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Based on light and scanning electron microscopical studies of nematode specimens from the digestive tract of some rarely collected anguilliform and perciform fishes off New Caledonia, three new species of Cucullanus Müller, 1777 (Cucullanidae) are described: C. austropacificus n. sp. from the longfin African conger Conger cinereus (Congridae), C. gymnothoracis n. sp. from the lipspot moray Gymnot...
This was a retrospective study.
To estimate the association of probable antenatal depression with postpartum HIV care engagement among pregnant women in Malawi.
Recent studies reported lower human papillomavirus 16 (HPV16) prevalence in cervical precancer among African American than Caucasian women in the general population. We assessed this relationship in women with HIV.
The article reviews the effects of cervical osteophytosis and spine posture on swallowing, and how they can cause dysphagia.
Law enforcement has been the primary strategy for addressing the opioid epidemic. As a result, the incarceration rate for women in county jails has increased more than 800% since 1980, and most women inmates struggle with substance use disorders. There is a large unmet need for contraception among women in county jails.
This study investigated the correlation between fluorine-18-fluorodeoxyglucose (F-FDG)-PET/computed tomography (CT) and clinicopathological factors in patients with mucinous breast carcinoma and assessed the feasibility of using F-FDG-PET/CT in evaluating tumors.
Nerve injury during breast cancer surgery can cause neuropathic pain (NP). It is not known why some, but not all, patients develop chronic postsurgical neuropathic pain (CPSNP) after the same nerve injury. In the present study, we examined 251 breast cancer survivors with surgeon-verified intercostobrachial nerve (ICBN) resection to identify factors that associate with CPSNP. The patients were rec...
The prevalence and perceived safety of marijuana use in pregnancy are increasing with expanding legalization. Marijuana crosses the placenta and passes into breast milk, resulting in fetal and neonatal exposure. Many women cite medical reasons for prenatal marijuana use such as nausea and vomiting of pregnancy, anxiety, and chronic pain. The scientific literature regarding marijuana in pregnancy i...
The aim of the study was to evaluate the rate of and risk factors for low pretreatment vitamin D (VitD) levels in postmenopausal breast cancer (BC) women, compared with postmenopausal women without BC.
: In clinical practice, although only 3% to 7% of women with postmenopausal bleeding (PMB) will ultimately be found to have cancer, it is the clinician's responsibility to ensure that endometrial cancer is not present. The diagnostic evaluation of PMB has evolved greatly. This Practice Pearl addresses the appropriate evaluation of women with PMB.
Functional electrical stimulation (FES)-cycling is a technique used to provide voluntary muscle contraction during a functional task. The aims were primarily to determine the effects of FES-cycling on shoulder pain and subluxation, and secondarily to evaluate the improvement of upper extremity motor function in patients with acute-subacute stroke patient. In this prospective trial, 21 patients wit...
Traditionally, motor deficits of ipsilesional side, generally considered as the unaffected side, have been investigated less and the influence of the impairment is unknown. To evaluate the association between the manual function test (MFT) of nonparetic limb and poststroke functional outcome. We conducted a retrospective analysis of 71 hemiplegic patients with stroke. MFT on both sides was routine...
To compare the elastic properties of the ascending aorta and ventricular-arterial coupling (VAC) in women with a previous pregnancy complicated by hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, and low platelets (HELLP) syndrome, women who experienced preeclampsia, and healthy controls.
Elevated HIV viral load (HIV-VL) in pregnancy has been linked to increased risk of mortality, immunological abnormalities, infectious morbidity and restricted growth among HIV-exposed uninfected (HEU) children, but little is known about effects on child development.
Non-controlled clinical trial OBJECTIVE.: To assess the efficacy of a simple home spinal traction device on sagittal cranio-cervical posture and related symptoms.
According to World Health Organization recommendations, opioids prescription is a key aspect of improvement in cancer pain relief. However, studies on opioids prescription in France are scarce. This study aimed principally to investigate the impact of cancer on opioids prescription and then to identify factors associated with this prescription, focusing on patients& characteristics impact.
Vascular endothelial dysfunction and platelet activation play a key role in tumor metastasis, and therefore both of these processes are considered important therapeutic targets in cancer. The aim of our studies was to analyze anti-metastatic activity of combination therapy using nitric oxide donor DETA/NO and antiplatelet drug clopidogrel. Nitric oxide acts as a vasoprotective mediator, while clop...
The purpose of this study was to determine whether digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) adoption was associated with a decrease in screening mammography capacity across Breast Cancer Screening Consortium facilities, given concerns about increasing imaging and interpretation times associated with DBT.
Cancer cachexia is associated with poorer outcomes and is often diagnosed by the Fearon criteria. Oncologists clinically identify cachexia based on a patient's presentation. In this study agreement between these identification methods was evaluated and associations with outcomes were studied in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer.
There are a growing number of item response theory (IRT) studies that calibrate different patient-reported outcome (PRO) measures, such as anxiety, depression, physical function, and pain, on common, instrument-independent metrics. In the case of depression, it has been reported that there are considerable mean score differences when scoring on a common metric from different, previously linked ins...
To evaluate the tumour visibility and diagnostic performance of digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) in patients with noncalcified T breast cancer.
In breast cancer patients, weight and fat mass changes observed after chemotherapy have been related to poor prognosis but some recent works using modern chemotherapy failed to find this correlation with weight gain. In this study, the extent of changes in weight and body composition (DEXA, impedance) was characterized until six months after current chemotherapy, in 50 post-menopausal women with b...
To identify independent factors that could predict mortality within 6 months in a cohort of patients with esophageal cancer.