Effects of a New Centrifugation Method on Adipose Cell Viability for Autologous Fat Grafting.

01:44 EDT 5th September 2015 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Effects of a New Centrifugation Method on Adipose Cell Viability for Autologous Fat Grafting."

The use of adipose tissue transfer in plastic and reconstructive surgery is not new and has been studied extensively. Due to different results with regard to adipose cell damage and the level of survival of the transferred tissue in clinical practice, the authors aimed to investigate the effects of centrifugation on fat aspirates to optimize the centrifugal force for fat transplantation and to obtain an increased number of intact adipose progenitor cells. The following different centrifugation forces were evaluated in vitro in terms of fat decantation: 3,000 rpm (1,500×g), 1,300 rpm (250×g), and 500 rpm (50×g). Moreover, the density level, morphology of fat cells, cell viability, and progenitor cell number also were evaluated. Centrifugation leads to a good fat tissue density, with a significant number of progenitor cells, and efficiently removes the liquid portion. High centrifugal forces (at 3,000 rpm) caused significant damage to fat cells with low cell viability, whereas very low centrifugal forces (at 500 rpm) showed little effect on adipose tissue density, resembling fat decantation. Fat aspirates, withdrawn from 30 healthy donors in vivo, were centrifuged at different rotations per minute (rpm), as follows. For the 10 patients in group A, Coleman's technique was used with a centrifugation of the aspirated fat at 3,000 rpm (1,500×g) for 3 min. For the 10 patients in group B, the authors' technique was used, with centrifugation of the aspirated fat at 1,300 rpm (250×g) for 5 min. For the 10 patients in group C, simple decantation of fat was used. In conclusion, a centrifugal force of 1,300 rpm resulted in better density of adipose tissue, with good cell viability and increased ability to preserve a significant number of progenitor cells.


Department of Orthopedic, Traumatologic, Rehabilitative e Plastic-Reconstructive, Second University of Naples, L. De Crecchio 3, 80138, Naples, Italy, giuseppe.ferraro@unina2.it.

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Aesthetic plastic surgery
ISSN: 1432-5241


PubMed Articles [38608 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Effect of N-Acetylcysteine on Adipose-Derived Stem Cell and Autologous Fat Graft Survival in a Mouse Model.

Autologous fat grafting is a popular reconstructive technique, but is limited by inconsistent graft retention. The authors examined whether a widely available, clinically safe antioxidant, N-acetylcys...

Letter to the editor. Autologous adipose tissue-derived cells: are we talking about Adipose derived stem cells, Stromal Vascular Fraction or Coleman fat grafting?

Adipose Tissue Increases the Proliferation of Melanoma Cell Lines In Vitro.

Autologous fat grafting has been used for reconstructive and aesthetic surgery for more than a century. Although initial criticism involved fat resorption and later the possible radiological interfere...

Effectiveness and Safety of Autologous Fat Grafting to the Soft Palate Alone.

Posterior pharyngeal augmentation is an accepted method of treating velopharyngeal insufficiency (VPI). Techniques using autologous fat harvest, preparation, and grafting are well described. Based on ...

Qualitative and quantitative differences of adipose-derived stromal cells from superficial and deep subcutaneous lipoaspirates: a matter of fat.

Subcutaneous fat represents a valuable reservoir of adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs) in the stromal vascular fraction (SVF), widely exploited in regenerative medicine applications, being easily harve...

Clinical Trials [6782 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Treatment of Fistulous Crohn's Disease by Implant of Autologous Mesenchymal Stem Cells Derived From Adipose Tissue

Primary outcome measure: Evaluation of viability, security and tolerance of the adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells implant (ASCs) in fistulizing Crohn's disease patients, collecting t...

Role of Mesenchymal Stem Cells in Fat Grafting

Contour deformity of face causes both functional as well as aesthetic problems for the patient. Fat being an autologous tissue source is considered as an ideal soft-tissue filler because i...

Safety and Efficacy of Autologous Adipose-Derived Stem Cell Transplantation in Type 2 Diabetics

The purpose of this study is to determine whether intravenous administration of autologous adipose-derived stem cells is of benefit in the management of types 2 diabetics.

Use of Autologous Adipose-Derived Stromal Vascular Fraction to Treat Osteoarthritis of the Knee

Autologous adipose-derived stromal vascular fraction (SVF) was used to treat 10 osteoarthritic knees of grade II or III (K-L scale) under IRB-approved protocol in a feasibility and safety ...

Autologous Adipose-Derived Stem Cell Transplantation in Patients With Lipodystrophy

The aim of this study is to determine the safety of the autologous transplantation of adipose-derived stem cells in the treatment of lipodystrophies.

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Centrifugation using a rotating chamber of large capacity in which to separate cell organelles by density-gradient centrifugation. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)

The span of viability of a cell characterized by the capacity to perform certain functions such as metabolism, growth, reproduction, some form of responsiveness, and adaptability.

The potential of the FETUS to survive outside the UTERUS after birth, natural or induced. Fetal viability depends largely on the FETAL ORGAN MATURITY, and environmental conditions.

A technique used to separate particles according to their densities in a continuous density gradient. The sample is usually mixed with a solution of known gradient materials and subjected to centrifugation. Each particle sediments to the position at which the gradient density is equal to its own. The range of the density gradient is usually greater than that of the sample particles. It is used in purifying biological materials such as proteins, nucleic acids, organelles, and cell types.

A method of measuring the effects of a biologically active substance using an intermediate in vivo or in vitro tissue or cell model under controlled conditions. It includes virulence studies in animal fetuses in utero, mouse convulsion bioassay of insulin, quantitation of tumor-initiator systems in mouse skin, calculation of potentiating effects of a hormonal factor in an isolated strip of contracting stomach muscle, etc.


Relevant Topic

Latest News Clinical Trials Research Drugs Reports Corporate
Organ transplantation is the moving of an organ from one body to another or from a donor site to another location on the patient's own body, for the purpose of replacing the recipient's damaged or absent organ. The emerging field of regenerative ...


Searches Linking to this Article