Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
Fast, selective, and sensitive analysis of inorganic anions is compulsory for the identification of explosives in post-blast or environmental samples. For the last twenty years, capillary electrophoresis (CE) has become a valuable alternative to ion chromatography (IC) for the analysis of inorganic-based explosives because of its low running costs and its simplicity of use. This article focuses on the development and validation of a CE method for the simultaneous analysis of 10 anions (chloride, nitrite, nitrate, thiosulphate, perchlorate, chlorate, thiocyanate, carbonate, sulphate, and phosphate) which can be found in post-blast residues, plus for the first time azide anion, possibly present in the composition of detonators, and the internal standard (formate) in 20 min total runtime. Intermediate precisions were 2.11% for normalized areas and 0.72% for normalized migration times. Limits of detection close to 0.5 ppm for all anions were obtained with the use of preconcentration techniques, thanks to a fast and simple sample preparation allowing the analysis of a large variety of matrices with the developed generic CE method. The matrix effects were statistically studied for the first time in the explosive field for different matrices, containing interfering anions and cations, sometimes at high levels. In fact, no significant matrix effect occurred (tests with blank matrix extracts of soil, cloth, glass, plastic, paper, cotton, and metal). Finally, analyses of real post-blast residues and real detonator extracts were performed. The CE results were compared with those obtained with the IC method used routinely and showed excellent correlation.
Laboratoire Central de la Préfecture de Police, 39 bis rue de Dantzig, 75015 Paris, France.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of chromatography. A
The presence of inorganic anions in a sample interferes with mass spectrometric (MS) analysis. Here, a simple method to remove these ions from a liquid sample in one-step is described. The inorganic a...
The aim of this study was to investigate the parameters of chemical extraction associated with the detection of toxicity and genotoxicity in sediment sample extracts. Quantitative analysis of metals a...
Two tetrabenzoimidazolium-resorcinarene cavitands were prepared and used for the recognition of chloride, bromide, iodide, cyanide, nitrate, perchlorate, hexanoate, benzenesulfonate, and p-toluenesulf...
A new bis-heteroleptic Ru(II) complex based ditopic receptor, 1[PF6]2, having an anion binding triazole -CH unit and appended 4-fluorophenyl urea arm has been developed. (1)H NMR and isothermal titrat...
A dodecavanadate, [V₁₂O₃₂]⁴¯, is an inorganic bowl-type host with a cavity entrance with a diameter of 4.4 Å in the optimized structure. The linear, bent, and trigonal planar anions, are t...
This study aims to determine whether dietary inorganic nitrate (in beetroot juice) is able to reduce overall thickening of the heart (left ventricular hypertrophy or LVH) and stiffness of ...
The investigators' previous work in males with Becker Muscular Dystrophy shows that functional sympatholysis is restored by acute inorganic nitrate supplementation. This was translated fro...
The purpose of this study is to clarify the effects of tea catechin extracts on the frequency changes of micronuclei in peripheral lymphocytes compared with other oxidative stress markers ...
A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled crossover study to assess the effect of inorganic nitrite (NO2) on aerobic capacity (peak VO2) after four weeks of dosing. Approximately 100 ...
This study evaluates the potential anti-inflammatory effects of inorganic dietary nitrate in a model of acute inflammation relevant to cardiovascular disease (CVD). Green leafy vegetables...
A plant genus of the family VERBENACEAE. Lippsidoquinone; TRITERPENES; SESQUITERPENES; and THYMOL have been found in this genus. Plant extracts have cytotoxic activity. It is sometimes called Mexican oregano but that confuses it with real oregano (ORIGANUM).
Scientific study of human skeletal remains with the express purpose of identification. This includes establishing individual identity, trauma analysis, facial reconstruction, photographic superimposition, determination of time interval since death, and crime-scene recovery. Forensic anthropologists do not certify cause of death but provide data to assist in determination of probable cause. This is a branch of the field of physical anthropology and qualified individuals are certified by the American Board of Forensic Anthropology. (From Am J Forensic Med Pathol 1992 Jun;13(2):146)
Syndromes which feature DYSKINESIAS as a cardinal manifestation of the disease process. Included in this category are degenerative, hereditary, post-infectious, medication-induced, post-inflammatory, and post-traumatic conditions.
Plant extracts from several species, including genera STRYCHNOS and Chondodendron, which contain TETRAHYDROISOQUINOLINES that produce PARALYSIS of skeletal muscle. These extracts are toxic and must be used with the administration of artificial respiration.
Historically, the treatment of disease by the administration of animal organs or their extracts (after Brown-Sequard). At present synthetic preparations substitute for the extracts of a gland. (From Stedman, 26th ed)
A generic drug (generic drugs, short: generics) is a drug defined as "a drug product that is comparable to brand/reference listed drug product in dosage form, strength, route of administration, quality and performance characteristics, and intended u...