial dysfunction.

Circulating angiogenic cells (CACs) of various described phenotypes participate in the regeneration of the damaged endothelium, but the abundance of these cells is highly influenced by external cues including diabetes. It is not entirely clear which CAC populations are most reflective of endothelial function nor which are impacted by diabetes. To answer these questions, we enrolled a human cohort ...

Advertisement
Quick Search
Advertisement
Advertisement

 

review and buy Stem Cells market research data and corporate reports here