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Vibrio parahaemolyticus is found in aquatic environments and is the leading cause of gastroenteritis due to seafood consumption worldwide. We evaluated a quantitative real-time PCR (Q-PCR) assay with hydrolysis probes, to determine whether this method could be used for the efficient counting of total, tdh and trh-positive V. parahaemolyticus in shrimps. We assessed the specificity of this assay, using 62 strains from 12 non target bacterial species of the Vibrio, Photobacterium, Shewanella and Aeromonas genera. Only V. parahaemolyticus with the appropriate target gene generated a fluorescent signal. We assessed the robustness of this assay, by analyzing spiked shrimps by Q-PCR and traditional culture methods, using most probable number (MPN)-PCR. After a 6h enrichment period, the assay successfully detected total and pathogenic V. parahaemolyticus in shrimps samples spiked with less than 5 V. parahaemolyticuscells/g of shrimp. The Q-PCR results obtained were compared with those obtained by most probable number (MPN)-PCR format. An excellent correlation between the two methods was observed in all cases (R² > 0.9742). The application of this Q-PCR assay to 85 natural shrimp samples also resulted in the successful quantification of V. parahaemolyticus in this matrix, and the counts obtained were correlated with those obtained by (MPN)-PCR (P=0.2598). Thus, this rapid and sensitive Q-PCR can be used to quantify V. parahaemolyticus in natural shrimp samples. This assay could be proposed, in response to the demands of the European Commission, as a tool for testing for the presence of vibrios in crustaceans, making it possible to legislate in this domain.
Institut Pasteur, Laboratoire des bactéries pathogènes entériques, Centre National de Référence des Vibrions et du Choléra, Paris, France. email@example.com
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: International journal of food microbiology
To quantify Vibrio parahaemolyticus densities in American oyster (Crassostrea virginica) under cold storage.
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A species of bacteria found in the marine environment, sea foods, and the feces of patients with acute enteritis.
A family of CRUSTACEA, order DECAPODA, comprising the penaeid shrimp. Species of the genus Penaeus are the most important commercial shrimp throughout the world.
A strain of the VIBRIO CHOLERAE bacteria belonging to serogroup non-O1, infecting humans and other PRIMATES. It is related to VIBRIO CHOLERAE O1, but causes a disease less severe than CHOLERA. Eating raw shellfish contaminated with the bacteria results in GASTROENTERITIS.
A species of gram-negative bacteria in the genus VIBRIO, isolated from SHELLFISH, as well as from human diarrheal stools and ear infections.
A species of gram-negative bacteria in the genus VIBRIO, the causative agent of cold water vibriosis, a HEMORRHAGIC SEPTICEMIA of ATLANTIC SALMON.
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