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Top Pharmaceutical Companies in Japan Research

01:17 EDT 22nd July 2018 | BioPortfolio

Changes in the Soil to Brown Rice Concentration Ratio of Radiocaesium before and after the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant Accident in 2011.

Radiocaesium (Cs) mobility in soil is initially relatively high when the nuclide first comes into contact with soil, after which the mobile fraction decreases with time due to Cs fixation to soil particles (aging effect). Consequently, the Cs activity concentration in plants grown in soil was expected to decrease with time after the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant accident in 2011. In this s...

Simultaneous GLP-1 receptor activation and angiotensin receptor blockade increase natriuresis independent of altered arterial pressure in obese OLETF rats.

Obesity is associated with an inappropriately activated renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system, suppressed glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1), increased renal Na reabsorption, and hypertension. To assess the link between GLP-1 and angiotensin receptor type 1 (AT) signaling on obesity-associated impairment of urinary Na excretion (UV) and elevated arterial pressure, we measured mean arterial pressure (M...

Small molecule G protein-coupled receptor kinase inhibitors attenuate GRK2-mediated desensitization of vasoconstrictor-induced arterial contractions.

Vasoconstrictor-driven G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR)/phospholipase C (PLC) signalling increases intracellular Ca concentration to mediate arterial contraction. To counteract vasoconstrictor-induced contraction, GPCR/PLC signalling can be desensitized by G protein-coupled receptor kinases (GRKs), with GRK2 playing a predominant role in isolated arterial smooth muscle cells. Here, we utilize an ...

Mineralocorticoid Receptor Antagonism Reverses Diabetes-related Coronary Vasodilator Dysfunction: A Unique Vascular Transcriptomic Signature.

Coronary microvascular dysfunction predicts and may be a proximate cause of cardiac dysfunction and mortality in diabetes; however, few effective treatments exist for these conditions. We recently demonstrated that mineralocorticoid receptor (MR) antagonism reversed cardiovascular dysfunction in early-stage obesity/insulin resistance. The mechanisms underlying this benefit of MR antagonism and its...

Takeda G Protein-Coupled Receptor 5-Mechanistic Target of Rapamycin Complex 1 Signaling Contributes to the Increment of Glucagon-Like Peptide-1 Production after Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass.

The mechanism by which Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass (RYGB) increases the secretion of glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) remains incompletely defined. Here we investigated whether TGR5-mTORC1 signaling mediates the RYGB-induced alteration in GLP-1 production in mice and human beings.

Measurement of three-dimensional wavefronts using the Ichikawa-Lohmann-Takeda solution to the irradiance transport equation.

In this paper, we use the irradiance transport equation and the Fourier transform-based experimental solution given by Ichikawa-Lohmann-Takeda. We analyze experimental factors such as the digital filter, the introduced error for the rotation and period of the Ronchi ruling, and a new method is demonstrated for the measurement of 3D wavefront information.

Nationwide Increase in Cryptorchidism after the Fukushima Nuclear Accident.

To estimate the change of discharge rate after cryptorchidism surgery between pre- and post-disaster in Japan. Cryptorchidism cannot be diagnosed before birth and is not a factor that would influence a woman's decision to seek an abortion. Therefore, this disease is considered suitable for assessing how the Great East Japan Earthquake and subsequent the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear accident (2011) in...

Changes in lipid metabolism and capillary density of the skeletal muscle following low-intensity exercise training in a rat model of obesity with hyperinsulinemia.

Although exercise is effective in improving obesity and hyperinsulinemia, the exact influence of exercise on the capillary density of skeletal muscles remains unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of low-intensity exercise training on metabolism in obesity with hyperinsulinemia, focusing specifically on the capillary density within the skeletal muscle. Otsuka Long-Evans Tok...

Letter--Incorporating Real-World Evidence and Patient Value Criteria into Value-Based Frameworks for Relapsed/Refractory Multiple Myeloma.

Orlowski has received research funding from Amgen, BioTheryX, Bristol-Myers Squibb, Celgene Corporation, and Takeda Pharmaceuticals; honoraria from Amgen, Bristol-Myers Squibb, Celgene Corporation, Janssen, Millennium Pharmaceuticals, and Onyx Pharmaceuticals; and is a member of advisory boards for Amgen, Bristol-Myers Squibb, Celgene Corporation, Incyte, Kite, Legend Biotech, Sanofi-Aventis, and ...

Donated chemical probes for open science.

Potent, selective and broadly characterized small molecule modulators of protein function (chemical probes) are powerful research reagents. The pharmaceutical industry has generated many high-quality chemical probes and several of these have been made available to academia. However, probe-associated data and control compounds, such as inactive structurally related molecules and their associated da...

Long-term outcomes of patients evacuated from hospitals near the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant after the Great East Japan Earthquake.

After the accident of the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant due to the Great East Japan Earthquake in March 2011, the Japanese government issued a mandatory evacuation order for people living within a 20 km radius of the nuclear power plant. The aim of the current study was to investigate long-term outcomes of these patients and identify factors related to mortality.

131I DOSE ESTIMATION FROM INTAKE OF TAP WATER IN THE EARLY PHASE AFTER FUKUSHIMA DAIICHI NUCLEAR POWER PLANT ACCIDENT.

In March 2011, the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant Accident occurred and a large amount of radionuclides was released. To study its effect, we estimated the internal exposure due to intake of tap water in the early phase after the accident. As the number of measured values of tap water following the accident was limited, 131I concentration in tap water was estimated by 1-compartment model us...

New insights in the multiple roles of bile acids and their signaling pathways in metabolic control.

There is a growing awareness that individual bile acid species exert different physiological functions, beyond their classical roles in bile formation and fat absorption, due to differential stimulatory effects on the bile-acid-activated receptors farnesoid X receptor (FXR) and takeda G receptor 5 (TGR5). This review integrates recent findings on the role of individual bile acids and their recepto...

Radiocesium contamination in house dust within evacuation areas close to the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant.

Outdoor decontamination efforts have been ongoing since the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant (FDNPP) accident; however, little is known about indoor contamination. Therefore, house dust was sampled based on particle size in 21 wooden buildings (19 residential houses and 2 community centers) within the evacuation area close to the FDNPP, Fukushima Prefecture, Japan. Activities of radiocesium (...

Spatiotemporal distribution and fluctuation of radiocesium in Tokyo Bay in the five years following the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant (FDNPP) accident.

A monitoring survey was conducted from August 2011 to July 2016 of the spatiotemporal distribution in the 400 km2 area of the northern part of Tokyo Bay and in rivers flowing into it of radiocesium released from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant (FDNPP) accident. The average inventory in the river mouth (10 km2) was 131 kBq⋅m-2 and 0.73 kBq⋅m-2 in the central bay (330 km2) as the decay...

Effects of voluntary running exercise on bone histology in type 2 diabetic rats.

The incidence of obesity in children and adolescents, which may lead to type 2 diabetes, is increasing. Exercise is recommended to prevent and improve diabetes. However, little is known about the bone marrow environment at the onset of diabetes in the young, and it is unclear whether exercise training is useful for maintaining bone homeostasis, such as mechanical and histological properties. Thus,...

Sporadic pediatric papillary thyroid carcinoma harboring the ETV6/NTRK3 fusion oncogene in a 7-year-old Japanese girl: a case report and review of literature.

There have been great concerns about pediatric thyroid cancers after the accident at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant in 2011.

Corrigendum for Takeda K et al. Effects of a fermented milk drink containing Lactobacillus casei strain Shirota on the human NK-cell activity. J Nutr 2007;137(Suppl):791S-3S.

Secondary patents in the pharmaceutical industry: Missing the wood for the trees?

Introduction The critics of the Innovator pharmaceutical industry allege that secondary patents are trivial modifications over the primary patent, which extend its term and delay the entry of the generics in the market place. The protagonists regard secondary patents a result of continuous research and development (R&D), which help them introduce and protect new, differentiated products. Areas cov...

Assessment of medium-term cardiovascular disease risk after Japan's 2011 Fukushima Daiichi nuclear accident: a retrospective analysis.

To assess the medium-term indirect impact of the 2011 Fukushima Daiichi nuclear accident on cardiovascular disease (CVD) risks and to identify whether risk factors for CVD changed after the accident.

Roles of children and their parents in the reduction of radiation risk after the 2011 Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident.

On March 11, 2011, Japan experienced its largest recorded earthquake with a magnitude of 9.0. The resulting tsunami caused massive damage to the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant reactors, and the surrounding environment was contaminated with radioactive materials. During this period, some residents were exposed to high levels of radiation (up to 5 millisieverts [mSv]), but since then, many re...

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