Heavy Metal Contamination in Bore Water due to Industrial Pollution and Polluted and Non Polluted Sea Water Intrusion in Thoothukudi and Tirunelveli of South Tamil Nadu, India.
Summary of "Heavy Metal Contamination in Bore Water due to Industrial Pollution and Polluted and Non Polluted Sea Water Intrusion in Thoothukudi and Tirunelveli of South Tamil Nadu, India."
This study investigates the pollution vulnerability of bore water in the coastal region of Tirunelveli and Thoothukudi in the state of Tamilnadu, India. There are no industries in the Tirunelveli Coastal area whereas there are many industries in SIPCOT (State Industries Promotion Corporation of Tamilnadu) Thoothukudi, and coastal area of Thoothukudi. Bore water from the SIPCOT, coastal area of Thoothukudi and Tirunelveli were collected periodically from July 2006 to May 2008 for this study. These samples were tested and analyzed to find the concentrations of sodium, magnesium, aluminium, potassium, calcium, copper, cadmium, mercury and lead. The toxic cadmium concentration was found in the range of 0.00-0.22 mg Kg(-1) at SIPCOT 2 in November 2007, mercury 0.00-0.024 mg Kg(-1) and lead 0.00-0.02 mg Kg(-1) in SIPCOT 2 in January 2008. The level of contamination is higher than the WHO limits of drinking water standards; but copper and aluminium content are within the limit. On the other hand, the samples taken from bores in Tirunelveli coastal area are non-polluted, and the analysis shows that all the metals are within the limits of WHO standard.
Department of Civil Engineering, National Engineering College, K.R. Nagar, Kovilpatti, 628 503, Tamil Nadu, India.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Bulletin of environmental contamination and toxicology
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21082162
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00128-010-0152-4
Nowadays, e-waste is a major source of environmental problems and opportunities due to presence of hazardous elements and precious metals. This study was aimed to evaluate the pollution risk of heavy ...
An extensive and year-round survey was conducted to assess metal pollution in vast watershed areas of the Selenga River Basin (2007-2009), which provided baseline heavy metal database for the future m...
Heavy metal contamination of water can be toxic to humans and wildlife; thus the development of methods to detect this contamination is of high importance. Here we describe the design and application ...
It is necessary to estimate heavy metal concentrations and risk in surface water for understanding the heavy metal contaminations and for sustainable protection of ecosystems and human health. To inve...
Through retaining runoff and pollutants such as heavy metals from surrounding landscapes, ponds around a lake play an important role in mitigating the impacts of human activities on lake ecosystems. I...
The purpose of this study is to examine whether adding an inter-generational component to an existing social network-based lay health advisor intervention increases its effectiveness in mo...
This is a multi-center, randomized study to compare blood and urine cobalt, chromium, and titanium ion levels of a metal-on-metal articular bearing coupled with two different head sizes to...
The aim of this study is to demonstrate the non-inferiority of the ceramic-on-metal articulation using large diameter bearings (38mm to 60mm) compared to the metal on metal articulation us...
A clinical Evaluation to determine metal ion release from 4th generation metal-on-metal hip articulating surfaces in cementless total hip arthroplasty.
This is a pilot study to compare systemic concentrations of cobalt and chromium in patients that have previously undergone total hip arthroplasties with ceramic on metal and metal on metal...
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
The technique of washing tissue specimens with a concentrated solution of a heavy metal salt and letting it dry. The specimen will be covered with a very thin layer of the metal salt, being excluded in areas where an adsorbed macromolecule is present. The macromolecules allow electrons from the beam of an electron microscope to pass much more readily than the heavy metal; thus, a reversed or negative image of the molecule is created.
Adverse effect upon bodies of water (lakes, RIVERS, seas, groundwater etc.) caused by CHEMICAL WATER POLLUTANTS.
Gram-negative aerobic rods found in warm water (40-79 degrees C) such as hot springs, hot water tanks, and thermally polluted rivers.
The contamination of indoor air.
Platinum. A heavy, soft, whitish metal, resembling tin, atomic number 78, atomic weight 195.09, symbol Pt. (From Dorland, 28th ed) It is used in manufacturing equipment for laboratory and industrial use. It occurs as a black powder (platinum black) and as a spongy substance (spongy platinum) and may have been known in Pliny's time as "alutiae".