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Top five promising drugs Phase II (November 2013) Research

16:26 EST 20th January 2020 | BioPortfolio

Decreased CCN3 in Systemic Sclerosis endothelial cells contributes to impaired angiogenesis.

Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a rare and severe connective tissue disease combining auto-immune and vasculopathy features, ultimately leading to organ fibrosis. Impaired angiogenesis is an often silent and life-threatening complication of the disease. We hypothesize that CCN3 (NOV), a member of the CCN family of extra-cellular matrix proteins, which is an antagonist of the pro-fibrotic protein CCN2 ...

Exosomal miR-106b serves as a novel marker for lung cancer and promotes cancer metastasis via targeting PTEN.

As novel non-invasive tumor diagnostic biomarkers, exosomal bioactive miRNAs have received increasing attention. Herein, the aim of this study is to explore the clinical values and roles of exosomal miR106b in lung cancer. The exosomal miR-106b level was much higher in the serum of patients with lung cancer than that in healthy volunteers. Also, the exosomal miR-106b level in the lung cancer patie...

Protective Impacts of Erythropoietin on Myelinization of Oligodendrocytes and Schwann cells in CNS and PNS following Cuprizone-Induced Multiple Sclerosis- Histology, Molecular, and Functional Studies.

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is known as one of the chronic inflammatory diseases characterized by lesions in the central nervous system (CNS) and peripheral nervous system(PNS) resulting in serious cognitive or physical disabilities as well as neurological disorders. Thus, protective effects of erythropoietin(EPO) on myelinization of oligodendrocytes and schwann cells respectively in CNS and PNS follo...

Reliability and validity of a novel device for quantifying ankle dorsiflexion force in persons with multiple sclerosis.

With emerging treatment modalities and therapeutics for Multiple Sclerosis (MS), there is a critical need for improved measures of disability. Routine clinical practice and trials will benefit from devices that are capable of objectively quantifying muscle strength/weakness. We have developed a device for measuring Tibialis Anterior (TA) force that is both objective and easy to use - the Rapid Obj...

Cognitive and behavioral status in Japanese ALS patients: a multicenter study.

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) patients may present with cognitive and behavioral abnormalities similar to frontotemporal dementia (FTD). In this multicenter study we examined Japanese ALS patients with and without FTD in order to characterize the full extent of cognitive and behavioral abnormalities, including associations with functional motor status, anxiety and depression.

Digital ulcer debridement in systemic sclerosis: a systematic literature review.

Optimal wound care is an essential component in the management of systemic sclerosis (SSc) digital ulcers (DUs). DU debridement has been suggested to reduce ulcer-related pain and improve tissue healing. However, only a minority of rheumatologists perform DU debridement, and there is no standard of care/protocol. Our objectives were to (i) evaluate the current evidence for the use of debridement i...

Internal fixation of lateral and medial borders for displaced scapular body fractures via minimally invasive approach:results of 23 cases.

To evaluate the efficacy of internal fixation of lateral and medial borders for displaced scapular body fractures via the minimally invasive approach.

A cerebellum-like circuit in the lateral line system of fish cancels mechanosensory input associated with its own movements.

An animal's own movement exerts a profound impact on sensory input to its nervous system. Peripheral sensory receptors do not distinguish externally generated stimuli from stimuli generated by an animal's own behavior (reafference) -- though the animal often must. One way that nervous systems can solve this problem is to provide movement-related signals (copies of motor commands and sensory feedba...

Auxin-dependent control of a plasmodesmal regulator creates a negative feedback loop modulating lateral root emergence.

Lateral roots originate from initial cells deep within the main root and must emerge through several overlying layers. Lateral root emergence requires the outgrowth of the new primordium (LRP) to coincide with the timely separation of overlying root cells, a developmental program coordinated by the hormone auxin. Here, we report that in Arabidopsis thaliana roots, auxin controls the spatiotemporal...

Using virtual reality to define the mechanisms linking symptoms with cognitive deficits in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.

The mechanisms underpinning attentional deficits are only partially understood. Here we ask if shifts in a child's field of view (FOV) act as a mediator between symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and associated cognitive anomalies, particularly in attentional processes. Real time measurement of shifts in FOV were obtained on 85 children (mean age 9.4 (SD 1.9) years; 45 wit...

Correction: Non-invasive measurement of sclerosis in cutaneous cGVHD patients with the handheld device Myoton: a cross-sectional study.

An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via a link at the top of the paper.

Cue-target onset asynchrony modulates interaction between exogenous attention and audiovisual integration.

Previous studies have shown that exogenous attention decreases audiovisual integration (AVI); however, whether the interaction between exogenous attention and AVI is influenced by cue-target onset asynchrony (CTOA) remains unclear. To clarify this matter, twenty participants were recruited to perform an auditory/visual discrimination task, and they were instructed to respond to the target stimuli ...

Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) with epilepsy on F-FDG simultaneous PET/MR.

Incidence of root resorption after concussion, subluxation, lateral luxation, intrusion, and extrusion: a systematic review.

Traumatic dental injuries often affect the dental hard tissues, periodontal tissues, and dental pulp. Root resorption (RR) is a significantly concerning phenomenon that could lead to loss of the traumatized tooth. The purpose of this systematic review was to analyze the incidences of different types of RR after concussion, subluxation, lateral luxation, intrusive luxation, and extrusive luxation.

Mean platelet volume-to-lymphocyte ratio: a novel biomarker associated with overall survival in patients with nonmetastatic clear cell renal cell carcinoma treated with nephrectomy.

Renal cell carcinoma is a highly aggressive malignancy that causes significant morbidity and mortality. The rising number of newly diagnosed renal tumors results in a great need to search for new preoperative markers to evaluate the course of the disease and to help select patients who would benefit the most from additional postoperative care. The aim of our study was to evaluate the prognostic va...

Diroximel Fumarate Demonstrates an Improved Gastrointestinal Tolerability Profile Compared with Dimethyl Fumarate in Patients with Relapsing-Remitting Multiple Sclerosis: Results from the Randomized, Double-Blind, Phase III EVOLVE-MS-2 Study.

Diroximel fumarate (DRF) is a novel oral fumarate approved in the USA for relapsing forms of multiple sclerosis. DRF is converted to monomethyl fumarate, the pharmacologically active metabolite of dimethyl fumarate (DMF). DRF 462 mg and DMF 240 mg produce bioequivalent exposure of monomethyl fumarate and are therefore expected to have similar efficacy/safety profiles; the distinct chemical struc...

Microfluidic technologies to engineer mesenchymal stem cell aggregates-applications and benefits.

Three-dimensional cell culture and the forming multicellular aggregates are superior over traditional monolayer approaches due to better mimicking of in vivo conditions and hence functions of a tissue. A considerable amount of attention has been devoted to devising efficient methods for the rapid formation of uniform-sized multicellular aggregates. Microfluidic technology describes a platform of t...

Resective epilepsy surgery in tuberous sclerosis complex: a nationwide multicentre retrospective study from China.

At least 50% of patients with tuberous sclerosis complex present with intractable epilepsy; for these patients, resective surgery is a treatment option. Here, we report a nationwide multicentre retrospective study and analyse the long-term seizure and neuropsychological outcomes of epilepsy surgery in patients with tuberous sclerosis complex. There were 364 patients who underwent epilepsy surgery ...

Flare of IGA glomerulonephritis under G-CSF stimulation regimen for autologous stem cell transplantation in systemic sclerosis.

Air pollution, a possible risk factor for multiple sclerosis.

Studies focusing attention on the effects of environmental pollution on the etiology of multiple sclerosis (MS) are on the increase. The aim of this study was to determine MS prevalence in a city home to an iron-and-steel factory which causes air pollution.

The influence of metallothionein treatment and treadmill running exercise on disease onset and survival in SOD1 amyotrophic lateral sclerosis mice.

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a fatal neurodegenerative disease, characterised by the degeneration of motor neurons innervating skeletal muscle. The mechanisms underlying neurodegeneration in ALS are not yet fully elucidated, and with current therapeutics only able to extend lifespan by a matter of months there is a clear need for novel therapies to increase lifespan and patient quality o...

Concurrence of multiple sclerosis, oligodendroglioma, and autosomal recessive cerebellar ataxia with spasticity in the same patient: A challenging diagnosis.

Multiple sclerosis (MS) has been described in several case reports to coexist with brain tumors. This unusual concurrence has been the subject of research projects with a common question of whether these pathological entities share common roots. However, no clear association has proved that either of them could provoke the other, and mere chance is the only acceptable explanation. Along all report...

Physical activity and peak oxygen consumption are associated with walking in multiple sclerosis.

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic inflammatory disease of the central nervous system with a prevalence of nearly 1 million adults in the United States. MS results in declines in physical activity and peak oxygen consumption that might be independently associated with declines in walking performance. Therefore our purpose was to evaluate the association between physical activity and peak oxygen ...

Rational Design of Unique ZnO/ZnS@N-C Heterostructures for High-Performance Lithium-Ion Batteries.

Conversion-type anodes with high theoretical capacity have attracted enormous interest for lithium storage, although their extremely poor conductivity and volume variations during lithiation/delithiation processes seriously limit their practical applications. Herein, a facile strategy to fabricate of ZnO/ZnS@N-C heterostructures decorated on carbon nanotubes (ZnO/ZnS@N-C/CNTs) with metal-organic f...

A novel mutation in the SLC19A2 gene in a Turkish male with thiamine-responsive megaloblastic anemia syndrome.

Odaman-Al I, Gezdirici A, Yıldız M, Ersoy G, Aydoğan G, Şalcıoğlu Z, Tahtakesen TN, Önal H, Küçükemre-Aydın B. A novel mutation in the SLC19A2 gene in a Turkish male with thiamine-responsive megaloblastic anemia syndrome. Turk J Pediatr 2019; 61: 257-260. Thiamine-responsive megaloblastic anemia (TRMA) is a very rare syndrome characterized by the triad of early onset megaloblastic anemi...

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