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Wound management Research

11:03 EST 10th December 2018 | BioPortfolio

Wound care in older adults.

Wound care in older adults is complex. A logical, structured approach should be taken, using a nursing process such as assessing, planning, implementing and evaluating. This clinical focus paper outlines the nursing process to support wound care in this patient group. It recommends considering dressing selection as a cost-effective, prescribing decision because of the risks and comorbidities assoc...

Pressure ulcer definitions and core curricula-how does this affect wound care and the older patient?

Chronic wounds are associated with a significant patient, healthcare and financial burden and can have extensive implications for healthcare. Age is a significant risk factor for developing chronic wounds, due to physical changes in skin integrity and several age-related complex comorbidities, including poor nutrition and mobility. Pressure ulcers (PU) are a common type of chronic wound that can h...

Wound Exudate.

Tina Chambers, Independent Tissue Viability Consultant.

Wound Expo 2018 highlights.

Self-management of chronic skin conditions.

Reflectance confocal microscopy for diagnosing cutaneous melanoma in adults.

Melanoma has one of the fastest rising incidence rates of any cancer. It accounts for a small percentage of skin cancer cases but is responsible for the majority of skin cancer deaths. Early detection and treatment is key to improving survival; however, anxiety around missing early cases needs to be balanced against appropriate levels of referral and excision of benign lesions. Used in conjunction...

Dermoscopy, with and without visual inspection, for diagnosing melanoma in adults.

Melanoma has one of the fastest rising incidence rates of any cancer. It accounts for a small percentage of skin cancer cases but is responsible for the majority of skin cancer deaths. Although history-taking and visual inspection of a suspicious lesion by a clinician are usually the first in a series of 'tests' to diagnose skin cancer, dermoscopy has become an important tool to assist diagnosis b...

High-frequency ultrasound for diagnosing skin cancer in adults.

Early, accurate detection of all skin cancer types is essential to guide appropriate management and to improve morbidity and survival. Melanoma and squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) are high-risk skin cancers with the potential to metastasise and ultimately lead to death, whereas basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is usually localised, with potential to infiltrate and damage surrounding tissue. Anxiety around...

Visual inspection for diagnosing cutaneous melanoma in adults.

Melanoma has one of the fastest rising incidence rates of any cancer. It accounts for a small percentage of skin cancer cases but is responsible for the majority of skin cancer deaths. History-taking and visual inspection of a suspicious lesion by a clinician is usually the first in a series of 'tests' to diagnose skin cancer. Establishing the accuracy of visual inspection alone is critical to und...

Smartphone applications for triaging adults with skin lesions that are suspicious for melanoma.

Melanoma accounts for a small proportion of all skin cancer cases but is responsible for most skin cancer-related deaths. Early detection and treatment can improve survival. Smartphone applications are readily accessible and potentially offer an instant risk assessment of the likelihood of malignancy so that the right people seek further medical attention from a clinician for more detailed assessm...

Teledermatology for diagnosing skin cancer in adults.

Early accurate detection of all skin cancer types is essential to guide appropriate management and to improve morbidity and survival. Melanoma and squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) are high-risk skin cancers which have the potential to metastasise and ultimately lead to death, whereas basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is usually localised with potential to infiltrate and damage surrounding tissue. Anxiety ar...

Reflectance confocal microscopy for diagnosing keratinocyte skin cancers in adults.

Early accurate detection of all skin cancer types is important to guide appropriate management and improve morbidity and survival. Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is usually a localised skin cancer but with potential to infiltrate and damage surrounding tissue, whereas cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (cSCC) and melanoma are higher risk skin cancers with the potential to metastasise and ultimately lea...

Visual inspection and dermoscopy, alone or in combination, for diagnosing keratinocyte skin cancers in adults.

Early accurate detection of all skin cancer types is important to guide appropriate management, to reduce morbidity and to improve survival. Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is almost always a localised skin cancer with potential to infiltrate and damage surrounding tissue, whereas a minority of cutaneous squamous cell carcinomas (cSCCs) and invasive melanomas are higher-risk skin cancers with the poten...

Exfoliative cytology for diagnosing basal cell carcinoma and other skin cancers in adults.

Early accurate detection of all skin cancer types is essential to guide appropriate management, reduce morbidity and improve survival. Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is usually localised to the skin but has potential to infiltrate and damage surrounding tissue, while cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (cSCC) and melanoma have a much higher potential to metastasise and ultimately lead to death. Exfoliat...

Optical coherence tomography for diagnosing skin cancer in adults.

Early accurate detection of all skin cancer types is essential to guide appropriate management and to improve morbidity and survival. Melanoma and squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) are high-risk skin cancers, which have the potential to metastasise and ultimately lead to death, whereas basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is usually localised, with potential to infiltrate and damage surrounding tissue. Anxiety ...

Computer-assisted diagnosis techniques (dermoscopy and spectroscopy-based) for diagnosing skin cancer in adults.

Early accurate detection of all skin cancer types is essential to guide appropriate management and to improve morbidity and survival. Melanoma and cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (cSCC) are high-risk skin cancers which have the potential to metastasise and ultimately lead to death, whereas basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is usually localised with potential to infiltrate and damage surrounding tissue....

Trends of skin cancer mortality after transplantation in the United States: 1987 to 2013.

- -Organ transplant recipients are at high risk of skin cancer mortality.-This study defines population-based mortality from skin cancer posttransplantation and identifies recipients at increased risk of skin cancer mortality.-These findings can guide dermatologists in adopting skin cancerescreening protocols specific to the identified high- risk categories.

Alpha-pinene attenuates UVA-induced photoaging through inhibition of matrix metalloproteinases expression in mouse skin.

The present study was designed to examine the role of alpha-pinene (AP) against skin photoaging in UVA-irradiated mice.

Development of methotrexate loaded fucoidan/chitosan nanoparticles with anti-inflammatory potential and enhanced skin permeation.

In this study, fucoidan/chitosan nanoparticles were developed for the topical delivery of methotrexate towards the treatment of skin-related inflammatory diseases. Based on the fucoidan/chitosan (F/C) weight ratio, three different nanoparticles (1F/1C; 3F/1C; 5F/1C) were produced and characterized. Methotrexate was loaded in these polymeric nanoparticles achieving a drug loading of ca. 14% and an ...

Beneficial Effect of Curcumin Nanoparticles-Hydrogel on Excisional Skin Wound Healing in Type-I Diabetic Rat: Histological and Immunohistochemical Studies.

Management of diabetic wounds remains a major challenge in the medical field, mostly due to incompetent outcomes of treatments. Curcumin has been documented as anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, antimicrobial and antineoplastic agent in addition to wound healing activities. However, its poor aqueous solubility and impaired skin permeation handicap its topical pharmaceutical usage. Hydrogel loaded cur...

Innate antimicrobial immunity in the skin: A protective barrier against bacteria, viruses, and fungi.

Associations Between Immune Phenotype and Inflammation in Murine Models of Irritant Contact Dermatitis.

Irritant contact dermatitis (ICD), the most common occupational cutaneous illness, is an acute inflammatory response caused by topical irritant exposure. Multiple factors are associated with the manifestation and severity of ICD and contribute to the lack of effective prophylactic and treatment strategies. To determine the pathomechanism of ICD caused by the irritants, benzalkonium chloride (BKC) ...

The Therapeutic Potential of Cannabinoids in Dermatology

Cannabinoids have demonstrated utility in the management of cancer, obesity, and neurologic disease. More recently, their immunosuppressive and anti-inflammatory properties have been identified for the treatment of several dermatologic conditions. This review thus assesses the therapeutic potential of phytocannabinoids, endoocannabinoids, and chemically synthetic cannabinoids in the management of ...

Afamelanotide in the Treatment of Dermatologic Disease

Afamelanotide, an α-melanocyte stimulating hormone analogue, has become an emerging therapeutic option for a variety of skin conditions previously refractory to other treatments. Its efficacy has been demonstrated in several dermatologic conditions, including erythropoietic protoporphyria (EPP), solar urticaria, polymorphic light eruption (PMLE), vitiligo, acne, and Hailey-Hailey disease. Its rel...

Mass spectrometric imaging of cysteine rich proteins in human skin.

Looking insight pathological processes, metallothioneins (MTs) are considered to be potential biomarkers for monitoring of a development of various types of malignant disease, such as cancer. The early identification of the MT biomarkers in biological tissues could be important tool for the estimation of appropriate clinical therapy. Therefore here we investigated the application of matrix assiste...

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