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To prospectively examine the changes in microbiota within the urinary tract after transrectal prostate biopsy.
For men on active surveillance for prostate cancer, biomarkers may improve prediction of reclassification to higher grade or volume cancer. This study examined the association of urinary PCA3 and TMPRSS2:ERG (T2:ERG) with biopsy-based reclassification.
Focal therapy (FT) for the treatment of localized prostate cancer offers an alternative strategy for men seeking active treatment. Although relatively new, existing studies suggest that the majority of men who undergo FT tend to maintain levels of genito-urinary function that are indistinguishable from their pre-treatment status. However, as part of the shared decision making process, men need to ...
To determine the impact of radical cystectomy and orthotopic neobladder (NB) diversion on device-related outcomes in patients who undergo subsequent placement of both an artificial urinary sphincter (AUS) and 3-piece inflatable penile prosthesis (IPP).
To assess whether the time to PSA nadir (TTN) has differential prognostic value in men who reach an undetectable versus detectable PSA nadir.
Urine is a major biomass resource, and its excessive discharge would lead to severe aquatic nitrogen pollution and even eutrophication. In this study, we designed an innovative denitrifying fuel cell (DFC) under illumination to purify urine and convert its chemical energy into electricity. The central ideas include the following: 1) on the anode, chlorine radicals (Cl) and hydroxyl (HO) radicals w...
The prognosis for patients with bladder cancer (BCa) with lymph node (LN) metastasis is poor, and it is not improved by current treatments. Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are involved in the pathology of various tumors, including BCa. However, the role of Differentiation antagonizing non-protein coding RNA (DANCR) in BCa LN metastasis remains unclear. In this study, we discover that DANCR was signi...
Metabolic adaptation in cancer cells is important for cancer cell survival. Alternation in cellular metabolism getting more energy to support cell proliferation played a critical role in disease progression. We initially analyzed the public transcriptome of urothelial carcinoma in Gene Expression Omnibus database (GSE31684) with particular focus on genes associated with carbohydrate metabolism, an...
Chronic HBV infection presents weak or no virus-specific T-cell responses, implying to an exhausted phenotype, characterized by overexpression of several inhibitory receptors. In the present study, it was aimed to characterize the panel of inhibitory molecules on the CD8 T cells in patients with active chronic HBV infection.
Previously we showed that arginine-vasotocin (AVT)-stimulated osmotic water permeability (OWP) of the frog urinary bladder was decreased if the mucosal side of the bladder has been naturally colonized by Gram-negative bacteria, or if bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) was introduced into the lumen of the isolated bladder (J. Exp. Zool., 2013, 319, 487-494). Taking into account that in different ti...
Buprenorphine and its metabolites are routinely monitored to assess patient compliance with drug detoxification programs or as pain killers. A rapid method for the simultaneous analysis of buprenorphine, norbuprenorphine, and glucuronides in urine using ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UHPLC-MS/MS) was developed. Urine samples were diluted in water containing ...
Candida albicans biofilm represents a major clinical problem due to its intrinsic tolerance to anti-fungal compounds and it has been highly related to infections in catheterized patients. Few compounds are described as able to inhibit biofilm formation or to interfere with preformed biofilm of C. albicans. Here we report the in vitro evaluation of anti-biofilm activity on C. albicans ATCC 10231...
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a global health threat of growing concern. Recently, exposure to endocrine disrupting compounds (EDCs) such as phthalates and bisphenol A has been suggested as a risk factor for CKD. However, most epidemiological studies have focused on a limited number of urinary chemicals. This study aimed to identify chemical determinants of the urinary albumin-to-creatinine rati...
Ethylbenzene and styrene are air toxicants with widespread nonoccupational exposure sources, including tobacco smoke and diet. Ethylbenzene and styrene (EB/S) exposure was quantified from their common metabolites measured in spot urine samples obtained from participants (≥6 years old) in the 2005-2006 and 2011-2012 cycles of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES; N = 4690)...
A new and straightforward optical sensor for the colorimetric determination of adenosine (AD) in human urine samples was developed. The sensor comprised silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) as colorimetric elements and anti-AD aptamer (AP) as a recognition probe. In a solution containing AD and high concentration of NaCl, due to the unique binding of AD with AP, the aggregated metal nanomaterials disperse...