Effect of exercise on mobility, balance, and health-related quality of life in osteoporotic women with a history of vertebral fracture: a randomized, controlled trial.
Summary of "Effect of exercise on mobility, balance, and health-related quality of life in osteoporotic women with a history of vertebral fracture: a randomized, controlled trial."
The aim of this randomized controlled trial was to evaluate the effect of a 3-month course of exercises on mobility, balance, disease-specific, and generic health-related quality of life (HRQOL) for women with osteoporosis and a history of vertebral fractures. Our results showed that exercises improved their mobility, balance, and HRQOL.
The aim was to evaluate the effect of a 3-month course of circuit exercises plus a 3-h lesson on how to cope with osteoporosis on mobility, balance, and the HRQOL for postmenopausal women (60-84 years) with osteoporosis and a history of vertebral fracture. Our hypothesis was that a 3-month course would have a significantly positive effect on the women's mobility and balance as well as on their HRQOL.
The participants (89) were randomized to an intervention group (IT) or a control group (CT) and assessed at baseline at 3 months and at 12 months with measurement of maximum walking speed (MWS), Timed Up and GO (TUG), Functional Reach (FR), the Quality of Life Questionnaire issued by the European Foundation for Osteoporosis ('QUALEFFO-41') and the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-20). The sample size was calculated with reference to walking speed (primary outcome), and the statistical approaches used were Student's t test or the chi-square test.
At 3 months, better results were registered on the primary outcome, MWS as well as TUG, FR, sum score of GHQ-20, and "QUALEFFO-41: mental function" in the IT compared with the CT. At 12 months, those in the IT had a better result on the primary outcome, MWS as well as TUG, "QUALEFFO-41: total score" "QUALEFFO-41: mental function", "QUALEFFO-41: physical function", and "QULEFFO-41: pain" compared with CT.
Circuit exercises will improve mobility and health-related quality of life of elderly women with osteoporosis and a history of vertebral fractures.
Faculty of Health Sciences, Oslo University College, Oslo, Norway, email@example.com.
This article was published in the following journal.
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21060992
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00198-010-1435-7
Although most studies consider health to be the result of social and economic insertion of the individuals, health may be considered a determining factor of the social opportunities achieved, especial...
Evidence-based recommendations for interventions to reduce fall risk in older adults with visual impairment are lacking. Adapted tango dance (Tango) and a balance and mobility program (FallProof™) h...
Today, despite remarkable advances in the care of hemodialysis patients, the quality of life (QOL) for these patients is still unsatisfactory. Although previous reports confirmed the effect of exercis...
To assess how vitamin D status is associated with health-related quality of life (HRQOL) among older residents of Canada.
This study sought to improve the predicative performance and goodness-of-fit of mapping models, as part of indirect valuation, by introducing cubic spline smoothing to map a group of health-related qu...
The aim of the study is to investigate the effects of exercise and vitamin D supplementation on reducing falls and injuries in community-dwelling, independent-living women aged 70-79 years...
Impaired mobility is a major health problem affecting many subjects with diabetes mellitus. It is associated with loss of quality of life and it is a strong predictor for poor health outco...
Exercise therapy plays an important role in health promotion, preservation of physical function and in preventing loss of independence among the elderly. They work beside an improvement in...
Aim: To determine the Responsiveness of the iMOBILITY in response to intensive physical therapy exercise programs. (Is it sensitive to change?) Although exercise is thought to be the most...
Problems with balance and walking that affect mobility are an inevitable cause of decreased quality of life in older people with chronic neurologic conditions such as Parkinson's disease (...
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
A quality-of-life scale developed in the United States in 1972 as a measure of health status or dysfunction generated by a disease. It is a behaviorally based questionnaire for patients and addresses activities such as sleep and rest, mobility, recreation, home management, emotional behavior, social interaction, and the like. It measures the patient's perceived health status and is sensitive enough to detect changes or differences in health status occurring over time or between groups. (From Medical Care, vol.xix, no.8, August 1981, p.787-805)
Behaviors expressed by individuals to protect, maintain or promote their health status. For example, proper diet, and appropriate exercise are activities perceived to influence health status. Life style is closely associated with health behavior and factors influencing life style are socioeconomic, educational, and cultural.
A measurement index derived from a modification of standard life-table procedures and designed to take account of the quality as well as the duration of survival. This index can be used in assessing the outcome of health care procedures or services. (BIOETHICS Thesaurus, 1994)
The levels of excellence which characterize the health service or health care provided based on accepted standards of quality.
The personal cost of acute or chronic disease. The cost to the patient may be an economic, social, or psychological cost or personal loss to self, family, or immediate community. The cost of illness may be reflected in absenteeism, productivity, response to treatment, peace of mind, QUALITY OF LIFE, etc. It differs from HEALTH CARE COSTS, meaning the societal cost of providing services related to the delivery of health care, rather than personal impact on individuals.