Women's Health Research

21:51 EDT 21st September 2018 | BioPortfolio

Three new species of Cucullanus (Nematoda: Cucullanidae) from marine fishes off New Caledonia, with a key to species of Cucullanus from Anguilliformes.

Based on light and scanning electron microscopical studies of nematode specimens from the digestive tract of some rarely collected anguilliform and perciform fishes off New Caledonia, three new species of Cucullanus Müller, 1777 (Cucullanidae) are described: C. austropacificus n. sp. from the longfin African conger Conger cinereus (Congridae), C. gymnothoracis n. sp. from the lipspot moray Gymnot...

Radiographic and CT Evaluation of Recombinant Human Bone Morphogenetic Protein-2-assisted Cervical Spinal Interbody Fusion.

This was a retrospective study.

Probable antenatal depression at antiretroviral initiation and postpartum viral suppression and engagement in Option B.

To estimate the association of probable antenatal depression with postpartum HIV care engagement among pregnant women in Malawi.

Racial differences in HPV types amongst US women with HIV and cervical precancer.

Recent studies reported lower human papillomavirus 16 (HPV16) prevalence in cervical precancer among African American than Caucasian women in the general population. We assessed this relationship in women with HIV.

Cervical osteophytosis and spine posture: contribution to swallow disorders and symptoms.

The article reviews the effects of cervical osteophytosis and spine posture on swallowing, and how they can cause dysphagia.

Expanding Contraceptive Access for Women With Substance Use Disorders: Partnerships Between Public Health Departments and County Jails.

Law enforcement has been the primary strategy for addressing the opioid epidemic. As a result, the incarceration rate for women in county jails has increased more than 800% since 1980, and most women inmates struggle with substance use disorders. There is a large unmet need for contraception among women in county jails.

The feasibility of using 18F-FDG-PET/CT in patients with mucinous breast carcinoma.

This study investigated the correlation between fluorine-18-fluorodeoxyglucose (F-FDG)-PET/computed tomography (CT) and clinicopathological factors in patients with mucinous breast carcinoma and assessed the feasibility of using F-FDG-PET/CT in evaluating tumors.

What Makes Surgical Nerve Injury Painful? A 4-9 Year Follow-Up of Patients with Intercostobrachial Nerve Resection in Women Treated for Breast Cancer.

Nerve injury during breast cancer surgery can cause neuropathic pain (NP). It is not known why some, but not all, patients develop chronic postsurgical neuropathic pain (CPSNP) after the same nerve injury. In the present study, we examined 251 breast cancer survivors with surgeon-verified intercostobrachial nerve (ICBN) resection to identify factors that associate with CPSNP. The patients were rec...

Marijuana Use in Pregnancy and While Breastfeeding.

The prevalence and perceived safety of marijuana use in pregnancy are increasing with expanding legalization. Marijuana crosses the placenta and passes into breast milk, resulting in fetal and neonatal exposure. Many women cite medical reasons for prenatal marijuana use such as nausea and vomiting of pregnancy, anxiety, and chronic pain. The scientific literature regarding marijuana in pregnancy i...

Low pretreatment serum concentration of vitamin D at breast cancer diagnosis in postmenopausal women.

The aim of the study was to evaluate the rate of and risk factors for low pretreatment vitamin D (VitD) levels in postmenopausal breast cancer (BC) women, compared with postmenopausal women without BC.

Appropriate evaluation of postmenopausal bleeding.

: In clinical practice, although only 3% to 7% of women with postmenopausal bleeding (PMB) will ultimately be found to have cancer, it is the clinician's responsibility to ensure that endometrial cancer is not present. The diagnostic evaluation of PMB has evolved greatly. This Practice Pearl addresses the appropriate evaluation of women with PMB.

Effects of functional electrical stimulation-cycling on shoulder pain and subluxation in patients with acute-subacute stroke: a pilot study.

Functional electrical stimulation (FES)-cycling is a technique used to provide voluntary muscle contraction during a functional task. The aims were primarily to determine the effects of FES-cycling on shoulder pain and subluxation, and secondarily to evaluate the improvement of upper extremity motor function in patients with acute-subacute stroke patient. In this prospective trial, 21 patients wit...

Manual function of the unaffected upper extremity can affect functional outcome after stroke.

Traditionally, motor deficits of ipsilesional side, generally considered as the unaffected side, have been investigated less and the influence of the impairment is unknown. To evaluate the association between the manual function test (MFT) of nonparetic limb and poststroke functional outcome. We conducted a retrospective analysis of 71 hemiplegic patients with stroke. MFT on both sides was routine...

Elastic properties of ascending aorta and ventricular-arterial coupling in women with previous pregnancy complicated by HELLP syndrome.

To compare the elastic properties of the ascending aorta and ventricular-arterial coupling (VAC) in women with a previous pregnancy complicated by hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, and low platelets (HELLP) syndrome, women who experienced preeclampsia, and healthy controls.

HIV Viremia During Pregnancy and Neurodevelopment of HIV-Exposed Uninfected Children in the Context of Universal Antiretroviral Therapy and Breastfeeding: A Prospective Study.

Elevated HIV viral load (HIV-VL) in pregnancy has been linked to increased risk of mortality, immunological abnormalities, infectious morbidity and restricted growth among HIV-exposed uninfected (HEU) children, but little is known about effects on child development.

Safety and Efficacy of Revision Minimally Invasive Lumbar Decompression in the Ambulatory Setting.

Retrospective Analysis.

Changes in the Sagittal Cranio-Cervical Posture Following a 12-Week Intervention Using a Simple Spinal Traction Device.

Non-controlled clinical trial OBJECTIVE.: To assess the efficacy of a simple home spinal traction device on sagittal cranio-cervical posture and related symptoms.

Opioid analgesics prescription in people with and without cancer in France.

According to World Health Organization recommendations, opioids prescription is a key aspect of improvement in cancer pain relief. However, studies on opioids prescription in France are scarce. This study aimed principally to investigate the impact of cancer on opioids prescription and then to identify factors associated with this prescription, focusing on patients& characteristics impact.

Combination therapy with DETA/NO and clopidogrel inhibits metastasis in murine mammary gland cancer models via improved vasoprotection.

Vascular endothelial dysfunction and platelet activation play a key role in tumor metastasis, and therefore both of these processes are considered important therapeutic targets in cancer. The aim of our studies was to analyze anti-metastatic activity of combination therapy using nitric oxide donor DETA/NO and antiplatelet drug clopidogrel. Nitric oxide acts as a vasoprotective mediator, while clop...

The Effect of Digital Breast Tomosynthesis Adoption on Facility-Level Breast Cancer Screening Volume.

The purpose of this study was to determine whether digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) adoption was associated with a decrease in screening mammography capacity across Breast Cancer Screening Consortium facilities, given concerns about increasing imaging and interpretation times associated with DBT.

Cancer Cachexia: Identification by Clinical Assessment versus International Consensus Criteria in Patients with Metastatic Colorectal Cancer.

Cancer cachexia is associated with poorer outcomes and is often diagnosed by the Fearon criteria. Oncologists clinically identify cachexia based on a patient's presentation. In this study agreement between these identification methods was evaluated and associations with outcomes were studied in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer.

Scoring Depression on a Common Metric: A Comparison of EAP Estimation, Plausible Value Imputation, and Full Bayesian IRT Modeling.

There are a growing number of item response theory (IRT) studies that calibrate different patient-reported outcome (PRO) measures, such as anxiety, depression, physical function, and pain, on common, instrument-independent metrics. In the case of depression, it has been reported that there are considerable mean score differences when scoring on a common metric from different, previously linked ins...

Detection of noncalcified breast cancer in patients with extremely dense breasts using digital breast tomosynthesis compared with Full-Field digital mammography.

To evaluate the tumour visibility and diagnostic performance of digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) in patients with noncalcified T breast cancer.

Prospective Study on Body Composition, Energy Balance and Biological Factors Changes in Post-menopausal Women with Breast Cancer Receiving Adjuvant Chemotherapy Including Taxanes.

In breast cancer patients, weight and fat mass changes observed after chemotherapy have been related to poor prognosis but some recent works using modern chemotherapy failed to find this correlation with weight gain. In this study, the extent of changes in weight and body composition (DEXA, impedance) was characterized until six months after current chemotherapy, in 50 post-menopausal women with b...

Serum Albumin at Diagnosis is an Independent Predictor of Early Mortality in Veteran Patients with Esophageal Cancer.

To identify independent factors that could predict mortality within 6 months in a cohort of patients with esophageal cancer.

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