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Young patients with breast cancer treated with chemotherapy can experience ovarian failure, which can lead to chemotherapy-induced menopause (CIM) impacting the quality of life (QoL). A prospective study was set out to evaluate the impact of CIM on QoL in women of childbearing age with non-metastatic breast cancer, and this article reports results of the interim analysis conducted to evaluate feas...
The prognostic value of tumor sidedness in metastatic colorectal cancer (CRC) has been established, but its impact on nonmetastatic disease remains unclear. Our study aimed to explore the prognostic effect of tumor sidedness by subgroup survival analyses, according to histology and tumor grade in stage I-IV CRCs.
The American Joint Committee on Cancer recently proposed new TNM staging for penile cancer, with proposed T2 as spongiosal invasion and T3 as cavernosal invasion. We sought to validate the proposed staging system for predicting pathologic nodal involvement using the National Cancer Data Base.
Radium 223 was introduced for metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer based on the results of a randomized controlled trial showing risk reduction for death and skeletal events. Our aim was to evaluate the outcome of patients receiving radium 223 in a real-world setting.
Epigenetic regulation of chromatin plays a critical role in controlling stem cell function and tumorigenesis. The histone lysine demethylase, KDM5B, which catalyzes the demethylation of histone 3 lysine 4 (H3K4), is important for embryonic stem (ES) cell differentiation, and is a critical regulator of the H3K4-methylome during early mouse embryonic pre-implantation stage development. KDM5B is also...
Mesenchymal (MES) subtype of high-grade serous ovarian cancer (HGSOC) is associated with worse outcomes including survival and resectability compared with other molecular subtypes. Molecular subtypes have historically been derived from 'tumor', consisting of both cancer and stromal cells. We sought to determine the origins of multiple MES subtype gene signatures in HGSOC.
Colorectal Cancer (CRC) accounts for 6.1% incidence and 9.2% mortality worldwide. The current study aimed to investigate the effect of alpinumisoflavone (AIF) on CRC and its possible molecular mechanism.
A right-sided pneumonectomy after induction therapy for non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) has been shown to be associated with significant perioperative risk. We examined the impact of laterality on long-term survival after induction therapy and pneumonectomy using the National Cancer Data Base (NCDB).
This study evaluated reproductive factors and obesity in relation to colorectal cancer (CRC) in Asian women.
Eleven dauricine derivatives were synthesized and evaluated for their anti-cancer effect in different cancer cells and their autophagic activity in HeLa model cell. Among these newly synthesized compounds, carbamates 2a, 2b, carbonyl ester 3a and sulfonyl ester 4a exhibited potent cytotoxic effects on tested cancer cells with IC values ranged from 2.72 to 12.53 μM, which were more potent than t...
Expression of members of the calpain system are associated with clinical outcome of patients with, amongst others, breast and ovarian cancers, with calpain-2 expression in ovarian cancer being implicated in chemo-resistance and survival. This study aimed, using a large patient cohort and in vitro models, to verify its importance and further investigate the role in ovarian cancer chemoresponse.
Telomerase is perceived as an immortality enzyme that enables passing the Hayflick limit. Its main function is telomere restoration but only in a limited group of cells, including cancer cells. Since it is found in a vast majority of cancer cells, it became a natural target for cancer therapy. However, it has much more functions than just altering the metabolism of telomeres-it also reveals numero...
Metronomic oral vinorelbine (MOV) could be a treatment option for unfit patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) based on its safety profile and high patient compliance.
To evaluate the diagnostic performance of F-choline PETCT in staging prostate cancer (PC) and whether the use of this imaging modality changes the therapeutic decision in patients previously staged by conventional imaging. The secondary aim was to determine the prognostic factors associated with positive choline PETCT findings in both detection of disseminated disease and in changes in the therape...
Guidelines suggest the use of thrombolytic therapy for acute pulmonary embolism (PE) patients with hypotension who are not at high-risk of bleeding. Data describing the use of thrombolysis in patients with cancer are scarce. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between cancer and the use of thrombolysis for acute PE. The 2013 and 2014 US National Inpatient Sample was used to iden...
Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) is standard treatment for early esophageal cancer (EEC). Cancer located within the diverticulum, which has a thin or nonexistent muscular coating, is extremely rare. We describe successful ESD of esophageal diverticular cancer with a high risk of perforation. A 20-mm EEC lesion expanding into the diverticulum was detected in the middle thoracic esophagus of a...
The Hippo-YAP signaling pathway is a critical regulator of proliferation, apoptosis, and cell fate. The main downstream effector of this pathway, YAP, has been shown to be misregulated in human cancer and has emerged as an attractive target for therapeutics. A significant insufficiency in our understanding of the pathway is the identity of transcriptional targets of YAP that drive its potent growt...
Current excitement about cancer immunotherapy is the result of unprecedented clinical impact from immune checkpoint inhibitors, particularly those that target programmed death (PD)-1 and PD-ligand (L)-1. Numerous other immunotherapeutics are also finding their way into the clinic either alone or in combination, and these have potential applications in many cancer types. Therapeutic cancer vaccines...
Although little improvement has been made in the survival rate among young cancer patients over recent decades, whether they have achieved a good death has never been systematically explored. We aimed to clarify whether young cancer patients (aged 20-39 years) have achieved a good death, and compare their achievement with that of middle-aged patients (aged 40-64 years).
A diagnosis of cancer and its treatment often have a profound impact on an individual's health-related quality of life-affecting physical, psychological, social, occupational, and financial domains. Person-centered care (PCC)-defined as a respectful, responsive, and tailored approach that meets patients' needs, values, and preferences-is becoming an integral part of comprehensive cancer care. The...
Lynch syndrome (LS) is a predominantly inherited syndrome caused by a pathological germline mutation in one of the mismatch repair (MMR) genes. Whether breast cancer (BC) is one of the LS-associated tumors is controversial. The aim of this retrospective cohort study was to evaluate the clinical features of BC in Japanese patients with LS.
Thromboprophylaxis use among medical inpatients, including cancer patients, is suboptimal. We aimed to evaluate the impact of a novel multiscreen version (v2.0) of an e-alert system for VTE prevention in hospitalised cancer medical patients compared to the original software.
Cancer immunotherapy with antibodies against immune checkpoints has made impressive advances in the last several years. The most relevant drugs target programmed cell death 1 (PD-1) expressed on T cells or its ligand, the programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1), expressed on cancer cells, and cytotoxic T lymphocyte-associated protein 4 (CTLA-4). Unfortunately, cancer patients with HIV infection are...