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Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency as a common treatable mechanism in chronic respiratory disorders and for conditions different from pulmonary emphysema? A commentary on the new European Respiratory Society statement.
The European Respiratory Society recently published an important statement reviewing available evidence on diagnosis and treatment of lung disease associated to alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency (AATD). Several issues on this topic still remain unresolved and subject of interpretation according to different standard procedures and healthcare systems worldwide. The purpose of this commentary is to off...
Fructose consumption is a risk factor for metabolic disease. We recently demonstrated that fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21), a metabolic hormone involved in lipid and glucose metabolism, is acutely stimulated in humans by 75 g oral fructose, with peak levels occurring 2 h after consumption. This study reports on the dose dependency and reproducibility of the FGF21 response to fructose.
Platelet activating factor is a lipid mediator of inflammation, and in recent decades, it has emerged as an important factor in tumor outcomes. Platelet activating factor acts by specific binding to its receptor, which is present in both tumor cells and cells that infiltrate tumors. Pro-tumorigenic effects of platelet activating factor receptor in tumors includes promotion of tumor cell proliferat...
Brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is a growth factor in the central nervous system. There is evidence for the involvement of BDNF in addictions and mental disorders. We aimed to replicate the earlier reported association of a functional genetic variant of BDNF with smoking initiation (SI) using a large population-based sample, and to test whether the association is independent of depression...
We aim to define the iron deficiency prevalence and eventual differences between obese patients with and without metabolic syndrome.
Basal characteristics and first year responses to human growth hormone (GH) vary according to diagnostic criteria in children with non-acquired GH deficiency (naGHD): observations from a single center over a period of five decades.
Background Children with non-acquired (na) growth hormone deficiency (GHD) diagnosed over decades in one center may provide perspective insight. Methods naGHD is divided into idiopathic GHD (IGHD), GHD of known cause (cGHD) and GHD neurosecretory dysfunction (NSD); time periods:
Deviating from the normal karyotype dramatically changes gene dosage, in turn decreasing the robustness of biological networks. Consequently, aneuploidy is poorly tolerated by normal somatic cells and acts as a barrier to transformation. Paradoxically, however, karyotype heterogeneity drives tumor evolution and the emergence of therapeutic drug resistance. To better understand how cancer cells tol...
Angioedema (AE) is a sudden localized, subcutaneous or submucosal, swelling due to one of two major possible mechanisms: mast cell induced (MC-AE) or bradykinin mediated (BkAE). MC-AE may be allergic or non-allergic (mast cell degranulation non-specific to the antigen). BkAE may be hereditary, with (C1-INH-HAE) or without C1 inhibitor (C1-INH) deficiency. BkAE may also be acquired with C1-INH defi...
Selenium is a very important micronutrient. Food is the major source for selenium uptake and the average blood levels is seen to be highly affected by dietary habits as selenium levels in food naturally depend on the kind of soil they are grown upon and in processed foods its levels depend on fortification. Deficiency of this vital nutriment needs to be assessed to understand deficiency prevalence...
Advanced glycation end products (AGEs) play a causative role in the complications involved with diabetes mellitus (DM). Nowadays, DM with hypothyroidism (DM-hypothyroidism) is indicative of an ascended tendency in the combined morbidity. In this study, we examine the role of the receptor (RAGE) played for AGEs in thyroid hormone (TH) secretion via the silent information regulator 1 (SIRT1)/nuclear...
To compare the prevalence of vitamin B12 deficiency and peripheral neuropathy between two groups of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients treated with or without metformin, and to determine factors associated with vitamin B12 deficiency therapy and dietary intake of vitamin B12.
Guidelines already recommend non-vitamin K oral anticoagulants (NOAC) over vitamin-K antagonists (VKA) for stroke prevention in patients with atrial fibrillation. However, recommendations are lacking with respect to which NOAC to use. At the moment, NOACs may employ two different molecular mechanisms: Factor IIa inhibition (dabigatran) and factor Xa inhibition (apixaban, edoxaban, rivaroxaban). Th...
In the present review, recent findings regarding autoimmune/inflammatory syndrome by adjuvants (ASIA) are described. Patients with ASIA present with complaints such as fatigue, cognitive impairment, arthralgias, myalgias, pyrexia, dry eyes and dry mouth. During the last few years, it has been postulated that these symptoms in patients with foreign body implants are due to a chronic inflammatory pr...
This work examined the downstream fetal and placental outcomes of introducing a cocktail of uterine-derived growth factors during bovine embryo culture. Abattoir-derived bovine oocytes were matured and fertilized in vitro. On day 4 post-fertilization, ≥ 8-cell embryos were harvested, pooled and exposed to an embryokine mix, termed EFI, which contained recombinant human epidermal growth factor (...
Hepatitis E virus is the etiological agent for Hepatitis E infection, which is congruent to Hepatitis A infection. The clinical spectrum of the disease range from asymptomatic self-limiting disease which requires no treatment to life threatening fulminant liver disease in pregnancy, G6PD deficient and post-liver transplant patients, which necessitate urgent treatment. Similarly we are reporting a ...
To determine the prevalence of vitamin B deficiency in an urban south Indian population in individuals with different grades of glucose tolerance.
Tissue contraction and the extracellular matrix deposition are part of the pathogenesis of hypertrophic scars. The transcriptional factor NFE2L2 inhibits fibroblast differentiation in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis and promotes myofibroblast dedifferentiation. Our previous study showed that the transcription factor NFE2L2 was strongly induced on treatment with arsenic trioxide (ATO).
The aim of the study was to conduct a meta-analysis investigating the association of maternal iron deficiency anemia (IDA) and risk of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM).
The current study aimed to investigate the effects of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and stromal cell-derived factor-1α (SDF-1α) overexpressing dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs) in vascularized dental pulp regeneration in vivo.
Universal salt iodization (USI) was adopted in Madagascar in 1995 within the framework of a worldwide policy to eliminate iodine deficiency disorders. Despite early USI adoption, there are no representative data on the iodine status of the Malagasy population. The aims of this study were to determine the iodine status of the Malagasy population and to assess the use of adequately iodized salt amon...
This study analyzed the relationship between latent iron deficiency evaluated by ferritin, and the myelination of the central nervous system evaluated through the brainstem evoked response audiometry test.
Lysosomal acid lipase deficiency (LAL-D) is an autosomal recessive condition that may present in a mild form (cholesteryl ester storage disease (CESD)), which mimics non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). It has been suggested that CESD may affect 1 in 40,000 and is under-diagnosed in NAFLD clinics. Therefore, we aimed to estimate the prevalence of LAL-D using analysis of genetic variation in ...