Surgical treatments Research

10:26 EST 16th December 2018 | BioPortfolio

The patterns of cervical lymph node metastasis and the surgical treatment for untreated medullary thyroid carcinoma.

To study the features of cervical lymph node metastasis and the optimal type of surgical treatment for untreated medullary thyroid carcinoma. To retrospectively analyze the clinical data of 45 patients with untreated medullary thyroid carcinoma who received surgical treatment in our hospital. The patterns of cervical lymph node metastasis and the surgical treatment were investigated. 34(75.6%) ca...

The surgical management of upper parapharyngeal regions.

To find proper the surgical approval and evaluate clinical efficacy to treat the tumor of upper parapharyngeal space involving the base of skull and intracranial skull. The data of 9 cases from June 2013 and June 2018 were analyzed retrospectively including schwannoma in 6 cases, pleomorphic adenoma in 2 cases and hemangioma in 1 case. All cases received preoperative high resolution CT and MRI, s...

Functional parotid surgery for removal of benign parotid tumors.

To evaluate the effect of the application of functional parotid surgery for removal of benign parotid tumors and the prevention of Frey syndrome. One hundred and fifty-six cases with benign tumor were underwent functional regional parotidectomy. All tumors were smaller than 4 cm in diameter. The safe surgical margin was 5 mm when the tumors were less than 2 cm in diameter, while the safety margin...

Regionalization of Retroperitoneal Sarcoma Surgery to High-Volume Hospitals: Missed Opportunities for Outcome Improvement.

Surgery continues to be the dominant therapy for the management of retroperitoneal soft-tissue sarcoma (RPS). Many groups advocate performing these resections at high-volume hospitals (HVHs), given their complexity. We therefore sought to explore whether RPS surgery has indeed begun to regionalize to HVHs in the same manner as pancreatic cancer (PC) surgery during the last decade.

Reversal of ε-Aminocaproic Acid-Induced Massive Thromboemboli Using Tissue Plasminogen Activator During Cardiac Surgery: A Case Report.

ε-Aminocaproic acid is routinely used in cardiac surgery to prevent excess bleeding. It is rarely associated with thrombotic events. This case report illustrates the formation of intracardiac thrombi leading to massive pulmonary embolism during a coronary artery bypass graft surgery, secondary to the administration of ε-aminocaproic acid as confirmed by intraoperative transesophageal echocardiog...

Radical Surgery for Head and Neck Rhabdomyosarcoma Failed Primary Chemotherapy.

The aim of the study was to explore an optimal surgery way for head and neck rhabdomyosarcoma (HNRMS) children who have failed primary chemotherapy.

Technique of Fractionated Transcatheter Arterial Embolization for Treating Large Arteriovenous Malformation in Brain Functional Area.

At present, large cranial function area arteriovenous malformation (fAVM) is mainly treated by craniotomy with a high risk of operation and high disability. In recent years, with the continuous improvement of the neural intervention technology, fractionated transcatheter arterial embolization (fTAE) may be used to treat the fAVM instead of surgical treatment. However, its effectiveness for treatin...

Society of Cardiovascular Anesthesiologists/European Association of Cardiothoracic Anaesthetists Practice Advisory for the Management of Perioperative Atrial Fibrillation in Patients Undergoing Cardiac Surgery.

Postoperative atrial fibrillation (poAF) is the most common adverse event after cardiac surgery and is associated with increased morbidity, mortality, and hospital and intensive care unit length of stay. Despite progressive improvements in overall cardiac surgical operative mortality and postoperative morbidity, the incidence of poAF has remained unchanged at 30%-50%. A number of evidence-based re...

A Prospective Comparative Study Between Subcuticular and Sutureless Technique of Skin Closure Following External Dacryocystorhinostomy.

To compare the cosmetic outcome of the surgical scar of external dacryocystorhinostomy by the subcuticular versus sutureless technique.

Repair of a Large Glabellar/Nasal Defect.

Experiences of Dermatologic Surgeons With the Sunshine Act: A National Survey.

Discrepancy Between Online Images of Mohs Surgery and Reality: An Opportunity for Improvement.

The "Sketch, Etch, and Sketch" Approach to Improve Accuracy and Durability of Surgical Skin Markings: Surgical Pearl.

A Survey of Mohs Tissue Tracking Practices.

There are little data regarding error within the multistep process of Mohs micrographic surgery (MMS).

Benefit of Mohs Micrographic Surgery Over Wide Local Excision for Melanoma of the Head and Neck: A Rational Approach to Treatment.

There are limited published data comparing wide local excision (WLE) with Mohs micrographic surgery (MMS) for the treatment of melanoma.

De-intensified adjuvant (chemo)radiotherapy versus standard adjuvant chemoradiotherapy post transoral minimally invasive surgery for resectable HPV-positive oropharyngeal carcinoma.

More than 400,000 cases of oropharyngeal squamous cell cancer (OPSCC) are diagnosed every year worldwide and this is rising. Much of the increase has been attributed to human papillomavirus (HPV). HPV-positive OPSCC patients are often younger and have significantly improved survival relative to HPV-negative patients. Traditional management of OPSCC has been with radiotherapy with or without chemot...

Surgical Outcomes of Complex versus Simple Segmentectomy for Stage I Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer.

As segmentectomy becomes widely used for lung cancer treatment, "complex segmentectomy," which makes several, intricate intersegmental planes, remains controversial because of procedural complexity and risk of increased complications and incurability. Questions remain regarding mortality, morbidity, surgical margin, lymph nodes dissection, and postoperative pulmonary function. We evaluated operati...

Fracture of a Transcatheter Atrial Septal Defect Occluder Device Causing Mitral Valve Perforation.

Transcatheter atrial septal defect (ASD) device closure has gained increasing popularity over the past decades due to shorter hospital stay and the absence of skin scars. However, concern about the seriousness of device-related complications is accumulating. We report a case of device fracture in a young asymptomatic woman almost 4 years after percutaneous secundum ASD closure, resulting in mitral...

Clinical cases referring to diagnosis and management of patients with thoracic aortic pathologies involving the aortic arch: a companion document of the 2018 European Association for Cardio-Thoracic Surgery (EACTS) and the European Society for Vascular Surgery (ESVS) expert consensus document addressing current options and recommendations for the treatment of thoracic aortic pathologies involving

Pilot Studies of VOC Exposure Profiles during Surgical Operations.

Volatile organic chemical exposure resulting from surgical operations is common in operating room personnel. The potential risk of long-term exposure to these low-level chemicals is always a concern. This study was conducted in an area hospital located in northern Taiwan to investigate the internal exposure scenario for operating room personnel. Breath samples were collected before and after surge...

Minimally invasive transgingival implant therapy: A literature review.

Transgingival (flapless) implant placement procedure is a minimally invasive surgical technique in which implant is placed without reflecting mucoperiosteal flap and hence the blood supply of bone is not hampered which is advantageous in many ways. To compare the outcomes of various implant placement techniques, an electronic database of various journals from January 1990 to March 2017 were analyz...

Morphological variations of lingula and prevalence of accessory mandibular foramina in mandibles: A study.

The lingula is used for identifying the site for injection of local anesthetics and for excision of nerve in facial neuralgia. The relationship between lingula and lingual nerves may aid in risk associated with an impacted third molar. Due to its connection to nerve and vascular structures, the study of the lingula provides important information related to oral and maxillofacial surgical procedure...

Comparative study on alveolar bone healing in postextraction socket versus healing aided with autologous platelet-rich fibrin following surgical removal of bilateral mandibular impacted third molar tooth: A radiographic evaluation.

This study was to evaluate and compare the bone regeneration potential of autologous platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) placed in one of the extracted sockets after the surgical removal of bilateral impacted mandibular third molars.

Piezoelectric harvest of osteo-odonto-lamina in modified osteo-odonto keratoprosthesis: A maxillofacial perspective.

We describe the piezo-osteotomy feasibility in rehabilitation and harvesting of osteo-odonto lamina in modified osteo-odonto keratoprosthesis (MOOKP) surgery. Surgery was evaluated regarding operative technique and success of the keratoprosthesis (KPros) in terms of perception to light (+ve) to finger counting (+ve).

Experiences with the standardized classification of surgical complications (Clavien-Dindo) in general surgery patients.

The standardized Clavien-Dindo classification of surgical complications is applied as a simple and widely used tool to assess and report postoperative complications in general surgery. However, most documentation uses this classification to report surgery-related morbidity and mortality in a single field of surgery or even particular intervention. The aim of the present study was to present expe...

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