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Surgical treatments Research

20:56 EDT 17th October 2018 | BioPortfolio

Surgical Treatment of Medication-Related Osteonecrosis of the Upper Jaw: Case Series.

The management of maxillary medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (MRONJ) is challenging. Therefore, identifying the proper treatment is important. This study aimed to evaluate the surgical treatment of maxillary MRONJ using single-layer closure with mucoperiosteal flap and double-layer closure with buccal fat pad flap (BFPF) and mucoperiosteal flap and to find the outcomes after rehabilitat...

The impact of single positive surgical margin features on biochemical recurrence after robotic radical prostatectomy.

Parameters predictive of biochemical or clinical recurrence after Radical Prostatectomy (RP) were determined as pre-treatment PSA value, pathologic tumor stage, tumor grade and presence of Positive Surgical Margin (PSM), extracapsular extension and seminal vesicle invasion and the status of pelvic lymph nodes. The aim of our study is to evaluate the effect of additional features in patients underg...

Current and future applications of 3D printing in congenital cardiology and cardiac surgery.

Three-dimensional (3D) printing technology in congenital cardiology and cardiac surgery has experienced a rapid development over the last decade. In presence of complex cardiac and extra-cardiac anatomies, the creation of a physical, patient-specific model is attractive to most clinicians. However, at the present time, there is still a lack of strong scientific evidence of the benefit of 3D models...

Appraisal and Current Considerations of Robotics in Colon and Rectal Surgery.

Robotic technology aims to obviate some of the limitations of conventional laparoscopic surgery, yet the role of robotics in colorectal surgery is still largely undefined and varies with respect to its application in abdominal versus pelvic surgery.

Recommendations for the Nomenclature of Cognitive Change Associated With Anaesthesia and Surgery-2018.

Cognitive change affecting patients after anaesthesia and surgery has been recognised for more than 100 yr. Research into cognitive change after anaesthesia and surgery accelerated in the 1980s when multiple studies utilised detailed neuropsychological testing for assessment of cognitive change after cardiac surgery. This body of work consistently documented decline in cognitive function in elderl...

Commentary: Risk Factors for Basal Cell Carcinoma in Men Younger Than 40 Years of Age: A Case-Control Study.

Recommendations for the Nomenclature of Cognitive Change Associated with Anaesthesia and Surgery-2018.

Cognitive change affecting patients after anaesthesia and surgery has been recognised for more than 100 yr. Research into cognitive change after anaesthesia and surgery accelerated in the 1980s when multiple studies utilised detailed neuropsychological testing for assessment of cognitive change after cardiac surgery. This body of work consistently documented decline in cognitive function in elderl...

Impact on Breastfeeding According to Implant Features in Breast Augmentation: A Multicentric Retrospective Study.

Exclusive breastfeeding is highly recommended by the World Health Organization during the first 6 months of life. In parallel, breast augmentation with implants is one of the most performed operations in aesthetic surgery.

Outcome of Pedicled Thoracodorsal Artery Perforator Flap in the Surgical Treatment of Stage II and III Hidradenitis Suppurativa of Axilla.

Hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) is a chronic, inflammatory disease affecting the apocrine glands of the axillary, groin, and mammary regions with significant physical and psychosocial sequelae. Surgical excision of the affected tissue is the criterion standard treatment. Advanced cases of axillary HS are associated with high rates of recurrence and require extensive surgical resection with challengi...

What is new in robot-assisted radical prostatectomy: a narrative review.

The implementation of novel technologies and refinements in the surgical technique are continuously changing the urological surgical scenario. The purpose of this review is to provide surgeons with the latest and most relevant updates in the field of robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) occurred over the last 12 months.

Halo gravity traction can mitigate pre-operative risk factors and early surgical complications in complex spine deformity.

Retrospective Review of Prospective Cohort OBJECTIVE.: We sought to examine the role of halo gravity traction (HGT) in reducing pre-operative surgical risk SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA.: The impact of HGT on procedure choice, preoperative risk factors and surgical complications has not been previously described.

Design and Implementation of an Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) Program for Minimally Invasive Lumbar Decompression Spine Surgery: Initial Experience.

A retrospective cohort study of prospectively-collected data.

A Prospective Randomized Blinded Trial Comparing Digital Simulation to Textbook for Cleft Surgery Education.

Simulation is progressively being integrated into surgical training, yet its utility in plastic surgery has not been well described. We present a prospective, randomized, blinded trial comparing digital simulation to a surgical textbook for conceptualization of cleft-lip repair.

"Craniometric Analysis of Endoscopic Suturectomy for Bilateral Coronal Craniosynostosis."

Endoscopic suturectomy and helmeting represents a successful first-line surgical treatment for bilateral coronal craniosynostosis. Its effect on cranial morphology has not been previously described.

Determining the incidence of postoperative delirium in elderly patients who undergo orthopaedic surgical interventions in Turkey.

To determine the incidence of postoperative delirium in elderly patients having undergone orthopaedic surgical interventions.

Risk factors for surgical site infection after lumbar laminectomy and/or discectomy for degenerative diseases in adults: A prospective multicenter surveillance study with registry of 4027 cases.

Surgical site infection (SSI) is a significant complication after spinal surgery and is associated with increased hospital length of stay, high healthcare costs, and poor patient outcomes. Accurate identification of risk factors is essential to develop strategies to prevent wound infections. The aim of this prospective multicenter study was to determine the independent factors associated with SSI ...

Notice of Retraction: Schietroma M, Cecilia EM, Carlei F, Sista F, De Santis G, Lancione L, Amicucci G. Dexamethasone for the Prevention of Recurrent Laryngeal Nerve Palsy and Other Complications After Thyroid Surgery: A Randomized Double-blind Placebo-Controlled Trial. JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2013;139(5):471-478.

Association of the Duration of Antibiotic Therapy With Major Surgical Site Infection in Cochlear Implantation.

Infection after cochlear implantation is a rare but serious event that can lead to meningitis. There is no consensus on prevention of infection in these patients, and each center applies its own strategy.

Association Between Surgical Trainee Daytime Sleepiness and Intraoperative Technical Skill When Performing Septoplasty.

Daytime sleepiness in surgical trainees can impair intraoperative technical skill and thus affect their learning and pose a risk to patient safety.

Association of Cataract Surgical Outcomes With Late Surgeon Career Stages: A Population-Based Cohort Study.

Evidence suggests that the quality of some aspects of care provided by physicians may decrease during their late career stage. However, to our knowledge, data regarding the association of advancing surgeon career phase with cataract surgical outcomes have been lacking.

Analysis of Facial Reanimation Procedures Performed Concurrently With Total Parotidectomy and Facial Nerve Sacrifice.

Facial reanimation procedures share the same surgical field as a parotidectomy and are most easily accomplished at the time of facial nerve sacrifice. Early reanimation would also reduce the duration of paralysis and may lead to better functional outcomes.

Standardized Uniform Reporting and Indications for Bariatric and Metabolic Surgery: How Can We Reach This Goal?

Outcomes of Open vs Endoscopic Skull Base Surgery in Patients 70 Years or Older.

The use of skull base surgery in patients 70 years or older is increasing, but its safety in this age group has not been evaluated to date.

Commercial Claims-Based Comparison of Survival and Toxic Effects of Definitive Radiotherapy vs Primary Surgery in Patients With Oropharyngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma.

Definitive radiotherapy (RT) and primary surgery (PS) are considered to be equally viable local therapy modalities for oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC). The comparative effectiveness of these therapies is often debated, and treatment decisions are based on a paucity of comparative data.

Neural Plasticity Following Surgical Correction of Strabismus in Monkeys.

Although widely practiced, surgical treatment of strabismus has varying levels of success and permanence. In this study we investigated adaptive responses within the brain and the extraocular muscles (EOM) that occur following surgery and therefore determine long-term success of the treatment.

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