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Top five promising drugs Phase I (November 2013) Research

05:17 EDT 23rd October 2018 | BioPortfolio

Hepatitis C Virus in Women of Childbearing Age, Pregnant Women, and Children.

Perinatal transmission is an increasingly important mode of hepatitis C virus transmission. The authors characterized U.S. births among hepatitis C virus-infected women and evaluated trends in hepatitis C virus testing and positivity in women of childbearing age, pregnant women, and children aged less than 5years.

The necessity of conversion from coronary care unit to the cardiovascular intensive care unit required for cardiologists.

The in-hospital mortality rate of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) has dramatically decreased due to the treatment at the coronary care unit (CCU), especially with the progress of arrhythmia therapy and reperfusion therapy. On the other hand, severe heart failure and multiple organ failure are increasing due to aging populations and multiple organ diseases. As a result, patients with AMI without ...

Role of capsaicin sensitive sensory nerves in ischemia reperfusion-induced acute kidney injury in rats.

Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common kidney disorder which is associated with a high risk of mortality. Extensive evidence revealed the participation of renal afferent sensory nerves in the pathophysiology of renal ischemia reperfusion (IR) injury, however the role of these nerves in renal IR injury is controversial and remains to be further explored. Here, we report that capsaicin sensitive sens...

Percutaneous haemodynamic and renal support in patients presenting with decompensated heart failure: A multi-centre efficacy study using the Reitan Catheter Pump (RCP).

Worsening heart failure complicated by congestion, hypotension, and renal dysfunction is difficult to manage, increasingly common and predicts a poor outcome. Novel therapies are required to facilitate diuresis and implementation of disease-modifying interventions in preparation for hospital discharge. Accordingly, we investigated the haemodynamic and renal effects of the Reitan Catheter Pump (RCP...

Pathogenesis of and New Therapies for Hepatitis D.

Hepatitis delta virus (HDV) infection of humans was first reported in 1977, and now it is now estimated that 15-20 million people are infected worldwide. Infection with HDV can be an acute or chronic process that occurs only in patients with an HBV infection. Chronic HDV infection commonly results in the most rapidly progressive form of viral hepatitis; it is the chronic viral infection that is mo...

Effects of renal denervation on blood-pressure response to hemorrhagic shock in spontaneously hypertensive rats.

Renal denervation (RD) has been demonstrated to be an effective approach to reduce blood pressure for those with resistant hypertension. Yet, we aimed to explore the effect and possible mechanism of RD on blood-pressure response to hemorrhagic shock in spontaneously hypertensive rats.

Hybrid oncocytic/chromophobe renal cell tumor: An integrated genetic and epigenetic characterization of a case.

Hybrid oncocytic/chromophobe tumor (HOCT) is a renal cell neoplasm displaying overlapping cellular and architectural features of both renal oncocytoma (RO) and chromophobe renal cell carcinoma (chRCC). It has been described in the context of oncocytosis, Birt-Hogg-Dubé syndrome, and also sporadically. Thus far, HOCT immunohischemical profile and cytogenetic alterations have been reported, but not...

Survival Outcome of Alternative Medicine Treatment for Newly Diagnosed Acute Leukemia in Children.

There is scarce information on the efficacy of alternative medicine (AM) alone as a treatment for newly diagnosed acute leukemia in children. We aimed to compare overall survival (OS) between children with newly diagnosed acute leukemia who received AM alone as the first-line treatment and those treated with conventional chemotherapy (CCT).

Real-world testing and treatment patterns in chronic lymphocytic leukemia: A SEER patterns of care analysis.

Laboratory testing and treatments for chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) have changed dramatically within the last decade. The authors evaluated changes in patterns of real-world testing and treatment over time by comparing 2 population-based cohorts.

Adult leukemia survival trends in the United States by subtype: A population-based registry study of 370,994 patients diagnosed during 1995-2009.

The lifetime risk of developing leukemia in the United States is 1.5%. There are challenges in the estimation of population-based survival using registry data because treatments and prognosis vary greatly by subtype. The objective of the current study was to determine leukemia survival estimates in the United States from 1995 to 2009 according to subtype, sex, geographical area, and race.

Combination immunotherapy with IL-2 surface-modified tumor cell vaccine and PD-1 blockade against renal cell carcinoma.

Immunotherapy may be an effective way to prevent postoperative recurrence of renal cell carcinoma. Streptavidin-interleukin-2 (SA-IL-2) surface-modified tumor cell vaccine developed through our protein-anchor technology could induce specific anti-tumor T-cell response, but this immunotherapy can not completely eradicate the tumor. These effector T-cells highly expressed program death receptor-1 (P...

The Pharmacological Inhibition of ERK5 Enhances Apoptosis in Acute Myeloid Leukemia Cells.

Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a fatal hematological malignancy which is resistant to a variety of chemotherapy drugs. Extracellular signal-regulated kinase 5 (ERK5) plays a novel role in chemoresistance in some cancer cells and this pathway is a central mediator of cell survival and apoptotic regulation. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of ERK5 inhibitor, XMD8-92, on prolifera...

Risk Factors for Readmission After Parathyroidectomy for Renal Hyperparathyroidism.

Patients with renal hyperparathyroidism (RHPT) are susceptible to major electrolyte fluctuations following parathyroidectomy, which may predispose them to early readmission. The purpose of this study is to evaluate risk factors for readmission in patients undergoing parathyroidectomy for RHPT.

Prognostic impact of skeletal muscle assessed by computed tomography in patients with acute myeloid leukemia.

Skeletal muscle atrophy and loss of adipose tissue, referred to as sarcopenia and adipopenia, respectively, are often observed in cancer patients. We investigated the impact of sarcopenia and adipopenia on clinical outcomes in 90 adult patients with newly diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia (AML) who received induction chemotherapy. Computed tomography (CT) before treatment revealed sarcopenia in 39 ...

Usefulness of multidisciplinary care to prevent worsening renal function in chronic kidney disease.

Comprehensive education about lifestyle, nutrition, medications and other types of treatment is important to prevent renal dysfunction in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). However, the effectiveness of multidisciplinary care on CKD progression has not been evaluated in detail. We aimed to determine whether multidisciplinary care at our hospital could help prevent worsening renal function...

Occurrence of hepatocellular carcinoma 24 years after successful interferon therapy in a patient with chronic hepatitis C: a case report.

An 82-year-old man presented with hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs) 24 years after achieving a sustained virological response (SVR) to an interferon for hepatitis C. His hepatic fibrosis stage was F1 when he was treated at 58 years. He was followed-up by annual blood tests and abdominal ultrasonography or computed tomography. After the IFN treatment, he had drunk approximately 100 g of ethanol. ...

TAVR and SAVR in ESRD: Just because we can doesn't necessarily mean that we should.

In patients with end stage renal disease on hemodialysis, TAVR resulted in reduced length of stay, hospitalization cost, complication rate and higher rates of home discharge compared to SAVR. In-hospital mortality and complication rates were high in both groups. Careful patient selection and further research is required to identify patients with end-stage renal disease who might, or might not, ben...

Study of Rhythm Disturbances in Acute Myocardial Infarction.

Cardiac rhythm disturbances are common presentation in acute coronary syndromes and are cause of frequent serious complications in acute myocardial infarction (AMI). However due to availability of early reperfusion therapy and primary angioplasty, arrhythmias have cause a reduction in mortality. Arrhythmias are key events before, during or after the occurrence of acute MI. There are few clinical s...

Massive Hematuria Due to Congenital Renal Arteriovenous Malformation Successfully Treated by Renal Artery Embolization.

Congenital renal arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) are rare benign vascular lesions and a rare cause of massive hematuria in females predominantly involving right kidney. Clinical presentation in a male with involvement of the left kidney is very rare. Only a few case series describing the outcome of congenital renal AVMs have been reported in the literature. We report a challenging case of a mal...

Hepatitis E Virus-Associated Acute Encephalitic Parkinsonism.

Hepatitis E virus (HEV) is a common infection worldwide and is an emerging infectious disease in the developed countries. The unique characteristics of HEV is that it displays different epidemiological and clinical characteristics between developing and developed countries. Neurological disorders are emerging extra hepatic manifestations of both acute and chronic Hepatitis E virus infection. We re...

A Patient of Chronic Hepatitis C Complicated by Thalassemia Major and Chronic Osteomyelitis: A Therapeutic Challenge for a Clinician.

The role of sphingosine 1 phosphate in coronary artery disease and ischemia reperfusion injury.

Coronary artery disease (CAD) is a common cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Atherosclerotic plaques, as a hallmark of CAD, cause chronic narrowing of coronary arteries over time and could also result in acute myocardial infarction (AMI). The standard treatments for ameliorating AMI are reperfusion strategies, which paradoxically result in ischemic reperfusion (I/R) injury. Sphingosine 1 ...

Factors Associated with Rates of HBsAg Seroclearance in Adults with Chronic HBV Infection: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Seroclearance of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) is a marker for clearance of chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection but reported annual incidence rates of HBsAg seroclearance vary. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to provide more precise estimates of HBsAg seroclearance rates among subgroups and populations.

Ellagic acid attenuates streptozocin induced diabetic nephropathy via the regulation of oxidative stress and inflammatory signaling.

Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is the leading cause of chronic renal disease. Accumulating evidence suggested that oxidative stress and inflammatory processes are involved in the development of DN. In the present study, the DN model was established by injecting mice with STZ (180 mg*kg-1) intraperitoneally, and treated with EA (50, 100 and 150 mg*kg-1) and IRB (positive control) once daily by intragast...

NK-cell responses are biased towards CD16-mediated effector functions in chronic Hepatitis B virus infection.

Phenotypical and functional NK-cell alterations are well described in chronic Hepatitis B virus (cHBV) infection. However, it is largely unknown whether these alterations result from general effects on the overall NK-cell population or the emergence of distinct NK-cell subsets. Indeed, memory-like NK cells emerge in association with human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) infection that is common in cHBV inf...

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