Cancer Disease Research

13:33 EST 25th February 2020 | BioPortfolio

An RNA-binding-protein, NONO governs energy metabolism by regulating NAMPT in lung cancer.

The RNA binding proteins (RBPs) have multiple roles in human cancer. However, their molecular target and function have not been clearly identified. Our genomic analysis derived from patients reveals that NONO is a potential oncogenic gene in lung cancer. NONO is highly expressed in lung cancer tissues compared with normal tissues, and its expression has been correlated with the prognosis of lung c...

Treatment Allocation and Survival in Patients Diagnosed with Nonmetastatic Muscle-invasive Bladder Cancer: An Analysis of a National Patient Cohort in England.

UK Bladder cancer survival remains low. Nonmetastatic muscle-invasive bladder cancer (MIBC) is potentially curable. It is unclear how many patients receive nonradical treatment owing to advanced age, comorbidities, or alternative factors.

High prevalence of airway obstruction and pulmonary emphysema in urothelial (renal pelvis, ureter, and bladder) cancer patients.

Cigarette smoking is a major cause of COPD, with patients also presenting complications that stem from other smoking-related diseases, including urothelial cancer. However, the prevalence of COPD or airflow obstruction in urothelial cancer patients has not been well studied.

B7-H4 is a potential prognostic biomarker of prostate cancer.

B7-H4 is a member of B7 family which regulates immune responses by delivering costimulatory signals. However, it negatively regulates T cell-mediated immunity and may play an important role in tumor immune evasion. Although several studies have been reported that expression of B7-H4 is elevated in the several types of human cancer with a poor clinical outcome, its clinical significance in the pros...

Response to Comments on Circular RNAs and their Emerging Roles as Diagnostic and Prognostic Biomarkers in Ovarian Cancer.

Sin1 promotes proliferation and invasion of prostate Cancer cells by modulating mTORC2-AKT and AR signaling cascades.

Prostate cancer (PCa) is the most common type of cancer and a major cause of death in men worldwide. Aberrant Androgen receptor (AR) and PI3K-AKT signaling are very frequent in PCa patients and, therefore, considered as therapeutic targets in the clinic. Sin1 is an essential component of mTORC2 complex, which determines full AKT activation and PCa development in PTEN mice. Here we examined the rol...

Applications and strategies in nanodiagnosis and nanotherapy in lung cancer.

Lung cancer is the second most common cancer and the leading cause of death in both men and women in the world. Lung cancer is heterogeneous in nature and diagnosis is often at an advanced stage as it develops silently in the lung and is frequently associated with high mortality rates. Despite the advances made in understanding the biology of lung cancer, progress in early diagnosis, cancer therap...

All-cancer incidence in Tehranian adults: more than a decade of follow-up-results from the Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study.

To investigate the incidence rates for different malignancies and assess the risk factors for all-cancer incidence in Tehran.

Adherence to the mediastinal staging guideline and unforeseen N2 disease in patients with resectable non-small cell lung cancer: Nationwide results from the Dutch Lung Cancer Audit - Surgery.

Invasive mediastinal staging is advised by guidelines in patients with resectable non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and suspicious lymph nodes (cN1-3) or for central, FDG-non-avid or peripheral tumours >3 cm. Our objective was to assess current guideline adherence and consequent unforeseen N2 disease (uN2) in NSCLC patients having various indications for mediastinal staging.

LINE-1 retrotransposon encoded ORF1p expression and promoter methylation in oral squamous cell carcinoma: a pilot study.

Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is highly predominant in India due to excessive use of tobacco. Here we investigated Long INterpersed Element 1 (LINE or L1) retrotransposon activity in OSCC samples in the same population. There are almost 500,000 copies of L1 occupied around 30%  of the human genome. Although most of them are inactive, around 150-200 copies are actively jumping in a human gen...

Detection of Human Papillomavirus Prevalence in Ovarian Cancer by Different Test Systems.

High-risk human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is associated with different malignancies, but its role in the pathogenesis of ovarian cancer remains inconclusive. Published studies demonstrated a wide variation (0-50%) in HPV prevalence in ovarian cancer. To evaluate the contribution of detection tests to controversial results in different populations, we determined the presence of HPV DNA in Russ...

B7-H3 and B7-H4 Expression in Breast Cancer and Their Association with Clinicopathological Variables and T Cell Infiltration.

B7-H3 and B7-H4 proteins are expressed in breast cancer tissues, but their relationships with respect to tumor immune surveillance and outcomes in breast cancer are not conclusive.

Aloperine in combination with therapeutic adenoviral vector synergistically suppressed the growth of non-small cell lung cancer.

Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is the most common type of lung cancer and ranked top in terms of incidence and mortality in men and women. Recently, improvements in treatment approaches for NSCLC have reported, but still, there is a need to devise innovative treatment strategies, especially to manage the advanced and metastatic stage of NSCLC. Aloperine (ALO), an herbal alkaloid, has exerted a...

Chemoradiotherapy and radiotherapy alone in patients with esophageal cancer aged 80 years or older based on the Comprehensive Registry of Esophageal Cancer in Japan.

There has been no definitive evidence of chemoradiotherapy being superior to radiotherapy alone in patients aged 80 years or older. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the results of radiotherapy and chemoradiotherapy in patients aged 80 years or older with esophageal cancer in the Japanese Nationwide Cancer Database.

Educating Childhood Cancer Survivors: a Qualitative Analysis of Parents Mobilizing Social and Cultural Capital.

Childhood cancer impacts the child patient as well as the family and caregivers throughout diagnosis, treatment, and survivorship. Secondary analysis of qualitative data revealed the critical role of parents' adaptability and flexibility when navigating advocacy decisions about their child's schooling following diagnosis and through survivorship. After cancer, adjusting to school means adjusting t...

Bringing a Spotlight to the Influences of Social Determinants of Health.

Osteopontin accelerates the development and metastasis of bladder cancer via activating JAK1/STAT1 pathway.

Bladder cancer is the 10th common cancer worldwide. Osteopontin has been found to enhance cell proliferation, metastasis and invasion in various human tumors.

Evaluation of postoperative quality of life by PGSAS-45 following local gastrectomy based on the sentinel lymph node concept in early gastric cancer.

The usefulness of sentinel node navigation surgery (SNNS) for early gastric cancer has been demonstrated in a multicenter prospective study. However, quality of life (QOL) after local resection remains unclear. This present study investigated QOL after local resection and distal gastrectomy.

Splicing dysregulation in cancer: from mechanistic understanding to a new class of therapeutic targets.

RNA splicing dysregulation is widespread in cancer. Accumulating evidence demonstrates that splicing defects resulting from splicing dysregulation play critical roles in cancer pathogenesis and can serve as new biomarkers and therapeutic targets for cancer intervention. These findings have greatly deepened the mechanistic understandings of the regulation of alternative splicing in cancer cells, le...

Antineoplastic drugs prescription during visits by adult cancer patients with comorbidities: findings from the 2010-2016 National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey.

Cancer treatment may be affected by comorbidities; however, studies are limited. The purpose of this study is to examine the frequency of comorbidities at visits by patients with breast, prostate, colorectal, and lung cancer and to estimate frequency of a prescription for antineoplastic drugs being included in the treatment received at visits by patients with cancer and concomitant comorbidities.

Drug-Related Carcinogenesis: Risk Factors and Approaches for Its Prevention.

The review summarizes the data on the role of metabolic and repair systems in the mechanisms of therapy-related carcinogenesis and the effect of their polymorphism on the cancer development risk. The carcinogenic activity of different types of drugs, from the anticancer agents to analgesics, antipyretics, immunomodulators, hormones, natural remedies, and non-cancer drugs, is described. Possible ap...

Diagnostic value of serum glypican-3 alone and in combination with AFP as an aid in the diagnosis of liver cancer.

Recently, a series of studies have been published to examine the possible diagnostic and prognostic values of glypican-3 (GPC3) in liver cancer with conflicting results observed. Thus, the present study aimed to assess the values of preoperative serum GPC3 alone and in combination with AFP for the diagnosis of liver cancer.

Targeting apoptotic caspases in cancer.

Members of the caspase family of proteases play essential roles in the initiation and execution of apoptosis. These caspases are divided into two groups: the initiator caspases (caspase-2, -8, -9 and -10), which are the first to be activated in response to a signal, and the executioner caspases (caspase-3, -6, and -7) that carry out the demolition phase of apoptosis. Many conventional cancer thera...

A multicenter study of thromboembolic events among patients diagnosed with ROS1-rearranged non-small cell lung cancer.

This study aimed to describe the longitudinal thromboembolism (TE) risk relative to the natural history of disease and clinical course of ROS1 rearranged non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).

Increasing trends of lung cancer in Golestan province, Northern Iran (2004-2016).

We aimed to present the time trends and geographical distribution of lung cancer in Golestan province, a high-risk area for pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) in Northern Iran (2004-2016).

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