Extreme gigantomastia in pregnancy: case report-my experience with two cases in last 5 years.
Summary of "Extreme gigantomastia in pregnancy: case report-my experience with two cases in last 5 years."
We present an extreme case of gigantomastia in pregnancy during the second gemelar pregnancy of a 30-year-old woman. Her first pregnancy was 8 years ago, was also gemelar and she delivered with caesarean section. From the beginning of her current pregnancy, the patient noted steady growth of both of her breasts that reached enormous dimensions at the end of the pregnancy. This kind of breast changes did not occur during her first pregnancy. The patient also suffered from myasthenia gravis that was in remission during this pregnancy, without any therapy. The patient was in the 38 weeks of gestation, and a delivery with caesarean section was performed in line with the reduction of her breasts. The main reasons that led me to perform these two interventions as one act were the fact that puerperal mastitis could develop on these enormous breasts, further the small regression of these huge breasts during the bromocriptine treatment, as well as the intention to avoid other operative traumas, considering possibility of exacerbation of myasthenia gravis. I had already performed bilateral reduction mammaplasty with free areola-nipple graft, when a tissue with total weight of 20 kg (2 × 10 kg) was removed. The patient had an excellent post-operation recovery course.
Clinic for Thoracic and Vascular Surgery, Clinical Center, University of "Ss. Cyrill and Methodiuos" Skopje, "Vodnjanska bb", 1000, Skopje, Republic of Macedonia, firstname.lastname@example.org.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Archives of gynecology and obstetrics
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20978777
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00404-010-1714-8
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
A state of unconsciousness as a complication of diabetes mellitus. It occurs in cases of extreme HYPERGLYCEMIA or extreme HYPOGLYCEMIA as a complication of INSULIN therapy.
One of the principal schools of medical philosophy in ancient Greece and Rome. It developed in Alexandria between 270 and 220 B.C., the only one to have any success in reviving the essentials of the Hippocratic concept. The Empiricists declared that the search for ultimate causes of phenomena was vain, but they were active in endeavoring to discover immediate causes. The "tripod of the Empirics" was their own chance observations (experience), learning obtained from contemporaries and predecessors (experience of others), and, in the case of new diseases, the formation of conclusions from other diseases which they resembled (analogy). Empiricism enjoyed sporadic continuing popularity in later centuries up to the nineteenth. (From Castiglioni, A History of Medicine, 2d ed, p186; Dr. James H. Cassedy, NLM History of Medicine Division)
Death resulting from the presence of a disease in an individual, as shown by a single case report or a limited number of patients. This should be differentiated from DEATH, the physiological cessation of life and from MORTALITY, an epidemiological or statistical concept.
Proteins produced by organs of the mother or the PLACENTA during PREGNANCY. These proteins may be pregnancy-specific (present only during pregnancy) or pregnancy-associated (present during pregnancy or under other conditions such as hormone therapy or certain malignancies.)
A type of MONOTERPENES, derived from geraniol. They have the general form of cyclopentanopyran, but in some cases, one of the rings is broken as in the case of secoiridoid. They are different from the similarly named iridals (TRITERPENES).
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