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The introduction of partial nephrectomy for the removal of small renal masses has enabled preservation of patients' renal function. However, this technique involves clamping of the renal hilum, resulting in ischaemia. In the past 5 years, researchers have developed a variety of techniques described as 'zero ischaemia'. Here the authors describe these various techniques and their outcomes, highlighting a need for standardized nomenclature and outcome measures.NEXT ARTICLE
Nephrology - kidney function
Nephrology is a specialty of medicine and pediatrics that concerns itself with the study of normal kidney function, kidney problems, the treatment of kidney problems and renal replacement therapy (dialysis and kidney transplantation). Systemic conditions...
Chronic kidney disease (CKD), also known as chronic renal disease, is a progressive loss in renal function over a period of months or years. The symptoms of worsening kidney function are non-specific, and might include feeling generally unwell and experi...