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It has been suggested that technetium-99m (99mTc)-anti-tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) scintigraphy (SCI) may be a useful diagnostic tool in Graves' ophthalmopathy (GO). This study evaluated whether orbit total radioactivity uptake on SCI could be used to predict corticosteroid therapy (CorT) responses in active-GO patients. A longitudinal study of patients with active GO defined by Clinical...
In complicated urinary tract infection with ureteral calculi, urinary diversion is inevitable. So, stenting or percutaneous drainage can be an option. In hemodynamically unstable patients, percutaneous drainage is superior to ureteral stenting (1). Once acute infection is controlled, definite treatment of the stone is necessary. According to a guideline, semirigid ureteroscopy is recommended for l...
A healthy 37 - year - old woman referred to our clinic with one - year history of recurrent urinary tract infection, dysuria and frequency. Her past medical history informed us that an IUD (Copper TCu380A) had been inserted 11 years ago. Eleven months after the IUD insertion she had become pregnant, unexpectedly. At that time, she had undergone gynecological examination and abdominal ultrasound st...
This study aims to evaluate the link between preoperative parameters and oxidative stress (OS) markers in the bladder wall of men undergoing open prostatectomy.
To determine the different urine flow patterns and active pelvic floor electromyography (EMG) during voiding in children with vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) as well as presenting the prevalence of lower urinary tract symptoms in these patients.
To evaluate safety, efficacy and functional outcomes after open vesicourethral re - anastomosis using different approaches based on previous urinary continence.
Non - muscle - invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC) can recur despite transurethral resection (TURBT) and adjuvant intravesical therapy. Tobacco products excreted in the urine are hypothesized to cause tumor - promoting effects on urothelial cells through direct contact. We determined if moderate or severe lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) (defined as International Prostate Symptom Score [IPSS] ≥ 8...
The objective of the present study is to test the efficiency and practicality of a new artificial sphincter "BR - SL - AS - 904" in the control of urinary incontinence in post - PR patients and to evaluate their complications.
Foetuses and neonates of women who use tobacco are exposed to nicotine and tobacco-derived carcinogens. We determined the relationship between urine biomarkers of tobacco toxicant exposure postpartum and in the neonates of Alaska Native (AN) women, comparing smokers and smokeless tobacco (ST) users, including iqmik, a homemade ST product.
The aim of the study was to evaluate the accuracy of the bladder scanner in assessing postvoid residual (PVR) volumes in patients with pelvic organ prolapse (POP).
A 65-year-old man with a history of hypertension and nephrolithiasis presented with flank pain. Urographic CT demonstrated a 1.7-cm nodule arising from the bladder wall. The patient was referred for cystourethroscopy. During the procedure, the patient became hypertensive while under general anesthesia. No biopsy or resection was performed. To work up for possible bladder paraganglioma, a I-MIBG sc...
To summarize recommendations of the guidelines of the American Urological Association and European Association of Urology, and our opinion on which urinary tract stone disease patients should be metabolically evaluated at which moment and how often.
Upper urinary tract neuroendocrine carcinoma (UUT-NEC) is extremely rare and has a poor prognosis. Although a few cases of successful treatment have been reported, no treatment has shown established efficacy.
Contagious disease is a major threat to survival, and the cost of relying on the immune system to defeat pathogens is high; therefore, behavioral avoidance of contagious individuals is arguably an adaptive strategy. Animal findings demonstrate the ability to detect and avoid sick individuals by the aid of olfactory cues, and a recent study indicated that human axillary odor also becomes more avers...
The main objective of this study was to determine how feeding different dietary calcium (Ca) concentrations in combination with a negative dietary cation-anion difference (DCAD) would affect the cow's response to induced hypocalcemia. We conducted an experiment with multiparous, nonlactating, nonpregnant Holstein cows fed a negative DCAD (average -18.2 across all diets) for 21 d with low (LC; 0.45...
Conversion of hydrogen carbonate to formate by mutants of Candida methylica (CmFDH) and Chaetomium thermophilum (CtFDH) formate dehydrogenases (FDHs) was studied. Hydrogen carbonate is not the primary substrate for the hydride transfer reaction in FDHs. The chosen mutations were selected so that enzyme activity could remain at an adequate level. In CtFDH, the mutation Asn120Cys in the active site ...
A 6-year-old Cheval Canadien mare was presented for clinical signs related to acute kidney injury after receiving a course of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory therapy. Cytologic examination of concentrated urine revealed small protozoal organisms that were later identified as Klossiella equi. Both sporocysts and free-floating sporozoites were identified in the urine, which has not been previously do...
Inflammation of the hepatobiliary system in chronic opisthorchiasis is associated with an elevated level of urinary 8-oxo-7,8 dihydro-2'deoxyguanosine (8-oxodG) during active as well as past exposure to Opisthorchis viverrini infection. In this study, we evaluated the short-term effect of praziquantel treatment on hepatobiliary disease (HBD) using urinary 8-oxodG as an inflammatory marker in a coh...
In this prospective study we evaluated safety and efficacy of concurrent radiotherapy and panitumumab following neoadjuvant/induction chemotherapy (ICT) and pelvic lymph node dissection (PLND) as a bladder preserving therapy for invasive bladder cancer (BC).